US 2600706 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 17, 1952 J. K. TULLY ErAL RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR BED .6 Sheets-Sheet l Filed June 4, 1945 f1 Tf1 June 17, 1952 J. K. TULLY ETAL 2,600,706
' Y RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR BED Filed June 4, 1945 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 "IQ WW nu I hll I I 'HIM -II w WW. l |I W E "l: 1| o) IIMIN llilr JM? 10U-lill,
June 17, 1952 .1. KxruLLY Erm.
RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR BED 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 4,
uI:mul||lnlllllliiiillliislllllmI. ml l Ummm v HHPV u) 'mi W June 17, 1952 J. K. TULLY ETAL RAILWAY SLEEPING GAE BED 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed June 4,
'Il g* lgen/@76.
June 17, 1952 J. K. rl.|g Y lEmu. 2,600,706
RAILWAY SLmrING CAR BED Filed June 4, 1945 e sheets-sheet 5 www' WH HIP IHIIIIII www June 17, 1952 J, K, TU| Y ETAL 2,600,706
RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR BED Filed June 4, 1945 e sheets-sheet e HIM,
Patented June 107, 109521 RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR BED J ames K. Tully, United States Army, and Basil E. Jones, Flossmoor, Ill., assignors to The Pullman Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application February 7, 1944, Serial No. 521,487, now Patent No. 2,432,572, dated December 16, 1947, which is a division of application Serial No. 384,681, March 22, 1941, now Patent No. 2,364,595, dated December 5, 1944. Divided and this application June 4, 1945, Serial No. 597,536
This application is a division of our co-pending application, Serial No. 521,487, filed February 7, 1944, for Railway Sleeping Car Beds, now Patent No. 2,432,572 of December 16, 1947, which was a division of our application, Serial No. 384,681, filed March 22, 1941, for Railway Sleeping Car, now Patent No. 2,364,595 of December 5, 1944.
The invention relates to railway sleeping cars of the type having permanently separate and independent compartments at upper and lower levels upon respectively opposite sides of a central longitudinal aisle, with each compartment having complete toilet facilities and including beds adapted'to be disposed out of the area of the normally usable space of the respective compartments, with all of the beds at one level being foldable endwise into a wall and those at the other level slidable endwise into a recess to clear the respectively usable areas, whereby such compartments are convertible for either day or night use.
The primary object of the invention is the provision of a slidable bed movable endwise from a position of use at nighttime, where it overlies the seat provided for daytime occupancy, into a recess provided therefor and wherein it occupies space not otherwise usable. The bed moves in a horizontal position at all times on antfriction rollers and is provided with means for supporting a free end of the bed at the position of the entrance to the compartment.
An important object of the invention is the provision of a sliding bed for use in a room of a railway car and which is adapted for operation in a direction paralleling an aisle from which the room is entered and having locking means for retaining the bed in extended and retracted positions, operated at that side thereof adjacent the aisle.
The foregoing and other objects, which will become apparent as the description proceeds, are attained by the construction and arrangement more fully hereinafter to be described and shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is a general perspective view of a portion of a railway car having portions broken away better to reveal the compartments at upper and lower levels constructed and arranged in accordance with this invention;
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing compartments at an upper and a lower level, each made up for daytime occupancy and looking towards the aisle wall with the entrance doors therein;
Fig. 3 is also a longitudinal sectional view showing the compartments at upper and lower levels made up for nighttime occupancy with the beds each in the open position but looking in the opposite direction toward the side wall of the vehicle;
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal plan sectional view taken wholly beneath the level of the upper compartment and through the bed recess for the lower compartment showing the disposition of the bed in its receded position;
Fig. 5 is a, similar view showing the bed in fully extended position;
Fig. 6 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 2, through an upper level compartment, showing the folding bed in its closed upright position with the seat in the daytime occupancy position;
Fig. 'l is a fragmentary detail view of the antifriction roller track arrangement for the sliding bed;
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary detail View illustrating the bed and folding seat pivot arrangement for the upper level compartment and showing the bed balancing mechanism together with the bed extension for supporting the mattress; and
Fig. 9 is'aIr enlarged fragmentary plan view of the articulated bed extension for the folding bed.
