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Publication numberUS2589954 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 18, 1952
Filing dateOct 15, 1949
Priority dateOct 15, 1949
Publication numberUS 2589954 A, US 2589954A, US-A-2589954, US2589954 A, US2589954A
InventorsNeil William P
Original AssigneeNeil William P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lifting apparatus
US 2589954 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 18, 1952 w, NE|| 2,589,954

LIFTING APPARATUS Filed Oct. 15, 1949 2 SHEETS-SHEET l INVENTOR. WLL/fl/W I? IVE/1,

02%.. v BY March 18, 1952 EIL 2,589,954

' LIFTING APPARATUS Filed Oct. 15, 1949 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 INVEN TOR MAL/4M I? /VE/L A TTORNE Y Patented Mar. 18, 1952 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE 13 Claims.

My invention relates to a lifting apparatus, and

to one particularly adapted for lifting and conveying or moving concrete wall slabs, and the like.

One of the principal objects of this invention is to provide a novel apparatus of this class whereby a concrete or similar wall slab may be readily raised from a flat or horizontal to a substantially upright position.

An important object also of this invention is to provide a lifting apparatus of this class whereby a concrete or similar slab, when raised to an upright position, may be raised and readily manipulated so that it may be placed where and as desired. p 7

Another important object of this invention is to provide a lifting apparatus of this class which may be easily and quickly secured to the concrete slab, or other object to be raised, and as easily and quickly removed therefrom. Y

A further important object of this invention is to provide a lifting apparatus of this class which may be readily and effectively operated for performing the desired results.

Still another important object of this invention is to provide a lifting apparatus of this class which is simple and economical of construction, and durable, and which is particularly designed and constructed for raising and efiiciently manipulating and placing slabs for constructing building walls.

With these and other objects in view, as will appear hereinafter, I have devised a lifting apparatus having certain novel features of construction, combination, and arrangement of parts and portions, as will be hereinafter described in detail, and particularly set forth in the appended claims, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the characters of reference thereon, which form a part of this application, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my lifting means in a position for raising a concrete wall slab;

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view thereof with the slab in a horizontal or lying position;

Fig. 3 is a side elevational view thereof with the slab in a vertical position;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary elevational view of the principal lifting means or cross-boom of my apparatus;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view, taken through 55 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5A,iS, a vertical sectional view, takenon line 5A-.-5A of Fig. 5; n

Fig. 6 is a partial plan and partial sectional view, taken through 6-6 of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view of my apparatus in a slightly modified form of construction.

My liftin apparatus, shown in the drawings, is particularly designed for handling concrete wall slabs and in placing the same in the construction of a concrete. building wall.

The structure shown consists of a liftingrig suspended by means of a cable I, or the like, from a crane or derrick (not shown). The rig shown comprises essentially two or more nor- Which is to be lifted. Such Side Of the Wall slab,

in the disclosure, is the normally outer side thereof.

The drawing shows the slab as having column portions l at its opposite edges, these column portions extending upwardly from the same face of the slab portion l to which the brackets 3 are secured.

The back faces of the brackets 3. that is, the cross-flanges thereof, are .positionedagainst the outer face of the slab portion 1 ,.the brackets being secured to the face of the slab by means of bolts or studs 8, theinner ends of whichare anchored within the slab. Nuts B are screwed onto the outer ends of the studs 8 to detachably secure the brackets 3 against the slab, this structure being more fully described in my copending application, Serial No. 121,622, filed October 15,

The brackets 3 have webs 3? which extend at right angles from the face of the slab andparallel to the column portions l in such a manner that they are positioned vertically when the slab is raised. The lower ends of the supports 2 are pivotally connected to these webs of the brackets.

The upper ends of the supports 2, which, as shown in the drawings, consist of laterally spaced structural angles 2?, have laterally extending arms 9 which provide lifting PQrtions for the supports, these arms being secured at their-in ner ends between the, angle members 29., The arms 9 have holes a positioned atthesame sides or faces 2 of the supports 2 ,as thefaces of the securing brackets 3, when considered from the the cross-boom 5, but are adjustable thereon longitudinally with respect tothe cross-boom so as to accommodate the rig to various horizontal spacings of the brackets 3 on the slab 'l.

