|Publication number||US2590118 A|
|Publication date||Mar 25, 1952|
|Filing date||Oct 1, 1949|
|Priority date||Oct 1, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2590118 A, US 2590118A, US-A-2590118, US2590118 A, US2590118A|
|Inventors||Jr Vincent J Oddo|
|Original Assignee||Jr Vincent J Oddo|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (98), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 25, 1952 v. J. ODDO, JR
MOUTHPIECE Filed Oct. 1, 1949 JNVENTOR. Vincent J. Oddo Jr. BY
attorney Patented Mar. 25, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE MOUTHPIECE Vincent J. Oddo, Jr., Providence, It. 1.
Application October 1, 1949, Serial No. 119,100
My'present invention relates to dental appliances, and more particularly to a novel construction of a mouthpiece.
The principal object of the present invention is to'provide a mouthpiece which protects both the upper and lower teeth.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a mouthpiece which permits opening and closing of the mouth without dislodging the mouthpiece.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a mouthpiece that allows free breathing through the mouth. I
With the above and other objects and advantageous features in view, my invention consists ofa novel construction, more fully disclosed in the detailed description following, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and more particularly defined in the appended claims.
In the drawings,
Fig. l is a side elevation, partly in section, showing the mouthpiece in position;
Fig. 2 is a side view of the mouthpiece;
Fig. 3 is a front View of the same;
Fig. dis a section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing the top con struction.
The conventional prizefighters mouthpiece is entirely inadequate as a protective device. It falls to properly protect the flghters teeth and jaw; it interferes with his breathing; and it is easily knocked from his mouth during a fight. The device of the present invention eliminates these defects and provides a mouthpiece that is suitable for use in-all sports.
The mouthpiece of the present invention is constructed of pre-vulcanized latex rubber and is durable, flexible and light. It protects both the upper and lower teeth, the gums, lips, cheeks and tongue. It allows breathing through the mouth, talking or spitting. It helps prevent unnatural movements of the lower jaw. It can be readily sterilized by boiling or with alcohol.
Referring more in detail to the drawings, illustrating my invention, the mouthpiece I comprises an integral, one-piece body of resilient rubber material in a general U-shape conforming to the alignment of the teeth. Generally it comprises an upper section I l and a lower section I! integrally joined at the rear portions [3 and [4. Both the upper section H and lower section [2 comprise a channel construction as shown in Fig. 4, the upper section II forming a U-shaped trough I and the lower section I 2 forming an inverted U-shaped trough It. The troughs l5 and 16 are designed to completely surround the teeth and gums in a protective rubber sheath. The sides of the portions l5 and I6 extend upwardly and downwardly a sulficient distance to conform to the shape of the mouth, the upper and lower edges being irregular to accommodate the bones and muscles in the mouth.
The inside of each trough l5 or [6 may be molded to conform to the wearers teeth for a close fit, or may be generally restricted in a standard size to grip the teeth. As can be seen in the drawings, the upper and lower portions II and [2 are separated, as at IT, to a point adjacent the first molar and are integrally joined rearwardly beyond that point. This permits the lower portion [2 to be hinged downwardly into the dotted line position shown in Fig. 2.
It is desirable that the device grip the teeth so that it will not be easily dislodged. When in position, the teeth and gums will be encased in resilient rubber, affording complete protection, yet the wearer can open his mouth to breathe or talk. Furthermore, the conventional mouthpiece leaves the lower teeth exposed so that blows on the checks or lips cause cuts on the inside of the mouth. The present invention eliminates such injuries by its complete coverage of the teeth and gums. The present construction also resiliently resists twisting of the lower jaw by a blow which often has harmful results. The cushioning efiect of the device help prevent basal skull fractures, temperomandibular joint injuries, dental fractures, and other similar injuries.
The device can be made in standard sizes such as small, medium and large. However, it is preferable that it be constructed in the same manner as a precision prosthetic appliance. The method of construction is as follows:
First, an impression is taken of the upper and lower arches in a conventional elastic type impression material.
' This impression must include not only the teeth, but also the complete dental alveolar processestissues, muscles, gums and bone structure.
