US 2589337 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 18; 1952 E. BURNS LINER HANGER Filed Nov. 16, 1948 Figi III...-
Snventor, EQw//Y @UQ/YS Gttorneg Patented Mar. 18, 1952 UNITED STATES rTENT OFFICE LINER HANGER Erwin Burns, Los Angeles, Calif. Application November 16, 1948; Serial No. 60,365
(Cl. Hifi-1) 2 Claims.
This invention relates to oil well tools and particularly pertains to a liner hanger.
In oil well drlling operations and when preparing oil wells for production it is common practice to set a water string in the open hole and to thereafter drill into the formation and set well casing. In this latter operation itis usual to lower the casing through the water string and then to suspend the casing within the lower end of the water string by the use of a mechanical tool known as a liner hanger. Such hangers usually embody the use of serrated slips which are mounted to expand outwardly and to engage the wall of the water string in a manner to anchor and support the upper end of a string of casing. These devices employ various types of mechanisms to temporarily hold parts of the liner hanger against movement while other parts are manipulated to cause the slips to move outwardly and positively engage the walls of the water string. These mechanisms often are of a construction which causes parts to be broken and heretofore have made it necessary for the casing string to be set on the bottom of the hole in order to properly actuate the liner hanger.. It is desirable of course to provide a liner hanger which may be actuated at any level in a well and which would make it possible for manipulation of the casing liner to be brought about without reference to the bottom of the well bore. It is the principal object of the present invention, therefore, to provide a liner hanger provided with slips which may be manipulated at any level in a string of pipe, and which makes it possible for the slips to be set and the supporting string deitached from the liner hanger without reference tothe bottom of the well bore.
The present invention contemplates the provision of a liner hanger including a body carrying slips adapted to be moved laterally into engagement with a set string of pipe, and which body 'may then be detached from a supporting string of pipe at any level therein. 4
The invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawing in which:
Figure 1 is a view in vertical elevation with parts broken away showing the complete liner hanger as disposed in a well and prior to the setting of the slips.
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing the liner hanger with the slips in their set position and with the operating tool removed therefrom while detaching the supporting string.
Fig. 3 is a view in transverse section through the body of the hanger as seen on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1 and shows the slip operating fingers.
Fig. 4 is a View in transverse section through the hanger body as seen on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2 and shows the manner in which the slips are mounted in their operative position.
Referring more particularly to the drawing, ill indicates a well casing which is set in a well bore Il by the use of setting material l2'. The well bore Il extends downwardly into the producing sand I3. A liner hanger I4 is provided and is designed to grip the wall of the casing Ill rnechanically and to thereby hold the tool against longitudinal movement during the casing setting operation. The liner hanger is suspended from a string of drill pipe indicated at l5. The lower end of this string of pipe is formed with a threaded pin IB which receives the threaded box i1 of a square tubular mandrel I8. The box Il and the mandrel I8 are here shown as being formed integral. A central longitudinally extending passageway I9 is formed through the mandrel I3 and is open at both of its ends to allow unrestricted ow of fluid through the structure. Mounted upon the square mandrel I8 is a connecting nut structure 20. This nut has an upper cylindrical portion 2l, a lower cylindrical portion 22, and an intermediate enlarged shoulder 23. This shoulder 23 has an upper square face 2d and a lower square face 25. The cylindrical portion 22 which occurs below the conical face 25 is formed with a coarse thread 26, here shown as being of the acme type and left-handed. Formed centrally of the connecting nut 20 is a square passageway 21 through which the square mandrel I8 may extend and reciprocate. The lower end of the mandrel Itis fitted with a mandrel nut 23 which has a square upper face to abut against thev end face 29 of the connecting nut 26. The opposite end of the mandrelnut 28 is threaded and may receive a tail pipe. The upper cylindrical portion 2l of the connecting nut 23 is formed with an external right-hand thread 30 which is of relatively ne pitch. This thread receives a slip releasing nut 3l which is fitted with a plurality of bow springs 32 which extend upwardly andare adapted to frictionally engage the Walls of the casing l0 to prevent rotation of the releasing nut 3| under certain conditions to be explained hereinafter. The upper ends of the bow springs 32 are attached to a collar 33 which loosely surrounds a cylindrical extension of the box Il carried at the lower end of the mandrel I8.