The specific and preferred construction of the boom is shown best in Figs. 3 and 4, and it consists principally of a pair of opposed vertically positioned horizontal channels These channels are horizontally spaced apart with the channel portions at their inner sides. They are secured together in such position by pairs of vertically extending transverse plates 5 between which are secured boom lifting plates 5 having eyes 5 The edges of the plates 5* are secured to the outer sides of the channels 5 by plates 5. All of these members are preferably welded together as shown.

Two of such securing units, including the lifting plates, are arranged in horizontally spaced relation at each end of the boom. In the space between them are two depending arms 4, as aforementioned, each being adjustable as units longitudinally of the boom.

Each arm, as shown, consists of a pair of spaced fiat bars 4 each of which depends from a bolt 4 The two bolts of each arm extend through and depend from a pair of clamp plates 4 and 4s. The lower flange of each channel 5 is clamped between the plates 4 and 4 Near the upper ends of the supports 2 are provided latch members H which consist of arms pivotally mounted on bolts 30 intermediate their ends near the upper portions of the support 2. The pivotalaxes 30 of the latch members II are spaced from the pivotal connections of the supports with the brackets 3, approximately equal to the distance of the horizontal axes of the brackets 'from'the normally upper edge of the slab, as shown in Fig. 3. Since this distance may vary considerably; the pivotal axes 30 of the latch member'sare adjustable with respect to the lower endsof the'supports 2, or the pivotal connections of the supports to the brackets 3.

The latch members II have pivot members l2 which pivotally support the latch members on brackets I 3, the latter carrying the pivot bolts 30. These brackets are adjustably secured intermediate theen ds of the supports 2.

The securing of each bracket is effected by a frictional clamping action of the opposite sides of the support between the front side l3 of the bracket and aplate [4, the latter being drawn toward the bracket by a bolt I5, extending through the bracket, and a nut l6 screwed onto the bolt, see Fig, 5A. The bolt is positioned between the two members or angles 2 of the support The plate i4 may also have a pin 11, freely extensible, "us prevent turning of the plate. With such mountingof the brackets l3, they may be readily attached to other supports of various sizes.

One endof each of the latch members, has a hook or latch portion I I- having a face I I which, when the latch member is in a horizontal position, as shown in Fig. 3, is positioned parallel to the face 2 of the support 2, but is spaced outwardly therefrom a distance greater than the thickness of the slab portion 1 To the end H of the latch member H, which extends backwardly from the face of the support, is connected a lanyard 18 for 4 manually tilting the latch member and. raising the jaw portion, as shown by solid lines in Fig. 2.

The pivot members [2, above mentioned, for supporting the latch members H, are also adjustably mounted on the shanks of the latch members, that is, the latch members are longitudinally adjustable on or extensible from the front sides l2 of the pivotmembers for receiving or embracing slabs of various thicknesses. As shown, the intermediate portions of the latch members ll extend through slots l2 at the upper portions of the pivot members, and they may be firmly secured therein by a serrated saw member l9 loosely carried on pins 22, the jaw member being adapted to be forced against the upper edge of the latch member II by a screw 2 l.

When desiring to raise a slab from a horizontal position, as shown in Fig. l to the vertical position illustrated in Fig. 2, the brackets are secured to the outer faces of the slab portions l As the slab is raised to a vertical position and swung slightly therebeyond, by the drawing upwardly of the cable I of the crane or'derrick, the latch members II are manually tilted upwardly by means of the lanyards M3, to the position shown in Fig. 3, to allow the upper portion of the slab to swing against the bumpers 22 on the faces 2 of the supports 2. The tension of the lanyards I8 is then immediately released to allow the latch portions of the latch members to drop'over the opposite or inner face of the slab, it being observed by reference to Fig. 2 that suflicient clearance is provided between the bumper 22 and the latch portions II to permit such downward movement of the latter.

The vertical plane passing through the bolts [2 of the lifting portions or arms 9 is located between the faces of the latch portions l l and the faces of the brackets 3, and, in the arrangement shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, it lies substantially equidistant between these two faces. When so arranged, the slab lies substantially in a vertical position so that it may be readily placed when constructing a wall.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 4, two, three, or four supports 2 may be employed, and they may e variously adjusted relative to each other.

In the structure shown in Fig. 7, a slightly modified form is adapted. Here, the lower ends of these supports are pivotally connected to brackets, similar to those described above, buta short bracket, designated 23, is secured to the outer face of the column portions l and a third bracket' 24 is secured at the median portion of the outer face of the slab portion 1*. The web of the bracket 24 is shown considerably longer or deeper than the securing webs of the brackets 23, the difference being the distance of the outer face of the column portion from the outer face of the slab portion.

