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Publication numberUS2589304 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 18, 1952
Filing dateJul 29, 1947
Priority dateJul 29, 1947
Publication numberUS 2589304 A, US 2589304A, US-A-2589304, US2589304 A, US2589304A
InventorsSpangler William B
Original AssigneeSpangler William B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Interlocking structural units
US 2589304 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 18, 1952 w. a. SPANGLER 2,589,304

INTERLOCKING STRUCTURAL UNITS Filed July 29, 1947 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Fig.1.

5f// 2 W r IIIIIIII'IIHIIHII IIIIIIHIIIHH IHHIIHIIHIIIHI "IIIIHHHHHII 'HIIHIHIHH awwcmfor 40mm ,3. S vang er March 18, 1952 w, SPANGLER 2,589,304

INTERLOCKING STRUCTURAL UNITS Filed July 29, 1947 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 V y V J lnucnfor Ln 4 1 I Patented Mar. 18, 1952 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE (Granted under the. act of March 3, 1883, as.

amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757) 9 Claims.

1 The invention described herein may be manufactured. andv used by or for the. Government for governmental purposes, without payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to a knockdown construction which may be used for many different structural applications, including roadways,-

Walls, box pillars, coffer-dams and the like, more particularly, it, is directed to a portable roadway or runway or airplane landing mat construction.

One of the objects of the invention is to. provide a structural unit substantially in the form of an I-beam, the cross-bars. of which form recesses-on opposite sides of the web of the I-beam, with the recesses being of such a shape as to be. interchangeable with other similar units by re.- ceiving in such recesses either end of similar structural units.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved portable roadway construction including a multiplicity of interchangeable andihterlocking units which may be joined together readily without the necessity of employing bolts, rivets or any other extraneous fastening means.

Another object of the invention is to provide a roadway construction made up of. independent duplicate units which are capable of interlocking with each other and which, when so interlocked, are also capable of withstanding any strain put upon them.

Another object of the invention is to provide a construction made up of a plurality of separate interlocking units which may be employed not only'to provide a surface but also may beinterlocked into a four-sided structure to form box beams, pillars, cofier-dams and ;.-the like.

Another object of the invention is to provide a portable knockdown construction in which a.plu-

rality of interchangeable and interlocking units are employed, possessing maximum strength when in position, and yet being capable of separation after use without. distortion or modification, and reassembled for. use in another location, withthe original strength and the general usefulness of the individual units being unimpaired and capable of reassembly.

With the above and other objects and advantages in view, the invention consists of certain features of construction and operation of parts, which will hereinafter be described and shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a plurality of interlocking, independent units joinedtogether for forming a roadway or landing. mat construction;

2 Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a singleunit'employed in the construction of Fig. 1;.

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view thereof taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective end View:

of a single layer of the-interlocking units;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective end.- view-- of the interlocking units, illustrating another manner of joining the units together to.prov-ide a double layer thereof;

Fig. 6. is. a fragmentary perspective'endview illustrating a further manner. of joining the. in.- terlocking units; and. Fig, 7 is a fragmentary perspective. end; view illustrating the manner. in which the. units may be interlocked into afour-sid'ed structurev to. form box beams, pillars, coffer-dams or the like..

In general, the improved structural units. of the present. invention consist of" a'pluralit'y o1" interlocking units substantially in the formof I-beams including webs having transverse flanges on the opposite longitudinal edges thereof. The transverse flanges extend at right.

angles to, and equal. distances from, opposite sides of the webs and are provided with curved lateral hookflanges which depend inwardly'relative to the web from theouter' extremities" of the flanges substantially at right angles to, the:

flanges and parallel to the. webs, whereby recesses are formed on the sections adjacent to opposite sides of and along thelongitudinal edges of the webs. By providing the recesses on the units; the

hook flanges on the transversebase flanges of similar sections may engage in the recesses of the other adjacent sections, wherebyaseries of the I-beam units may be detachably connectedin interlocking relation to form a single layer roadway surface or mat, as illustrated-in Fig. 4-

of the drawings.

