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Publication numberUS2596043 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 6, 1952
Filing dateDec 26, 1946
Priority dateDec 26, 1946
Publication numberUS 2596043 A, US 2596043A, US-A-2596043, US2596043 A, US2596043A
InventorsPiker Herbert M
Original AssigneeHamilton Metal Products Compan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal box
US 2596043 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 6, 1952 H. M. PIKER 2,596,043

METAL BOX I Filed Dec. 26, 1946 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. f/fkazkr M 1 1K577 TORNry I 7 kaM M m4 H. M. PIKER METAL BOX 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 27 5 INVENTOR.

'7' HERB ERTM RKER @Q ff'OR/VE/ May 6, 1952 Filed Dec. 26, 1946 Patented May 6, 1952 UNITED STATES METAL BOX Herbert M. Piker, Hamilton, Ohio, assignor to The Hamilton Metal Products Company, Hamilton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application December 26, 1946, Serial No. 718,481

Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in metal boxes which may be designated as a utility box, fishing tackle box, tool box, lunch box and the like.

The principal object of the present invention is the provision of a four-sided metal box which is materially strengthened over similar constructions now available.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of a four-sided metal box of the kind provided with a tray interiorly of the cover and in which a tray support is provided that is also utilized for reinforcing the end and side walls of the box as well as the corners thereof.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of a metal box or container which has the corners thereof embossed for reinforcement and utilizes separate end walls from the main blank suitably embossed to correspond with the end wall embossing in reinforcing the corners of the box. I

A still further object of the present invention is the provision of metal box or container that is economical to manufacture and acquire and which has unusual strength built into it for producing an exceptionally rigid box of the enclosed tray type.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention should be readily apparent by reference to the following specification considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and it is to be understood that any modification may be made in the exact structural details there shown and described within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from or exceedin the spirit of the invention.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a closed box or container of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a perspective View of the box or con- 4 tainer of Fig. 1 showing same with its lid or cover partially open.

Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view through the box taken on line 33 on Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal sectional view through one end of the box and taken through a plane above that of Fig. 3 and as seen from line 4-4 on Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view partly in section and partly in elevation taken vertically of the box immediately behind the box and cover end walls as seen from line 5--5 on Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through the end of the box and its cover taken on line 6-6 on Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a stamping forming the end wall of the box proper and forming a detail of the invention.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a stamping which forms a brace for the end wall and a support for the tray when the box cover or lid is closed.

Fig. 9 is an enlarged transverse sectional view through the upper end of the box and cover and particularly illustrating the hinging of the cover to the box with said view taken on line 9-9 on Fig. 1.

Fig. 10 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view through the hinge as seen from line l0-l0 on Fig. 9.

Throughout the several views of the drawings similar reference characters are employed to denote the same or similar parts.

The box of the present invention comprises a box proper l 5 having an opened upper end closed by a cover or lid l6 which, as will later be made clear, is hinged to the box IE. Interiorly of the box and cover is a tray l'l connected to the said box l5 and cover It through links or levers to be actuated upon movement of the cover as will later be made clear.

The box proper 15 comprises a bottom [I8 from the opposite edges of which rises the back: l9 and front 28. The ends of the back and front I!) and 25 are turned or rounded to provide corners at the ends of the box as at 2| and 22 for the back IE! and 23 and 24 for the front 20. The corners 2! to 24- inclusive extend but a short distance around the ends of the box to provide, substantially, no more than vertical rounded corners with the ends of the box substantially entirely open. From the remaining ends of the box bottom or base It there is upstanding short flanges, such as 25 in Fig. 6. It is to be noted that a similar flange is provided for each end of the box proper, The corner pieces 2! to 24 inclusive are each provided with outwardly extending reinforcing corrugations or ribs 25 which are spaced from one another vertically of the box corners. There is illustrated in the drawings four such ribs 26 but in practice this number may be more or less depending upon the height of the box walls from the base or bottom 18.

