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Publication numberUS2593884 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1952
Filing dateJul 30, 1948
Priority dateAug 1, 1947
Publication numberUS 2593884 A, US 2593884A, US-A-2593884, US2593884 A, US2593884A
InventorsIfield Richard Joseph
Original AssigneeLucas Ltd Joseph
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Oil burner nozzle
US 2593884 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 22, 1952 R FIELD 2,593,884

OIL BURNER NOZZLE Filed July so, 1948 Fig.1

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L221 61272701 Ji.JIfz/'ed/ @ZZWMW Patented Apr. 22, 1952 OIL BURNER NOZZLE Richard Joseph Ifield, Dural, New South Wales, Australia, assignor to Joseph Lucas, Limited, Birmingham, England Application July 30, 1948, Serial No. 41,495 In Great Britain August 1, 1947 2 Claims.

This invention relates to oilburners, and more particularly to oil burners for use with gas turbine engines, oil furnaces and the like.

The invention is particularly applicable to oil burners of the kind in which the forward part of the burner comprises an atomiser or like device for converting the supply of fuel into a fine spray. In oil burners of this character it is desirable to be able to increase the quantity of fuel passing through the atomiser as the pressure of the fuel supply increases and for this purpose it is known to provide the atomiser with two feed systems one of which is in open connection with the main fuel supply, While the other is normally separated from such supply by a valve so arranged as to be automatically opened on the fuel supply reaching a predetermined pressure so as to permit fuel to be supplied to both feed systems.

The present invention has for its main object to provide an improved form of valve mechanism for effecting this automatic control, and the invention accordingly consists in a valve controlling the admission of fuel to a second feed system from a chamber through which fuel is supplied to a first feed system, the valve being normally held closed by a tension spring and so arranged that upon the pressure within said chamber rising to a predetermined value said valve is automatically opened so as to permit fuel to be supplied direct from the main fuel inlet to the second feed system of the burner.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of an oil burner having an atomiser at its forward end, constructed in accordance with the invention;

Figures 2, 3 and 4 are end views of the plates constituting the swirl chamber of the atomiser.

In carrying the invention into effect according to one convenient mode as applied by way of example to an oil burner for use in a gas turbine engine, the burner body I has secured to its forward end a sleeve 2 having an inwardly turned forward flange 3 and the sleeve is secured in position by a shroud member 4. The forward end of the body I, which is hollow, forms a support for a member 5 upon which rest three apertured plates 6, 1 and 8 which together with the conical recess in the orifice plate 9 constitutes the swirl chamber, these elements being held in position within the sleeve 2 by the forward flange 3 thereof. The member 5 is formed with two sets of inlet passages l0 and II, one set ll of which is aligned with holes [3 in the usual swirl chamber plate 6 and the other set In is aligned with holes l2. A pair of plain holes E3 in the plate 5 are aligned with similar holes 14 in the intermediate plate 1 and these are aligned with further holes 15 in the outer swirl plate 8. The plates 6, I and B are held in their proper alignment positions by dowel pins in holes 16. The. set of inlet passages ID in the member 5 are connected by holes ll in the end of the body part I with the interior of said body part. The set of inlet passages ll lead to a recess l8 formed in the member 5, said recess communicating with an opening IS in the end of the body part I controlled by a one way valve member 20 This valve member conveniently consists of a conical or partly spherical member secured to the forward end of a stem 2| which projects into the hollow interior of the body part and is attached to the end of a helical spring 22 connected to a threaded stem 23 adjustably supported by means of a nut 24 upon a hollow support 25 seated upon a shoulder in the interior of the body part. Apertures 26 are formed in the side of the said hollow support and are covered by a perforated screen 21, so that fuel entering the main inlet part 28 can flow into the hollow interior forward part of the body I by way of the said screen and apertures. The arrangement is such that fuel flows from the main inlet through the primary passages Ill into the atomiser constituted by the swirl plates and is sprayed from the central orifice. When the pressure of the fuel in the hollow body part rises to a predetermined value, determined by the adjusted tension of the spring 22, the valve member 20 will be forced open and fuel will be supplied to the atomiser through the secondary feed passages II.

It will thus be seen that by means of this invention a two stage burner is provided in which the second stage is brought into use automatically upon the fuel pressure reaching a predetermined value and in which both stages are fed from a common fuel inlet or manifold.