If the area over which the roadway extends requires greater strength, additional layers of interlocked relation by means of a series: of. The units I, one of which is similar units I. shown in detail in Figs. 2 and 3, includeaweb portion 2 having transverse flanges 3 and 3' pro.-

vided on opposite, longitudinal edges thereof; which flanges 3 and 3 extendat right. anglesto.

the web 2 an equal distance from its opposite sides 4 and 4. The transverse flanges 3 and 3' are formed adjacent to their longitudinal edges with curved lateral hook flanges 5 and 5, respectively, which depend inwardly from the outer extremities or edges thereof substantially at right angles to the transverse flanges 3 and 3 and parallel with the web 2, whereby recesses 6 and 6' are formed on the vertical units l adjacent to the opposite sides 4 and 4' of the web 2 and along the longitudinal edges thereof.

Each of the horizontally extending units l, which units are duplicates of the vertically extending units Leonsists of a web 2 having transverse flanges 1 and 1 provided on opposite longitudinal edges of the web and extending at right angles to the web an equal distance from its opposite sides 8 and 8. The transverse flanges I and I are provided with curved lateral hook flanges 9 and 9, respectively, which depend inwardly from the outer extremities or edges of the transverse flanges 1 and T substantially at right angles thereto and parallel with the web 2, whereby recesses l and ID are formed on the horizontally extending sections I adjacent to the opposite sides 8 and 8' of the web 2 and along the longitudinal edges thereof.

In forming the portable roadway or mat construction using a single layer of the interchangeable interlocking units l and I, respectively, as illustrated in Fig. 4, a plurality of the units 1 are arranged and held in suitably spaced interlocked relation by means of a series of the similar units I having the transverse flanges I and l of the units abutting against the sides 4 and 4', respectively, of the webs 2 of the vertically extending units, with the lateral hook flanges 9 and9 on the flanges I and 1 of the units l engaging in the recesses 6 and 6 of adjacent units l and abutting against the hook flanges and 5 of the units.

Should it be required to have a roadway, landing mat or bridge flooring construction with a greater strength than provided by a single layer of the interlocking units as illustrated in Fig. 4, additional layers of the units may be interlocked with'each other as shown in Figs. 5 and 6. In Fig. 5, a, plurality of interchangeable units are interlocked with each other to provide a one and one-half or two layer construction in which additional vertically and horizontally extending units 1 and l, respectively, are provided, with the transverse flanges 3' of the additional units l abutting against the upper sides 8' of the webs 2 on the first layer of units l and the hook flanges 5 of the additional units engaging in a recess and a recess l0 adjacent to the sides 8 of the Webs 2' on the units I of the first layer of units. The Webs 2' of the units I, employed in forming the second layer of the roadway construction, abut against the upper transverse flanges 3 of the vertically extending units I used in providing the first layer of the roadway construction and the hook flanges 9 and 9' provided on the transverse flanges "l and 1', respectively, of the last-mentioned units l engage in the recesses 6 and 6 of the units l.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and wish to secure by Letters Patent 1. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical, elongated units interlocked together with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremities of the said transverse flanges, the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from the said transverse flanges and providing oppositely curved, oppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said web portions at the said longitudinal edges thereof, the interior surfaces of each pair of the said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with each other, with the curved hook flanges of certain of said units engaged in and interlocked with the said curved recesses in contiguous units of the assembly.

2. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical, elongated units interlocked together in an assembly at least one unit in thickneess in each direction with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of the said web per-- tions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremities of the said transverse flanges, the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from the said transverse flanges and providing curved, 0ppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said web portions at the said longitudinal edges thereof, the outside dimension of the unit along each said transverse flange from hook flange to hook flange being equal to the inside dimension between the transverse flanges on the same side of the said web portions, the interior surfaces pf each pair of the said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with each other, with the curved hook flanges of certain of said units engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses in contiguous units of the assembly.

3. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical, elongated units interlocked together with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of the said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremities of the said transverse flanges, the exterior surfaces of the said transverse flanges being planar between the said curved hook flanges and perpendicular to the said web portions, the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from the said transverse flanges and providing curved, oppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said web portions at the said longitudinal edges thereof, the, interior surfaces of each pair of said recesses with the surface of the Web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook 5. flangesi thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with eachother, with the curved hook flanges of certain ofsaid units engagedin and interlocked with the curved recesses in contiguous units of the assembly.

4. A structural assembly comprising aplurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical, elongated units interlocked together with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed onopposite longitudinal edges of the said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges, extending along outer longitudinal extremitiesof the said trans.- verse flanges, the exterior surfaces of said transverse flanges being planar between the said curved hook flanges andperpendicular to the web portions, the said curved" hook flanges depending inwardly from said transverse flanges and. providing jcurved, oppositely disposed recesses onopposite sides of said web portions at the said 1ongitudinal edges thereof, the exterior surfaces of the said curved hook flanges on the same side of the Web being in planar alignment and parallel to the said web, the interior surfaces of each pair of the said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with each other, with the curved hook flanges of certain of said units engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses in contiguous units of the assembly.

5. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical units interlocked together in layers with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of the said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremities of the said transverse flanges, the exterior surfaces of the said transverse flanges being planar between the said curved hook flanges and perpendicular to the web portions, the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from the said transverse flanges and providing curved, oppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said web portions at the said longitudinal edges thereof, the interior surfaces of each pair of the said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with each other, with the curved hook flanges of certain of said units engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses in contiguous units of the assembly.

6. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical units interlocked together in layers with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of the said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremitiesof the said trans-- verse" flanges, the exterior surfaces of the saidtransverse flanges being planar between the said curved hook flanges and perpendicular to the said web portions, the said curved hook flanges depending-inwardly from the saidtransverse flangesand providing curved, oppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said webportions at the said longitudinal edges thereof; the interior-surfaces'of eachpair of said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including'the curved lateral hock flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with eachother, with the curved hook flanges of certain of said units inone layer thereof engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses-in others of said units of the same layer, and with the curved hook flanges on some of said others of the said units of the same layer engaged in the curved recesses of other units not in the same layer.

7. A- structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable identical elongated units interlocked together in at least two layers with their transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of the said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremities of the said transverse flanges, the exterior surfaces of the said transverse flanges being planar between the said curved hook flanges and perpendicular to the said web portions, the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from the said transverse flanges and providing curved, oppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said web portions at the said longitudinal edges thereof, the interior surfaces of each pair of said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with each other, with the curved hook flanges of certain of the said units in each layer thereof engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses in others of the said units of the same layer, and with the curved hook flanges on the said others of the said units of the same layer engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses in certain of the units of another layer whereby an extensive planar bearing surface is formed.

8. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of interlocked, universally interchangeable, identical, elongated units interlocked together in separated layers in a hollow rectangular formation with their major transverse axes at right angles to each other and being substantially in the form of I-beams and including web portions, elongated transverse flanges formed on opposite longitudinal edges of the said web portions terminating in curved lateral hook flanges extending along outer longitudinal extremities of the said transverse flanges, the exterior surfaces of the said transverse flanges being planar between the said curved hook flanges and perpendicular to the said web portions, the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from the said transverse flanges and providing curved, oppositely disposed recesses on opposite sides of the said web portions at the said longitudinal edges thereof, the interior surfaces of each pair of said recesses with the surface of the web connecting the two recesses being identical in configuration to the exterior surfaces of each of the said transverse flanges including the curved lateral hook flanges thereon, said units being identical in size and shape and in interlocked relation with each other, with the curved hook flanges of certain of the said units engaged in and interlocked with the curved recesses in contiguous units of the assembly.

9. A structural assembly comprising a plurality of parallel, elongated, identical, individually interchangeable units with alternate units rotated 90 about their longitudinal axes, each of which units is substantially in the form of an I-beam including a Web portion, terminating in a planar transverse flange on each opposite longitudinal edge of said web portion, and a curved lateral hook flange formed on each outer longitudinal extremity of each of the said transverse flanges, each of the said curved hook flanges depending inwardly from its transverse flange WILLIAM B. SPANGLER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 645,800 Furness Mar. 20, 1900 1,030,761 Archer June 25, 1912 1,037,099 York 'Aug. 27, 1912' 1,585,003 Wilson et a1 May 18, 1926 2,020,562 Miller Nov. 12, 1935 2,302,586 Thelen Nov. 17, 1942 2,407,927 Hayden Sept. 17, 1946 lr-TZD. 44 l

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2806561 *Apr 3, 1953Sep 17, 1957Spangler William BPortable structural assembly and interlocking units for constructing the same
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Classifications
U.S. Classification52/574, 52/844, 52/837, 52/604, 405/277, 446/476, 428/49
International ClassificationE04C3/06, E01C9/08, E04C3/04, E04C2/30, E01C9/00, E04C2/42
Cooperative ClassificationE04C2003/0452, E04C2003/0465, E04C2003/0417, E04C2003/0434, E01C9/083, E04C3/06, E04C2/42, E04C2003/0413, E04C2003/0439, E04C2003/0421
European ClassificationE01C9/08B, E04C2/42, E04C3/06