I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described, for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.

Iclaini: i

l. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a support having lifting means at oneend and one-side thereof, a bracket pivotally 9m 9t1 to the other end of the support and adapted to be detachably secured against aside of the slab at a 'point spaced from the edges of the slab, the bracket being positioned at the same side :of the support as the lifting means, and a latch member pivotally mounted on the support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion located at the same side of the support as the bracket and adapted to overlie an edge of the slab.

2. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a relatively long, normally vertical support having a side adapted to be positioned adj 'acent a face of the slab to be lifted and provided at its upper end and at said side with lifting means, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end and at said side of the support and provided with means for detachably securing the bracket against said face of the slab, and a latch member pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on the support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion also located at the same side of the support as said bracket.

3. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a relatively long, normally vertical support having a side adapted to be positioned adjacent a face of the slab to be lifted and provided at its upper end and at said side with lifting means, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of the support and provided with a face detachably securable to said face of the slab to be lifted, saidbracket being positioned at the same side of the support as said lifting means, and a latch member pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on the support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion also located at the same side of the support as said bracket, said latch portion overlying an edge of the slab and engaging the opposite face of the slab.

4. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a relatively long, normally vertical support having a side adapted to be positioned alongside a face of the slab to be lifted and provided at its upper end and at said side with lifting means, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of the support at said side thereof and provided with means for detachably securing the bracket to the slab to be lifted, said bracket being positioned at the same side of the support as said lifting means, and a latch member pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on the support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion also located at the same side of the support as said bracket and overlying an edge of the slab, the vertical plane of said lifting portion extending between the adjacent portions of the latch portion and the bracket and being coextensive with the plane of the slab.

5. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a relatively long, normally vertical support having a side adapted to be positioned alongside a face of the slab to be lifted and provided at its upper end and at said side with lifting means, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of the support and provided with means for detachably securing the bracket against said face of the slab to be lifted, said bracket being positioned at the same side of the support as said lifting means, and a latch memher pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on the support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis 'of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion also located at the same side of the "support as said bracket and overlying an edge of the slab, the vertical plane of said lifting portion extending between the adjacent portions of the latch .portion and the bracket and being coextensive with the plane of the slab, said latch member having means at the end opposite said latch portion by which the latch member can be pivoted.

6. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: support having aside adapted to be positioned alongside a face of the slab to be lifted and provided at its upper end and at said side with lift-' ing means, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of the support and securable against said face of the slab to be lifted, said bracket being positioned at the same side of the support as said lifting means, and a latch member .pivotally mounted intermediate its ends at the upper end of said support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion also located at the same side of the support as said bracket, said latch portion overlying the upper end of the slab and engaging the opposite face thereof, the vertical plane passing through the lifting-portion and parallel to said pivotal axes being located substan tially equidistant between the inner side of the latch portion and said side "of the bracket.

7. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a relatively long, normally vertical support having a side adapted to be positioned alongside a face of the slab to be lifted and provided at its upper end and at said side with lifting means, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of the sup ort and detachably secur able to said face of the slab to be lifted, said bracket being positioned at the same side of the support as said lifting means, and a latch member pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on the support below said lifting meansand on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member having a latch portion also located at the same side of the support as said bracket, said latch portion overlying the upper end of the slab and engaging the opposite face of the slab, the vertical plane passing through the lifting portion and parallel to said pivotal axes being located substantially equidistant between the inner surface of the latch portion and of the bracket, said latch member having flexible means at its end opposite said latch portion for tilting the latch member.

8. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a support having lifting means at one end and one side thereof, a bracket pivotally connected to the other end of the support and provided with means for detachably securing the bracket to the slab to be lifted, the bracket being positioned at the same side of the support as the lifting means, a latch member pivotally mounted on the support below said lifting means and on an axis parallel to the pivotal axis of the bracket, said latch member overlying an edge of the slab and having a latch portion located at the same side of the support as the bracket, and a resilient bumper on the support opposite the latch portion. r

9. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a cross-boom, normally vertical, rigid a relatively long, normally vertical,

supports having lifting means .at their normally upper ends by which said supports are suspended from said cross-boom, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of each of said supports and detachably secured to a face of the slab to be lifted, and a latch member pivotally mounted on each of the supports adjacent the upper end thereof and on axes parallel to the pivotal axes of the brackets, each of the latch members having a latch portion located at the same side of the support as the bracket and engageable with the opposite face of the slab.

