Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2592296 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 8, 1952
Filing dateApr 1, 1950
Priority dateApr 1, 1950
Publication numberUS 2592296 A, US 2592296A, US-A-2592296, US2592296 A, US2592296A
InventorsLouis F Kutik
Original AssigneeLouis F Kutik
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of and apparatus for making brushes
US 2592296 A
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 8, 1952 1.. F. KUTIK 2,592,296

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING BRUSHES Filed April 1, 1950 5 Sheets-Sheet l 6/ i v A? 3 INVENTOR. Za(//$ F KuT/k April 8, 1952 K K 2,592,296

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING BRUSHES Filed April 1, 1950 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 I Will/44 10 INVENTOR. 4 0/5 Patented Apr. 8, 1952 oNrr STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING BRUSHES This invention relates to an improved method of, and to apparatus for making brushes. The brush made by the method and apparatus of the invention is characterized by having its bristles integral with the backing element or member. the bristles having desired predetermined characteristics and locations with respect to such backing element. The method of the invention is characterized by its simplicity and by the speed with which it may be practiced. The apparatus of the invention is simple, rugged, and is characterized by its ease of operation, both in the molding of the brushes or brush parts and in the extraction of the molded brushes or brush parts from the mold. A further distinguishing feature of the molding apparatus.

of the invention lies in the ease with which it is adapted to and mounted upon a standard injection molding press.

In the prior art, brushes such as tooth brushes; clothes brushes, and the like, have in general been made by two processes:

(1) The brush backing member has been drilled, tufts of bristles have been inserted in such drilled openings, and the tufts have been cemented or otherwise secured in place in such openings.

(2). Bristle tufts have been formed and have been held, commonly by templates in the desired orientation. The brush backing member has then been formed by being molded in contact with the lower ends of such bristle tufts, thereby bonding the tufts to the brush backing.

Method (1) above has been slow, expensive and tedious, as can be readily appreciated from the fact that each tuft of bristles had to be placed in the drilled openings in thebrush backing by hand. In method (2) above, the bond between the bristles and the brush backing has very often proved to be faulty, because of the chilling effect exercised on the injected plastic forming the brush backing element by the bristle ends, by the lack of time to allow full permeation of such plastic into the bristle tufts and thus into contact with each bristle, and by the lack of effective bonding between the bristles which the plastic material does contact and the brush backing plastic material.

It has been proposed to form brushes, in which the bristles and the backing member are integral, by means of an injection molding process. However, in such proposed method the necessary mold is complicated, the bristles thus formed are necessarily few, such bristles are notoptimumly placed, and the ends of the bristles remote from the brush backing element must be cut, and are thus not molded to shape. Further such mold requires complicated operating mechanism, so that it is not readily adapted for mounting in a standard molding press.

It is accordingly among the objects of the invention to provide an improved forming method for brushes of the indicated character, such method being simple and speedy to operate. Such method yields uniformly similar brushes or brush parts of the type in which the bristles and at least the backing element thereof immediately adjacent the bristles are integral.

A still further object of the invention resides in the provision of a, simple, economical, and rugged apparatus for the making of brushes or brush parts and for the practicing of the above method. The apparatus of the invention is particularly characterized by its ease of adaptation to use in a standard injection molding ma h n These and further objects of the invention will be more readily apparent upon consideration of the following description of preferred embodiments of the methods of making brushes and of he apparatus made in accordance with the invention for forming such brush and for performing such method. In the drawings accompanying th Specification, and forming a part thereof:

Fig. 1 is a general view, partly in elevation and partly in section generally axially of the injection molding plunger, of an injection molding machine in accordance with the invention, such view being taken in the vicinity of the brush-making mold of the invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged view in section, such section being taken along the axis of the bristleforming, retractable, pins of the mold shown in Fig. 1 the pins being shown in elevation;

Fig. 3 is a' still further enlarged view in transverse section through a bristle forming pin of the mold, the section being taken along the line 3-3 in Fig. 2;

4 is a fragmentary view, similar to Fig. 2, of the mold pins and the pin retaining plate of the mold, the pins and plate being shown in the position which they assume after they have thrust the molded article from the mold;

