US 2599505 A
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June 3, 1952 Q w E 2,599,505
HAIR RETAINING DEVICE Filed Nov. 9, 1950 16 INVENTOR.
i2 ORE/V65 a [017mm Kai/amt HTTORIVEY Patented June 3, 1952 UNITED STATES T QFFICE I IAIR RETAINING DEVICE Florence C. Witmer, New York, N. Y. ApplicationNovember 9, 1950, Serial No. 194,767
This invention relates to a hair retaining device.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a hair retaining device which can be easily manipulated through the hair and the parts brought into interlocking relationship to form and gather a wave of such hair and hold the same while being acted upon by a wave setting solution.
It is another object of the invention to provide a two-part comb construction adapted to slide overone another to retain a hair wave wherein the parts are retained in coupled relationship, even when extended, and can easily be brought into overlapping relationship without the need of an attendant to fit such parts of the device and by the user of the device herself, and wherein this action merely resides in the grasping of the two main parts and pushing the same together into overlapping relationship.
Other objects of the invention are to provide a wave setting comb construction wherein the parts are coupled together for sliding as well as for swinging movement relative to each other which is of simple construction, inexpensive to manufacture, has a minimum number of parts, compact, of pleasing appearance, easy to keep clean, has long life, and emcient in operation.
For other objects and for a better understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the wave setting device embodying the features of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the device illustrating the manner in which the device is passed into the hair.
Fig. 3 is an end elevational View showing the manner in which the parts are brought together after insertion into the hair and interlocked with the hair and with one another.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the device with the parts locked together.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 55 of Fig. 4 and showing the manner in which the teeth interlock with the transverse portions of the parts.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail sectional view taken on line 66 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary top plan view of one end of the device with portions broken away and shown in section, the sections being taken in particular on the pivotable guide sleeves.
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary collective view of the open end of a guide sleeve and of a guide pin that is workable therein.
Referring now to the figures, l0 and II represent respectively wave setting comb parts adapted to overlie one another to the ends of each of which there are pivotally connected guide sleeves 12. The parts are aligned with one another and the guide sleeves are connected together by guide pins I3. As shown in Fig. 8 in particular, the ends of the guide pins l3 have enlargements l4 thereon adapted to engage with a radially inwardly extending flange l5 in the pivotable guide sleeve l2, Fig. 7. The ends of the guide pins I3 are inserted into the guide sleeves [2 by depressing the openings thereof to an oval shape thereby allowing the enlargements M to enter therein. After releasing pressure upon the guide sleeves l2, the opening is restored to a round shape and the enlargements M are captured behind fianges l5 and can no longer be removed.
Each of the comb parts has a transverse portion l6 from which extends a plurality of transversely spaced teeth projections H. The spaces between these projections are indicated at 3..
Each tooth has a depending nib l9 adapted to abut with the inner edge of the transverse portion l6, as shown in Fig. 5, when the end of the tooth is slid into a groove 2| on the transverse portion of the opposite part. The space between the teeth is sufficiently large to accommodate the hair to be set with the wave setting solution.
As shown in Fig. 7, the guide sleeve l2 has a round split projection 23 adapted to enter hole 24 on each end of the transverse portion N5 of the comb part. The sides of the split projection 23 are yieldable and can be compressed slightly to allow the projection to enter the hole 24. The hole 24 is tapered, the sides diverging inwardly to lock the projection 23 and to keep the guide sleeve against outward displacement once the projection has been compressed to be fitted into the hole 24. Because of the pivoted sleeve 12 and slidable guide pin I3 operable therein, the comb parts can be easily inserted into the hair and control of the parts easily kept. Once the hair has been collected in the manner illustrated in Fig. 3, the parts are drawn together in overlapping relationship with the nibs I9 locking with the edge of the transverse portions of the respective parts and the parts held overlapping one another by the frictional contact of the sides of the teeth projections with the hair. Upon making the insertion into the hair, as shown in Fig. 2, the teeth projections can be tilted downwardly to pick up the hair and thereafter the projections will pass upwardly through the spaces of the opposite parts so that the hair will be confined within them and as the parts are then brought toward one another so that the teeth come to rest in the grooves 2| in the respective transverse portions of the opposite parts, the hair will be held and retained in wave formation and made ready to receive the hair wave setting solution. The teeth projections can be easily swung into alignment and the parts brought to their final positions without the need of an attendant. Easy-control of the parts is maintained. The teeth projections are easily dipped to receive the hair without the interference from the teeth projections of the other part while the hair is being gathered. A substantial amount of hair is gathered in the same manner as with a standard comb and without the interference from the other part and thereafter the other part is brought under the gathered hair and slid into place between the spaces of the one part and the ends of the teeth projections brought to lie in the recesses 2| of the transverse portions. The parts, when they are brought home, will take the positions shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
The hair will be wedged into the closed ends of the spaces by the teeth ends and by friction the hair will hold the teeth against outward separation. The hair will be held in the form of a wave as shown in Fig. 3 and to which the wave setting solution may be applied.
The guide elements l2 and the freely slidable guide pin [3 hold the comb-like parts against transverse displacement, that is, along the direction of the transverse portions 16 of the comblike parts to maintain the comb teeth of one comb-like part in alignment with the spaces of the other comb-like part.
While various changes may be made in the detail construction, it shall be understood that such changes shall be within the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A hair wave setting device comprising comblike parts, each of said parts having a transverse portion and teeth projections extending therefrom, said teeth being spaced apart to receive hair and teeth of an opposite part, a guide sleeve pivotally connected to each end of the transverse portionof each part, a guide pin slidably fitted in the guide sleeves on corresponding ends of the parts and slidable therein to permit separation of the parts and pivotal movement of one part relative to the other and the joining together of the parts with the hair locked between the teeth projections thereof.
2. A hair set device comprising comb-like parts, each of said parts having a, transverse portion and teeth projections extending therefrom, each of said teeth projections being spaced apart to receive hair and teeth of the other part, guide means for holding the comb-like parts against transverse displacement with respect to each other and for guiding the movement of the parts when the parts are withdrawn from each other to free the teeth, said guide means having the ends thereof respectively pivotally connected between the transverse portions of the comb-like parts to permit downward swinging movement of the teeth projections to gather the hair with one comb-like part independently of the other and drawing together of the teeth projections of the opposite parts, and said transverse portions of the parts respectively having grooves aligned with the respective spaces between the teeth projections and said teeth projections respectively having depending nibs adapted to engage with the transverse portions of the parts upon the ends of the projections entering the respective grooves of the transverse portions.
3. A hair wave setting device comprising comblike parts, each of said parts having a transverse portion and teeth projections extending therefrom, said teeth being spaced apart to receive hair and teeth of an opposite part, a guide element pivotally connected to each end of thetransverse portion of each part and means freely slidably connecting together the guide elements on corresponding ends of the comb-like parts to permit separation of the parts and pivotal movement of one part relative to the other and the joining together of the parts with the hair locked between the teeth projections thereof, said guide element and freely slidable means holding said comb-like parts against transverse displacement with respect to each other while permitting sliding movement thereof relative to each other.
FLORENCE C. WITMER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 852,273 Hess Apr. 30, 1907 1,635,065 Watson July 5, 1927 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 17,403 Great Britain of 1889