In the drawings I0 represents a railway car having sidewalls II and I2 and longitudinal partitions I3 and I4 defining a central aisle I5. Between the partitions I3 and I4 and the respective side walls II and I2 are compartments I6 and Il at upper and lower levels, respectively, and disposed at opposite sides of the central aisle. The upper and lower compartments at each side of the aisle are separated by partitions I8 and I9 at opposite ends of the various compartments and extending from the respective side walls to the respectively associated aisle partitions. The partitions I9 extend continuously from the iloor 20 of tire car I0 to the roof framing 2|, as best shown 1n Figs. 2 and 3, and the partitions I8 extend from the roof framing to floor 22 of upper compartments I6. The partitions I3 are each disposed in a single plane and continuous except for opening 23 which provides access to luggage compartment 24 provided for each upper compartment and which is disposed over the ceiling 25 of lower compartment I1. Rear wall 26 de iines the depth of the luggage compartment.
Partitions I8, as best shown in Figs. 2 and 3, are of substantial depth for a purpose hereinafter to appear. Each of the compartments I6 is provided with a bed 21 foldable endwise into the respective partitions I8 where itis retained by spring-pressed latches 28 disposed in respectively opposite side walls 29 of bed-recess30 and which are released by mechanism 3| including pushrods operatively associated with operating handle 32 and adapted to push the latches 23 out of engagement with catches 33 on opposite sides of the bed 21 to permit withdrawal ofv the,V bed from the recess 30. The bed is hingedly mounted in the partition recess as at 34 by means of a bracket 35 secured in the recess 30, adjacent the lower end thereof, having an upwardly opening slot 36 adapted to cooperate with trunnion 31 forming part of bracket 38 secured to the bed, all as best shown in Fig. 8. The horizontal depth of vpartition I8 is greater at 39 to provide an overhanging support 40 for seat 4I and the hinge mechanism 34 for the folding bed is disposed substantially at the position of this seat. As shown in Figs, 2, 3 and 8, seat 4| conceals bed-balancing mechanism, including springs 42 anchored tothe seat support 40 at 43 and having sprocket chains 44 secured to their respectively opposite ends and passing over sprockets 45 pivotally secured to the brackets 35 and then connected to the bed 21 at 46 and at that side of the pivot 34 opposite the freeend of the bed to exert a force thereon tending to close the bed, thus facilitating the operation ofthe bed. Backrest 41 for the seat 4I is xed to the bed 21 and movable therewith to an inoperative, inverted position as the bed is opened for use, and to an upright position` for use as the bed is closed. Upholstered fixed armrests 48 extend between and are secured to the partition I8 and the seat support 40 at opposite sides of the seat and backrest 4| and 41 respectively.
The partition-|8 is offset at 45 to provide a u.
horizontal shelf 50 having an arcuate portion 5I connecting the shelf with the vertical rear wall 52 of the bed recess and which forms the dividing wall of the lower compartment I1. It will be noted that the hingedly mounted bed 21 does not afford a full length bed, but the shelf 50 provides a support for a bed extension 55, foldable into the bed recess 30 Aand movable automatically with the bed to an operative horizontal position of rest on the shelf 50. As best shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the extension 55 comprises a substantially fiat plate having a reinforcing rod 80 extending across its edge next adjacent to the lower edge of the bed 2K1 and about which the extension plate 55 is wrapped, or Y folded, and secured. The rod extends beyond the respectively opposite sides of the extension plate to engage flanged track guide members 6| and 62 mounted upon the opposite side walls of bed recess 30 in position to support that end of the extension out of engagement with the shelf 50.