Fig. 5 is an enlarged view in axial section through a second illustrative embodiment of a bristle forming pin of the mold of the invention, such pin forming bristles having fillets at the juncture of the bristles with the backing member and further forming bristles having an enlargement at their outer ends, the section being taken along the line located in the same position as line 55 in Fig. 3;

Fig. 6 is a view in plan of a typical brush made by use of apparatus in accordance with the invention, the brush having bristles of different characteristics located in different predetermined locations on the backing element or member;

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary view in side elevation of a further embodiment of a brush made by use of apparatus in accordance with the invention, such brush incorporating, in each tuft-like group of bristles, a deflection limiting member or bristle located centrally of the other bristles in the tuft-like group;

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary view, in section axially of the bristle-forming pin of the mold, of the mold of the injection molding apparatus for forming the brush structure shown in Fig. '7; and

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view, partially in side elevation and partially in vertical section, through a still further embodiment of the brush made by apparatus of the invention, the bristles and the portion of the backing member adjacent the bristles being made integral, and the major part of the backing member, including the handle, being made of a difierent plastic material, such major part of the backing member being bonded to the bristle holding portion of such backing member.

In Fig. 1 there is shown a portion of a conventional injection molding machine for plastic materials, such machine incorporating a mold in accordance with the present invention. The molding machine there shown incorporates two relatively fixed heads or cross members 2 and 4, such members being held parallel with respect .to each other by means of a plurality of tieand guide rods, of which two are shown at 6. Projecting centrally through head 4 is the piston rod 8 of a double-acting piston and cylinder arrangement (not shown) which positively reciprocates piston rod 8 in a vertical direction as the device is shown in Fig. 1. To the upper end of piston rod 8 there is secured, as shown, the ram head It! which is guided upon guide rods 6. The main mold assembly, designated I2, is securely mounted upon and connected to ram head It so as to reciprocate therewith. Mold part 12 includes the top, mold cavity forming, mold plate l4, plate l4 being held to the bottom mold plate by means of the studs [6. Such studs extend through the spacer member [8, as shown, to provide a substantial space between the bottom surface 64 of mold part [4 and the upper surface of bottom mold plate 20.

Mold plate [4 is provided in the upper surface thereof with a main cavity 22 which provides the space for the molding of the brush backing member. In this instance, cavity 22 is shown as being of asimple shape substantially rectangular in cross section. It is obvious that such cavity may be made of a variety of shapes, depending upon the desired size and configuration of the brush backing element or member. Extending vertically through mold member [4 into communication with cavity 22 is a plurality of spaced vertical circular cylindrical bores 24. Accurately fitting within, and vertically reciprocable with respect to, the bores 24 are a corresponding number of elongated pins 26 held at the bottom ends thereof in the pin retaining plate 28 consisting of the lower member 32 and the upper member 30 which are secured together as shown. A plurality of angularly spaced pins 34 vertically reciprocable in bores in plates [0 and 20 are provided, as shown in Fig. 1. Pins 34 have their upper enlarged head portions bearing against the bottom surface of plate 32 when the mold parts are in the position shown in Fig.1. Pins 34, which are conventional in injection molding machines, have the function of thrusting the pin 26 vertically with respect to mold part [4 when the piston 8 is retracted to its lowermost position, such pins 34 acting in the described manner when their lower ends contact the central portion 36 of fixed crosshead 4. The mold is also provided with a plurality of angularly spaced pin plate retracting pins 31, pin 37 being vertically reciprocable in bores in mold part l4, as shown. When the mold parts are in the partially retracted position shown in Fig. 1, the upper enlarged heads of pins 3"! lie flush with the upper surface of mold part 14, and the lower ends of pins 31 are in contact with the upper surface of pin plate retaining member 30. Pin 31 are so." positioned relative to the mold cavity that their upper ends contact the surface of the mold chase 38 at positions outwardly of the mold cavity closing portion of such mold chase when the pin plate 28 and thus pins 26 are in raised position relative to mold part l4 and when head In is advanced toward head 40.

