US 2598807 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 3, 1952 w. E. LAWSON, JR, ET AL 2,598,807
' EXPANSIBLE TOY AND BANK Filed Oct. 29, 1948 3nnentors William E. Lawson, Sr:
William E. awson, Jr:
Patented June 3, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE William E. Lawson, Jr.-, and William E. Lawson, Sr., Rahway, N. J.
Application October 29, 1948, Serial No. 57,292
3 Claims. (c1. 463) The invention relates to an amusement and saving device, and one of the objects of the invention is to provide a device of this character having a construction which is simple and inexpensive.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character in which the insertion of a coin will release the cover or lid, whereupon a jack-in-the-box or other figure will lift the lid or cover and spring into sight.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of this character in which the figure in springing into view will produce a sound, such as a squeal, squawk, or whistle, and which may also cause the ringing of a bell.
A further object of theinvention is to provide a simple and inexpensive partition structure, easily removable and replaceable, for maintaining the coin compartment closed when the lid or cover is opened by the insertion of a coin.
Various other objects and advantages of the Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the device in closed position;
Figure 3 is a plan View of the device in open position, the lid or cover being partly broken away; and
Figure 4 is a detail perspective view of the preferred partition construction for maintaining the coin compartment closed-when the lid or cover is moved to open position.
Referring to the drawings in more detail, numeral l indicates a receptacle in the form of a box or bank, and provided with a hinged cover or lid 2. The box or bank body and. lid preferably are formed of attractively coloredplastic material, though of course it could be formed of sheet metal, wood, or cardboard.
In order to form a separate coin compartment a partition 3, of plastic or other material, is provided. This partition must be easily removable and replaceable, and the construction must be inexpensive. The preferred form comprises a horizontal portion 4 and an upwardly inclined portion 5. The horizontal portion rests on the upper ends of a plurality of ribs 6 which are" preferably formed with the bank walls; and the rear edge of the horizontal portion is'provided with a tab '1 which fits into a slot 8 in the'rear wall of the bank or box.
The forward edge of the inclined portion is likewise provided with a tab 9 which snaps into a slot II] in the front wall of the bank. Thus the partition is securely locked in place, but can be easily removed by snapping the tab 9 out of the slot I0, as with a coin or any suitable implement. To replace the partition, after the bank 2 has been emptied, the rear tab is inserted in the slot 8 and theirv downward pressure on the: front or inclined. portion of the partitioncauses the tab 9 to snap into the front slot It). Any upward pull or pressure on the partition tends to force the front tab more securely into its slot.
Numeral ll refers to a leaf spring which carries at its upper end a latch I2 adapted to engage a catch I3 on the lid 2 and thus lock the lid in closed position. Of course the lower end of the leaf spring may be attached to the partition in any desired manner. In the specific form illustrated the lower portionof the leaf spring is gripped by a member l4 and the lower end of the spring engages in a slot 15.
The central portion of the leaf spring is bowed and the bowed portion is positioned adjacent a coin slot It. The upper portion of the spring passes through a slot [1 in the inclined portion of g the partition, and below this slot the spring is preferably provided with a relatively sharp bend or shoulder I 8. 7
While the bank could be designed to receive coins of all sizes, the present embodiment is" designed' to receive pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters. When one of these coins-is inserted, it will push the spring over far enough to unlatch the latch I2 from the catch l3 and the spring will flex to permit the coin to drop in the coin compartment beneath the partition; The slot ll acts as a guide forthe leaf spring and thus keeps latch I2 aligned laterally with the catch 13. And when the leaf spring is pushed in beyond the point where the spring latch releases the catch I3, the
bend or shoulder l8 will engage the partition at the lower end of the slot I1 and thus prevent overflexing of'the spring. And the upper end of the slot H will act as alimiting element so that the latch l2 cannot assume a position too far forward to be properly engaged by the catch [3 when-the cover is lowered to closed position;
Any pressure exerted by the spring on the partition member will be in an upward direction, and such pressure will not tendto displace the partition, but on the contrary will tend to force the front tab more securely into its slot.
Itwill be understood, of course, that the above detailed description of the spring latch mechanism which is operated by the insertion of a coin, relates to the specific construction illustrated, and that various parts may be changed, reversed, etc.; the main feature of this spring latch arrangement being that it is located wholly within the box or bank and movable'tounlatching position by the insertion of a coin through the coin slot. I
When the latch is thus moved to unlatched position the cover 2- springs open and a jack-inthe-box or other desired figure jumps up. In the specificembodiment illustrated the figure skirt 22. Within the skirt is a coil spring 2 3,and
thus when the catch is released, by the insertion of a coin, the figure will spring upwardly and open the cover. The cover on its underside may be provided with a circular socket 24. In closing the cover the top of the figure head is engaged in the socket so that the figure is collapsed in an upright position in the bank.
