Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2596743 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 13, 1952
Filing dateOct 1, 1946
Priority dateOct 6, 1945
Also published asUS2652925
Publication numberUS 2596743 A, US 2596743A, US-A-2596743, US2596743 A, US2596743A
InventorsTheophile I S Vermeiren
Original AssigneeTheophile I S Vermeiren
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric device
US 2596743 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 13, 1952 T. l. s. VERMEIREN ELECTRIC DEVICE Filed Oct. 1, 1946 INVENTOR. EEOPMLE I6. VERNF/iM/V Patented May 13, 1952 OFFICE ELECTRIC DEVICE Theophile I. S. Vermeiren, Deurne-Anvers, Belgium Application October 1, 1946, Serial No. 700,595 In Belgium October 6, 1945 1 Claim.

The present invention relates to an electric device to prevent the formation of calcareous incrustations, in apparatus containing water giving rise to the formation of incrustations of this kind, this device comprising a solenoid fed by a periodically variable current, within which solenoid there is a container in the form of a duct in which the water to be treated is contained.

The object of this invention is to obtain the maximum efiiciency for a solenoid of specified characteristics fed by a specified current and to allow the largest possible number of lines of force to pass into the liquid to be treated.

To this end, according to the present invention, the device comprises a cylinder having a closed top and bottom with a pair of concentric tubular baliles extending downwardly from the top to a region close to, but spaced from the bottom to divide the upper portion of the cylinder into inner and outer chambers communicating with each other adjacent the bottom of the cylinder. A solenoid is mounted in the space between the two tubular baifles which is closed at its lower portion by a suitable closure member. A water supply duct extends upwardly through the bottom of the cylinder and has its discharge opening positioned in the upper portion of the inner chamber. With this arrangement, the water will flow axially through the center of the solenoid, be reversed and flow in the opposite direction through the center of the solenoid, and then be again reversed and flow in the opposite direction about the external portion of the solenoid to a discharge opening in the outer upper portion of the cylinder.

Other details and particulars of the invention will appear from the description of the drawing annexed to the present specification and which represents, as a non-restrictive example, a particular form of carrying into effect the subject of the invention.

The Figure 1 is a diagram of a device according to the invention shown in section, and its feeding circuit.

The Figure 2 is a section along the line 11-11 of Fig. 1.

As shown in the drawings, the device of the present invention comprises a cylinder 2 made of non-magnetic material and having a closed top la and a closed bottom lb. Extending upwardly through the bottom l b is a cylindrical duct I which is located centrally in the cylinder 2 and has a discharge opening positioned in the upper central portion of cylinder 2.

Extending downwardly from the top la of cylinder 2 are a pair of concentric tubular bafiies 3 of non-magnetic material, dividing the upper portion of the interior of cylinder 2 into inner and outer chambers 6 and 1 respectively. Baflies 3 extend from the top la downwardly into close proximity to, but spaced from the bottom lb to provide a passage 5 placing the lower portions of chambers 6 and I in communication with each other.

It will be observed that a tubular space is provided between the baffies 3 which is closed at the lower end by a closure wall 3a. In this space is positioned a solenoid coil 4. The upper end of the tubular space is accessible through an opening in the top la which is closed by a closure [5.

Water to be treated is introduced into the apparatus through conduit I and flows upwardly as indicated by arrows 9 through the discharge opening into the upper portion of chamber 6 where its direction is reversed. From this point, the water fiows downwardly to passage 5 where its direction is again reversed to cause it to flow upwardly through chamber 1 and finally out of the cylinder through discharge outlet 8. The bailles 3 prevent the direct transverse flow of water from the opening at the upper end of duct l to the discharge outlet 8 and thereby increase the flow path of water through the apparatus.

During the flow of the water through the apparatus as indicated by arrows 9, it is traversed by the lines of force indicated by reference character In of the magnetic field created by energizing the solenoid 4. The water in its flow through the apparatus is also subjected to the action of the lines of force indicated by reference character ll within the cylinder 2 of the magnetic field produced by energizing the solenoid.

In practice there are very few lines of force outside of cylinder 2. Therefore a maximum effect is obtained for a given number of ampere turns. The solenoid 4 is fed by an alternating current system I2, if necessary through the medium of a suitable transformer l3 and fuses I4.

