US 2596870 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 13, 1952 E. c. SANDERSON REPEATING MAGAZINE SLINGSHOT 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 Filed July 24, 1950 slrejched posit/0n Stretched pos/Yi on n 0 s 0 n a 5 0 .e h w E INVENTOR.
y 13, 1952 E. c. SANDERSON 2,596,870
REPEATING MAGAZINE SLINGSHQT Filed July 24, 1950 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Fig 4 Eqr/ie 6. Sanderson INVENTOR.
BY 2mm WWW 3m Patented May 13, 1952 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE REPEATING MAGAZINE SLINGSHOT Earlie C. 'San'derson, Wallace,- N. C. Application Julyl24, 1950, Serial No. 175,645
9 Claims. 1 This invention comprises novel and useful improvements in a repeating magazine slingshot and more specifically relates to a slingshot of greatly improved construction providing facility for storing difierent sizesof shot in magazines within the frame members of the slingshot together with improved means for dispensing shot from the magazine to the sling together with an improved shot recess or.,pocket in the sling.
The primary object of this invention is to pro vide animproved slingshot having a frame possessing the advantages of great strength, lightness in weight, durability and serviceability, and one which shall be of inexpensive construction.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved slingshot in conformity with the foregoing object, in which there shall be provided an improved projectile receiving recess orpocket in the sling member of the slingshot.
Yetanother important object of the invention is to provide an improved slingshot as setforth in the foregoing objects, wherein the various members making up the frame of the slingshot arewprovided with shot storing magazines whereby a-variety of sizes of projectiles or slingshots -may be stored iinlareadily available and acces- :sible manner.
A: still furtherobject of the-invention is to provide animproved slingshot incorporating therein the objects of the preceding paragraphs, in
which a novel and highly satisfactory arrange- .ment is providedfor retaining thevarious projectiles in their respective magazines, for selectively discharging or removing receptacles from selected magazines, and positioning them in a dispensing chamber; and forselectively dis- .pensing projectiles from any of the pluralityof dispensing'chambers.
.A still furtherimportant object of theiinventionis' to provide an improved; slingshot-in which thesling of the'same' shall :be specifically adapted for accommodating shot or projectiles of different: sizes.
.And'a-still further object of the invention is to provide an improved slingshot in which the-sling vissecuredto-the handleiand fork'of the'slingshot in-an improved andhighly efiicient manner.
These, together with various ancillary features and'objects of the: invention, which willlater-become apparent as the. following descriptionv proceeds, are'atttained by the present invention, a :preferred embodiment of which hasbeen illustrated, by way of example only, in the-accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure Lisa-sideelevational viewishowing the 2- manner in which the device'is manipulated when it is desired'to remove a shot froma magazine of the slingshot;
Figure 2 is a perspective view showing the manner in which the device-is'held and thegposition of the fingerlguard during operation of the device;
Figure 3 is a front elevationalview, upon an enlarged scale, of the embodiment shown-in Figures 1 and 2;
Figure 4.is a fragmentary side elevational view of Figure 3;
Figure 5 is a bottom :plan view of Figure 3, showing the position of the-dispensing means for the variousmagazines forming a part of the invention;
Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially upon the plane indicated by 'the section line 66 of Figure 3;
Figure 7 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially upon the plane indicated by the section line of Figure 3, the shot retaining means being disclosed inan alternative position to permit thepassage of shot throughrone ofthe magazines;
Figure 8 is a horizontal sectional'view taken substantially upon the plane indicated by the asectionline 8--8 of Figure 3 andillustrating the position :of the shot dispensing means :in a position to permit the passage of shot throughfrom one of themagazines of the invention;
Figure '9 is :a horizontal sectional view taken substantially upon :the plane indicated by the section .line 9-9 of Figure 3;
Figure .10 is alfragmentary vertical sectional view through a portion of the sling of theidevice illustrating iniparticular the construction of the projectile :receiving pocket :or recess of the same; and
Figure .11 is anienlarged horizontal sectional detail viewof a portionof the magazine C011,
' is'tru'ctions shown :inFigures 7 and'B'; :withzthe resilient band removed itherefrom, Y
Referring now:more specifically to the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals designate similarparts throughout :the' variou's'views, it willibe seen that the slingshot disclosed in the discharge.
