|Publication number||US2589500 A|
|Publication date||Mar 18, 1952|
|Filing date||Sep 19, 1949|
|Priority date||Sep 19, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2589500 A, US 2589500A, US-A-2589500, US2589500 A, US2589500A|
|Inventors||Landon Robert K, Thomson John R|
|Original Assignee||Strait Line Products|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (26), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 18, 1952 LANDON ET AL 2;589, 500
COMBINED CHALK LINE BOX AND PLUMB BOB V Filed sept. 19, 1949 Willi/I'll] I KIIIIIIIIIIIIIII M 1L am 010 5% Patented Mar. 18, 1 952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COMBINED CHALK-LINE BOX AND PLUlWB BOB Application September 19, 1949, Serial No. 116,488
1 Claim. 1
This invention relates to a combinedchalk-line box and plumb-bob and has as an object the provision of a dual-purpose hand-tool for carpenters, masons and other artisans, of improved design and efficiency.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a dual-purpose tool of the character stated in which the constructional elements such as the box or case necessary for service in one purpose are so made to serve the other purpose that the tool appears to be specifically designed for the particular duty to which it may momentarily be applied.
Our invention possesses other advantages and more detailed objects which will be pointed out as the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention proceeds, or will be apparent from consideration of the accompanying drawing, in which: s
Figure l is a plan view of a chalk-line box and plumb-bob embodying the principles of our in-' vention;
Figure 2 is a side view taken from the left of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on the plane of section indicated by the line 3 3 of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is an interior view of the box or deeper portion of the case of the tool; and
Figure 5 is an interior view of the lid or shallower portion of the case.
Having reference now to the details of the drawing, we have provided a case 1 comprising a box or deeper portion 8 and a lid or shallower portion 9, both of which are adapted to be diecast from metal, plastic or other suitable material. The case I is characterized by its pyriform shape in its wider aspect, as seen in Figure 1, though differing from a true pear in that the wider end of the case is not rounded or concave but is formed with a point [0. The narrower end ll of the case 1 is elongated but blunt. As best illustrated in Figures 4 and 5, both the box 8 and lid 9 are so shaped-that a circle may be inscribed in them centered at the intersection of their major and minor diameters, that is, the long diameter from the point It] to the blunt end II and the transverse diameter of greatest length, and from this circle the perimeters of the case extend tangentially to the point H) at an angle approximating 90 degrees and to the blunt end I I at a more acute angle.
In the transverse aspect, as viewed in Figures 2 and 3, the case 1 is relatively thin, the lid 9 and the opposed side I! of the box 8 being subsuitable grip such as a ring 38.
end 39 of the cord 31 may be led through a suit-' 2 stantially fiat exteriorly. The lid 9 has a shallow flange I3 which fits within the box 8 to locate the lid thereon, and a peripheral shoulder [4 which .engages the rim l5 of the box and. makes a smooth joint therewith.
The lid 9 is provided with a boss [1 on its interior side substantially at the intersection of its major and minor diameters and with a boss [8 at the pointed end ID. The box 8 is likewise provided with an interior boss I9, disposed on its major diameter at a little more than half the length of the minor diameter from the intersection of the major and minor'diameters and towards the blunt end II. and I9 are bored and tapped, to be engageable by screws 23 and 2| which extend respectively through holes 22 and 23 in the box and in the lid. When the screws 20 and 2| are drawn tight an effective seal is established between the shoulder 14 and the rim l5. I
At the blunt end ll of the case, the flange I3 of the lid 9 is heightened to provide an end wall 25, which follows the curvature of the end II, and a transverse wall 23 joins the ends of the wall 25 to form therewith a walled enclosure 21 which contains a felt pad 28. Similarly, the box 8 has curved wall 29 within its blunt end and a transverse wall 30 forming therewith an enclosure 3| for a felt pad 32. The walls of the enclosures 21 and 3| do not meet when the lid 9 is tightened upon the box 8, but the pads 28 and 32 extend beyond their surrounding walls so as to be compressed against each otherby the closure of the case. A small orifice 3,3 in the blunt end of the box 8 is aligned with the major diam-Q eter .of the box and communicates with the interior of the box at the interfacial level of the the pads 28 and 32 and outwardly through the orifice 33, the free end being provided with a The fastened able hole (not shown) to the interior of the hub 35 and there to be knotted.
To prevent undue friction between the disks 36 and the adjacent lid and box surfaces and to strengthen the lid and box to prevent distortion Both the bosses l8 or denting, rings 48 are provided on the inner surfaces of the lid and box concentric with the boss I1. The rings 40 hold the spool 34 spaced from the case and serve as end bearings for the spool. Additional larger rings 4| may be provided in virtual circular extension of the curved walls of the box and lid, thereby further strengthening the case against distortion. The rings 4|, being at or just beyond the periphery of the disks 36 also serve to prevent the cord 31 from jumping the disks and being caught between the disks and the case walls.