The injection molding machine shown is further provided with a reciprocable cross head 40, such cross head bearing the injection nozzle 42. Also mounted on such cross head in communication with the injection nozzle is the injection pot structure 44, such structure having therein the plastic material receiving cavity 46. Mounted upon fixed cross head 2 in confronting relationship with the cavity 46 is the plunger 48. Cross head 40 is strongly thrust into the position shown in Fig. l by means of the compression springs 59 which, as shown, are positioned about the tie rods 52 which connect cross head 40 with cross head 2 and which limit travel of head 40 downwardly. It will be apparent that, when piston rod 8 is impelled vertically, the mold part I4 is thrust forcibly into contact with the mold chase 33 whereby a closed cavity is formed therebetween. Continued operation of piston rod 8 vertically efiects entry of the extrusion plunger 48 into the cavity 48 of the injection pot 44 so that plastic material is forced through the injection nozzle 42 and into the mold cavity between the mold parts. In the position of the parts of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1, the brush assembly has been molded and the piston rod 8 has been partially retracted to open the mold cavity, retraction of the piston rod not having progressed to the point at which extraction of the molded part is begun. As is conventional in the art, both mold part l4 and mold chase 38 are preferably chambered and are supplied with temperature controlling fluid such as water or oil. For simplicity, neither the chambers in parts l4 and 38 nor the source of supply of temperature controlling fluid is shown.

The molded part formed by the described apparatus is, as indicated, a brush or brush part in which the backing element is integral with the bristles, both bristles and backing portion being formed in the same injection molding operation. The backing element of the brush is designated 54, and the bristles integrally connected thereto are designated 56. The sprue, formed by the nozzle 42, is designated 58. Such sprue, of course. is subsequently removed from the brush backing element.

In the preferred brush shown, the bristles 55 are placed or located'on the bristle backing member of the brush in tuft-like groups or clumps. It has been found that for most brushing operations the tuft-like grouping of the bristles is preferable, both for efiiciency of operation of the brush and for its subsequent cleansing. The bristles 56 ar molded by the mold cavities formed between the bore 24 in the mold part [4 and the flutes "60 in each of pins 26, such flutes extending parallel to the axis of pin 26 and which are angularly spaced thereabout. In the embodiment shown, there are six such flutes equally spaced angularly about each of the pins 25, although it is obvious that a greater or less number may be employed, as desired. Each of flutes 50 has a bottom terminus designated 62, such bottom terminus lying above the bottom surface 64 of the mold part i4 when the upper ends of the pins 26 he flush with the bottom surface of the brush backing element forming cavity 22 of the mold. Thus the bristle forming cavities in the mold are closed at their lower ends, and the bristles molded therein have their entire surfaces, including the ends thereof remote from the backing element,

molded to final form. In the embodiment of the apparatus shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the flutes 50 cut into the pins 26 are generally rectangular in cross section, the sides of such flutes preferably lying on radii of the pin 26. It is apparent, however, that flutes 60 may if desired be varied in cross section, requirements of such flutes, and thus bristle sections, being that they have no re-entrant angles and further that the dimension of the bristle inwardly of the pins 26 shall not exceed the dimensions thereof at the outer surface of such pins. This, of course, is necessary to allow the easy removal of the molded bristles from the pins when the mold parts have reached the position shown in Fig. 4.

In Fig. 4 there is shown the position which the mold parts i4, 26, 30, and 32 assume relative to each other when the piston rod 8 has been retracted fully vertically, in which position pins 34 have thrust the pin retaining plate 28 so that the upper surface of plate 30 lies close to the lower surface 64 of mold part M. In such position of the parts, the lower terminii 62 of flutes 60 on pins 26 lie above the upper surface 66 of mold part l4. Such elevation of the pins 26, has, of course, carried with the pins the molded part consisting of the brush backing element 54 and the bristles 56 integral therewith. When the working portions of pins 26 and the molded article have been thus cleared of th mold part M, the operator of the molding apparatus may remove the molded brush therefrom simply by a first motion generally axially of pins 26 and then a lateral withdrawal of the molded brush from the space between the separated die parts of the machine.