Use may also be made of current of a frequency greater than the industrial frequency or even of pulsating or rectified current.

It has been experimentally ascertained that the alternating magnetic field created produces a break-up of the calcareous incrustations which can then be easily eliminated in the form of mud, and a transformation of the crystalline texture of the incrusting salts which is such that the conditioned water no longer gives rise to the formation of hard concretions.

It should be observed that this physical transformation of the calcareous incrustations is obtained without any passage of current thro gh the liquid to be treated. Its operation therefore is not disturbed when the water to be treated, contains impurities which even embody metals.

The apparatus can be placed on a duct. The space occupied and the consumption are small. It can be used to advantage for removing lime from boiler water and for domestic purposes. It should be observed that the water accomplishes a sharp alteration of direction substantially equal to 180 when flowing from the duct to the enclosure or from the first to the second portion of said enclosure.

The device shown is only one particular form of carrying the invention into effect. Various constructive modifications might be made therein without going beyond the scope of the present application. In particular use might be made of a container of any form in place of the duct l, altering in consequence the form of the portions 6 and 7 of the enclosure. The outer wall of the enclosure need not necessarily be made of nonmagnetic material, although that is preferable. There might also be a larger number of changes of direction of the current of water by creating several enclosures.

I claim:

An electric device to prevent the formation of calcareous incrustations and dislodge those already existing, in apparatus containing water giving rise to the formation of incrustations of this kind, said device comprising a cylinder of non-magnetic material with a closed top and a closed bottom, an inlet duct extending through the bottom of said cylinder up into the central portion of the cylinder and having a discharge opening positioned in the upper central portion of said cylinder for feeding said water into said cylinder, said cylinder having a water discharge outlet in the upper cylindrical wall thereof, a pair of concentric tubular baffles of different diameters surrounding the discharge opening of said duct and extending downwardly from the top of said cylinder to a region in proximity to but spaced from the bottom of the cylinder dividing the upper portion of the cylinder into concentric inner and outer chambers communicating with each other at the lower portion of the cylinder to prevent direct flow of water from the discharge or said inlet duct to the discharge outlet transversely of the cylinder, said baiiles providing a tubular space between the same, means closing the lower end of said tubular space, a. solenoid in said tubular space and surrounding the inner of said baffles, said solenoid extending from the upper part of said cylinder to the lower part of said tubular space, and means to feed said solenoid with a periodically variable current.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 385,145 Siebel June 26, 1888 564,657 Stiebel, Jr July 28, 1896 1,334,962 Niece et a1 Mar. 30, 1920 1,472,281 Page Oct. 30, 1923 1,602,935 Rasey Oct. 12, 1926 1,683,780 Hulsmeyer Sept. 11, 1928 1,773,275 Neeley Aug. 19, 1930 2,099,593 Bender et al Nov. 16, 1937 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 303,076 Great Britain Dec. 27, 1928