The tracks BI and 32 are of such length as to permit of the full movement of the extension into and out of the bed recess as the bed is closed oropened.` The. slidable. ext.ension,55 is con;-
nected to the bed 21 by means of links 64 disposed at opposite sides of the bed and extension and which are pivotally connected to the rod 60 at the respective ends between the extension and the tracks 6I and 62 and to the bed 21 at each side, as at G5. The opposite or far end of the extension 55 is slightly arcuate, as at 66, and is supported by means of antifriction rollers 61 on the arcuate portion 5I between shelf 50 and dividing wall 52. The rollers 61 are mounted upon a reinforcing rod 68 extending across the free end of the extension and about which it is folded and secured. The extension 55, as the bed 21 is moved from an open to a closed position, is adapted. by means of the rollers 61, to ride up the arcuate portion 5I and the wall 52 to an inclined position in the fully closed condition of the bed, at which time the connecting links 64 allow sufcient space to accommodate a folding mattress between the closed bed and upright extension, as best disclosed in Fig. 8. The bed 21 `is adapted to receive a mattress 63 provided with a foldable extension portion 10 hingedly secured thereto at 1I and which, in the open position of the bed, is adapted to provide a full length horizontal flush sleeping surface and, in the closed position of the bed, to fold up automatically as the extension 55 rides up the wall 52 and be accommodated within the recess 39. Both conditions of the folding bed arrangement are illustrated in Fig. 8g from which the relative positions may readily be ascertained. A light 12 in the bed recess 30 provides illumination for reading when the bed is open, and xtures 86 on the side and aisle walls provides light for reading in the closed position of the bed.
A combination member 8| is providedin compartment I6 incorporating the toilet facilities for this room, including a covered hopper S3 and a folding washst-and 84. The combination member is disposed in that corner of the room away from partition I8 and adjacent to partition I9 and aisle partition I3 and where the enclosed hopper is overlapped by the bed 21 in its open position which issupported at this free end on ledge on the partition I9. A window 90 is disposed in the side wall II of the compartment IB at a level convenient to a person using the seat 4I and alongside of which the bed 21 is disposed when open. A single step 9|, havingva lighting fixture 92, provides access to the level 22 of the compartment I5 through doorway 93 which may be closed by sliding door 34 receivable in pocket in the aisle partition I3.
As best shown in Figs. 2 and 3, it will be seen that where the upper compartment has a pivotally mounted folding bed, the lower compartment is provided with a bed of fixed full length slidably mounted to move from a concealed, inoperative position to an extended position in the compartment for use. The sliding bed |00, for the lower compartment I1, is best shown in its two extreme positions of movement in Figs. 2 and 3 respectively. The bed comprises a bunk or frame II inthe form of an open top box-like receptacle adapted to receive a full length mattress |02 and having rollers |35 secured at intervals along the outer side walls thereof to provide for longitudinal movement of thebed in compartment I1. Mounting trunnions |04 afford bearings for ball or roller bearings for the rollers |05 vwhich are adapted` to support the bed for relative sliding movement inA tracks provided therefor at oppositesilesofythevbed. 'Ihetr-un-- 5 nions |04 comprise headed bolts secured through respective side walls of the bed by means of threaded fastenings I'I with spacing collars |03 maintaining the rollers |05 in proper spaced relation to the side of the bed. A track |06 is mounted upon the side wall |I for support of the bed on that side and extends continuously the iull length of the movement ci the bed and therefore supports the bed at this side in both fully open and retracted positions. ri`he bed |00 is adapted to move endwise longitudinally from a fully concealed, retracted or daytime position beneath the floor 22 of the compartment It and partition I8 to a fully extended open or nighttime position in the compartment I1. at the wall side is provided with three of the rollers IE-one at each end and one at an intermediate position-so that it is supported over its full length throughout its travel from retracted to extended position and return. The track |06 comprises upper and lower rails ||0 on a base plate or web 91, as best shown in Fig. 7, and the rollers |05 are adapted to be disposed 'between the upper and lower rails for support on the lower rail with the upper rail acting as a guard or cover overlying the rollers. The bed is supported at the opposite side by means of rollers |05, engaging a track |08 which is secured to vertical longitudinally extending panel |00, providing a support from the car floor 20, and extending continuously across the face of a combination member at the outer side of which it terminates,
