|Publication number||US2597254 A|
|Publication date||May 20, 1952|
|Filing date||Jun 1, 1948|
|Priority date||Jun 1, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2597254 A, US 2597254A, US-A-2597254, US2597254 A, US2597254A|
|Original Assignee||Isaac Meohas|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (6), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 1952 l. MEOH AS 2,57,254
HAIR CLAMP I Filed June 1, 1948 U INVENTOR.
/$AAC EOHAS I Patented May 20, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I 2,597,254 HAIR oLA'MP Isaac Meohas, Long Beach, Calif.
Application June 1, 1948, Serial No. 30,277
My invention relates to the field of hair holding devices for women, and more particularly to a clamp having a flexible cord or chain afiixed thereto.
Although numerous clamps for holding a wom ans hair in position have been devised and marketed in the past the majority of these devices have the disadvantage that they are adapted for a particular hair style, with the result that a considerable number of clamps must be kept on hand by a woman for use with the various hair arrangements which she may effect.
A major object of my invention is to provide a hair clamp that may be used with numerous hair styles, is attractive in appearance, is of an extremely simple mechanical structure, can be fabricated from inexpensive commercially available material, and hence sold in the low priced merchandising field.
Another object of my invention is to supply a clamping device that will firmly hold the hair within the confines of the clamp in the desired position, and by the use of a flexible cord or chain removably aflixed to the clamp the balance of the hair is prevented from being disarranged from its normal position.
These and other objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent from the following description of a preferred form thereof and from the drawing illustrating that form in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of my hair clamp with the flexible cord or chain extending downwardly therefrom;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the device with the clamp in the open position;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the clamp holding a portion of hair within the confines thereof, with the balance of the hair being held loosely within the loop formed by the flexible cord or chain;
Fig. 4 illustrates application of my device with the clamp firmly holding all of the hair within the confines thereof, with the lower portion of the hair being supported by the downwardly extending flexible cord or chain; and
Fig. 5 discloses another use for my device with the clamp firmly holding a portion of the hair within the confines thereof, and the flexible cord or chain extending downwardly to impart a decorative effect to the clamp and hair.
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2 for the general arrangement of my clamp C it will be seen that a curved bar It, preferably having a rectangular cross section, if formed with an inwardly ex- -tending hook H on one end thereof, and a transversely disposed cylindrical member 12 on the opposite end. In Fig. 1 it will be noted that a pin I3 extends through a longitudinal bore formed in the member 12, with the pin on one end being formed with a rounded head M to maintain the pin in the desired position. The opposite end of pin I3 is flattened slightly by pressure to prevent the pin slipping from the bore formed in member I2.
The bars are joined at one end by a joint construction preventing axial movement of the bars with respect to one another.
Extending downwardly in the member 12 from the interior surface of the member I0 is a bore l5 that is in communication with, and normal to the bore in which the pin I3 is situated. A round headed bolt like member 15 extends downwardly in the bore l5, and has formed in the lower portion thereof a transverse bore that is engaged by the pin 13 to firmly hold the member I6 within the confines of bore l5. Pivotally mounted on the outer portion of the member is is a bar I! having the same general contour as the member ID, but being slightly shorter in order that it can be engaged on its free end by the interior surface of the hook ll.
Although my device can be fabricated from a number of metals, naturally occurring substance, or synthetic plastic materials I prefer to use one having a certain amount of resiliency. By the use of a resilient material in the construction of my clamp, the clamp may be placed in the open position shown in Fig. 2 either by rotating the 'bar H, or concurrently straightening the member In and bar I! by pressure between the fingers whereby the bar l1 being shorter than the member [0 is disengaged from the hook H.
It will be noted in Fig. 2 that situated adjacent to the hook II on the exterior surface of the member 10 is a short outwardly extending ear [8. A flexible chain or cord I9 is aflixed by a split ring 20 or other conventional fastening means to the ear I8, with the cord extending downwardly in a loop 2|. The opposite end of the cord I9 is similarly affixed by a ring 20 to an ear 22 that extends outwardly from the exterior surface of the member I0 adjacent to the cylindrical portion 12.
The operation of my invention is extremely simple. The desired amount of hair for a particular style is placed against the member Hi, and the bar I! is caused to engage the hook H. As previously mentioned my device may be placed in the closed position either by rotating the 3 bar I! on the bolt like member I6, or straightening the member I and bar I! by pressure when they are situated one above the other whereby as the pressure is released they assume the closed position due to the resiliency of the material from which they are formed. It will be apparent that on one end thereof, and a longitudinal bore formed in the opposite end of said member; a bolt like member having a transverse bore formed in the lower portion thereof, with said bolt like member being positioned in a bore that extends downwardly and normal to the longitudinal bore in said elongated member to be in communicairrespective of which way the clamp C is placed 4 in the closed position the bar I! is engaged by hook H.