It is to be understood however, that the invention is not to be regarded as being limited to the particular construction hereinbefore described which is given by way of example only, and that while the invention is particularly applicable to oil burners of the kind employing atomisers, it may be equally well applied to other types of burner in which a two stage fuel supply is required, particularly where it is desirable to be able to deliver the supply from a common fuel inlet or manifold.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A fuel burner having in combination a fuel inlet, means defining a main chamber, said chamber communicating at one end thereof with said inlet and having an opening in its opposite end, a member having one side in facial contact with the end of said chamber having the opening therein, said member being provided with a recess therein in communication with said opening, a plurality of juxtaposed plates at the opposite side of said member, the plates being so cut away as to jointly form a swirl chamber and a fuel outlet leading from said swirl chamber, means securing said member and plates to the means defining the said main chamber, feed passages leading from said main chamber through said member to said swirl chamber, additional feed passages leading from said recess through said member to said swirl chamber, a valve within said recess for controlling fuel flow from said opening to said recess, a tension spring situated in the means defining said main chamber and connected at one end to said valve, and means anchoring the other end of said spring in the means defining said main chamber so that said spring serves to hold said valve closed until the fuel pressure within the means defining said main chamber rises to a predetermined value,

and then allows said valve to be opened by said pressure.

2. A fuel burner as claimed in claim 1 and having a hollow member removably mounted in the means defining said main chamber, and a stem adjustably carried by said hollow member and serving as the anchoring means for the other end of said spring.

RICHARD JOSEPH IFIELD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,568,427 Strachan et a1 Jan. 5, 1926 1,873,781 Nightingale Aug. 23, 1932 1,878,749 Abramson Sept. 20, 1932 1,893,457 Tartrais Jan. 3, 1933 1,970,138 Hawley, Jr., Aug. 14, 1934 2,254,123 Soaper Aug. 26, 1941 2,267,451 Eweryd et al Dec. 23, 1941 2,373,707 Peabody Apr. 17, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 367,510 Italy Jan. 25, 1939 419,949 Great Britain 1- Nov. 19, 1934

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1568427 *Nov 15, 1922Jan 5, 1926Morse Drydock & Repair CoAtomizer
US1873781 *Jan 17, 1931Aug 23, 1932Todd Drydock Engineering & RepLiquid fuel burner and variable supply means therefor
US1878749 *Nov 6, 1930Sep 20, 1932Alexander AbramsonValve
US1893457 *Nov 26, 1929Jan 3, 1933Tartrais Eugene HenriSpraying and injecting device for internal combustion engines employing liquid fuel
US1970138 *Aug 31, 1931Aug 14, 1934Francis C HubbardNozzle for oil burners
US2254123 *Mar 6, 1939Aug 26, 1941Swindell Brothers IncOil burner
US2267451 *Oct 5, 1939Dec 23, 1941Goetaverken AbAdjustable oil burner
US2373707 *Aug 19, 1941Apr 17, 1945Peabody Engineering CorpAtomizer
GB419949A * Title not available
IT367510B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2680653 *Jun 28, 1951Jun 8, 1954Bishop James SDischarge nozzle for liquids
US2954172 *Sep 10, 1958Sep 27, 1960Gen Motors CorpLiquid spray nozzle
US3018792 *Feb 16, 1959Jan 30, 1962Delavan Mfg CompanyDual orifice valve
US3098642 *Feb 1, 1961Jul 23, 1963Bendix CorpSpring adjusting mechanism for flow divider valve
US3154095 *Sep 28, 1962Oct 27, 1964Parker Hannifin CorpFlow divider for dual-orifice fuel injection nozzle
US5147087 *Jul 5, 1988Sep 15, 1992Ing. Erich Pfeiffer Gmbh & Co. KgHand-operated applicator for media
US5860602 *Dec 6, 1996Jan 19, 1999Tilton; Charles LSpray plate
US5875972 *Feb 6, 1997Mar 2, 1999Siemens Automotive CorporationSwirl generator in a fuel injector
US5933700 *Sep 21, 1998Aug 3, 1999Tilton; Charles LDie pressing powdered metal to form an array of atomizers for spray plate
US6016969 *Sep 14, 1998Jan 25, 2000Tilton; CharlesLaminated array of pressure swirl atomizers
US6533954Feb 27, 2001Mar 18, 2003Parker-Hannifin CorporationFuel injectors for dispensing fine sprays for ignition in gas turbine engines
US6550696Feb 27, 2001Apr 22, 2003Adel B. MansourIntegrated fuel injection and mixing system with impingement cooling face
US7083122Feb 20, 2003Aug 1, 2006Parker-Hannifin CorporationIntegrated fluid injection air mixing system
US7597275 *Jul 25, 2005Oct 6, 2009Isothermal Systems Research, Inc.Methods and apparatus for atomization of a liquid
US7621739Jul 25, 2005Nov 24, 2009Isothermal Systems Research, Inc.Injection molding apparatus for producing an atomizer
US8235706Sep 4, 2009Aug 7, 2012Parker-Hannifin CorporationMethods and apparatus for atomization of a liquid
DE1218801B *Oct 31, 1960Jun 8, 1966Parker Hannifin CorpVerteilerventil fuer Doppeleinspritzduesen bei Brennstoffanlagen fuer Gasturbinentriebwerke
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/464, 239/494, 239/466
International ClassificationF23D11/24
Cooperative ClassificationF23D11/24
European ClassificationF23D11/24