In order to complete the box use is made of separat end wall stampings such for example as illustrated in Fig. '7, and indicated in general by the reference character 8 wherein a panel portion 2! is provided to form the end wall proper with offset flanges 28 and 29 extendin from the vertical edges of the panel 21. The flanges 28 and 29 are offset sufficiently to provide shoulders 30 and 3| at each vertical edge of the panel 21 of a depth equal to the thickness of the material, metal from, which the box corners 2! to 24 inclusive are formed. The free edges of said corners 2| to 24 inclusive are adapted to substantially abut the shoulders 30 and 3| in the final assembly and erection of the box end wall stamping 8|. Projecting below the end wall panel 21 is a flange 32 of a depth substantially equal to the upturned flange 25 at the ends of the box base or bottom I3. Theofiset of theflange 32 is similar to the offsetting of flanges 28 V and 29. and thereby forms a shoulder 33 which rests upon the upper edge of the bottom flange 25. It shouldLbe noted that with the end wall stamping 8| in operative position the exterior surface of the 'panel 21 is flush or in a plane with theexterior surface of the adjacent front and-:back-wall:corners'2l and 23 or 22 and 24 as well as flush with or in:

the plane of the exteriorsurface ofth botrom flange 25.

The end wall panel 21 is provided intermediate its upper and lower end with outwardly pro zrriectinareinf c ne orrusationso s 34 whi areequal; in number and spacing .to'the ribs 25 :of the box; frontand 'backbornerswith said corrugationror ribs; 34 of the rend wall stamping :coineiding orgmatchingthe; front and back cor- ;"ner ribs--25 :when ithe said end wall stamping is in operative position. 1

;.'I heupp er-ends of the box front and back -:walls .-,|9"and '20 are inwardly offset toprovide a flange or shoulder such as 35, at the upper end-ofthe frontwall and-35 atthe upper end of the back -,wall. ,Theend WalLstamping of Fig. 7 likewise-has itsupperend inwardly offset -to -prV-icle the shoulders? which, when the end wall Stampings BI ,are ,in .operative position, are :-in the plane-of the shoulders=35and 36 of the frontfandrback walls. :The saidfrontand back wallsqiandend. wall stamping continue upwardly jrom their respective shoulders to form avertical'lyfdisposed flange or lipfls around the .box

top.

JIheendswalllstarnpings ;8i. of Fig. 'l are re- .tainedrandf secured in: operative position by, suitable spot w elds tfi through ;the. overlapped end ll,-- stamping.,f la1 1ges .23.. and, 29 and. .box corners 12 told inclusiven aswwell as .bysuitable. spot wells throughthe ;.end wallv stampings. bottom ,flanges araz and the;contac t ing bottom or base flanges 25. JFQ 'Ifurthenreinforcingthe box its bottom or ribaserl .31s pr vi e with aniI d y p jectin -:istamped: ri M l-il u trat d in F .6 as in theform .-.of.-..an I -n,addition.the .said,box bott oin I3 ..-is provided vwith outwardly disposed stamping ,.in.the for-m of. circular ,lugsf il to provide supports ior thebox. 7

,;,A,s .wasnotedabove the boxis providedlwith ..a.lid..or. c ver i .wh hh mpris s a 1 bo y re .t.io n.4 ,from t e. si es of. hi d pend iront. and back; flanges Band id while from theends de- ;pend rendfiari es (Handed .The cover onilid [6 is. drawn from a (.blank wherefore the said flanges '43 Qto135,inclusivel are integral with the cover orlid body portion 42 as .well as have their ..adjac ent ends integral withnonehnother and .forming rounded cornerfor the coveror lid. The "ireeendsof. thecover. or lid flanges ls to. in clusive are each turned or rolled'to provide a 'nforQ I .beadfllgat the saidifree endsthereof, behind this reinforcing bead-41 thatthe box lip.', 38isdisposed-with the said head (ll esting onthe front and back wallshoulders and 3-5 -,as;-we,ll-- as the end wall stampings shoulders 31.