. as best shown in Fig. 2. The bed on this side is provided with two of the rollers |05-one at the inner end and one at an intermediate position Q.- with the intermediate roller disposed for support in the track on the combination member when the bed is extended. The track |00 is of the same construction as track |06 and extends continuously the length of the panel |00 and across the face of the combination member I! I to accommodate the full travel of the two bed supporting rollers |05von this side. When the bed is extended, both rollers support the bed in the track as in the retracted position of the bed and their disposition in relation to the length of the track and of the bed and its movement is such that once they are entered in the space lbetween the upper and lower rails IIE! they do not leave the connes of track |08, and the rollers |05 at both sides of the bed are entered into the tracks |06 and |08 by means of a removable portion 68 in the upper rail |I0 on the face of the combination member III. When the upper rail portion S8 is removed, the bed frame |0| may be 5 assembled with the supporting tracks in the following manner: The bed is disposed at an upward inclination in compartment I'I and the roller |05 at the inner end oi the bed on the side adjacent wall Il is inserted between upper and lower rails ||0 of track |06, after which the end roller at the other side of the bed is dropped into track |00 through the space left by removed portion 00 whereupon the bed may be moved to a horizontal position where the remaining rollers on the wall side may be inserted in track |00 and the remaining roller at the other side dropped through the opening in the upper rail and the removable portion reapplied to maintain the relation of the bed in the supporting tracks. It will be noted that the bed frame, or bunk, Il, is not carried at its outside corner from thepanel |00 by means of one of the rollers |05, but, instead, is supported by means of a laterally extending bedrest |22 adapted to enter the track |09 on the The bed 6 combination member III as the bed isclosed to support this corner of the bed in retracted position. The bedrest |22 is adapted also to support the bed in extended position, as will hereinafter appear.
The panel |09 is oi approximately the same height from the fioor as the bed |00 and extends from the partition I9 to thecombination member |I| in the lower compartment, and a horizontal member IIT of this same extent closes the space between the top of the panel |09 and the aisle partions I3 and I4, as best shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6, to prevent anything from the bed from falling into this space. A horizontal member I I8 is disposed immediately beneath the bed frame IOI between the respective panels |09 and the car side walls II and l2 and extending from the partition I9 to a vertical transverse wall IIS, as best shown in Figs. 2 and 3.. and which extends from the respective panels I 09 to the`side walls and I2 and from the members |I8 to the car floor 20. This member I3 prevents any part of the bedding from falling into the space |20, which otherwise would be exposed by the withdrawal of the bed |00 from the recess |2| thus formed. The space |25 beneath the bed |00, in its normally closed position, as best shown in Fig. 2, may be utilized for the storage of luggage, as may the space on the bed beneath the seat support 40 and shelf 50 when the bed is not in use, if desired. The bed |00, in its retracted position, is concealed by means of a curtain |26 extending between the side wall |I and aisle partition I3 and which may be withdrawn when the bed is extended for use. While the curtain |26` is indicated as closing this space, any other type of closure might be utilized, such as a rollaway partition or doors or the like.