The frame of the slingshot preferably comprises a central tubular member l4 disposed between and in side-by-side relation with a pair of parallel side tubular members 16 and I8, these members being rigidly attached to each other intermediate their ends as by welding or the like 20, or by any other desired means. The tubular members l4, l6 and i8 may obviously be of any desired material; but it has been found to be especially advantageous to form the same of tubular sheet metal of any desired composition. The tubular members in accordance with this invention are utilized to provide a yoke to which is attached the sling ID, to provide a handle portion and to provide magazines for storing a plurality of shots or projectiles for use in the device.
Referring more specifically to Figure 3, it will be seen that the upper ends of the side tubular members l6 and I8 are curved upwardly and outwardly at their upper ends to provide a pair of arms 22 and 24 which form the yoke of the slingshot to which the sling I3 is attached.
Conveniently, as shown in Figures 2 and 4, the upper ends of the arms 22 and 24 are flattened and folded upon themselves to provide portions 26 and 28 between which the ends of the sling H) are adaptedto be clamped and retained. Conveniently, as shown best in Figure 4, one or both of the flattened surfaces of the portions 26 and 28 are provided with a plurality of ribs, projections or serrations 30 to enhance the secureness of the gripping action of the portions 26 and 23 upon the ends of the sling l3.
It will thus be apparent that when it becomes necessary to replace the sling [3, the clamped portions 26 and 28 may be spread apart to thus disengage the ends of the sling therefrom and a new sling may then be inserted and securely clamped in place.
At its upper end, the central tubular member I4 is flattened and extends upwardly into the yoke between the arms 22 and 24 and is then folded backwardly upon itself, as at 32, to thus provide an angularly disposed finger guard, as shown in Figure 2, which is adapted to overlie and protect the thumb of the user when the sling I0 is released.
The members It and 18 are hollow from their open lower ends to any desired portion of their length, as, for example, to theflattened end portions at the upper ends of the same, while the lower end of i4 is closed. These interhalcavities are employed in accordance with the principles have their lower ends diverging .outwardly and downwardly as at34 andi3li, while the lower end 38 of the central tubularmember. 14 extends straight downwardly and centrally of the members 34 and 36. y.
The present invention separates the interior of the tubular members [4-, Hi and I8 into a relatively larger and upper chamber which constitutes the magazine proper, and into a lower chamber which constitutes a dispensing chamber. To control each of these chambers there is provided a yielding and releasable retaining means 41: which may conveniently comprise a ruboer band or the like as illustrated in the drawings, and a dispensing means 42 of a similar construction.
For a clearer understanding of the construction, arrangement and functioning of the retaining means and the dispensing means, attention is now directed to Figures 7 and 8, in conlunction with Figures 2, 3 and 5. At any convenient point intermediate the ends of the members 34, 3-3 and 38, there is provided a chordal slot which is positioned upon one side of these members, as indicated at 44, 4B and 48. In addition, 38 is provided with a small slot 49. These slots are disposed in substantially the same transverse plane, and are adapted to releasably receive the flexible band 40 as shown in the drawings, it being noted that the slots 44 and 4c are on one side of the device while slots 48 and 49 are on the other side. In order to firmly retain and secure the fiexible band 40, but permit easy removal or replacement of the same, the members 34 and 33 are provided with slotted portions which define slightly offset prongs 0r fingers 5i] and 52 which serve asan anchor for and means for retaining the flexible band 40. When properly seated, the band will thus extend across the diametrical portions of each of the members 34, 33 and 38' as will now be readily understood from Figures 2, 3 and '7. When so disposed, those portions of thefiexible band 46 which extend across the diameter of the members 34, 36 and 38 constitute a valve means which prevents downward passage of the shot or projectiles received Within the magazine portions of the tubular members l4, It and I8 and thus serve to retain the shot in the upper or magazine section of these members. However, when either end of the flexible band constituting ,the retaining means is stretched, as indicated in Figure '7, the corresponding tubular member portion 34, 36 or 38 will be uncovered to permit passage of the shot or projectile downwardly from the corresponding magazine into the corresponding dispensing chamber in the lower portion of that member. By this means, the bulk of the shots will be maintained in the magazine; and a few shots at a time may be discharged from the magazine into the dispensing chamber of the tubular members.