10. A'lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a cross-boom, normally vertical supports, means for suspending said supports from said cross-boom in a vertical plane laterally offset from the vertical plane of the cross-boom, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end of one side of each of said supports and detachably secured to a face of the slab to be lifted, a clamping means mounted on each of the supports and adustable longitudinally thereon, and a latch member pivotally mounted on each of the clamping means on axes parallel to the pivotal axes of the brackets, each of the latch members overlying the upper edge of the slab and having a latch portion located at the same side of the support as the bracket.

11. A lifting apparatus for lifting a slab, comprising: a cross-boom, normally vertical supports pivotally suspended from said cross-boom and disposed in a common vertical plane offset laterally from the plane ,of the cross-boom, a bracket pivotally connected to the lower end and at one side of each of said supports, each of said brackets being detachably secured to one face of the slab to be lifted, a clamping means adjustably mounted on each of the supports, and a latch member pivotally mounted on each of the clamping means at the opposite side of said supports and on axes parallel to the pivotal axes of the brackets, each of the latch members overlying the upper edge of the slab and having a weighted latch portion arranged in a plane located at the same side of the support as the brackets and adjustable transversely of said su port and the slab, said latch portion being engageable against the other face of the slab.

12. A lifting apparatus for lifting a large,

ets detachably securable to the upper face and near an edge of the slab when the slab is in' horizontal position and resting upon a surface, a support member pivotally connected at one end pivotally mounted intermediate its ends adjacent the other end of each support member, the pivotal axes of said latch members being parallel to the pivotal axes of said support members, each latch member having a latch portion at one end spaced from and normally extending parallel to a side of the support members, a flexible element connected to the other end of each latch member, a cross-boom pivotally connected to and extending between the free ends of said support members. said cross-boom being operable upon upward movement to pivot said edge of the slab upwardly through the medium of said supporting members with the opposite edge of the slab remaining at rest upon said surface, said brackets pivoting with respect to said support members which remain in vertical position, pivotal movement of the slab to vertical position causing said support members to lie alongside said face of the slab and extend beyond its free edge, said latch members being adapted to be pivoted by means of the flexible elements to an inoperative position to allow said v slab to move to a fully verticaly position and slightly therebeyond, said latch members; being thereafter releasable to cause their latchportions to overlie said free end of the slab and engage against the opposite face of the slab so as to latch said slab and said support members against relative pivotal movement.

13. A lifting apparatus as defined in claim 12, in which said support members are adjustable longitudinally along said cross-boom'so as to vary the spacing between the support members WILLIAM P. NEIL.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,476,050 Buttress Dec. 4, 1923 2,412,488 Austin Dec. 10, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1476050 *Aug 30, 1921Dec 4, 1923Buttress Mfg CompanyApparatus for handling freshly-formed sections of plaster board
US2412488 *Sep 28, 1945Dec 10, 1946Harley O AustinEngine lifting harness
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2859884 *Apr 6, 1953Nov 11, 1958Pearce John HMethod and means for the erection of tip up walls
US2946460 *May 28, 1957Jul 26, 1960American Window Glass CoPack handling device
US3782771 *Aug 6, 1971Jan 1, 1974Moore CPanel positioning apparatus and method
US4992005 *Jan 9, 1990Feb 12, 1991Hilfiker William KLifting device and method for retaining wall panels
US5324088 *Feb 23, 1993Jun 28, 1994Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaSuspension apparatus
DE1260736B *Jul 19, 1965Feb 8, 1968Karl Otto DehofVorrichtung zum Anheben, Befoerdern und Einsetzen von Scheiben und scheibenaehnlichen Bauteilen
EP0557957A1 *Feb 24, 1993Sep 1, 1993Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaSuspension apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification294/81.5, 29/429, 414/11, 294/89, 52/125.4, 29/469
International ClassificationB66C1/22, B66C1/62, B66C1/24, E04G21/16, B66C1/66
Cooperative ClassificationE04G21/16, B66C1/66, B66C1/24, B66C1/666
European ClassificationB66C1/66, B66C1/66C, B66C1/24, E04G21/16