|Publication number||US2596054 A|
|Publication date||May 6, 1952|
|Filing date||Aug 17, 1950|
|Priority date||Aug 17, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2596054 A, US 2596054A, US-A-2596054, US2596054 A, US2596054A|
|Inventors||Tallman Robert B|
|Original Assignee||Tallman Robert B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (6), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 5, l952 k. B. TALLMAN 2,596,054
' HANGER Filed Aug. 17, 1950 i. WW 5 WM FUJWM I/VVEA/TOR Rama/'1 5. Tal/mm By his alfamey Patented May 6, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HANGER Robert B. Tallman; Jersey City, N. J.
Application August 17, 1950, Serial No. 179,994
This invention relates to a hanger, and more particularly a hanger from which an object may be suspended from a substantially vertical plane surface having a horizontal projection extending slightly therefrom. The invention is especially useful in its application to the suspension of a drying bar below a window sash, to which use, however, it is not restricted.
Although the invention may be employed for many purposes, as for supporting or suspending a picture or mirror from a wall having a molding fixed horizontally thereon near the ceiling, or for suspending objects from the face of a paneled door, the invention will be particularly described as an apparatus for suspending a drying bar from the lower part of an open window.
As is well-known, wet or damp articles may be effectively dried by placing them in an open window, through which large volumes of air generally pass either inwardly or outwardly to take up and carry away moisture from the article. Thus wet handkerchiefs, Wash cloths, socks, and other light articles of apparel are frequently pinned to the lower member of the sash of an open window to hang therefrom until dry. Instead of pinning such articles as described, they may be attached by suitable clamps to the lower sash member of the open window. However, pins and clamps leave unsightly marks upon the window sash, and have otherwise proved to be unsatisfactory.
To avoid the disadvantages of pins and clamps, attempts have been made to hang articles to be dried from suction cups applied to the window pane. Such attachment has not proved to be satisfactory, however, for two reasons. Firstly, the weight of the article exerts a force parallel to the plane of the window pane but at a distance therefrom, thereby exerting a moment about the plane of the window pane and tending to pull the upper edge of the cup away from the pane and break the vacuum in the cup. Secondly, any appreciable weight suspended from a suction cup so applied tends to slide the cup downwardly along the pane to break the vacuum, or until the lower edge of the cup bears upon the upper edge of the lower sash member and is distorted thereby to break the vacuum.
I have now found that a special form of hanger may be employed from which an appreciable weight may be suspended and which will not mar the window sash or be pulled from the pane by the force exerted upon it by the weight of the suspended article. Even wet bathing suits or shoes may be hung in an open window with confidence by means of this novel hanger.
According to the invention a specially formed rod supports the article to be dried and has one end thereof fixed centrally to a suction cup which is held by vacuum to the window pane. The
hanger is so formed that the vertical component of the weight of the wet articles is opposed by the upper surface of the lower window sash member and the moment of such weight with respect to the plane of the window pane exerts a substantially axial force upon the suction cup which is evenly opposed by the vacuum of the cup with no tendency toward sliding or distortion thereof.
The invention is shown by way of illustration in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a broken perspective view of an open window to which apparatus according to the invention is applied; and
Fig. 2 is an enlarged elevation of the apparatus illustrated in Figure 1 as viewed from. the right therein, the window being shown in broken vertical section.
In the drawings there is shown a window frame l0. Mounted therein, in open position, are shown the two vertical members H, II and the horizontal lowest member l2 of the lower window sash I3. A pane of glass I l is fixed in the lower window sash in conventional manner. Attached to the lower part of the window, in a manner later to be described, are a pair of the novel hangers l5, l5 of the present invention.
Each hanger l5 comprises a suction cup l6 and a rod I1 fixed at one end thereof centrally of the suction cup externally of the cups suction rim. The object to be supported by the hanger is suspended from the other end of the rod ll. This rod is suitably formed, according to the invention in a manner which will now be described.
From the end of the rod I! where it is fixed to the suction cup [6, the rod is bent externally around the suction cup to provide a point I8 substantially in the plane of the suction rim of the cup. Thence the rod I1 is reversely bent away from the plane of the cups suction rim, substantially at right angles thereto. Thus, a section I9 of the rod extends rearwardly of the hanger 15 substantially parallel to the axis of the suction cup IS. The length of the section 19 of the rod I1 is determined in a manner later to be described.
From the end of the rod section [9 distant from the point [8 where the rod is reversely bent, the rod is again bent, as at 20, substantially at right angles and generally away from the suction cup I6. Finally, at a suitable distance beyond the bend 20, the end of the rod I1 is hooked or looped, as at 2!, to permit supporting or suspension therefrom of an appropriate article.