It will be seen that, as a consequence of such manner of forming of the brush backing element and the bristles integral therewith in accordance with the invention, it is possible easily considerably to vary the characteristics of and configurations of the bristles. Thus, in Fig. there is shown a second embodiment of the apparatus, wherein the juncture between the brush backing and the bristles is filleted, thereby yielding added strength at such juncture, and the bristles have a knobbed or enlarged configuration at their outer ends, which in some instances, as in applicator brushes, may be desirable. In Fig. :5 the backing of the brush there formed is designated 68. Other portions of the mold'and of the brush which are similar to those previously described are designated by the same reference characters with an added prime.

The filleted portion ill at the juncture between the backing B8 and the bristles 56' of the brush molded by the apparatus of Fig. 5 is formed by provision of the curved portion 12 at the upper end of the bores 24 in the mold portion l4, and by the curved upper ends of the pins 26', which as shown-are provided with radiused portions 14 at their upper ends. In Fig. 5 there is shown the 4 provision of bristles with knobbed lower ends, al-

though it is understood that such feature need not be employed with the filleted juncture between bristles and backing element. As shown, pin '25 is provided adjacent the lower terminus 18 of the 'fiute 60 with a partly spherical depression '16. "Depression 16 provides a mold space for the forming of the lower terminus of bristle 56', such terminus being in the shapejo'f a knob. It is obvious that the bristles molded by the apparatus of Fig. 5 present no difficulty in extraction from the mold parts, since upon the thrusting vertically of pins 26' through the mold part 4, so that the flutes in the pins lie above such mold part in the manner shown in Fig. 4, bristles 56' may be readily removed from pins 26, because of the fact that the bristles are limber and will bend suificiently to allow the relief of knobs 80 from depressions it in the pins upon withdrawal of the molded brush or brush part axially of pins 26'.

It will be appreciated that, in accordance with the present invention, it is a simple matter to provide a brush such as a tooth brush in which bristles of predetermined characteristics maybe positioned in various locations on the backing element for the brush. Thus, in Fig. 6 there is shown a toothbrush generally designated 82, in which the two outer rows of bristles have different characteristics from the two inner rows of bristles. In such brush the backing element, generally designated 84, is integrally molded with the handle-of the brush designated 86. The two outer rows 88 of bristles consist of bristles or filiaments in tuft-like groups 92, integral with the brush backing element, such bristles being of relativelysmall diameter. The two inner rows 90 of bristles consist of clumps or tuft-like groups 94 of bristles, such bristles being of relatively larger diameter. As a result, there is provided a toothbrush in which the lip and gum engaging outer rows of bristles are relatively soft and small in diameter, whereas the tooth engaging or inner rows of bristles are relatively stiff.

It is also possible, in accordance with the invention. to provide the brush with deflection limiting means for the longer, smaller-diametered, bristles of some or all of the tuft-like groups of bristles. Thus in Fig. 7 there is shown a fragment 96 of a further embodiment of a brush or brush part in accordance with the invention. "In such brush the backing designated 98 is integral with each of the bristles of the tuft-like group. In such tuft-like group I00 there are provided a plurality of circularly disposed, longer, smaller diametered, bristles I92. Centrally within such group there is positioned a shorter, stiffer, larger diametered, bristle I04, which tends to limit deflection of bristles 102 past aogosition much below the outer end of bristle A brush such as shown in Fig. 7 may readily be formed by the apparatus indicated in Fig. 8. Such apparatus is generally similar to that shown in 5, and thus parts similar to those in Fig. 5 are designated by the same reference characters as employed in Fig. 5. The pin in this instance is designated IUS. Such pin is provided with a plurality of angularly spaced flutes I88 which, as shown, form the longer, smaller diametered, bristles I02. In this instance such bristles are filleted, as shown. The shorter, larger diametered, central bristle I04 is formed by the central cavity IIO formed in the upper end of the pin I06.

It is apparent that the brush backing and bristles made by the apparatus and method in accordance with the invention may be made out of a number of suitable plastic materials. Typi cal materials which may be employed with success for such applications as for example, tooth brushes, are nylon and flexible polystyrene. In-

instances where the volume of the brush backing including the handle, etc., as a whole is appreciable, it may not be desired to make the entire brush including the handle integral. In such cases a brush incorporating the invention, shown in Fig. 9, may be employed. As there shown the brush H2 is of composite construction, the portion I22 of the main, bristle containing, brush part I I4 being integral with the handle I IS. The portion H8 of the bristle containing part of the brush, however, is made separate from part I22. The brush shown in Fig. 9 may conveniently be formed as follows.

