US 2595934 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 6, 1952 N. GINSBURG coLosToMY APPARATUS Filed Jan. 7, 1950 Patented May 6, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COLOSTOMY APPARATUS Nathan Ginsburg,'Philadelphia, Pa.
Application January 7, 1950, Serial No. 137,334 1 claim. (c1. 128-2s3 My invention relates to a colostomy drainage unit and more particuluarly to a unit of this type which utilizes a readily disposable and replaceable colostomy bag.
Heretofore, colostomy apparatus to enable drainage from the body following a colostomy operation has been used. However, certain problems arose from the use of these prior devices; namely, inconvenience to the wearer while lying down, failure to prevent excrement from coming out of the bag, and failure to seal the apparatus to the body.
It is an object of my invention to provide colostomy apparatus which will be comfortable to the body and which may be worn safely while asleep.
Another object of my invention is to provide colostomy apparatus which will prevent excrement from coming out of the junction of the neck of the plate and the neck of the bag.
Still another object of my invention is to provide colostomy apparatus wherein the wearer cannot bind the bag while reclining.
Other objects of my invention are to provide an improved device of the character described, that is easily and economically produced, which is sturdy in construction and which is highly effective in operation.
With the above and related objects in view, my invention consists in the details of construction and combination of parts, as will be more fully understood from the following description, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a colostomy unit in position on the body of the wearer.
Fig. 2 is a view of Fig. 1 with the covering partially open.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the elements of the colostomy apparatus.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the bag itself.
Referring now in detail to the drawing wherein similar reference characters refer to similar parts, I show a practical colostomy unit adapted to be worn by a person who has undergone a colostomy operation.
I show a belt, generally designated as A, which is adapted to surround the abdomen of the wearer in order to press a plate, generally designated as B, against the abdomen of the wearer. An opening I4 in plate B is adjusted so the stub of colon, following a colostomy operation, is situated therein and fluid discharged from the 2 colon passes into the disposable colostomy bag, generally designated as D. A fabric bag, generally designated as C, is utilized to enclose and support the disposable colostomy bag D. An elastic band or metallic resilient clamp, generally designated as E, clasps the disposable colostomy bag D securely to the plate B.
The belt A is provided with a hook Il) which engages with an ear I2 on the plate B. It can be readily seen by examining the detail in Fig. 4 that this permits of easy removal of the belt A from the plate B.
The plate B, shown in cross-section in Fig. 3, is made of stainless steel which is not affected by excretions of the body, or body acids, which may collect thereon. The plate B conforms to the contours of the body and is provided with a central opening I4 therein which is defined by a flange I6 which has a slightly raised rim Il thereon.
The fabric bag C is comprised of two portions 20 and 22 partially sewn together at the bottom in order to provide a chamber 23 therein and the upper portion has a series of suitable separable clasps to seal the chamber. The clasps 24 and 26 may be hook and eyes, or snap fasteners, one portion of which may be in the side 20 and the other portion in the side 22 of the fabric bag C, as illustrated in Fig. 2. The fabric bag C' is provided with an opening I8, noted in Fig. 4, through which a portion of colostomy bag D passes. Fig. 3 shows the manner in which opening I8 passes over the ange I6 and the rim I1 of the plate B and rests upon and is supported by the flange I6. The fabric supporting bag C is easily removed for washing by slipping it from the flange I6 and the rim I'I.
The colostomy bag D, shown in detail in Fig. 5, is preferably made of plastic and it is shaped to have a neck 28 which ts snugly over the flange I6 and the rim I 'I of the plate B. The colostomy bag D and its contents are thrown away after use.
The elastic seal or clamp E is used to securely clasp the colostomy bag D around flange I6. thereby preventing seepage of excrement from the bag and avoiding any unpleasant odors.
The elastic seal E is also provided to facilitate removal and replacement of the colostomy bag D. Removal of the colostomy bag D is easily affected by opening the upper portion of fabric bag C and pulling the colostomy bag D when the need for disposal arises. Pulling the colostomy bag D brings the elastic seal E over the rim I'I ,and closes the bag so none of the uid will be spilled. The rim l1 prevents accidental removal or slippage of the neck or mouth of the bag D from the flange I6. Replacement with a new colostomy bag'"'is effected by placing the elastic seal E around the top of the new bag, then placing the neck 28 over the flange I6 and the rim I1 of the plate B and snapping the seal in place between the plate B and the rim I1.
From the above description it is apparent that my surgical belt enables the patient to Wear it without discomfort either while asleep or awake, that the colostomy bag is readily removable for cleaning purposes without breaking the bag or spilling the contents, and that there is no danger of the bag binding while the patient is alseep.
Although my invention has been described in considerable detail, such description is intended as being illustrative rather than limiting, since the invention may be variously embodied, and the scope of the invention is to be determined as claimed.
I claim as my invention:
In a colostomy device comprising a separable belt, a circular stainless steel plate conforming to the contour of the body, and being held by said belt against the body of the wearer, a disposable colostomybag attached to said plate and having an opening therein; a plurality of ears on said plate for attachment of said belt, a flange defining said opening in said plate, a rim upon said ange substantially parallel to and close to said plate, a fabric bag provided with a cut-out portion fitting over said rim and resting upon said ange and having an openable upper end portion and being adapted to support a colostomy bag, said disposable colostomy bag having a neck adapted to t upon said flange and being located within said fabric bag, and an elastic band to clasp said colostomy bag about said flange.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,389,531 Riche Aug. 30, 1921 2,496,175 Perry Jan. 31, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 245,578 Germany Apr. 15, 1912