|Publication number||US2595123 A|
|Publication date||Apr 29, 1952|
|Filing date||Jan 21, 1949|
|Priority date||Jan 21, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2595123 A, US 2595123A, US-A-2595123, US2595123 A, US2595123A|
|Inventors||Patrick J Callan|
|Original Assignee||Patrick J Callan|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (42), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A ril 29, 1952 P. J. CALLAN METHOD OF GONSTRUCTING BUILDINGS 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Filed Jan. 21, 1949 INVENTOR. PATRICK CA LLHIV BY W l ATTO/PA/EK Aprifi 29, 1952 P. J. CALLAN METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING BUILDINGS 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed Jan. 21, 1949 I \INVIENTOR.
.' PAZFZGJI'J CHLZAN ATTOFNE K Patented Apr. 29, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING-BUILDINGSI Patrick J. Callan, Manhasset, N. Y. Application January 21, 1949, Serial No. 71,841
3 Claims. (01. 25-154) This invention relates to a building construction and-more particularly to a method of erect- 'ing such buildings.
- This application is a division in part of my application, Serial No. 736,685, filed May 24, 1947,
now Patent No. 2,544,297 on Collapsible Forms for moval of such forms as a unit and in shaping of the exterior of the house and wherein, by the single pouring of concrete throughout the full set offorms, the entire house or building, both interior and exterior, is formed and wherein the window and door openings thereof will be provided within the walls and making necessary only the placing of the window and door frame therewithin. It is another object of the present invention to provide a building construction formed of poured concrete wherein there will be automatically provided' within .the exterior walls an insulation member bearing adequate waterproofing for the ,wall and reinforcing wire at the opposite-sides of the insulating member and in spaced relation therefrom, and wherein the interior and exterior surfaces of the walls will be left patterned to give them a fanciful appearance and thereby making further effort unnecessary other than the application of paint or coloring matter or wall paper on the interior to give such walls the finished and warm appearance.
It is another object of the present invention to provide amethod of building a house or building having room spaces which can be done-on a vol-' ume basis, in little time, with the use of large equipment, such as heavy cranes adapted to handle large units of the wall construction, with little labor costs, insulated, waterproof and fireproof and at low cost.
For other objects and for a better understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description takenin connection with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional View of a fragment of a house with the inner and outer form fitted thereover. a
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken through the exterior wall and on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. '3 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the forms set upon the floor support, the insulating member and the reinforcing wires extending through the forms and held in transverse relationshipwith respect thereto by spacing elements extending through the insulating member and.
connected by wires to the reinforcing mesh and engaging the inner faces of the forms.
Fig. 4 is a perspective and fragmentary view of used.
a building wall constructed according to the present invention after the concrete has beenpoured and with the forms removed. Fig. 5. is a perspective view of a larger portion of the, wall looking upon the interior-of.- afroom and having window and door openings. Referring now particularly to Figs. land. 2, it will be noted that a foundation or bottom wall I0 is first constructed and onto this wall" there is placed a concrete floor H. Vertically extending rods I2 are embedded in the bottom wall l0 and project upwardly through the flooring H in order to secure the portions against lateral displacement relative to one another. Onthe bottom wall In there may be mounted exterior forms l3 and on the floor and for each room of the building there is set up a collapsible form unit l4 adapted to form all four sides of a room and to be placed on therflooror removed from the finished room by lifting beam structure 15 to'which cable books can be connected atrlB. .The form parts are extended or collapsed by manually operable levers I'I. Other collapsible forms'are placed in other roomsjtliroughout the full floor area of the house. The inner and outer forms are secured together by rods I8 connected between top plates I9 and 2| of the respective outerand inner forms. In door and window openings, there are provided forms or frames 22 or 23 and bolts 24 serve to hold the formparts flush upon these frames. With the forms set up for the-'-'entir'e house, the final pouring of concrete can take place and a wall 25 forming the exterior of the building and other walls. 26 and 21, forming the inner walls of the house will be made. Small closet areas 28 can be formed with the same collapsible forms or units with only a portion ofthe same being shown at 29. Thewalls are" formed with one pouring and upon hardening are ready for roof rafters and beams tof close over the top of the house. A standard roof construction can be Referring now particularly to Figs. 3 to 5, by a similar method, house walls having insulation and reinforcing wire mesh are formed. The first step is to provide a bottom wall or foundation 3| with a floor 32. Over this floor is extended-an insulated formation 33 'and a top floor'arrangement 34 having heating pipes 35 therein; The top flooring 34 is brought flush with an expansion and compression insulating support member 36 extending vertically and-about the periphery of the floor. The foundation 3| is formed with-a slot 31 running throughout the extent of the same and into this slot there is extended and supported the bottom edge of an-insulatingm'ember 38 which may be on one of its surfaces provided with waterproofing material. Vertical rods 39 are embedded in the foundation 3! and project upwardly thereabove and outside of the slot 31.
