US 2596965 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 13, 1952 E, TROY 2,596,965
QRNAMENTATION FOR STOCKINGS AND OTHER STRETCHABLE MATERIALS Filed May 20, 1950 Z g5 /45 lf-ign Z Patented May 13, i952 UNITED S'I'Af'llllSl GFFI'CE EllenTroyfNew York,fN Y.
Application May .20,v 1950; Serial No.- 163,-310
This invention relatesto a method of decorat"V ingnylon mesh material or applying` ornaments thereto, which material is Vused for knitted products,A such as stockings, panties and. like Wearing; apparel.
It is one of the main-objectsof the inventionto provide I means facilitating the connection vof rhinestones, -gems, pearlsand like jewelry pieces with-the mesh material without piercing the latter anddamagingfsuchfrmaterial by runs, etc.v
It is another object of the invention to provide means affording reinforcement of the mesh material at the location of the rhinestone thereon;
Still a further object of the invention is to provide meansfensuring substantially full exibility of the mesh material at the location of the jewelry piece.
Yet another objectV ofthe invention resides in theprovision .of means enhancing the aesthetic; appearance and salability of stockings and like products made from extremely fine mesh material, preferably sheer nylon of, for example, 60 or- 66 gauge and.15 denier.
A still further yobjectief this invention is. the provision of means allowing the fabric or fibrous materialworkedupon to be subjected to bending, cutting, washing and cleaning operations without injuriouslyaiiecting the design, configuration or outline ofthe ornamentation.
Yet another'object of this invention is to provide means contributing'to a simplified and commercially practical methodfby which a fabric material of the aforesaid character will be effectively provided with ornamental forms or shapes .which adhere firmly to said material.
' With the above and other objectszin'view, the invention will be hereinafter more fully-,described and the :combination and varrangement of parts willA be .shown in the accompanying `,drawing and` pointed out in .thefclaims which form part of the specification.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1V is a iperspective. view of a. diamond-V shapedrstone .as seen partly from the vunderface thereof ;y
Fig.;2 is a sectionalview. of the stone as applied toa-inne; nylon :mesh b'ase and illustrating steps of the process accordingto the invention;
Fig'. 2a is a top plan view (shown on a reduced scale) of .a stone mounting made in accordance With;.the .inventiomand as seen in Fig. 2b;
Fig.'Y 2b is. .a crossfsectio'nal View similar to. that of.Y Figs; 2,: illustrating-.arA modification of the ing vention;
Figs. 3 j.is;aicrossisectional view` similar to :that
- 2 ofiFig. .2and.,.illustrating further and nal steps of `tlnaprocessin accordance with the invention;
Fig. 4 .is .a side-.elevational view, partly in section; of .pieces ofjewelry as mounted and attached to a base or support in accordance with the process of this invention.
Referring now .in particular to the drawing, there is shown in Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, a rhinestone-ri .having a .mirrored base II with a fiat undersurface` I Ia. Inaccordance with the invention,1such.piece .of jewelry may be attached to base. I 2`madefrom sheer `nylon mesh material as it is used, for instance, for stockings. In order to attach rhinestone I0 to the surface I 2a of fibrous base I2, a blob of suitable viscous lacquer adhesivel 3 with nitrocelluloserbase is applied to said surface I2a, rhinestone Ill is then deposited onto said adhesive, whereby the latter surrounds at I3@ the mirrored base I I above the base I2. Preferably while the flattened adhesive layer I 3 is still in semi-liquid state, a layer of viscous paint lli is then applied tothe outer lower contour of the rhinestone `adjacent the base I2 whereby a substantially ring-shaped paint layer is obtained which,- on one hand, binds perfectly to the nylon base I2 and-,onthe other hand, to the outer rhinestone surrounding part i3d of the adhesive layer I3.: The paint layer I4 and theadhesive layer I3 shouldhave great affinity foreach other.
Bothetheselayers are then allowed to dry wherebyl the'paint layer I II. provides a circular lip Iawhich effectively retains rhinestone IE) in position on -base1I2, while the adhesive part i3d prevents'separation of mirrored base Ii from the n bodyoffthe rhinestone proper. According to Fig.
3,;a further layer I3?) of adhesive I3 is then applied to the top surface of the rhinestone I in such .quantity yas-to allow the viscous adhesive mass Vto flow along vthe facets of the stone and to settle over .paint layer I4 whereby the outer adhesivestratum |327 forms a thickened portion |30 enveloping'paint layer body I4. In some instances it might 'be more desirable to put this adhesivelayerl 3b not `on the top surface lila of the rhinestonelil'but allow the same to cover only the sides Vandthe lower parts thereof.
Asffurtherillustrated in Fig. 3, a layer I 3d of thelacquer adhesive may be placed on the underface IZb of the-fabric base I2. This latter layer, however, isoptional and is primarily employed to supplement the top layer I3 since this latter layer may have the tendency to spread.
Fig. 4 shows diagrammatically a plurali-ty of rhinestones'ilil,v 20,-y 30, etc. placed next to each other for ornamentation lof the basematerial I 2,
as may be readily understood from the forego-ing disclosure.
In Fig. 2b a somewhat modified form of the invention is illustrated according to which the base I2 carries on its surface I2a a relatively thin paint base layer I4b which terminates in a thickened ring-shaped paint layer body I4 having the lip portion I4a. Into the cavity I4c of this paint layer body I4 is first introduced an adhesive stratum I3 of the lacquer adhesive type described with respect to Figs. 2 and 3, onto which is then placed the diamond-shaped stone 40, which carries on its underface the mirror lbase 40a. The advantage of this method of attaching the gem or piece of jewelry to the nylon base I2 is that the paint layer I4 extends over a predetermined area on the surface I2a. of the nylon base I2 and since the lacquer adhesive I3 has great affinity for the paint layer I4, a strong bond between the base I2 through paint layer body I4 and adhesive layer I3 with the stone 40 is achieved whereby the paint layer body I4 with its lip I4a. extends over the cut lower :part 40h of the stone 40. In some instances it might be desirable tol roughen (for instance, by filing) this lower surface part 40h of the stone 40.
