US 259474 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. BROWN; P. J. MOFARLAND & J BROWN.
No. 259,474. Patented June 13, 1882.
WITNESSES v 5 4% j/ flmmzmg W L ATTORNEYS N. PETERS. Prammho m her Washmgicm D C MICHAEL BROWN, FRANCIS J. MOFARLAND, AND JOSEPH BROWN, OF WAPAKONETA, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 259,474, dated June 13, 1882,
Application filed February 7, 1882.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, M. BROWN, F. J. Mo- FARLAND, and JOSEPH BROWN, all citizens of the United States, and residents of Wapakoneta, in the county of Auglaize and State of Ohio, have invented a new and valuable Improvementin Ohurns; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.,
Figure 1 of the drawings is a representation of a transverse sectional view of my improved churn. Fig. 2 is an end view, part sectional, of the same; and Fig. 3 is a detail view.
This invention has relation to churns; and it consists in the novel construction and arrangement of the parts, as will be hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed out in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings, the letter A designates the end boards of the churn, which are provided with supporting-legs B. Theinside faces of these end boards are grooved in U form, as indicated at a, to receive the ends of the U-shaped metallic bottom O,- which is made of enameled or galvanized iron, and formed with the outward marginal flange, Z), at each end, designed to be seated in the groove a of the end board, and secured therein by means of a bent packing-strip, 0, of wood, which is made somewhat wedge form in crosssection, and is seated in the groove to upon the flange b. The strip 0 issecured in position by means of short bolts d, which pass through said strips and through perforations in the flanges b and end boards, A, being secured by. means of thimble-nuts c, which extend into enlarged seats g around the outer ends of thcperforations h in the end boards. In this (No model.)
manner the metallic bottom sheet is securely fastened in position and the joint so closed that no leakage is liable to occur.
D represents the dasher-shaft, which is horizontal in position, rotating in end bearings, k, and operated by external gearing at L. This shaft is provided with two pairs of fan-shaped or'semicircular dasher-blades, EE, which have each a short stem, 1, connecting the blade to the shaft, holes at being made in the shaft for the insertion of the stems. These fan-shaped dashers are beveled from the central portion, 8, where the stem is inserted, to the margin, and perforations p are made through the blades, as shown in the drawings. The blades are arranged in pairs laterally, two being near each end of the dash rod or shaft arranged obliquely in opposite directions on each side, and alternating so that each inclined blade extends between those at the other end of the shaft. The blades are so inclined that their inner faces are directed toward the center of the churn, in order that when the dasher is operated the blades will throw the milk toward the center and aerate it thoroughly.
Having described this invention, what we claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s
In a churn, the U-shaped metallic bottom having the outwardly-flanged ends I), in combination with the grooved end boards, A, bent packing-strips c, and fastening-bolts d, and nuts 0, substantially as specified.
In testimony that we claim the above we have hereunto subscribed our names in the presence of two witnesses.
MICHAEL BROWN. FRANCIS J. MOFARLAND. JOSEPH BROWN.
F. O. LAYTON, G. A. LAYTON.