Any suitable 'or-desirable means may be employed for hingedly connecting the'box l5 and cover or'lid 16 to one another, that shown in j'thegdrawings; comprising a pair of hinges 48 and 11.49, sec iEie- 0- E hp ;t1 ;h se 48 a d i9 ...c.omprises a hinee leaf. 5 arreidbyt e c e or {lid l6, particularly. the cover orjlidback "flange 44,. anda; second hinge leaf 5 I, carriedbyithebox proper l5, and particularly the box back 19, see

Fig. 9. In order to accommodate the hinge leaf .5fithe boxjidor cover bank flange M is pro- "with-thezlid or cover back flange 44. In order to connect thehinge-leaves 50 and 5| to one another ;:the.1.1sual;hingepin 54 is provided for simultaneous. passing through the hinge eyes at the adjacent ends of hinge leaves 50 and 5|.

Within the box and cover, and particularly within the cover, when the cover is in a closed position is a drawn .tray. 55 comprisingaitray .Lbottom156 with-upstanding. side. walls; 51 and end walls I58. As ..is usual;,.prac tice ,tne jtrayl is to be positioned laterally of 'the' box whenthelid ,orrcoverhis open .and for which ,purposeiit is connected to (.thesaidllidor .covierqbyli'nks. The .links a1'e.at...each ..end oflthe'tray 155, andfsince this construction is substantiallyj'identicalLfor eachendonlyoneset of vlinksand their.con- ,nectio will. beiidesoribed' in detail.

, Accordinglyand ,as, seen particularly in Figs. 2

. its. cover. is well understoodsince. movement'of the cover orlidl5 from-.the .position'tinFig. 5 tothat to 'LEZig. 2 will, throughtheijlinkifl, ele vate the 'said'tr'ql iron-rthe'position of "Figi 5; substantially at the; top of the :i box and centrally thereof; to the positionof Fig. '2- and will 'raise the trayoabove the upper endoiwthe box-and slightly 'rearwardly shift the: same: as'seerr in' Fig. 5. "Continued backward movementoi'the 'tray'or lid 16 will. carry withit 1 the I tra 55 until the saidcover or lid;and tray are. substantially parallel with the sl p ort of the borwhereuponithe tray 55 will be resting gen-the upper nd: of the box back lil. "Reversemovement of .the. cover" or lid'lfireturns the tray '55 toiits; position .cen-

trally of thebox and at theupper end'thereof and substantially entirely withintheicoveror lid [5. when same .isin its.closedpositionas;illustrated in Figs;5;and 9.

In order to support thetray- 55 when thejcover or lid is. closed use is made .of:albracket such as illustrated in Fig. '8 and whichibr'acket. when in operative position, acts as a. reinforcement for the end walls and .as altieionconnecting the boxiront and back .wallsto onejanother. and to the endwalls. The bracket, .a's'illu'strated; in Fig. 8 and indicated"ingeneral.byjthereference numeral 58 is a stamping'having asheli'like portion 59 and adepending skirt iii. ".The ends of the skirt or depending lflangeilfl i-arelroundeld as at H 7 and "'12 and conform Z to I-the.ro.unding-v of the corners 2 I toj2'4. ofv the box-aswellftolthe rounding of the end wall stamping .Tflanges'QZS and .29 -since the .outer surface of.said.supporting bracket ends H and 12 are adapted to. nest with and ,,engage the inner .roundedlsurfaceslof the flanges 2.8..and ,29 -or .the .end wallstampingsfi I In order to properly nest therematts .Tthejsaid ends H and 12 of .the supporting bracket68 are inwardly offset to provide shoulders "13 and 14 between the said ends and the body of the depending skirt or flange 10. At the same time each of the supporting brackets 68, ends H and 12 is provided with inwardly projecting flanges 15 and Hi which is in alignment with the shelf 69 but of considerable less width. I

In assembly the supporting bracket 68 is positioned adjacent the upper end of the end wall stamping body 21 with the corner of the shelf 69 immediately beneath the shoulder or flange 31 of the end wall stamping and with the flanges 15 and T5 beneath the box corners shoulders 35 which are in alignment with the end wall stamping shoulder 31, and at the same time the bracket shelf 69 projects into the box to receive the tray. By this construction the upper end of the end walls are suitably reinforced and strengthened. The supporting bracket 68 is retained in operative position by spot welding such as 11 in Fig. 6 which unites the said supporting bracket ends I! and 12 to the end wall stamping flanges 28 and 29 and the respective box corners 2| to 24 inclusive.