A seat |30 is provided in compartment Il adjacent to the partition I9 and having an associated backrest I3I supported against this partition. The seat and backrest may be supported entirely from the partition I9 or from the side wall I I and aisle wall I3 or the oor 20 or in any manner desired from any one or combination of these elements. A seat end bracket |32 is associated with the seat andV backrest at that side away from the side Wall I| and is provided with a slot |33 adapted to receive the bedrest |22 on the bed. rIhe seat end bracket |32 is rigidly mounted and therefore provides a iixed support for the cooperating end of the bed |00 which, by means of the interlocking engagement between the part |22 and the slot I 33, is thereby supported in its fully extended position with the bed |00 in overlapping relation to the seat |30. The bracket |32 might :form ,part of an armrest for the seat |30 or be entirely dissociated from the seat so long as its supporting relation, with respect to the bed, is retained. Locking mechanism operable from the same corner of the bed as that upon which the bedrest |22 is mounted is provided for locking the bed in :fully extended and retracted positions. The locking mechanism comprises a spring pressed retractible bolt |23 located within the end rail 96 of the bed frame I0| and engageable with locking stops 18 and 'I9 in the retracted and extended positions of the bed respectively. The locking stops are secured upon the side wall I| in position to be engaged by the locking bolt |23 as the bed is moved from one position to the other and are each provided with a sloping surface serving to retract the locking bolt automatically as;the bed is moved to eitherextreme position. When the locking bolt passes. the point of greatest dimension of the stop. it is. automatically projected into engagement behind the abutment surface serving as apositive stop to opposing movement of the bed bymeans of spring I38.associated. with the bolt within theend rail 96. The locking stops. 1S and 19. areoppositely disposed to present their abutmentlsurfaces in. opposed relation to opening. and closing movements respectively ofthe bed; Ittwi'll be noted that the. locking bolt |23 extends within the. end rail 96 substantially across the full width of. the bed. lili) and when it is desiredto operate thebed .by movingit from one.. position or the other thebolt may be re` tracted by means. of an operating handle |24 whichV islocated at the same side of the. bed with the bedrest. |22 so that while the locking mechanism for the bed is. operative at the side wall position it is. operable from the opposite side. of. the bed adjacent the entrance side of the room I'I. The operating handle |24 is pivotally mounted inthe end rail 96 to provide a fulcrum for retracting the looking bolt, and extendsabove the level of the'end rail whereit is equipped with a knob or handle exposed above thefend rail in a position where it may be grasped to releasethe locking mechanism in either position of the' bed. When the bed is disposed in either. ofits two locked positions and it is desired to moveV it to. the opposite position, it is necessary merely to manipulate the operating handle |2l` to release thei locking mechanism, whereupon the bed may then be rolled to the other. position where it will automatically engage the stop at that location to maintain the position of the bed.
The seat and backrest |30 and i3| are disposed alongside of Window |35 mounted in the side walls Il or i2, anda sliding door |36 is disposed at the opposite side of the seat and adapted to be received in a pocket |37 provided therefor in tliefaisle partition I3, which permits of the openlng'movement of the door.
The combination member I in compartment I1 includes folding washstand |43 and concealed chair hopper itl and is disposed at the aisle partition between the wall 52 and entrance'door |36, where it is overlapped by the bed when the bed is made ready for occupancy. The combination member 8|, in compartment I3, is disposed at the aisle partition in the corner of the room between partition I9 and the entrance door 94, and it will be noted in each instance that the respective beds 2 and i overlie the hoppers 83 and 113| when the beds are extended, wherefore, in order to use the hoppers, which are each covered by a hinged cover seat, it is necessary iirst to remove the bed from its overlapping relation thereto before the hinged covers can be raisedY to reveal the hoppers. Hence, the respective beds arev made easily operable by the counterbalancing mechanism i'. and the ball bearing mounting rollers |05.
From the foregoing it will be seen that there has been provided an arrangement involving rooms disposed at opposite sides of a central longitudinal aisle at dierent levels and readily accessible from the aisle, with the aisle level coincident with the level of certain of the rooms and involving folding beds-in the rooms at one level and sliding beds in all of the rooms at the other'level. It willv be notedV that" by the use of the particular arrangement"of` beds; as disclosed herein, with the sliding beds all disposed at one level and the pivotal folding beds all at another level, a greater number of accommodations can be gotten into a vehicle than would otherwise be possible. By the efficiency of the arrangement the greatest number of passenger accommodations may be incorporated ina vehicle Without sacricing the comfort of the occupants and without detracting from the standard o railway sleeping maintained. An important advance of the present construction over prior arrangements having rooms at two levels lies in the fact that the space over the seat in every room extends to the ceiling of the respective rooms, whereby the conned areas over the seats of earlier designs caused by overhanging shelves or bunks, or even door areas, as a result of the overlapping of usable areas, are completely eliminated, and the occupant afforded the luxury and unrestricted spaoiousness of a high ceiling with attendant safety flowing irom the elimination of the hazard always present with a structure immediately overhanging the head of a seated occupant. In this design the only overlapping area between upper and lower accommodations is utilized for the accommodation of the respective beds for the individual rooms, in that one is disposed above the offset in the intermediate partition and the other is dis posed beneath this oilset portion, whereby this otherwise unusable space is utilized for the accommodation of the facilities not ordinarily used in daytime.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination with a plurality ol' walls defining a room and a recess opening into the room, a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respeotively and having anti-friction supporting means secured to the frame at spaced intervals along each side, a supporting track secured to one of said walls adjacent one side of the frame engaging the supporting means on that side or" the frame and extending the full length of the range of movement of the frame, a supporting track secured to a wall of the recess adjacent the other side of the frame engaging the supporting means on said side of the frame and extending the full length of the frame, a support for said last-named side of the frame positioned in the room and fixed relatively to the walls thereof, and means on said last-named side oi the frame adapted to lock the frame in retracted position and in open position.