The Aconnecting nut 20 is provided to temporarily support the cylindrical body member 36 of the structure. This body member isformed with a central cylindrical bore 35, the upper end of which is internally threaded at 36 to receive the threaded length 25 of the connecting nut. The mouth of the bore 35 is formed with a tapered face 3l which is complementary to a tapered face 38 formed on the lower end of the compression ring `55. The lower end of the body member 34 is formed with a pin extension 39 to receive a coupling 4d. The coupling 48 carries a length of perforated liner 4I which extends down into the open hole which penetrates the producing formation.
The body member 34 is formed on its external cylindrical surface with longitudinal slip ways 42 which are cut into the cylindrical face of the body portion and are shown in Fig. 4 as being three in number. The slip ways 42 have an'inclined bottom face 43 which tapers upwardly and outwardly from a Shoulder 44. The shoulder of each of the ways lies ina' common plane normal to the longitudinal axis of the body member and is of a depth sufficient to accommodate the heel of a tapered slip member 45.` The bottom face 43 of each of the ways is arcuate in cross-section and agrees in radius substantially with the radius of the outer circumference of the body member while being eccentric to the axis of the body member. The opposite edges of the ways 42, as indicated at 48, are undercut to form V- shaped guide grooves in which tapered edges 4`I of the slips 45 may t. It will be obvious that the slips will be free to move longitudinally of the ways but will be retained .therein by the dove-tail connection between the edges of the slips and the opposite edges 46 of the ways. In order to'provide a suitable gripping area for the slips the opposite undercut edges 46 taper with relation to each other so that the ways will be Wider at their lower ends and so that the slips will provide a gripping surface which will c-onform to the inner face of the casing I8 which is to be gripped. The outer faces of the slips are wickered so that they will positively impinge against thesur'face of the casing and will hold the tool firmly place. The upper end of each of the slips is formed with a tongue 48, which tongues extend upwardly along longitudinal recesses 49. These recesses are open at their upper ends and the thickness of the tongues is such as to cause their outer surfaces to conform to the outer circumference of the cylindrical body member 34 at all times. Stop members 58 are positioned in the ways 42 at a suitable point near their upper ends so that the upward movement of the slips will be limited. The slips are urged upwardly by a pluralityv of helical springs I, the lower ends of which are fitted within seats 52 formed in the shoulders 44 of the body member 3'4,`and the upper ends of which t into seats 53 formed inthe heels of the slips 45. Extending downwardly from each of the seats 53 is a guide pin 54. These pins extend into the helical springs 5I and tend to maintain them in a straight condition so that they will not buckle. Thelongitudinal axes `of the springs are parallel to the taper of the faces 43 of the ways 42.
As previously yexplained the connecting nut 20 is free to slide uponthe square mandrel I8 and is limited in its downward movement by the mandrel nut 28. The connecting nut 2i] which is formed with the shoulder 23 is provided to receive a compression ring 55. This ring is formed with a central bore 56 through which the upper cylindrical portion 2I of the nut 28 extends. 'JIhe outer circumference ofthe ring agrees with that of the body 34. Extending downwardly from 4 the lower face of the ring is a plurality of thrust fingers 51. These fingers agree in number with the longitudinal recesses 49 formed in the outer face of the body member 34 and are of sectional dimensions to permit them to lie within the recesses 49 so that their free ends abut against the ends of the fingers 48 which are carried by the slips 45. The length of the thrust ngers 5l is such as to insure that when the compression ring 55 abuts against the shoulder 3'I of the body member 34 the slips 45 will be in a retracted position with their wickered faces conforming to the circumference of the body portion 34.
The 'compression ring 55 is provided with an upper end face 58 which is formed with a ball race. An anti-friction thrust bearing 59 is disposed-upon this race and is held in position by the nut 3l which is threaded onto the cylindrical extension 2| of the connecting nut 28.