In order to complete the box the lid or cover i8 has secured to its body portion 42 a suitable handle assembly 18. Also the box I5 carries latches 19 for latching the cover to the box in a closed position together with a lock 80 for securing the said cover It to prevent unauthorized tampering with the box contents.

From the foregoing it will be noted that there has been provided a metal box or container which can be economically produced and acquired and which accomplishes the objects initially set forth.

What is claimed is:

1. In a box of the class described comprising a bottom and front and back walls formed from a single blank, flanges from the ends of said front and back walls extending toward one another, and being in an arcuate shape in horizontal crosssection whereby rounded vertical corners for the box results, flanges upstanding from the bottom ends between the front and back wall flanges at substantially right-angles to said bottom, end walls for the ends of the box each formed from a separate blank and having an end wall portion with flanges from the sides and lower ends thereof for underlying the bottom and front and back wall flanges, said end wall flanges being formed on an arc corresponding to the are of the front and back wall flanges and offset to the end wall portion to form shoulders abutting the edges of the front and back wall flanges whereby the surface of the front and back wall flanges and end walls are flush, means for securing th end walls in position, said front and back wall end flanges having reinforcing outwardly projecting ribs spaced from one another vertically thereof, and said end walls proper for a distance, inwardly of their flanges, having outwardly projecting ribs for alignment with the front and back wall flange ribs when in operative position.

2. In a box of the class described comprising a bottom and front and back walls formed from a single blank, flanges from the ends of said front and back walls extending toward one another, flanges upstanding from the bottom ends between the front and back wall flanges, end walls for the ends of the box each formed from a separate blank and having a body portion with flanges from the sides and lower ends thereof for underlying the bottom and front and back wall flanges, means for securing the end walls in position, said box front, back and end walls each having the upper end thereof inwardly offset and 6 upwardly disposed to form a shoulder at the upper ends of said walls with an upstanding lip therebehind, and end walls braces one for each end wall and each brace having an angular crosssection to provide a skirt portion and a shelf portion, said skirt portions each being of a length equal to the width of its end wall portion and flanges and in face contact therewith immediately below the shoulder at the upper end of the end wall and secured in position with the end of said skirt secured to the end wall flanges and front and back wall flanges.

3. In a box of the class described comprising a bottom and front and back walls formed from a single blank, flanges from the ends of said front and back walls extending toward one another, flanges upstanding from the bottom ends be tween the front and back wall flanges, end walls for the ends of the box each formed from a separate blank and having a body portion with flanges from the sides and lower ends thereof for underlying the bottom and front and back wall flanges, means for securing the end walls in position, said box front, back and end walls each having the upper end thereof inwardly offset and upwardly disposed to form a shoulder at the upper ends of said walls with an upstanding lip therebehind, end wall braces one for each end wall and each having an angular cross-section to provide a skirt portion and a shelf portion, said skirt portion each being of a length equal to the width of its end wall portion and flanges and in face contact therewith immediately below the shoulder at the upper end of the end wall, and spot welds for securing the end wall braces in position with the said braces each having their ends beyond the end wall portion secured by spot welds to its end wall flanges and overlapped front and back wall end flanges.

e. In a box of the class'described comprising a bottom and front and back walls formed from a single blank, flanges from the ends of said front and back walls extending toward one another, flanges upstanding from the bottom ends between the front and back wall flanges, end walls for the ends of the box each formed from a separate blank and having a body portion with flanges from the sides and lower ends thereof for underlying the bottom and front and back wall flanges, means for securing the end walls in position, said box front, back and end walls each having the upper end thereof inwardlly off set and upwardly disposed to form a, shoulder at the upper ends of said walls with an upstanding lip therebehind, and end wall braces one for each end wall and each having an angular cross-section to provide a skirt portion and a shelf portion, said skirt portion each being of a length equal to the width of its end wall portion and flanges with the ends of said skirt portion beyond the end wall portion offset to provide shoulders for abutment with the ioulders of the end wall flanges and in face contact therewith immediately below the shoulder at the upper end of the end wall and secured in position with the ends of said skirt portion secured to the end wall flanges and front and back wall flanges.