Through the insulating member or board 38 there are extended spacing elements 4|. These spacing elements are pointed on their ends and can be readily extended through. they insulating board material by but one end of the same piercing the material. Reinforcing wire meshes 42 and 43 are rested upon the foundation wall and.
are connected to the spacing members 4! by wires 44. With the inner wall'form l4. and the outer wall form 13 in place, the pointed ends of the spacers 4! will engage the inner faces of these wall forms whereby to retain the insulating board and the reinforcing wire meshes in proper spaced relationship between the forms. The inner wall form is rested upon the insulating and compression member 38 to lie fiushwith the inner facethereof. -This insulating member can be compressed at times in order to allow for the ex.- pansion of the floor material as when it is heated by a heating medium extended through the pipe 35. The outer wall form will extend inwardly of the'outer edge of the foundation wall, in order to rest thereon.
. With the forms in place, the concrete can thereafter be poured into the space between the inner and outer forms and over the insulating boardand the reinforcing wire mesh whereby to provide a solid wall construction including concrete portions 45 and 46 lying respectively at the opposite sides of the insulating member. With the outer surface. of the insulating member coated with waterproofing material, there is little opportunity for moisture to pass through the concrete portion 45 to. the concrete interior portion 4.6. The inner forms M are collapsed by the releasing of the levers I! so that all sidesthereof are pulled in equallyand then the entire unit is removed; by a crane out of the top of the mass. The
outer: forms are similarly removed by cranes and taken to the next flooring to be set up for another wall.
"Inorder that the wall faces will have a pleasing, appearance, there is provided upon the forms a:--bead ing whereby grooves will be extended through the surfaces. As viewed in Fig. 5, the inner wall form may have headings of such shape asto provide upper and lower parallel grooves 41 and 48 extending parallel to the door and about the room. The corners of the room are preferably rounded as indicated at 49 and 50, and the grooves will extend therea'roundk Likewise, grooves can be provided around a door opening 52. A similar groove 53 can be made around a window opening, 54.
On the exterior of the building, a series of vertically spaced parallel grooves 55 may be made to give the appearance of clap boards on the exterior surface of the building.
Once the walls have been constructed of con.-
crete. the roof can be added with wood in the conventional manner. The rafters can be out to layon the top of the wall and tied together by transverse members to which the ceiling for the different rooms is secured.
.It should be apparent that there has been provided by this method, a way of constructing houses or buildings in a speedy and expeditious manner wherein the forms are in large sections and units which can be moved without any great disassembly from one floor or foundation wall to another.
It should be further apparent that the forms are of a collapsible nature whereby the inner wall faces of the rooms can be made straight and vertical and without taper, and wherein these inner walls, as well as the outer walls, can be easily grooved to provide and have a pleasing appearance.
While various changes; may be made: in the detail construction and in the steps in the carrying out of this construction, it shall be understood that such changes shall be within the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. The method of erecting a building which consists of forming a floor and a foundation wall with a slot running along the wall, setting up an insulating member in the slot, piercing the insulating member with. horizontal spacers, fixing reinforcing wire meshesatthe opposite sides-of the insulating member and connecting the same to :the. horizontal spacers, setting up. inner and outer wall forms. on the floor and, engaging with the horizontal spacers and. to provide a space therebetween, pouring concrete into the space to provide an integral and conglomerate mass, thereafter removing the inner and outer wall forms and finally building a roof structure on the top ends of the wall.
2. The method of erecting a building which consists of forming a floor and a foundation wall with a slot running along the wall, setting up an insulating member in the slot, piercing the. insulating member with horizontal spacers, said spacers being formed with pointed ends, fixing reinforcing wire meshes at the opposite sides of the insulating member and connecting said reinforcing wire meshes to said horizontal spacers with pointed ends, setting up inner and outer wall forms on the floorv and engaging with said pointed ends of said horizontal spacers in-such a manner as to provide a space therebetween, pouring concrete into the space to provide an integral and conglomerate mass, and thereafter removing said inner and outer wall forms and building a roof structureon the-top ends of the wall.
3. The method of erecting a building which consists of forming a floor and a foundation Wall with a slot running along the wall, setting up an insulating member in the slot, piercing the insulating member with horizontal spacers, setting up inner and outer wall forms on the floor and engaging with thehorizontal spacers whereby to provide a space therebetween, pouring concrete intothe spaces to provide an. integral and conglomerate mass, thereafter removing ,the inner and outer wall forms. I
PATRICK J. CALLAN.
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|U.S. Classification||52/745.5, 249/22, 52/250, 264/35, 249/27, 52/410, 52/274, 249/21, 249/38|
|Cooperative Classification||E04G11/18, E04G11/082|
|European Classification||E04G11/18, E04G11/08B|