The dispensing means for effecting discharge 0 the projectiles fromthe dispensing chamber is of a similar construction to that of the retaining means. Thus, the lower extremities of the members 34, 36 are provided with the chordally dis posed slots 54, 56, as shown best in Figure 8. Similarly, the lower ends ofthe members 34 and 3.3 are slotted to provide fingers or prongs Eiland 62 which are similar to the fingers 50 and 52 and serve the same purpose. It will be noted that the fingers 60 and 62 are offset outwardly to permit the shot to flow freely when the band 42 is stretched. It will thus be apparent that when the flexible or resilient band 42 is in its normal position, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, the same will be disposed diametrically across the dispensing chambers of the portions 34 and 36 and prevent exit of the shot therefrom. However, when the band is twisted, as suggested in Figures 7 and 8, at either of the portions 34 or 33, the correeat diameters in order that each mayi accommoview of the relatively small size and rep-- tively large number "of the shot employed from the member 36, it is deemed advisable'to provide the closure cap for the same.
This closure member comprises 'a sleeve-like cap 64 having a closedbottom wall 66 and having a dispensing opening 68 in one of the side walls-of the "same. At its upper end, the cap 64 is snugly and rotatably received upon the lower closed end of the portion 38 and is provided with lon'gitudinallyextending slots 16 which, at their lower ends, are provided with lateral slot extensions 12. The arrangement is such, as shown in Figures 3 and 8, that the flexible band 42 may be received in a pair of adjacent slots 10 and disposed in the horizontal slot 12 and suitable slots 58 in the portion 38, whereby the band will serve to retain the closure cap 64 upon the lower end of the portion 38 and resiliently hold the cap in a predetermined angular position; It will now be evident'tha't by merely rotating or oscillating the cap 64 about its longitudinal axis against the tension of the rubber band 42, the opening 68'r'nay be brought into registry with an opening 69 in the side of portion 38 to dispense shot therefrom. Obviously, upon release of the cap, it will turn toa normal position closing the opening 69.
Alternatively, as shown in Figure 11, either the retaining means 40 or the dispensing means 42 may be adjustably secured and positioned in their slots in the portions 34, 36 by means of a plurality of projections or fingers 14 in place of the single projection or finger 50, 52 and 66, 62 previously described. This permits lateral adjustment of the members 43 or 42 with respect to the hollow interiors of the portions 34 and 33 to enable the same to accommodate different sizes of shot in these tubular members.
Referring now more specifically to Figure 10, it will be apparent that the pocket portion [2 of the sling ID has a relatively thickened part 16 which may be integrally formed with the sling and pocket l2; or may be separately constructed of any suitable material and then applied to the sling as desired. In the preferred construction, the pocket portion [2 is of a resilient material, and is so formed that the sides thereof immediately adjacent the junctures with the sling II] are biased towards each other into substantially the configuration of the same as shown in Figure 2. In any event, the portion 16 is provided with a pocket or recess 18 in the form of a series of stepped shouldered portions 80, 82, 84 and a bottom recess or depression 86. These stepped shouldered portions adapt the pocket or recess of the sling to readily accommodate difierent sizes of shot with the aforementioned resilient formation of the pocket portion l2 yieldingly retaining the shot within the pocket; and to enable the placing of the pocket about the dispensing ends of the tubular sections 34, 36 and 38.
- It is an important feature of thi invention that shot may be accurately extracted-home selected dispensing chamber of the magazines with ease, certainty and without danger ofdfropping the desired Or the following shot. Thus, as intimated in Figure l, the sling may be pulled downward so as to position the selected tubular member 34, 36 or 38 in the pocket portion '2 and in the appropriately sized shouldered recess 86, 82, or 84 and with a single motion of the hand the rubber band may be twisted and perinit the "selected shot to fall from the dispensing chamber into the pocket while the pocket is'held upon theend of the dispensing chamber. :By then 're'aleasingthe rubber band, the shot-gripped in the pocket, may then be withdrawnand' is ready for discharge as suggested in Figure 2.
Each of the tubular members I4, I6 and 18 is provided with a series of apertures or inspection diametricalopenings 96 whichare disposed in longitudinally spaced relation along these members and which thus permit the quantity of shot retained in the magazine to be accurately gauged and estimated.