It has been found in practice that an oil base paint containing a volatile vehicle, for instance, in form of mineral spirits, and a non-volatile vehicle mainly composed of a cobalt naphthenate, lead naphthenate, manganese naphthenate, or similar driers, with the addition of heavy viscous (bodied) linseed oil, such paint further containing pigment, yields satisfactory results for the purpose of this invention. The proportion of volatile vehicle to non-volatile vehicle is about 1:5, whereas the pigment forms more than 50% of the total paint composition.
As an example, the following paint composition may serve:
Per cent by weight Volatile vehicle 6.9 Non-volatile vehicle 34.1 Pigment 59 The paint layer maintains, even if dried, sufficient permanent flexibility and smoothness and remains unaffected -by cold or hot water, soap and common Cleansers or cleaning fluids. The paint layer does not chip or cra-ck and with the lacquer adhesive retains firmly foreign bodies, such as rhinestones, pearls, glass particles, tinsels, etc.
As a lacquer adhesive it has been found in practiceV to employ nitro-cellulose with camphor, castor oil and a solvent which has suicient viscosity so as to provide a bulging or convex surface when applied to the paint layer or directly to the base as described in Figs. 2 and 3.
As an example for this lacquer adhesive, the following proportionate ingredients are disclosed:
Per cent by weight Nitro-cellulose (high viscosity type) 21.5 Camphor 2.5 Castor oil 1.2 Solvent (methyl ethyl ketone) '74.8
This lacquer adhesive has some solving action on the paint layer and may be applied to the mesh or similar fibrous base material in mixed condition. The lacquer adhesive is transparent and may be replaced by a finishing adhesive or cement which is also transparent and has sufficient body to retain the rhinestone or similar gem in place.
In some cases it has been found advantageous to stabilize the paint as well as the adhesive layer by applying to the upper surface thereof fine known metallic or like powder particles which bring about thickening and immediate surface hardening so that the paint layer or adhesive layer is unable to spread or run.
The paint layer and/or adhesive as hereinabove disclosed with reference to Figs. 2b and 3 replaces the stone or similar metallic settings heretofore used for retaining ornaments on a bendable or pliable base, such as mesh material, stockings, etc. and has been thoroughly tested and found to be adequate for the accomplishments of the objectives hereinabove set forth.
The paint layer I4 which remains permanently flexible follows readily the movements of the base I2 relatively to the stone I0 or 4U, pearl, or any* other ornament used thereon, and is characterized by its resistance to Washing and cleaning operations to which the nylon or like material I2 may be ordinarily subjected. In the event that pearls are used, a string of nylon or the like may be threaded through the opening of each pearl, which short string may serve as an additional anchorage when embedded in said paint and adhesive layers.
The adhesive layer I3-I3a has further the particular characteristic feature that it prevents the removal of the mirrored base I I from the rhinestone ID or 40 which is extremely important in connection with the use of the article since the rhinestone can now be anxed without any metallic setting.
It can thus be seen that there has been provided, in accordance with the present invention, the method of applying an ornament to a knitted, ne mesh base material without injuring the same, which method comprises the steps of rst depositing on the surface of said base material a layer of a viscous adhesive, mounting said ornament onto said adhesive whereby said adhesive is allowed to spread on said base in sideward direction 'with respect to said ornament, and then applying a layerof viscous paint along the contour of said ornament and adjacent said adhesive layer to thereby encircle said ornament and to overlie lateral portions of said ornament.
While the invention has been shown and described in two embodiments thereof, vit will be understood that the same is capable vof modification without departure from the scope and spirit of the invention as defined in the claims.
Having thus described the invention, what isv claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is:
l. The method of uniting a rhinestone, pearl and like ornament with stretchable textile material, comprising the steps of depositing on the surface of the material to be ornamented a rst layer of a exible substance adhering toA transparent adhesive over the surface of said ornament and the surface of said first layer to thereby increase anchorage of said ornament on said material.
2. As an article of manufacture, a laminated structure comprising a base of flexible ber material, a substantially flexible paint layer deby said paint layer forms a flexible connection between said ber material and said ornamental element at its base portion, and a transparent layer of lacquer extending over the surface 1of said ornamental element and portions of said paint layer adjacent said base portion of said ornamental element, whereby anchor-age of said ornamental element on said iiexible fiber base is strengthened.
3. As an article of manufacture, a stocking comprising arbase of nylon material, a substantially iiexible paint layer deposited on the surface of said nylon material, a layer of adhesive substance in contact with said paint layer, a substantially rigid and transparent ornamental strengthened.
element having a mirrored base seated on said layer of adhesive substance, said paint layer surrounding said layer of adhesive substance, and said mirrored base of said ornamental element, whereby said paint layer forms a iiexible connection between said nylon material and said ornamental element at its mirrored base, and a transparent layer of lacquer extending over the exposed surfaces of said ornamental element and of portions of said paint layer adjacent thereto, whereby anchorage of said ornamental element on said nylon material is ELLEN TROY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,715,420 Mayer June 4, 1929 1,943,658 Dyckma Jan. 16, 1934 2,256,645 Kuhlman Sept. 23,1941 2,270,270 Clare Jan. 20, 1942 2,458,493 Troy Jan. 4. 1949