In the second step, the impressions of the upper and lower jaws are used to make models of dental plaster or dental stone. The models are now mounted on a hinge so that the teeth will close in the same alignment as the actual teeth. The hinge is then extended so that the uppers and lowers are spread apart a distance of two millimeters to allow for the rubber cushion.
In step three, wax is formed to the models to cover all tooth surfaces and gums, to the muco- 3 buccal fold in the upper front, the hard palate in the rear of the front portion, the border of the mouth on the inside, and back as far as the upper and lower triangles. The wax is formed approximately one millimeter in thickness.
In the fourth step, the uppers and lowers are placed together and the wax united from the first molar region on each side rearwardly so that they are continuous with each other. From the first molar region forwardly, the upper and lower forms are kept separated by inserting a, sheet of tin foil approximately .005 in thickness.
In step five the completed wax up on the models, with the tin foil in place, is invested completely in dental plaster with one large sprue one inch in diameter leadin into the front portion.
The sixth step is the removal of the wax by boiling the entire investment in water and then allowing it to dry.
In step seven, prevulcanized latex is poured into the mold through the sprue opening and allowed to dehydrate for 24 hours.
In the final step, the investment and tin foil are removed and the sprue is cut at its point of attachment. The cut surface is then polished with sand paper or a felt wheel to finish the surface.
The above process produces a one-piece, resilient appliance which is integrally hinged to permit opening and closing of the mouth. The
'central opening permits free breathing through the mouth. Because of the clinging, rubbery fit, the mouth can be opened without dislodging the appliance. The complete rubber coverage protects the teeth and gums of the uppers and lowers equally and prevents injury to the soft tissues such as the lips, cheek and tongue.
While I have described a specific embodiment of my invention and a specific method of manuiacture of the same, it is obvious that changes may be made in the size and shape of the parts or in the method of manufacture without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
1. A mouthpiece comprising a soft rubber sheath formed to fit over the upper teeth and gums, and a. second sheath formed to fit over the lower teeth and gums, said upper and lower sheaths being integrally joined adjacent the rear portions thereof to produce a hinge effect and being separable towards the front portions thereof.
2. A mouthpiece comprising a soft rubber, onepiece body having a general U-shape to fit the alignment of the teeth, the upper and lower surfaces having channels adapted to accommodate the teeth and gums to completely encase the same, said body having a front opening permittin separation of said upper and lower channels rearwardly to the first molar region.
3. A mouthpiece comprising a soft rubber sheath formed to the shape of the upper teeth and gums, and a second sheath formed to the shape of the lower teeth and gums, said upper and lower sheaths being integrally joined at the rear portions thereof forwardly as far as the first molar region and being separable from the first molar region forwardly to permit a hinging of said sheaths.
VINCENT J. ODDO, JR.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record inthe file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,146,264 Kelly July 13, 1915 2,020,311 Harrison Nov. 12, 1935 2,192,558 Poindexter Mar. 5, 1940 2,310,912 Mintz Feb. 9, 1943 2,315,748 Thompson Apr. 6, 1943 2,424,533 Faires July 22, 1947 2,467,432 Kesling Apr. 19, 1949 2,479,780 Remensnyder Aug. 23, 1949
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1146264 *||Jul 8, 1914||Jul 13, 1915||Will S Kelly||Dental splint.|