2. In combination with a plurality of walls dening a room and a recess opening into the room, a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having anti-friction supporting means secured to the frame at spaced intervals along each side, said anti-friction means comprising individual supporting rollers disposed on one side of the frame at opposite ends and atan intermediate position and on the other side of the frame at one end and at an intermediate position, a supporting track secured to one of said accommodations heretoforev .9 named side of the frame positioned in the room and iixedV relatively to the Walls thereof, and means on said last-named side of the frame for engaging said support when the frame is in extended position and for engaging the secondnamed track when the Vframe is in retracted position. v
3. In combination with a plurality of walls dening a room and a recess opening into the room, a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having anti-friction supporting means secured to the frame at spaced intervals along each side, said anti-friction means comprising end which moves into the recess, a supporting 'ele- -f ment secured to the last-named side of the frame at the opposite end thereof, a supporting track secured to one of said walls adjacent the firstnamed side of the frame engaging the end and intermediate rollers of said side and extending the full length of the range of movement of the frame, a supporting track secured to a wall of the recess adjacent the other side of the frame yengaging the second-named end and intermediate rollers, and a slotted member rlxed in the room adapted to be engaged by said supporting element rand to support the same andthe adjacent end of the frame when the -bed is in extended position.
4. In combination with a plurality of Walls deiining a room and a recess opening into the room, a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having supporting means secured to the frame at spaced intervals along each side, at least certain of said means at each side comprising anti-friction rollers, a supporting track secured to one of said walls adjacent one side of the frame and engaging the supporting means on said side of the frame and extending the full length of the range of movement of the frame, a supporting track secured to a wall of the recess adjacent to the other side of the frame and engaging the supporting means on said other side of the frame, a support positioned in the room l and fixed relatively to the Walls thereof engaging the supporting means on said last-named side of the frame when the frame is in extended position, and means adapted to lock the frame in fully extended position and in retracted position.
5. In combination with a plurality of walls deiining a room and a recess opening into the room. a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having supporting means secured to the frame at spaced intervals along each side, at least certain of said means at each side comprising anti-friction rollers, a supporting track secured to one of said walls adjacent one side of the frame and engaging the supporting means on said side ofv the frame and extending the full length of the range of movement of the frame, a supporting track secured to a wall of the recess adjacent to the other side of the frame and enw gaging the supporting means on said other side of the frame, each of said tracks comprising a bottom supporting member and an overlying upper member each extending continuously the full length of the respective track,'eac`h of said upper members being engageable by the adjacent supporting means to prevent canting of the frame, a support positioned in the room and fixed relatively to the walls thereof adaptedto be engaged by the supporting means on said lastnamed side of the frame when the frame is in extended position, and means adapted to lock the frame in fully extended position and in retracted position. I
6. In combination with a plurality of walls defining a room and a recess opening into the room. a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having supporting means secured to the frame at each side, said supporting means including individual supporting rollers mounted on one side of the frame at opposite ends and a supporting roller mounted on the other side of the frame at one end, a supporting track secured to one of said walls adjacent the firstnamed side of the frame engaging said rollers on said side or the frame and extending substantially the full-length of the range of movement of the frame, a supporting track secured to a Wall of the recess at the other side ofthe frame engaging said one roller and of less length than the firstnamed track but extending substantially the full length of the frame, a supporting element secured to the frame at the other end of the lastnamed side engaging said last-named track to support the frame in retracted position, slotted means iixed in the room in the path of said element adapted to receive said element and support said last-named end of the frame in extended position, means for locking the 'frame in retracted position, and means for locking the frame in extended position, both of said locking means being releasable from said last-named side of the frame.