Thus, with the hanger l5 constructed and formed as described, the suction cup I6 may be attached in known manner to a vertical plane surface, as the window pane 14 here illustrated with the rod ll extending downwardly therefrom. With the hanger suitably positioned, the reverse bend of therod will then press upon the vertical surface, or window pane atthe point I8 thereof and the straight portion or rearwardly extending section I9 will rest upon the upper face of the horizontal projection extending from the vertical surface, as the upper surface of the lowest member I2 of the window sash l3.
The hooked or looped end 2! of the rod I! will then support an appropriate object from the structure to which the hanger is attached.
Accordingly, the vertical component of the weight of the supported object is carried to the upper surface of the window frame member l2 by the rearwardly extending section IQ of the hanger rod. Any moment resulting from displacement of the suspended object from the surface to which'the's'ucti'on cup I 6 is'attached exerts an outward pull only upon the suction cup It. This outward pull upon the cup is substantially axial, applying an approximately equal pull upon all portions of the suction rim of the cup, and having no tendency to distort or slide the cup. Viewed more simply, the weight of the object carried by the hanger is supported by contact between the 7 straight portion or section [9 of the rod and the upper surface of the horizontal projection. or the lowest member [2 of the window frame. The suction cup holds the rod t1 against the vertical surface, here the window pane M.
It may be mentioned at this: point that, while it is preferred to construct the rod I! so that its rearwardly extending section I9 lies flush along the upper surface of the window frame member 12, the invention is not dependent upon such flushi contact. The. section [9 might slope away from the sash member I2 in either direction, making only substantial point contact therewith. Furthermore, the extent of the sash member [2 beyond the plane of the window pane may be only a small fraction of that illustrated in the drawings, in accordance with the window frame design. In any event; the vertical component of the weight suspended from the hanger is supported by the upper surface of the lowest sash member i2, and the moment of that weight about the plane of the window pane exerts an outward pull upon the suction cup which is outwardly and substantially axially thereof.
The length of the rearwardly extending section IQ of the rod I! must besuch that the right angle bend 26 will clear the inner face of the lowest window frame member l2. 'I'hev closer the point of support of the rearwardly extending section [9 to the window pane, the greater the moment which is carried to the suction cup as an outward pull thereon. I
Of course the rod [1 is formed of material having sufficient stifinessto maintain its conformation under any reasonablestress. Without limiting the invention to any particular material or gauge thereof, it may be stated that steel wire of approximately inch diameter has been found to be satisfactory for the purposes of the invention.
In the embodiment of the invention which is illustrated in the drawings, two hangers, as described, are fixed in spaced relationship upon a window. A tie 22 is pivotally connected to each hanger at the hooked or looped end 2| thereof, and a drying bar 23 is fixed at its ends between the ties 22 to be supported thereby from the respective hangers.
It is preferred to form the ties 22, 22 as elongated loops of'wire and to pivot them to the 4 respective hangers by means of a bolt and wing nut connection 24 between the looped ends of the ties and the hooked or looped ends 2| of the hanger rods. The ends 25 of the ties are turned about the drying bar, which is here illustrated .as a frame or grid 26 having three elongated members of which the drying bar 23 is the central member, and a parallel member 21 is disposed on each side of the member 23. The grid 26 is also formed with two end cross members 28 to which the elongated members 21 and the ends 25 of the ties are connected, the entire frame or grid being here shown as integral. The pivotal connection between the ties and the hangers allows for flexibility and permits the drying bar to be swung out of the window and clamped in position, or to be turned inwardly and clamped when it is desired to lower the window, as in a rain storm.
It has been found advantageous to double chrome plate all parts of the rods, the ties and the drying bar to insure against rust and corrosion. Non-oxidizing bolt and. wing nut elements for making the pivot connections between the hangers and the ties are also advantageously used.
The form of the invention here described and illustrated may be varied somewhat without departing from the proper scope of the invention.
l. A hanger for supporting an object from a substantially vertical surface having a substantially horizontal projection thereon, said hanger comprising a suction cup for attachment to such surface; and a rod fixed at one. end thereof centrally to said suction cup externally of its suction rim; said rod being bent around said suction cup externally thereof to provide a point substantially in the plane of the suction rim of said cup for contact with the vertical surface; said rod being thence reversely bent away from its point substantially in the plane of the suction rim of. said cup substantially at right angles thereto in a straight portion for contact with the upper surface of the horizontal projection; and said rod being further bent away from said suction cup parallel to the plane of its suction rim to support the object from the other end of said rod; whereby the. weight of such object is supported by contact between the straight portion of said rod and the upper surface of the horizontal projection.
2. In a hanger for suspending a drying bar beneath the lowest member of a window sash, a suction cup for attachment to the window pane,
and a hanger rod fixed at one end centrally to said suction cup externally of its suction surface and bent forwardly to contact the window pane in a point below the rim of said suction cup when said suction cup is attached to the window pane; said hanger rod also being bent rearwardly from its window pane contacting pointxto provide a horizontal length thereof for contact with the upper surface of the lowest member of the window sash and with the rod bent downwardly therefrom, whereby to support the major portion of the weight of the drying bar on said horizontal length.