The hub 35 has an end extension 43 adapted to extend outwardly through an opening '44 in the box bottom l2. A packing ring 45 may be provided to seal the opening 44 around the extension 43. The outer end of the extension 43 pivotally supports, as at 46, a crank 41 by which the spool 34 may be rotated to wind the cord 31. The crank 41 is pivoted to be swingable in planes perpendicular to the box bottom l2 and is pro vided with a handle 48 which at one end of the pivotal arcs is turned outwardly from the box bottom and at the other end of the arcs is turned inwardly theretowards. The boss I9 is provided with a well or recess 49 closed at its inner end and opening outwardly through the box bottom 12, and the crank 47 is of suitable length to permit the handle 48 to enter the well 49 when turned theretowards.
It will be understood that the interior of the case "I normally contains chalk or a like substance, which is sealed therein by the pads 28 and 32, the packing ring 45, and the heads of the screws 20 and 2| which close all the openings leading to the interior of the case. Whether the tool is to 'be used as a chalk-line box or as a plumb-bob, the spool 34 may be freed for rotation by swinging the crank 41 so that the handle 48 is outwardly beyond the plane of the box bottom' I2. A desired length of the cord 3'! may then be pulled from the orifice 33. No brake is required to prevent an excess of cord being pulled out, other than the friction of the pads 28 and 32 upon the cord. However, a positive look upon rotation of the spool 34 is provided by engagement of the handle 48 in the well 49. Two additional locking positions are also provided by enga gement of the handle 48 with the side walls of the case. For example, if unwinding the cord 31 produces a counter-clockwise motion of the crank 47, as seen in Figure 1, the rotation of the crank will be stopped at the points 50 and 5|, where the orbit of the handle 48 crosses the side walls of the case, if the crank is swung pivotally to its locking inclination. Thus the length of the cord pulled from the case can be regulated to less than one-half of a turn of the cord upon the spool 34. Such exact regulation is often desirable when the tool is suspended as a plumbbob from a fixed support and it is desired to bring the point l0 to approximate contact with a point to be marked.
' Thepyriform shape of the tool has physical advantages in addition to its attractive appearance. When the tool is used as a plumb-bob, the
mass at the lower end will cause the tool to hang in true verticality from the cord emerging from the axially located orifice 33. The balance of the plumb-bob may be made very exact by placing the handle '48 in the Well 49 so that the crank 41 is aligned with the vertical axis. When cord is being drawn from the spool or wound thereon, it is natural to place the wide portion of the tool in the palm of one hand with the fingers gripping the elongated end, the ring 38 or handle 48 being then manipulated with the other hand. Under these conditions the tool Wedges itself into the gripping hand and is more easily and firmly grasped than a cylindrical or rectilinear tool.
Obviously, our invention is subject to modifications which fall within its spirit and scope, we therefore do not wish to be limited to the exact embodiment herein described and illustrated, but to the scope and spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claim.
A chalk-line box having two opposed sides of generally pyriform outline, and connecting sides curved to follow said outline and perpendicular to said pyriform sides so as to form a box having a wide generally circular portion tapering gradually to an elongated but blunt end and tapering sharply to an opposite end, the blunt end of said box having an orifice; a spool mounted within said box, the axis of said spool being substantially at the center of said circular portion; a cord wound on said spool and emerging from said orifice; a well in one of said pyriform sides; and a crank for rotating said spool hingedly connected to said spool for arcuate movement in planes perpendicular to said pyriform sides and having a handle extending outwardly from said box when said crank is at one end of said arcuate movement, and inwardly toward said box at the other end of said movement, said crank having a length sufficient to permit said handle to rotate in a circle which encompasses said circular portion of said box and is intersected by said connecting sides towards both ends of said box, said well being disposed on said circle and adapted to receive said handle.
ROBERT K. LANDON. JOHN R. THOMSON.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 873,686 Sharp Dec. 10, 1907 932,218 Wilson Aug. 24, 1909 1,124,595 Dailey Jan. 12, 1915 1,876,473 Spaeth Sept. 6, 1932 2,497,471 Shillman -Q. Feb. 14, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 235,630 Switzerland 1945
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|U.S. Classification||33/393, 242/396.1, 242/395.1, 33/414, 242/405|
|International Classification||G01C15/10, B44D3/38, B25H7/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B25H7/00, G01C15/10, B44D3/38|
|European Classification||B44D3/38, B25H7/00, G01C15/10|