It should be emphasized that the continuous bands 43 and 42 may be assembled with the device without it being necessary to 'cut the same. It will also be appreciated that the device will be loaded by simply reversing the unloading or dispensing procedure. Referring to Figures 7 and 8, it will be seenthat the shots are 'sodis' posed that shot may be charged into and dispensed from any of the portions 34, '36 and 38 without disturbing the shot in'the other'portions.
From the foregoing, it is thought that the construction and operation of the invention together with its many advantages will be readily apparent, and further explanation is believed to be unnecessary. However, since numerousmodifications and equivalents will readily occur to those skilled in the art after a considerationof the foregoing specification and accompanying drawings, it is not intended to limit the inven-.
tion to the exact embodiment shown and described, but all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to which fall within the scope of the appended claims.
Having described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
1. A slingshot including tubular side members, one end of each of said side members being curved outwardly to constitute arms of a yoke, a tube positioned between and fixedly securing said side members together to form a handle portion, the other ends of each of said tubular mem. bers comprising shot magazines.
2. A slingshot including tubular side members, one end of each of said side members being curved outwardly to constitute arms of a yoke, a tube positioned between and fixedly securing said side members together to form a tube, a
' finger shield on said handle portion extending into said yoke, each of said tube and said tubular members comprising shot magazines, means yieldingly retaining shot in said magazines.
3. A slingshot including tubular side members, the upper ends of said side members being curved outwardly to constitute arms of a yoke, a tube disposed between and fixedly securing said side members together to form a handle portion, the lower ends of said side members being curved outwardly, said tube and side members comprising shot magazines, means for withdrawing shot from the lower ends of said magazines.
4. A slingshot including tubular side members, one end of said side members being curved out- W rtime constitute arms f a yc am ansfi edly. securing saidside members together t o form a handle portion, said last means comprising a tubedisposed between and rigidly fastened to said sidejmembers, the lower portion of said tube andofsaidside members constituting shot magazines, a common means retaining shot insaid magazines, means dispensing shot fromsaid magazines.
",5,- A slingshot including, tubular side members, theupper and lowerends of said side members being-curved outwardly, a tube disposedbetween and fixedly securing the mid-portions of said sidemembers together to form a handle portion, the lower portion of said tube constituting a shot magazine, the upper portion of said tube having an angulated portion thereon extending between said upper ends andcomprising a finger guard.
6. A slingshot including tubular side members, one end of said side members being curved outwardly to constitute arms of a yoke, means fixedly securing said side members together to form a handle portion, said last means comprising a tube disposed between and rigidly fastened to said side members, the lower portion of said tube constituting a shot magazine, means retaining shot in said magazine, means dispensing shot from said magazine, said tube having axially spaced, chordally extending slots, flexible bands extending through said slots to normally prevent passage of shot through said tube, one band retaining shot in said magazine, the other band preventingpassage of shot from said tube, said bands being selectively movable to permit pas- 8. A slingshot comprising a yoke and a handle with a sling secured to said oke, said handle comprisingtubular side and central members rigidly connected together, a magazine in the lower portion of each tubularmembenmeans for yieldingly retaining shot in each magazine, means for dispensing shot from each tubular member, said dispensing means comprising chordally disposed slots in each magazine, a resilient band extending throughall of said slots and normally preventing passage of shot from the tubular members.
9. A slingshot comprising a yoke and a handle with a sling secured to said yoke, said handle comprising tubular side and central members rigidly connected together, a magazine in each tubular member, means for retaining shot in sage of shot from said magazine and from said :15
each magazine, means for dispensing shot from each tubular member, said dispensing means comprising chordally disposed slots in each magazine, a resilient band extending through said slots and normally preventing passage of shot from the tubular members, a closure cap for the central tube member, retaining notches in said cap for engagement with said band to thereby retain said cap upon said central tube member.
EARLIE C. SANDERSON.
REFERENCES CITED UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 502,389 Whitten et a1 Au 1, 1893 1,487,973 Preston Mar. 25, 1924 1,496,491 Ringler June 3, 1924 2,324,201 Donaldson July 13, 1943 2,483,039. Davis Sept. 27, 1949 2,532,798 Wright Dec. 5, 1950 2,585,663 Laubly Feb. 12, 1952