Fig. 5 illustrates one of the hair styles with which my clamp C may be used, with the hair H being firmly held between the member ID and bar H. The flexible cord [9 extends downwardly from clamp C, and not only serves as a decoration for the.hair but supports the lower portion thereof.
In Fig. 4 my invention is also used for holding the hair H in place, but with the cord I 9 extending downwardly in a loop 2| purely as a decoration. It will of course be apparent that various types of cord or chains I9 may be used with the clamp C, with each of the cords or chains being aifixed to or removed therefrom by the use of the split rings 29 or similar fastening devices. Thus, when the cord or chain 20 is being used purely as a decoration, such as shown in Fig. 4, it may be highly ornate, while when it is being used for holding the hair in position as illustrated in Fig. 5 it is preferably of a simple design to prevent strands of hair H from being caught or entangled therein.
Fig. 3 demonstrates another use of my clamp C wherein it is used to hold a portion of the hair H between the member ID and bar IT, with the balance of the hair being held loosely within the confines of loop 2|.
While the particular device herein shown and described is fully capable of attaining the objects and providing the advantages hereinbefore stated it is to be understood that it is merely illustrative of the presently preferred form of my invention, and that I do not mean to limit myself to the details of construction or design herein shown other than as defined in the appended claims.
1. A hair holding device which includes: an elongated member having a hook formed on one end thereof, and a longitudinal bore formed in the opposite end of said member; a bolt like member having a, transverse bore formed in the lower portion thereof, with said bolt like member being positioned in a bore that extends downwardly in said elongated member to be in communication with said longitudinal bore; a pin positioned in said longitudinal bore, with said pin engaging said bore formed in said bolt like member to hold said bolt like member firmly in position on said elongated member; a bar rotatably mounted on said bolt like member, with the outer end of said bar being adapted to be engaged by said hook whereby a portion of a womans hair can be held between said elongated member and said bar; and an inelastic cord like member supported from the outer face of said elongated member whereby the balance of said hair not held between said member and bar can be held within the confines of said inelastic member.
2. A hair holding device which includes: an elongated curved member having a hook formed tion with said longitudinal bore; a pin positioned in said longitudinal bore, with said pin engaging said bore formed in said bolt like member to hold said bolt like member firmly in position on said elongated curved member; a bar rotatably mounted on said bolt like member, with the outer end of said bar being adapted to be engaged by said hook whereby a portion of a womans hair can be held between said elongated curved member and said bar; and an inelastic cord like member removably supported from the outer face of said elongated member whereby the balance of said hair can be held within the confines thereof when said inelastic cord is supported from said elongated member or said portion of hair will hang freely when said inelastic cord like member is removed from said elongated member.
3. A double bar hair holding device comprising: an inner bar and an outer bar; a joint connecting said inner and outer bars at one end thereof and holding them against axial movement relatively to one another; co-operating portions at the opposite ends of said bars effective to releasably hold the bars together with their faces closely adjacent throughout their length to firmly hold a lock of hair therebetween when in closed position; attaching means projecting from the outer face of one of said bars adjacent each end thereof; and a length of flexible inelastic material looped between said attaching means and supported thereby.
4. A double bar hair holding device comprising: an inner bar and an outer bar, at least one of said bars being of resilient material; a joint connecting said inner and outer bars at one end thereof and holding them against axial movement relatively to one another; co-operating portions at the opposite ends of said bars effective to releasably hold the bars together with their faces closely adjacent throughout their length to firmly hold a lock of hair therebetween when in closed position; attaching means projecting from the outer face of one of said bars adjacent each end thereof; and a length of flexible inelastic material looped between said attaching means and supported thereby.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1462484 *||Dec 31, 1921||Jul 24, 1923||Duncan A Mcconnell||Hair curler|
|US1953531 *||Dec 19, 1933||Apr 3, 1934||Caroline Casper||Back hair confiner|
|US2436523 *||Nov 23, 1946||Feb 24, 1948||Isaac Meohas||Hair curler|
|IT361280B *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3113811 *||Mar 21, 1960||Dec 10, 1963||United Carr Fastener Corp||Clip member|
|US3384938 *||Oct 23, 1965||May 28, 1968||Thomas E. O'connor||Pliable material clamp|
|US3860014 *||Aug 30, 1973||Jan 14, 1975||Clifton Mary A||Hair clip|
|US20080006288 *||Jul 6, 2006||Jan 10, 2008||Cynthia Graham||Combined hair clasp and necklace|
|USD656502 *||Mar 7, 2011||Mar 27, 2012||Sanford, L.P.||Capture bar|
|USD669634 *||Oct 8, 2010||Oct 23, 2012||Etablissements Delsol||Barrette|
|U.S. Classification||132/279, D28/42|
|International Classification||A45D8/00, A45D8/34|