The portions I22 and I I6 of the brush are first formed by injection molding in an appropriately shaped mold cavity in a first molding machine. Such part consisting of portions I22 and I I6 is preferably formed of a thermosetting resin such as phenol-formaldehyde or urea-formaldehyde. The upper face of portion I22 is provided with undercut portions I24, which may conveniently be formed by conventional retractable core pins in the first mold. The part consisting of portions H6 and I22 is cured, and is then placed in a mold in a second injection molding machine, as an insert in the appropriately shaped mold cavity, the upper face of portion I22 being exposed to the, as yet vacant, brush backing element and bristle formin cavity in such mold. Thereupon a plastic material such as the beforementioned nylon or polystyrene is injected into the second mold to form the brush backing ele- I ment H8 and the bristle groups I20 in the same manner as described above. The plastic material of part II8 flows into the undercut portions I24, and thus forms an integral bond between portions I22 and H8. For the sake of attractiveness of the composite brush, it may be desirable to form portion I22 with an upstanding flange portion which surrounds the side edges of portion II8 as shown, whereby the backing element of the resulting brush presents an integral appearance.

Whereas for purposes of illustration I have shown and described typical embodiments of the methods of, and of apparatus for forming brushes, it is to be understood that within the scope of the invention such method and apparatus may be varied considerably as to details. Accordingly, the invention is not to be limited to such described embodiments, but rather is to be defined by the scope of the claims appended here to.

I claim as new the following:

1. A mold for a brush part having a backing element and bristles integral therewith which comprises a mold having a main, backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part, a first part of the mold having at least one passage therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, one elongated member accurately fitting within each such passage, each elongated member having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes on its side surface, means to hold the elongated member in such first mold part with the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the passage in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the passage in the first mold part, and means to thrust the elongated member outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

2. A mold for a brush part having a backing element and bristles integral therewith which comprises a mold having a main, backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part, a first part of the mold having a plurality of parallel passages therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, a plurality of spaced elongated parallel reciprocable members, one elongated member accurately fitting within each such passage, each elongated member having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes on its side surface, means to holdthe elongated members in such first mold part with the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the passages in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the passages in the first mold part, and means to thrust the elongated members outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

3. A mold for a brush part having a backing element and bristles integral therewith which comprises a mold having a main, backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part, a first part of the mold having a plurality of parallel bores therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, a plurality of spaced parallel pins, one pin accurately fitting within each such bore, each pin having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes angularly spaced about its side surface, means to hold the pins in such first mold part with the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the bores in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the bores in the first mold part, and means to thrust the pins outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

4. A mold for a brush part having a backing element and bristles integral therewith, the juncture between the backing element and bristles being filleted, which comprises a mold having a. main, backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part. a first part of the mold having a plurality of parallel passages therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, a plurality of spaced elongated parallel reciprocable members, one elongated member accurately fitting within each such passage, each elongated member having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes on its side surface, the end of each flute adjacent the mold cavity and the portion of the passage sidewalls opposite such end of the flute diverging from each other in a direction toward the mold cavity, means to hold the elongated members in such first mold part with the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the passages in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the passages in the first mold part, and means to thrust the elongated members outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

5. A mold for a brush part having a backing element and bristles integral therewith, the juncture between the backing element and bristles being filleted, the ends of at least some of the bristles remote from backing element being enlarged, which comprises a mold having a main, backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part, a first part of the mold having a plurality of parallel passages therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, a plurality of spaced elongated parallel reciprocable members, one elongated member accurately fitting within each such passage, each elongated member having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes on its side surface, the end of each flute adjacent the mold cavity and the portion of the passage sidewalls opposite such end of the flute diverging from each other in a direction toward the mold cavity, the ends of at least some of the fiutes remote from the mold cavity being enlarged, means to hold the elongated members in such first mold part with the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the passages in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the passages in the first mold part, and means to thrust the elongated members outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