|US2020311 *||Sep 11, 1933||Nov 12, 1935||Method of making the same|
|US2192558 *||Jun 29, 1937||Mar 5, 1940||Poindexter James B||Tooth guard and jaw protector|
|US2310912 *||Nov 5, 1941||Feb 9, 1943||Mintz Edward I||Thermo model guide and filler|
|US2315748 *||Nov 21, 1939||Apr 6, 1943||Morris J Thompson||Method of and apparatus for taking impressions of cavities for dental inlays|
|US2424533 *||Jul 21, 1945||Jul 22, 1947||Jay Faires William||Antisnore device|
|US2467432 *||Sep 16, 1946||Apr 19, 1949||Kesling Harold D||Method of making orthodontic appliances and of positioning teeth|
|US2479780 *||Nov 23, 1945||Aug 23, 1949||Orrin Remensnyder||Orthodontic appliance|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2833278 *||Apr 5, 1956||May 6, 1958||Ross Harold M||Protective mouthpiece|
|US2857909 *||Nov 14, 1955||Oct 28, 1958||Johnson Carroll W||Tooth protector|
|US3089487 *||Oct 20, 1960||May 14, 1963||Enicks||Protective mouthpiece|
|US3107667 *||May 21, 1962||Oct 22, 1963||Moore Ernest R||Mouthpiece formed to the arch of the user's mouth|
|US3107668 *||Jul 17, 1962||Oct 22, 1963||Thompson Junior W||Method of forming a tooth protector|
|US3217708 *||Jul 15, 1963||Nov 16, 1965||Roberts Shephard D||Mouthpiece protector|
|US3385291 *||Dec 20, 1965||May 28, 1968||Leonard G. Martin||Dental device|
|US4114614 *||Nov 19, 1976||Sep 19, 1978||Kesling Peter C||Athletic mouthguard|
|US4791941 *||Jun 12, 1987||Dec 20, 1988||Gator Corporation||Athletic mouth guard|
|US4901737 *||Apr 13, 1987||Feb 20, 1990||Toone Kent J||Method and therapeutic apparatus for reducing snoring|
|US5092346 *||Nov 16, 1990||Mar 3, 1992||Hays & Meade, Inc.||Dental orthosis for alleviation of snoring|
|US5211559 *||Jun 2, 1992||May 18, 1993||Gillette Canada Inc.||Dental treatment tray for holding medicament gel|
|US5427117 *||Sep 29, 1993||Jun 27, 1995||Thornton; W. Keith||Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep|
|US5467783 *||Dec 6, 1994||Nov 21, 1995||Meade; Thomas E.||Apparatus and method for the reduction of snoring|
|US5469865 *||Jun 2, 1994||Nov 28, 1995||Minneman; Sue A. F.||Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion|
|US5533524 *||Sep 12, 1995||Jul 9, 1996||Minneman; Sue A. F.||Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion|
|US5537994 *||Jun 3, 1994||Jul 23, 1996||Thornton; W. Keith||Combination face mask and dental device for improved breathing during sleep|
|US5562106 *||Apr 28, 1995||Oct 8, 1996||Heeke; David W.||Dental appliance for relief of snoring and method of making same|
|US5566683 *||Mar 24, 1995||Oct 22, 1996||Thornton; W. Keith||Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep|
|US5582560 *||Sep 21, 1994||Dec 10, 1996||Magnuson; Gerald L.||Jaw exerciser|
|US5601093 *||Apr 1, 1996||Feb 11, 1997||Sheehan; David V.||Snore-inhibiting device|
|US5678567 *||Sep 18, 1995||Oct 21, 1997||Thornton; W. Keith||Apparatus for adjusting a dental device|
|US5682903 *||Apr 12, 1995||Nov 4, 1997||Meade; Thomas E.||Apparatus and method for the reduction of snoring|
|US5755219 *||May 14, 1996||May 26, 1998||Thornton; W. Keith||Device for improving breathing|
|US5816802 *||Sep 25, 1995||Oct 6, 1998||R. Eric Montgomery||Flexible dental tray|
|US5829441 *||Jun 24, 1997||Nov 3, 1998||Nellcor Puritan Bennett||Customizable dental device for snoring and sleep apnea treatment|
|US5855535 *||Dec 12, 1996||Jan 5, 1999||Shafer; Eugene P.||Jaw muscle exercise device|
|US5915385 *||Apr 2, 1997||Jun 29, 1999||Hakimi; Farhad||Snore and stress relieving device|
|US5954048 *||Apr 16, 1997||Sep 21, 1999||Thornton; W. Keith||Device and method for improving breathing|
|US5983892 *||Jun 19, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Thornton; W. Keith||Device for improving breathing|
|US6155262 *||Jan 21, 1997||Dec 5, 2000||Thornton; W. Keith||Method and apparatus for adjusting a dental device|
|US6209542||Jan 31, 1996||Apr 3, 2001||W. Keith Thornton||Combination face mask and dental device for improved breathing during sleep|
|US6247926||Jan 17, 2000||Jun 19, 2001||W. Keith Thornton||Oral appliance having a bonding layer and methods for fitting and relining same|
|US6305376||Sep 9, 1999||Oct 23, 2001||W. Keith Thornton||Device and method for improving breathing|
|US6374824||Apr 12, 1999||Apr 23, 2002||W. Keith Thornton||Device for improving breathing|
|US6405729||Apr 5, 2000||Jun 18, 2002||W. Keith Thornton||Oral appliance for improving breathing and method of constructing same|
|US6464924||Apr 5, 2000||Oct 15, 2002||W. Keith Thornton||Method of forming a custom mask using an impression mask|
|US6516805||Mar 31, 1997||Feb 11, 2003||W. Keith Thornton||Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing during sleep|
|US6571798||Apr 5, 2000||Jun 3, 2003||W. Keith Thornton||Device for improving breathing and method of constructing same|
|US6626664 *||Apr 11, 2000||Sep 30, 2003||Ortho-Tain, Inc.||Self opening orthodontic appliance with opening assistance|
|US6675802||May 8, 2001||Jan 13, 2004||W. Keith Thornton||Device for improving breathing incorporating a detachable venting seal|
|US6857428||Oct 24, 2002||Feb 22, 2005||W. Keith Thornton||Custom fitted mask and method of forming same|
|US7128072||Dec 14, 2001||Oct 31, 2006||Total Gard Corporation||Mouthguard|
|US7174895||May 1, 2003||Feb 13, 2007||W. Keith Thornton||Device and method for improving a user's breathing|
|US7243650||Jul 12, 2004||Jul 17, 2007||Thornton W Keith||Custom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same|
|US7422017||May 9, 2006||Sep 9, 2008||Total Gard Corporation||Mouthguard|
|US7476180 *||Apr 28, 2006||Jan 13, 2009||Tyrone Cobb||Exercise apparatus for the jaw and facial muscles|
|US7597103||Feb 13, 2007||Oct 6, 2009||W. Keith Thornton||Device and method for improving a user's breathing|
|US7677889||Jul 30, 2007||Mar 16, 2010||Thornton W Keith||Device and method for forming a custom oral appliance|
|US7721741||May 22, 2009||May 25, 2010||Thornton W Keith||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US7748386||Apr 6, 2006||Jul 6, 2010||Thornton W Keith||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US7963284||Aug 18, 2004||Jun 21, 2011||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom fitted mask and method of forming same|
|US8020276||Nov 29, 2007||Sep 20, 2011||Airway Technologies, Llc||System and method for custom-orienting a medical mask to an oral appliance|
|US8104324||Jul 7, 2010||Jan 31, 2012||Bio-Applications, LLC||Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems|
|US8236216||Jun 26, 2007||Aug 7, 2012||Airway Technologies, Llc||System and method for forming a custom medical mask using an orientation device|
|US8316857||Jun 7, 2010||Nov 27, 2012||Airway Technologies, Llc||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US8316858||Jun 7, 2010||Nov 27, 2012||Airway Technologies, Llc||System for coupling an oral appliance to a medical mask|
|US8356603||Jul 2, 2010||Jan 22, 2013||Airway Technologies, Llc||Oral appliance for treating a breathing condition|
|US8419595 *||Aug 16, 2010||Apr 16, 2013||David Hanswirth||Dental appliance and method of fitting|
|US8468870||Jan 11, 2012||Jun 25, 2013||Bio-Applications, L.L.C.||Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems|
|US8573224||Sep 28, 2010||Nov 5, 2013||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom-molded oral appliance and method of forming|
|US8607796||Feb 25, 2010||Dec 17, 2013||Airway Technologies, Llc||Apparatus and method for coupling an oral appliance to a gas delivery device|
|US8662084||Apr 5, 2011||Mar 4, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||Universal oral appliance with a universal coupler|
|US8671946||Apr 5, 2011||Mar 18, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom dental appliance and method of creating a custom dental appliance|
|US8739599||Mar 2, 2011||Jun 3, 2014||Bio-Applications, LLC||Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems|
|US8739600||Jan 11, 2012||Jun 3, 2014||Bio-Applications, LLC||Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems|
|US8783261||Apr 5, 2011||Jul 22, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||Apparatus for prevention of snoring and improved breathing|
|US8874251||Jun 26, 2007||Oct 28, 2014||Airway Technologies, Llc||System and method for forming a custom medical mask from a three-dimensional electronic model|
|US20030111083 *||Dec 14, 2001||Jun 19, 2003||Total Gard Corporation||Mouthguard|
|US20030217753 *||May 1, 2003||Nov 27, 2003||Thornton W. Keith||Device and method for improving a user's breathing|
|US20040079374 *||Oct 24, 2002||Apr 29, 2004||Thornton W. Keith||Custom fitted mask and method of forming same|
|US20050016544 *||Aug 18, 2004||Jan 27, 2005||Thornton W. Keith||Custom fitted mask and method of forming same|
|US20050150504 *||Jan 14, 2004||Jul 14, 2005||Heeke David W.||Method and device for addressing sleep apnea and related breathing disorders|
|US20050236003 *||Dec 28, 2004||Oct 27, 2005||Meader Charles R||Apnea nipple and oral airway and mandibular advancement device|
|US20060005837 *||Jul 12, 2004||Jan 12, 2006||Thornton W K||Custom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same|
|US20070125388 *||Feb 13, 2007||Jun 7, 2007||W. Thornton||Device and Method for Improving a User's Breathing|
|US20070131232 *||May 9, 2006||Jun 14, 2007||Bancroft James J||Mouthguard|
|US20070235037 *||Apr 6, 2006||Oct 11, 2007||Thornton W K||Oral Appliance for Treating a Breathing Condition|
|US20080006273 *||Jun 26, 2007||Jan 10, 2008||Thornton W Keith||System and Method for Forming a Custom Medical Mask from a Three-Dimensional Electronic Model|
|US20080006274 *||Jun 26, 2007||Jan 10, 2008||Thornton W Keith||System and Method for Forming a Custom Medical Mask Using an Orientation Device|
|US20080032256 *||Jul 30, 2007||Feb 7, 2008||Thornton W Keith||Device and Method for Forming a Custom Oral Appliance|
|US20080206707 *||Jan 31, 2008||Aug 28, 2008||Michael Gelb||Oral appliance for improving airway function during sleep or physical activity|
|US20080289639 *||Jul 10, 2008||Nov 27, 2008||Total Guard Corporation||Mouthguard|
|US20090223525 *||May 22, 2009||Sep 10, 2009||Thornton W Keith||Oral Appliance for Treating a Breathing Condition|
|US20100269835 *||Jul 2, 2010||Oct 28, 2010||Airway Technologies, Llc||Oral Appliance for Treating a Breathing Condition|
|US20110088701 *||Sep 28, 2010||Apr 21, 2011||Airway Technologies, Llc||Custom-Molded Oral Appliance and Method of Forming|
|US20110218455 *||Mar 2, 2011||Sep 8, 2011||Hennig Don B||Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems|
|US20140069441 *||Nov 12, 2013||Mar 13, 2014||Allen J. Moses||Mouthpiece for athletic performance enhancement|
|US20140076333 *||Sep 17, 2013||Mar 20, 2014||Suzzette L. Ona||Sleep Apnea Dental Appliance and Method of Constructing|
|USD734556 *||May 24, 2013||Jul 14, 2015||Sportsguard Laboratories, Inc.||Mouthguard with lipguard|
|USD765919 *||Jul 24, 2015||Sep 6, 2016||Theodore P Croll||Mouth guard|
|USD771876 *||Jul 27, 2015||Nov 15, 2016||James T. Hazard||Mouthpiece|
|EP0290248A2 *||May 5, 1988||Nov 9, 1988||Great Lakes Orthodontics, Ltd.||Orthodontic finishing positioner and method of construction|
|EP0290248B1 *||May 5, 1988||Nov 30, 1994||Great Lakes Orthodontics, Ltd.||Orthodontic finishing positioner and method of construction|
|EP0337201A1 *||Mar 30, 1989||Oct 18, 1989||Earl O. Dr. Bergersen||Self-opening preformed activator and positioner|
|EP1941934A1 *||Jan 5, 2007||Jul 9, 2008||Mekalasi Oy||Cheek protector|
|WO1991003215A1 *||Sep 6, 1990||Mar 21, 1991||Christopher John Farrell||An oral appliance|
|WO2007141640A1 *||Jun 4, 2007||Dec 13, 2007||Savo Marco Bassa||Snore-inhibiting device|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B2071/086, A63B71/085|