' As mentioned hereinbefore, the figure preferably includes afvoice or sound producing device. This .is so'incorporated in thefigure that the additional cost is almost negligible for the ordinary coil spring of a voice also functions to open the cover, and the skirt of the figure functions as a bellows. In the specific construction illustrated, numerals 25 and 26 refer respectively to lower and upper discs.
The lower disc. is secured to the upper face of the partition in any desired manner, as by cementing, and the partition may be provided with, an embossed locating ring 21 to receive the disc 25.
The upper disc 26 is secured to the figure shoulder 2|, leaving a space!!! above the disc, and an air; and sound opening 29 provides communication between the space 28 and the atmosphere. Avoice reed 30 is mounted in the disc 26.
The discs 25 and 26 are connected by the skirt 22 of the figure, and this skirt functions as a bellows for the voice. The previously mentioned coil spring '23 is positioned between the discs 25 and 26. r The head of the figure may be provided with a bell}! which rings when the figure jumpsup, upon thedeposit of a coin in the bank. V i
From the ioregoing description it will be apparent that we have devised a very simple and inexpensive amusement and savings device.
' I The p'arts are so constructed and arranged as to provide a large coin compartment separated from the remainder of the box by an inexpensive partition construction which is easily removable and replaceable.
' When the bank is closedall parts are concealed within the box, and the box is locked against opening except by the deposit 'of a coin.
When a coin is inserted in the coin slot IS the leaf spring will be moved sufiiciently to permit the coin to drop into the coin compartment, and at the same'time the latch [2' will be moved to release the catch 13. The shoulder I8 by ngagement with the partition prevents overflexing of the spring, the slot I! maintains the latch properly aligned laterally with respect to the catch, and the upper end of the slot l1 prevents the latch from assuming a'position too far forward to be properly engaged by the catch when i the cover islowered.
The catch having been released by the deposit of a coin, the jack-in-the-box or other desired figure throws the lid open and springs into view.
the specific embodiment illustrated. In such construction, when the figure springs upwardly by reason of the voice spring 23,..upon the,
deposit of a coin, the disc 26 moves away from the disc 25, the skirt of the figure functions as a bellows, and air is drawn in through the voice reed 30, thereby causing the production of the desired word, squeal, squawk, or whistle. When the lid is lowered the head of the figure is engaged in the socket so that the figure will be lowered in an upright position, and this lowering of the figure will cause the skirt or bellows 22 to collapse, to the position shown in Figure 2, and the air will vent through the reed and opening 29.
When the coin compartment is filled it can be readily emptied by removal of the partition 3, in the manner hereinbefore described.
Having fully described the invention, what we claim is:
1. An amusement and savings device including a box and a cover thereon, a partition in the box forming a coin compartment in the lower portion of the box, the box having a coin slot communicating with the coin compartment, an expansible toy on the upper side of the partition, a catch on the box cover, a spring mounted latch in the box to engage the catch, the partition having a slot, said latch spring passing through said slot, and said latch spring arranged adjacent the coin slot, whereby a coin inserted in the coin slot moves the latch to release the cover.
2. An amusement and savings device including forming a coin compartment in the lower portion of the box, the box having a coin slot communicating with the coin compartment, an expansible toy in the upper portion of the box, a catch on the box cover, a spring mounted latch in the box to engage the catch, the partition having a slot, said latch spring passing through said slot, said latch spring arranged adjacent the coin slot, whereby a coin inserted in the coin slot moves the latch to release the cover, and a shoulder formed in said spring and adapted to engage the partition adjacent the lower end of the partition slot to prevent undue flexing of the latch spring.
3. An amusement and savings device including a box and a cover thereon, a coin compartment in the box, an expansible toy in the box in a substantially vertical position, a spring mounted latch for locking the box cover in closed position, the box having a coin slot communicating with the coin compartment, said latch spring arranged adjacent the coin slot, whereby a coin inserted in the slot moves the latch to release the cover and the expansible toy, and means on .the cover constructed to engage about a portion of the ex,- pansible toy and cause the toy to collapse substantially vertically when the cover is moved to closed position.
WILLIAM E. LAWSON, JR. WILLIAM E.,LAWSGN, Ss.
7 REFERENCES crrED Q Thefollowing references are of record in the file of this patent: a
'UNITED STATES P TENTS