6. A mold for a brush part having a backing element, tuft-like groups of bristles integral therewith, and deflection limiting means in the form of short stiff bristles positioned in at least some of the bristle groups, which comprises a mold having a main, backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part, a first part of the mold having a plurality of spaced parallel bores therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, a plurality of spaced parallel pins, on pin accurately fitting within each such bore, each pin having plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes angularly spaced about its side surface, means to hold the pins in such first mold part with the ends of the fiutes'remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the bores in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the bores in the first mold part, an axially extending cavity in at least some of the pins, such cavity being of a length markedly less than the length of the flutes and of a diameter markedly greater than the cross-sectional dimensions of the flutes, and means to thrust the pins outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

'7. A mold fora brush part having a backing element and a plurality of rows of tuft-like groups of bristles integral therewith, which comprises a mold having a main backing element forming, cavity therein, said mold being composed of at least two parts separable to allow withdrawal of the molded brush part, a first part of the mold having a plurality of rows of spaced parallel bores therethrough communicating with the mold cavity, a plurality of spaced parallel pinsyone pin accurately fitting within each such bore, each pin having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes angularly spaced about its side surface, the flutes in some of the rows of pins being of a difierent size from those in the others of the rows of pins, means to hold the pins in such first mold part with the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity positioned within the bores in the first mold part, thereby forming bristle forming cavities with closed bottoms between the surfaces of the flutes and the bores in the first mold part, and means to thrust the pins outwardly through the mold cavity forming surface of the first mold part, after the mold parts have been separated, to eject the molded brush part from the mold.

8. The method of forming a brush part having a backing element and bristles integral therewith comprising injecting moldable material into a mold, said mold being made of separable parts and having a main, backing element forming, cavity and bristle forming cavities in communication with each other, the portion of the mold containing the bristle forming cavities being formed by a first one of the separable parts of the mold and by an elongated member reciprocable through a passage in the first part of the mold, the elongated member having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes in its side sur-- face, the ends of the flutes remote from the main mold cavity being positioned within the passage in the first mold part, allowing the injected ma terial to harden in the mold cavity, separating the parts of the mold, moving the reciprocable elongated member into the backing element forming cavity in the first mold part thereby removing the backing element from the cavity in the first mold part and moving the bristles along their axes with respect to the first mold part, continuing such movement of the elongated member until the inner ends of the flutes in such member are clear of the end of the passage in the first mold part adjacent the mold cavity, thereby freeing the molded bristles of the brush part from the first mold part, and removing the molded brush part from between the mold parts by moving the bristles of the former initially parallel to the elongated member.