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US385145 *Jun 26, 1888 Method of generating electricity and purtrying water
US564657 *Jul 28, 1896 henry g
US1334962 *Mar 25, 1919Mar 30, 1920Leggett Ross MApparatus for subjecting substances or molecular matter to the electrostatic stress of a high-tension electric discharge
US1472281 *Feb 24, 1921Oct 30, 1923Page Carl MMethod of and apparatus for hydrogenating unsaturated compounds
US1602935 *Jan 7, 1924Oct 12, 1926Albert L RaseyClarifying device for liquids
US1683780 *Sep 19, 1923Sep 11, 1928Christian HulsmeyerMethod of and apparatus for purifying water
US1773275 *Apr 19, 1926Aug 19, 1930Griffin WatkinsMeans and apparatus for removing and preventing scale incrustations
US2099593 *Apr 11, 1936Nov 16, 1937Buderus EisenwerkProcess for refining or separating electrically conductive liquids
GB303076A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2652925 *Aug 16, 1949Sep 22, 1953Vermeiren Theophile Isi SophieMagnetic treatment device for liquids
US2740756 *Apr 19, 1951Apr 3, 1956Albert G ThomasElectrical drying system
US2800230 *Jul 14, 1954Jul 23, 1957Jean ThomaMagnetic separators
US2937710 *Dec 10, 1956May 24, 1960Michael Ralph AMagnetic dust traps or filters
US2939830 *Oct 4, 1956Jun 7, 1960Green William GWater conditioner
US3294237 *May 31, 1963Dec 27, 1966David WestonMagnetic separator
US3399134 *Oct 27, 1966Aug 27, 1968Hydromation Engineering CompanMagnetic sparator
US3877545 *Jan 26, 1973Apr 15, 1975Caterpillar Tractor CoLubrication system for vehicle final drive
US4151090 *Nov 30, 1977Apr 24, 1979Brigante Miguel FUnitary package for water treatment for attachment to home hot water heater
US4157963 *May 16, 1978Jun 12, 1979Tengam Company LimitedMagnetic device for treatment of calcareous liquids
US4326954 *Dec 26, 1979Apr 27, 1982Ener-Tec, Inc.Fluid treating apparatus
US4490252 *Jan 23, 1981Dec 25, 1984Brigante Miguel FElectrostatic scale control apparatus for feed water having rotating helix responsive to water flow rate
US4519919 *May 19, 1983May 28, 1985Lance WhyteMethod and apparatus for magnetically treating fluids
US4659479 *Dec 19, 1984Apr 21, 1987Stickler Raymond EElectromagnetic water treating device
US4746425 *Aug 27, 1986May 24, 1988Ray E. SticklerCooling system for electromagnetic water treating device
US4865747 *Jan 27, 1988Sep 12, 1989Aqua-D Corp.Electromagnetic fluid treating device and method
US4879045 *Nov 9, 1987Nov 7, 1989Eggerichs Terry LMethod and apparatus for electromagnetically treating a fluid
US5074998 *Aug 30, 1989Dec 24, 1991Baat Doelman Jan P DeApparatus for treating liquid to prevent and/or remove scale deposits
US5106491 *Jun 27, 1990Apr 21, 1992Elfriede SchulzeDevice for eliminating boiler scale using arrangement of magnetic coils and baffle plates
US5113751 *May 31, 1990May 19, 1992Aqua Dynamics Group Corp.Beverage brewing system
US5139675 *Aug 8, 1990Aug 18, 1992Arnold Edward RFiltration cleaning system
US5173169 *May 8, 1991Dec 22, 1992Aqua Dynamics Group Corp.Electroplating method and apparatus
US5306887 *May 8, 1991Apr 26, 1994Aqua Dynamics Group Corp.Method of accelerating the heating of aqueous fluids
US5670041 *Oct 17, 1995Sep 23, 1997Electronic De-Scaling 2000,Inc.Reduced corrosion electronic descaling technology
US5725778 *Oct 17, 1995Mar 10, 1998Electronic Descaling 2000, Inc.Current driver for electronic descaling
US5755970 *Dec 6, 1995May 26, 1998Fourqurean; George EarlMethod for reduction of pipeline accumulation
US7445694 *Aug 13, 1997Nov 4, 2008Michel RieraDevice for generating magnetic fields for catalysing physico-chemical reactions
US20040007535 *Jul 12, 2002Jan 15, 2004Tru IndustriesWater softening method and system
US20050056579 *Oct 29, 2004Mar 17, 2005Hodgson John AndrewWater magnetizer
EP0091896A1 *Mar 28, 1983Oct 19, 1983Franz EiblScale preventing and eliminating apparatus
EP0406622A2 *Jun 21, 1990Jan 9, 1991Elfriede SchulzeScale removal and prevention device
EP0406622A3 *Jun 21, 1990Mar 27, 1991Elfriede SchulzeScale removal and prevention device
EP0525835A2 *Jun 21, 1990Feb 3, 1993Elfriede SchulzeScale removal and prevention device
EP0525835A3 *Jun 21, 1990Mar 3, 1993Elfriede SchulzeScale removal and prevention device
U.S. Classification210/222, 336/90
International ClassificationH05B6/02, C02F1/48, F28F19/00, B21C37/00
Cooperative ClassificationC02F2201/483, C02F2303/22, B21C37/00, Y10S204/05, F28F19/004, C02F1/484
European ClassificationC02F1/48E, F28F19/00C, B21C37/00