In operation of the present invention the liner hanger I4 is assembled as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing preparatory to being lowered into the wall. At this time the connecting nut 29 is screwed firmly into the threaded end of the body member 34'with the tapered faces 3l and 3S of the body member and the compression ring being setup nrmly against each other by the releasing nut 3| being tightened on the threads 38 formed on the extension 2| of the connecting nut 28. The hanger structure is then fastened to the supporting string of pipev I5 and is lowered into the wall. During the lowering operation the bow springs 32 will be compressed while in frictional engagement with the side walls of the casing I8. When the tool has reached a level at which it is desired to set the slips the string of pipe I5 may be rotated clockwise. This will rotate the entire hanger structure with the exception of the releasing nut 3| which is held against rotation since'the square mandrel I9 is extending through the square passageway 21 in the connecting nut 20, and the connecting nut is set up within the body member 34. As rotation of the drill string to the right continues while the releasing nut 3| is Abeing held against rotation by the bow springs 32 the threaded portion 38 of the connecting nut 28 will be screwed out of the releasing nut 3 I. As this operation proceeds the helical springs -5I at the lower ends of the slips 45 will force the slips upwardly and outwardly. After the threaded portion 30 of the connecting nut 28 has been screwed out of the releasing nut 3| the connecting nut 20'l and the supporting string may be detached from the body portion 34 which is now held in a set position by the slips 45. This detachingaction is accomplished by rotating the supporting string and the connecting nut 20 in a right-,hand direction. This will act to unscrew the connecting nut 28 from within the body member 3,4 and allow the connecting nut 2e to move upwardly on the square mandrel I8 until the connectingrnut 28 has been completely unscrewed from the. left-hand threads 36 within the body member 34. The supporting string I5 may then be removed and as it is lifted the mandrel nut 28 will engage the lower end of the connecting nut 28 toY remove the connecting nut 28, the releasing nut SI,- and the bow spring structure 32.
It will thus be seen that the liner hanger here disclosed is compact and rugged in construction, simple in operation, and may be easily actuated to optionally set the tool at any level in the Well and' to thereafter optionally release the supportingl string from the tool so that it will remain in a set position.
While I have shown the preferred form of my invention as now known to me, it will be understood that various changes may be made in combination, construction and arrangement of parts by those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the invention as claimed.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A liner hanger or the like comprising a cylindrical body member having a central bore therethrough, means at the lower end of said bore for attaching to said member an article to be supported by said member, a coarse female screw thread formed in the upper end of the bore through said body member, a male-threaded connecting nut screwed into said female thread and being formed with a shoulder abutting against the upper end of said body member, a plurality of wickered retractable slips mounted around the outer circumference of said body member, spring members tending to urge said slips to their gripping positions, an upper cylindrical extension formed as a part of said connecting nut, a cornpression ring removably mounted on said cylindrical extension and freely rotatable around the aXis thereof, means carried by said compression ring for engaging said slips to urge the slips to their retracted positions, said engaging means interlocking with said body member to hold the said compression ring against rotation relative to said body while permitting the connecting nut to rotate therein, a relatively iine male thread provided on the outer surface of said cylindrical extension above said compression ring, said ne male thread being pitched oppositely from said coarse female thread aforesaid, a releasing nut screwed onto said last named male thread against said compression ring to force'the compression ring toward a slip retracting position, friction means carried by the releasing nut to engage the interior wall of a casing into which the structure is lowered to hold the releasing nut against rotation relative to the connecting nut, and a square tubular mandrel extending downwardly through a square passageway in the connecting nut and movable longitudinally with relation thereto said mandrel carrying a mandrel nut for supporting sain connecting nut, said mandrel engaging the square passageway in said connecting nut to impart positive rotation to said connecting nut.
2. A liner hanger or the like comprising a cylindrical body member having a central bore therethrough, means at the lower end thereof for attaching to said member a liner to be supported thereby, the upper end of said bore being formed with a coarse internal left-hand thread, the outer vcirmunference of said body member being formed with a plurality of longitudinally tapered guideways extending upwardly and outwardly along the sides of said body member, wickered slips, one slidably mounted within each of said guideways, spring members interposed between the lower ends of said slips and the lower end faces of said guideways tending to urge the slips upwardly and outwardly along said guideways, longitudinal grooves in said body member, one of said grooves extending upwardly from each of said guideways and being open at the upper end of said body member, a connecting nut screwed into said upper threaded portion of the body member and being formed with a shoulder to limit downward movement of the nut with the body member. said nut having an externally threaded upper cylindrical extension, a compression ring slidably mounted upon said upper cylindrical extension and being formed with fingers fitted within said longitudinal grooves and movable therealong to engage the upper ends of the slips and to force said slips toward their retracted positions against the action of said springs, a releasing nut screwed onto the upper extension of said connecting nut with a right-hand thread and tending to hold the compression ring in a seated position upon said connecting nut, a plurality of bow springs secured by their lower ends to the releasing nut and extending upwardly to frictionally engage a well casing into which the structure is lowered, ya ring member carrying the upper ends of said bow springs, and a mandrel extending downwardly through the ring member, the releasing nut and the connecting nut, said mandrel being longitudinally movable relative thereto and being in splined engagement with the connecting nut, the lower end of said mandrel-carrying a retaining nut by which said connecting nut is supported on said mandrel.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS