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Publication numberUS2590454 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 25, 1952
Filing dateSep 13, 1949
Priority dateSep 13, 1949
Publication numberUS 2590454 A, US 2590454A, US-A-2590454, US2590454 A, US2590454A
InventorsPilch John S
Original AssigneePilch John S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydraulic by-pass system and valve therefor
US 2590454 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 25, 1952 J, 5, 2,590,454

HYDRAULIC BY-PASS SYSTEM AND VALVE THEREFOR Filed Sept. 13, 1949 2 Sl-lEETS-SHEET l INVENTOR. J0 H N S.'P I LCH March 25, 1952 J. s. 'PILCH 2,590,454

HYDRAULIC BY-PASS SYSTEM AND VALVE THEREFOR Filed Sept. 15, 1949 2 SHEETS--SHEET 2 iNVENTOR;

Patented Mar. 25, 1952 HYDRAULIC BY-PASS SYSTEM AND VALVE THEREFOR John S. Pilch, Ware, Mass.

Application September 13, 1949, Serial No. 115,331

6 Claims.

This invention relates to hydraulic systems and a new and improved valve therefor.

An object of the invention is to provide a hydraulic system particularly adapted for use in such devices as hydraulically operated loading buckets carried by tractors or other vehicles and to a new and improved hydraulically operated bucket and flow control valve for such systems which increases the speed of tripping of the bucket and also lowering or return of the bucket for loading, and, therefore, considerably increasing the speed of loading with the device.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hydraulic system and flow control valve therefor which bypasses the hydraulic fluid thus shortening the path of travel of the hydraulic fluid under certain conditions and, therefore, tending to keep such fluid cool and eliminate vacuum created in the system and speeds up the operation of dumping the bucket.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hydraulic system and flow control valve therefor of the type set forth which valve operates automatically during the lowering or return of the bucket and which is relatively simple in construction yet efiicient in operation.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the details of construction and arrangement of parts shown and described, as the preferred form has been shown by way of illustration only.

Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side View of a tractor carried, hydraulically operated loading bucket embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a flow control valve constructed according to the invention, showing the valve in neutral position; and

Fig. 3 is a View similar to Fig. 2, but showing the valve in operative position during the return or lowering of the bucket.

While the hydraulic system and flow control valve have been shown as applied to a hydraulically operated loading bucket, this has been done is carried by a tractor ll) of conventional construction.

On the tractor I0 is provided the reservoir tank I I for the hydraulic fluid for the hydraulic system and the hydraulic pump l2 of conventional type which is mechanically connected to and driven by the engine of the tractor I ll in the usual manner.

comprises a pair of push arms [3, one on each side of the tractor I0, only one of which push arms.

is shown. These push arms I3 carry the loading bucket I4 which is actuated by a pair of rams 15, one on each side of the tractor l0, and of which only one is shown, and the rams each have piston portions positioned within cylinders l6 and adapted to be actuated therein by hydraulic force to thereby actuate the rams l 5 in the usual manner and said rams l5 are connected at their opposite ends to the supports 65.

The hydraulic pump I2 is adapted to supply fluid through pipe line I! to the usual four-way hydraulic control valve I8 which is provided with the operating or control lever 19. The return pipe line 20 is provided from said valve I8. and has a branch 2| for returning fluid to the reservoir or tank II and a branch 22 for returning fluid directly to pump l2.

Control lever I Be is provided for dumping bucket M as hereinafter described.

Control valve I8 is connected by pipe lines 24 and 25, and 56 and 51 to each of the flow control valves 26, one of which is provided for the cylinders l6 and is connected by the two sets of pipe lines 21 and 28; and 29 and 30 to each of the cylinders l6 with each of said pipe lines 21 and 29 connected to each of said cylinders l6 adjacent. corresponding ends and said pipe lines 28 and 30 also connected to each of said cylinders adjacent the corresponding ends opposite those at which the lines 21 and 29 are connected so that both of the rams l 5 function in a similar directionsimultaneously.

The second flow control valve is provided for bypassing the hydraulic fluid and thus speeding up the operation of tipping or dumping the bucket as well as keeping the fluid cool and eliminate vacuums being created in the system. This second flow control valve 26 is connected to control valve I8 by lines 56 and 51.

The hydraulic bucket control system also includes a pair of cylinders 62, one on each side of the tractor l0, only one of which cylinders is shown. These cylinders 62 each are pivotally mounted at their connections 68a with the sup- The loading arrangement, as shown in Fig. 1,

porting frame, and each is adapted to receive a ram 63, which rams 63 are pivoted at their outer ends 68 to a link 64 which links are pivotally connected at 61 to the bucket l4.

Each set of push arms |3 and links 64 are connected by links 66 which are pivoted at their ends 66a and 66b to the links 64 and push arms |3 respectively.

The cylinders 52 are each connected adjacent their opposite ends by sets of pipe lines 60 and BI, and 58 and 59 to the flow control valve 26 therefor and control valve I8 is provided with a control or operating lever |9a for controlling the by draulic system for controlling the tipping or rotation of bucket I4.

Each of the flow control valves 26 comprises a valve body 25a which is provided with a longi tudinal opening and slideway 3| extending therethrough and closed at its opposite ends by threaded caps 32 and 33.

Communicating with said longitudinal opening are oppositely disposed sets of openings 34 and 35, and 36 and 31 adapted to communicate with pipe lines 24, 25, 21, 28, 29 and 3|) through respective fittings 38, 39, 49 and 4| which connect said pipe lines to said valve body 26a.

Mounted for sliding movement on said slideway 3| is slide 42 which has the transverse passage or slot 43 adapted to align an oppositely disposed set of openings 34 and 35 for the passage of fluid through said'slide 42.

Theslide 42 has spring retainers 44 and 45 at its opposite ends adapted to engage the adjacent ends of coil centering springs 46 and 41 respectively which have their opposite ends engaging threaded caps 32 and 33 and said springs, in the absence of hydraulic force serve to retain the slide in neutral position as shown in Fig. 2.

Spring retainer 45 has an opening 48 there through communicating with check valve chamber 41%!into which said retainer 45 is threaded and in said chamber 49 is check valve coil spring 55 which is a relatively light coil spring for retaining check Tvalve normally inclosed position over opening 52 which communicates'with passage or slot 43.-

The openings 34 and 36 are each connected by bypass openings 53 and 54 respectivelyto the opposite ends of slideway 3| Wherebypressure through either of said lines 24 or 25 will cause pressure through the respective bypass 53 or'54 and thereby cause "movement of slide 42 in'slideway 3|.

When the fluid is returning from the lower portion of cylinders I6 through lines 38 and 32, that is, when the bucket 4 is being lowered for loading, considerable time elapses for .the passage of the fluid through'flow control valve 26 to control valve l8 and thenthrough the pressure line to lines 21 .and 29 which takes considerable time and correspondingly slows up the loading operation.

In Fig. 2, the slide 42 is shown in neutralrposition in slideway 3|, in which position it is snor- Irrally retained by springs 46 and 47 and in'Fig. 3. slide 42 is shown in operative pos'ition'.for bypassing fluid to speed the lowering or return of the bucket to increase the speed of operation.

When fluid is being forced into the cylinder 29 -to raise the bucket, fluid first passes through bypass opening 53to augment the force of spring 46 against slide 42 and move slide 42 in slideway 3| to such position as to establish communicae tion between lines 24 and 28 which .continues' as long as hydraulic pressure is applied through 4 line 24. However, when pressure is shut off through line 24 by valve l8, slide 42 returns to neutral position to prevent passage of fluid in either direction and thus hold the bucket in adjusted position.

When the bucket is to be lowered, valve H3 is so adjusted as to apply pressure through line 25 which through bypass 54 applies pressure against the corresponding end of slide 42, thus augmenting the pressure of spring 41 to effect movement of slide 42 to the position shown in Fig. 3 which establishes communication between openings 34 and 35 through passage 43 and also establishes communication between openings 36 and 31 and lines 25 and 21 and fluid pressure in passage 43 against check valve 5| opens said valve, as shown in Fig. 3 and allows the direct passage of fluid from line 28 through passage 43 and passage 52 and check valve 5| to opening 37 and line 2'l without passing through control valve |8 as would otherwise be required.

This bypassing of the fluid path increases .considerably the speed of operation of the device.

I have found that by providing passage 52 and check valve 5|, that suction or vacuum in the lines to the upper end of cylinder |6 plus oil pressure behind check valve 5| will open said check valve 5| during the lowering of the bucket M for loading or tipping of the bucket for unloading and allow hydraulic fluid to pass directly from the return line to the pressure line in flow control valve 23 without the necessity of returning through control valve 18 and then passing from said valve through the lines to the cylinders. This considerably speeds up the time required for the passage of the fluid from the lower end of the cylindersto the upper end thereof and correspondingly .increases the speed of lowering the arms and the bucket M and thereby speeds up the loading operation and also increases the speed of tipping of the bucket and, therefore, the unloading operation.

From the foregoing it willbe seen that I have provided simple, efficient and economical means for obtaining all of the objects and advantages of the invention.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. In a flow control valve adapted to be interposed in the lines of a hydraulic system having a pressure line and a return line and to be positioned between a hydraulic cylinder and the control valve therefor to increase the speed of operation of the hydraulic system, a valve body communicating with said lines, a slideway in said body adapted to control the passage of fluid through said body, a pressure operated slide in said slideway, said slide having a first fluid passage therethrough and said slide being adapted to be moved by fluidpressure to a position wherein it permits flow from said return line into said first passage in said slide, a second fluid passage in said slide and communicating with said first fluid passage and adapted to establish fluid passage through said slide from said first fluidpassage to the pressure line-and valve means in said slide for controlling 'the passage of fluid through said second passage and allow fiuid to pass directly from said return line to said pressure line without passing through the control valve for said hydraulic system.

2. In a flow control valve adapted to be interposed in the lines of a hydraulic system having a pressure line and a return line and to be posii tioned between a hydraulic cylinder and the control valve therefor to increase the speed of operation of the hydraulic system, a valve body communicating with said lines, a slideway in said body adapted to control the passage of fluid through said body, a pressure operated slide in said slideway, said slide having a first fluid passage therethrough and said slide being adapted to be movedby fluid pressure to a position wherein it permits flow from said return line into said first passage in said slide, a second fluid passage in said slide and communicating with said first fluid passage and adapted to establish fluid passage through said slide from said first fluid passage to the pressure line, and a check valve in said second fluid passage in said slide for controlling the passage of fluid through said second passage and allow fluid to pass directly from said return line to said pressure line without passing through the control valve for said hydraulic system.

3. In a flow control valve adapted to be interposed in the lines of a hydraulic system having a pressure line and a return line and to be positioned between a hydraulic cylinder and the control valve therefor to increase the speed of operation of the hydraulic system, a valve body communicating with said lines, a slideway in said body adapted to control the passage of fluid through said body, a pressure operated slide in said slideway, said slide having a first fluid passage therethrough and said slide being adapted to be moved by fluid pressure to a position wherein it permits flow from said return line into said first passage in said slide, a second fluid passage in said slide and communicating with said first fluid passage and adapted to establish fluid passage through said slide from said first fluidpassage to the pressure line, and valve means in said slide for controlling the passage of fluid through said second passage and allow fluid to pass directly from said return line to said pressure line without passing through the control valve for said hydraulic system and means for normally retaining said slide in neutral position in said body.

4. In a flow control valve adapted to be interposed in the lines of a hydraulic system having a pressure line and a return line and to be positioned between a hydraulic cylinder and the control valve therefor to increase the speed of operation of the hydraulic system, a valve body communicating with said lines, a slideway in said body adapted to control the passage of fluid through said body, a pressure operated slide in said slideway, said slide having a first fluid passage therethrough and said slide being adapted to be moved by fluid pressure to a position wherein it permits flow from said return line into said first passage in said slide, a second fluid passage in said slide and communicating with said first fluid passage and adapted to establish fluid passage through said slide from said first fluid passage to the pressure line, and a check valve in said second fluid passage in said slide for controlling the passage of fluid through said second passage and allow fluid to pass directly from said return line to said pressure line without passing through the control valve for said hydraulic system, and means for normally retaining said slide in neutral position in said body.

' 5. In a flow control valve adapted to be interposed in the lines of a hydraulic system having a pressure line and a return line and to be positioned between a hydraulic cylinder and the control valve therefor to increase the speed of operation of the hydraulic system, a valve body communicating with said lines, a slideway in said body adapted to control the passage of fluid through said body, a pressure operated slide in said slideway, said slide having a first fluid passage therethrough and said slide being adapted to r be moved by fluid pressure to a position wherein it permits flow from said return line into said first passage in said slide, a second fluid passage in said slide and communicating with said first fluid passage and adapted to establish fluid passage through said slide from said first fluid passage to the pressure line, and valve means in said slide for controlling the passage of fluid through said second passage and allow fluid to pass directly from said return line to said pressure line without passing through the control valve for said hydraulic system and spring members in said valve body adjacent the opposite sides of said slideway for normally retaining said slide in desired position in said valve body.

6. In a flow control valve adapted to be interposed in the lines of a hydraulic system having a pressure line and a return line and to be positioned between a hydraulic cylinder and the control valve therefor to increase the speed of operation of the hydraulic system, a valve body communicating with said lines, a slideway in said body adapted to control the passage of fluid through said body, a pressure operated slide in said slideway, said slide having a first fluid passage therethrough and said slide being adapted to be moved by fluid pressure to a position wherein it permits flow from said return line into said first passage in said slide, a second fluid passage in said slide and communicating with said first fluid passage andadapted to establish fluid passage through said slide from said first fluid passage to the pressure line, and a check valve in said second fluid passage in said slide for controlling the passage of fluid through said second passage and allow fluid to pass directly from said returnline to said pressure line without passing through the control valve for said hydraulic system, and spring members in said valve body adjacent the opposite sides of said slideway for normally retaining said slide in desired position in said valve body.

JOHN S. PILCH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,198,216 Hanson Sept. 12, 1916 1,989,387 Vickers Jan. 29, 1935 2,193,736 Onions Mar, 12, 1940 2,200,578 Mahon i. May 14, 1940 2,267,284 Livers Dec. 23, 1941 2,367,682 Kehle Jan. 23, 1945 2,451,101 Leschinsky Oct. 12, 1948 2,453,755 Perman Nov. 16, 1948 2,470,471 Carleton May 17, 1949

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2675933 *Dec 11, 1950Apr 20, 1954Avco Mfg CorpPitch control mechanism for loader scoops
US2710699 *Jan 25, 1951Jun 14, 1955Ottawa Steel IncLoader bucket position control mechanism
US2729224 *Jun 6, 1952Jan 3, 1956Deere & CoFluid-pressure control system
US2798626 *Nov 19, 1953Jul 9, 1957Clark Equipment CoMechanism for materials handling machines
US2807379 *Feb 6, 1952Sep 24, 1957Pilch John SMaterial handling device
US2817448 *Jan 24, 1955Dec 24, 1957Pilch John SMaterial handling device
US2887990 *Jun 1, 1954May 26, 1959Case Co J ILift cylinder regulator valve
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US5592762 *Aug 16, 1995Jan 14, 1997Deere & CompanyExcavator bucket linkage
US8225706 *Jan 16, 2007Jul 24, 2012Volvo Construction Equipment AbMethod for controlling a hydraulic cylinder and control system for a work machine
DE1035054B *Sep 10, 1953Jul 24, 1958Distington Engineering CoLademaschine fuer loses Foerdergut, insbesondere fuer Bergwerksbetriebe
DE1107150B *Nov 9, 1953May 18, 1961Westinghouse Freins & SignauxFahrzeug mit heb- und senkbar gefuehrter Ladeschaufel
EP0066274A1 *May 28, 1982Dec 8, 1982DEERE & COMPANYValve arrangement for increasing the operating speed of a working cylinder
EP1074664A2Jul 22, 1996Feb 7, 2001Deere & CompanyExcavator
Classifications
U.S. Classification91/420, 91/436, 414/713, 91/525, 91/438, 91/519, 137/106
International ClassificationE02F3/34, E02F3/28, F15B13/02, F15B13/00, E02F3/42, E02F3/43
Cooperative ClassificationE02F3/433, F15B13/021, E02F3/3408
European ClassificationE02F3/43B2H, F15B13/02C, E02F3/34L2