5. In a box of the class described comprising a bottom and front and back walls formed from a single blank, flanges from the ends of said front and back walls extending toward one another, flanges upstanding from the bottom ends between the front and back wall flanges, end walls for the ends of the box each formed from a separate blank and having a body portion with fiangesifromxthee'sidesandj lowerends; thereofi for underlying thee-bottom: 'andffronteand back wall ifianges, means. forosecuringxthe send walls in' posi- 'tiomsaido-box front, ;baek.and end wallseach having thexupperr end thereof inwardly-.offset and 1 upwardly disposed to -formt:a-.-shou1der at. them)- T1361 :ends ofzzsaidwalls with an 'vupstandin g lip vthereluehind, -v-endwall :braces: one for Leach mend wallaandr-eachehaving.an-angulan.cross-section to :provide-zazskirt portion: and .-a shelf portion, asaid r'skirt ;-pori,ion each beinguof a length .equal to (the width of its end walLportionand flanges withathe ends 0f.- said skirt :beyond :the' end wall 1 portion offasetzto provideshouldersfor abutment withothe ashouldersofv-theoend wall'fianges and inIface contact therewithimmediately .below the shoulder. at

the uppenend of the. endwalLandspot Weldstfor securing the end wall bracesin position with the vsaid. braces each having their ends 1 beyond the send wall; portion secured-vbyrspot .weldsto its end -wa'11;flanges and-over1apped front and back wall endflanges.

: HERBERT M...PIKER.

'58 IREFERENCES 'CITED The following references "are of record in the file :of this patent:

- UNITED v.S'IYA'ITES. PATENTS Number Name "Date 459,697 I Atkinson 'Sept.L15, 1891 619,109 Wilson .JFeb. 7,;1899 1,414,826 Meyerson Mayi2 ,:1922 1,807,394 .Dunham ;Mays26,;1931 2,050,980 oBuhl Aug.. 11,1936 2,155,871 .Piker :Apr. 25,":1939 2,218,033 ,Thomasen Oct.; l,5, 1940 2,361,079 .Berry Oct. 24, 19 44 FOREIGN. PATENTS 7 Number Country .Date

218,206 Great Britain Ju1y13, 1 4 451,382 Great Britain Aug. 5, 1936

Patent Citations
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US619109 *Jun 30, 1898Feb 7, 1899 Boiler-brace
US1414826 *Feb 11, 1918May 2, 1922Max MeyersonTool box
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US2155871 *Apr 29, 1935Apr 25, 1939Hamilton Metal Products CompanMetal receptacle
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2873875 *Apr 23, 1956Feb 17, 1959Dumont CorpLug box
US2887525 *Sep 25, 1956May 19, 1959Lewus Alexander JElectrical wiring apparatus
US2943758 *Aug 19, 1958Jul 5, 1960Structural FibersContainers
US3047190 *Apr 29, 1959Jul 31, 1962Bishopric Products CompanyBeer fermenting tank
US3136575 *Jun 11, 1962Jun 9, 1964Byron M KollingRefuse container
US3144161 *Aug 23, 1961Aug 11, 1964Washburn CoBaskets of wire and sheet metal construction
US3184095 *May 28, 1959May 18, 1965Reynolds Metals CoCarrying case for bottle cartons and the like
US5332305 *Mar 12, 1992Jul 26, 1994Snap-On Tools CorporationTool chest with tool pallet
US5813565 *Feb 5, 1996Sep 29, 1998Safet EmbametProcess for the production of metallic packaging of generally prismatic shape and packaging obtained by this process
US6981778 *Jan 16, 2004Jan 3, 2006Artograph, Inc.Portable light box
USRE36379 *Oct 9, 1996Nov 9, 1999Snap-On Technologies, Inc.Tool chest with tool pallet
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/4.1, 220/669, 312/276
International ClassificationB25H3/00, B65D6/00, B25H3/02, A45C11/00, A45C5/00, A01K97/04, B65D6/02
Cooperative ClassificationB25H3/02, B65D7/06, A45C5/00, A45C11/00, A01K97/04
European ClassificationA01K97/04, B25H3/02, A45C5/00, A45C11/00, B65D7/06