9. The method of forming a brush part having backing element and bristles integral therewith, at least some of the bristles having enlarged outer ends, comprising injecting moldable material into a mold, said mold being made of separable parts and having a main, backing element forming, cavity and bristle forming cavities in communication with each other, the por- 11 tion of the mold containing the bristle forming cavities being formed by a first one of the separable parts of the mold and by an elongated member reciprocable through a cylindrical passage in the first part of the mold, the elongated member having a plurality of longitudinally disposed flutes in its side surface, the ends of at least some of the fiutes remote from the main mold cavity being positioned within the passage in the first mold part and being enlarged, allowing the injected material to harden in the mold cavity, separating the parts of the mold, moving the reciprocable elongated member into the backing element forming cavity in the first mold part thereby removing the backing element from the cavity in the first mold part and moving the bristles along their axes with respect to the first mold part, continuing such movement of the elongated member until the inner ends of the flutes in such member are clear of the end of the passage in the first mold part adjacent themold cavity, thereby freeing the molded bristles of the REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,065,584 Hempel Dec. 29, 1936 2,225,331 Campbell Dec. 17, 1940 2,298,156 Person Oct. 6, 1942 2,355,744 Myers Aug. 15, 1944 2,360,011 Popp Oct. 10, 1944 2,399,117 Hart Apr. 23, 1946 2,487,925 Gronemeyer Nov. 15, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2065584 *Jul 10, 1936Dec 29, 1936Hempel AnnaRubber brush
US2225331 *Oct 18, 1938Dec 17, 1940Pauline CampbellRubber bristled toothbursh
US2298156 *Dec 13, 1940Oct 6, 1942Du PontManufacture of brushes
US2355744 *May 7, 1942Aug 15, 1944Henry W MckissonBrush manufacture
US2360011 *Aug 3, 1940Oct 10, 1944Standard Products CoMold for plastic materials
US2399117 *Jan 15, 1945Apr 23, 1946Harry J HartMolding of plastics
US2487925 *Dec 23, 1946Nov 15, 1949Mack Molding Company IncMolding device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2651810 *Jul 10, 1952Sep 15, 1953Owens Brush CompanyApparatus and method for molding brushes
US2734996 *Feb 5, 1953Feb 14, 1956 Electric lamp holders
US2783501 *Aug 26, 1953Mar 5, 1957Louis F KutikApparatus for molding plastic material
US2874409 *Jun 21, 1954Feb 24, 1959Detroit Mold Engineering CoPlastic mold base
US2883704 *May 28, 1953Apr 28, 1959Us Rubber CoTransfer molding apparatus
US2900663 *Oct 18, 1956Aug 25, 1959Us Rubber CoMethod and apparatus for molding articles
US2923035 *Aug 3, 1956Feb 2, 1960Empire Brushes IncMethod for molding plastic articles
US3251092 *Apr 30, 1964May 17, 1966Cabin Crafts IncApparatus for applying polyurethane foam backing to fabrics
US3298493 *Oct 4, 1965Jan 17, 1967Victor Byers EdwardType levers having type heads molded thereon
US3300816 *Sep 1, 1964Jan 31, 1967Continental Gummi Werke AgMold for accumulator case
US3357058 *Oct 31, 1966Dec 12, 1967Gronemeyer Erich WApparatus for injection molding a bristled product
US3467990 *Feb 16, 1967Sep 23, 1969Louis F KutikMold apparatus for bristled products
US3577843 *Apr 9, 1969May 11, 1971Louis F KutikApparatus for controlling bristle deflection
US3673302 *Aug 19, 1968Jun 27, 1972Globe Union IncMethod for fabricating battery cases
US3685937 *Feb 25, 1970Aug 22, 1972Engel Thomas PaulInjection moulding apparatus with dynamic impact injection assist means and control therefor
US3773446 *Aug 24, 1971Nov 20, 1973Olivetti & Co SpaDevice for moulding parts to be sintered
US3962399 *Jan 30, 1975Jun 8, 1976The Stanley WorksMethod of forming a handle connection for impact tools
US4444711 *Dec 21, 1981Apr 24, 1984Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd.Method of operating a two-shot injection-molding machine
US5460769 *Aug 1, 1994Oct 24, 1995Nifco Inc.Method and apparatus for manufacturing a separable plastic fastener
US6066282 *Jul 4, 1996May 23, 2000Smithkline Beecham Consumer Healthcare GmbhProcess for making a toothbrush
US6352313 *Aug 25, 1999Mar 5, 2002Gillette Canada Company'Brush tufting
US6361120 *Aug 25, 1999Mar 26, 2002Gillette Canada CompanyBrush tufting
US6474978Jun 7, 2001Nov 5, 2002Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.Magnetic tape cassette molding apparatus
US6695414 *Dec 21, 2000Feb 24, 2004M + C Schiffer GmbhMethod of manufacturing a brush head by way of an injection molding process
US7419626 *Oct 18, 2004Sep 2, 2008Young Microbrush, LlcMethod for injection molding a plastic monolith
US8066015Jun 9, 2009Nov 29, 2011The Procter & Gamble CompanyMascara system with thickening benefits
US8631806Nov 14, 2011Jan 21, 2014The Procter & Gamble CompanyMascara system with thickening benefits
US20120193834 *Jan 28, 2012Aug 2, 2012Kojima Press Industry Co., Ltd.Molding machines and methods of molding resin products
Classifications
U.S. Classification264/318, 425/577, 425/805, 249/68, 300/21
International ClassificationB29C45/26
Cooperative ClassificationB29C45/2626, Y10S425/805, B29L2031/425
European ClassificationB29C45/26H