3. A hanger'fo'r supporting an object. from, a vertical surface-having a projection extending substantially horizontally therefrom, said hanger comprising: a rodfor connection with such object; and a suction cup for holding such rod.-
against the vertical surface; said rod having one endbent downward-1y for connection with such- 7 object and its other end connected to said suction cup, said rod having a straight portion intermediate its ends for contact with the upper face of the horizontal projection, and said rod being reversely bent from its straight portion to its end connected to said suction cup, whereby the weight of such object is supported by contact between the straight portion of said rod and the upper surface of the horizontal projection.
4. A hanger for supporting an object from a vertical surface having a projection extending substantially horizontally therefrom, said hanger comprising: a rod for connection with such object; and a suction cup for holding said rod against the vertical surface; said rod having a straight portion for contact with the upper face of the horizontal projection, a portion bent substantially at right angles to its straight portion at one end thereof to hang downwardly from the horizontal projection to support such object, and a portion bent reversely from the opposite end of the straight portion substantially in the plane of the straight portion and the downwardly hanging portion of said rod and connected at its outer end to said suction cup, whereby the weight of such object is supported by contact between the straight portion of said rod and the upper surface of the horizontal projection.
5. Apparatus for hanging an article to be dried below a raised window sash, said apparatus comprising: two suction cups for spaced-apart attachment to the window pane; a hanger rod fixed at one end centrally to each of said suction cups externally of its suction surface and bent forwardly around said suction cup to contact the window pane in a point below the rim of said suction cup when said suction cup is attached to the window pane; said hanger rods being bent rearwardly from their window pane contacting points to provide a length of each rod for contact with the upper surface of th lowest member of the Window sash, and each rod having an end bent downwardly therefrom to support the weight of such article therefrom; a tie connected to said second end of each of said hanger rods, each of said ties hanging downwardly from its connection with its respective hanger rod; and a drying bar fixed to the lower ends of said ties and extending therebetween.
ROBERT B. TALLMAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 435,752 Ingersoll Sept. 2, 1890 840,618 Golombek Jan. 8, 1907 1,026,263 Hazelrigg May 14, 1912 1,237,967 Scans Aug. 21, 1917 1,509,759 Huber Sept. 23, 1924 1,683,526 Campbell Sept. 4, 1928 1,734,532 Sacerdote Nov. 5, 1929 1,953,877 Chase Apr. 3, 1934 2,165,814 Redmond July 11, 1939 2,271,941 Kemmitt Feb. 3, 1942
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US435752 *||Oct 8, 1888||Sep 2, 1890||Charles ii|
|US840618 *||Sep 6, 1906||Jan 8, 1907||Sigmund Golombek||Display-holder for windows.|
|US1026263 *||Oct 9, 1911||May 14, 1912||Vaco Mfg Co||Vacuum supporting device.|
|US1237967 *||Nov 28, 1916||Aug 21, 1917||Cyril A Soans||Drying-frame.|
|US1509759 *||Feb 5, 1923||Sep 23, 1924||Huber Otto G||Combination vacuum window snap|
|US1683526 *||Oct 27, 1927||Sep 4, 1928||Campbell Wyatt R||Flower-displaying device for coffin lids|
|US1734532 *||Nov 28, 1927||Nov 5, 1929||Sacerdote Guido M||Radiator attachment|
|US1953877 *||Oct 5, 1932||Apr 3, 1934||Chase Henry B||Glareshield for motor vehicles|
|US2165814 *||Apr 9, 1937||Jul 11, 1939||Redmond Max E||Card holder|
|US2271941 *||Apr 21, 1941||Feb 3, 1942||Emelia Kemmitt Selma||Garment hanger|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2839261 *||May 2, 1955||Jun 17, 1958||Vernco Corp||Garment hanger unit|
|US2911109 *||Dec 10, 1956||Nov 3, 1959||Zurrer Silks Darwen Ltd||Portable clothes and like support|
|US3059952 *||Nov 5, 1958||Oct 23, 1962||Emil A Wittman||Device for preventing car doors from opening|
|US4846356 *||Jul 27, 1988||Jul 11, 1989||Dubuc Marie C||Rigid clothes drying rack|
|US5230494 *||Jun 3, 1992||Jul 27, 1993||Adams Mfg. Co.||Mounting bracket for window treatments|
|US5765699 *||Sep 10, 1996||Jun 16, 1998||Griffin; Mark W.||Apparatus for holding and storing swimming pool maintenance equipment|
|U.S. Classification||211/85.3, 248/206.3, 211/119|
|International Classification||D06F57/00, D06F57/12|