7. In combination with a plurality of walls defining a room and a recess opening into the room, a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having supporting means secured to the frame at each side, said supporting means including individual supporting rollers mounted on one side of the frame at opposite ends and a supporting roller mounted on the other side of the frame at one end, a supporting track secured to one of said walls adjacent the firstnamed side oi the frame engaging said rollers on said side of the frame and extending substantially the full length of the range of movement of the frame, a supporting track secured to a wall of the recess at the other side of the frame engaging said one roller and of less length than the first-named track but extending substantially the full length of the frame, a supporting element secured to the frame at the other end of the last-named side engaging said last-named track to support this portion of the frame in retracted position, slotted means xed in the room in the path of said element adapted to receive said element and support said portion of the frame in extended position, and means for locking the frame in extended and retracted positions.
8. In combination with a plurality of Walls defining a room and a recess opening into the room, a full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between extended and retracted positions in the room and recess respectively and having supporting means secured to the frame 'at each side. said supporting means infcluding-individual supporting-,rollers mounted on 4substantially.the `fulllength of the frame, a supporting element secured to the-frame at the otherfendof the last-.named sidefengagingsaid `last-namedtrack .to vsupport this .portion .of the :frame in retracted position, slottedimeans jixed in'the roem in' .the path .ofnsaid element :adapted .to receivefsaidelementand-support-.said portion of-theframein extendedposition, separate locking stops xed relativelytothe lfirst-named wall and-spaced :apart along the range of lmovement o1 ftheiframe,` locking meansnon theY first-named sideiofytheybed releasablyengaging said separate 'locking stops' for locking the frame in extended ,and retracted positions respectively, and means Aonr the frame at saidllast-named side thereof for Vreleasing .Said locking-means.
:9.1 1n combination with a plurality of walls de- -finingga railway car; room having a portion normally;usable vasa sitting; andV standing spaceand l,having A a portion; forming a; recess opening into saidspace; aseatmounted in saidspace opposite the .lrecess, a -Lfullflength bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement between a re- ,-tracted-f-positon insaidfrecess and an extended position1in-vvhichV the frame is inY said space and nrmrtiono thegrame overlies said seat, a supw pcrting'ztrack-.secured to one of f said walls adjacent one side of the frame and extending substantially theifull flength'of the range of movement of itheqframefa supporting track secured 'toraafwall .ofmtherecess Vatthe other side of the frameand extending substantially the full length cfathe'tframe, means secured to opposite sides of thelframe and'engaging said tracks for supportingthe/frame in extendedand retracted positions,.a supporting-element secured toone side of the-frame and engaging the second-named trackifwhen .the frame is in retracted position, means including .a slotted portion vfixed on said seat in the pathof movement of said supporting element Vfor receiving said element when then frame is in fully extended position and thereby assisting in supporting the frame, and releasable meansfforsecuring the'frame in extended and retracted positions respectively.
`10. In vcombination with a plurality of walls defining'a vrailway car room having a portion normally usable Aas a sitting and standing space andhaving a portion formingA a recess opening into said space, a seat mounted in said space opposite the-recess, a'full-length bed frame slidably `mounted'for horizontal movement between a-fretracted position in said recess and an extended position in which the `frame is in said space-and ya portion of the frame overlies said seat, -a supporting track secured to one -of said wallsadjacent'one side of theframe and extendingsubstantially the full length of the range of movement -of the trama-a supporting track secured -toa wall of Vthe recess -at the other side of the'rame and extending substantially the full length of the'frame, means secured to ,opposite sides lof-thefframe and engaging said tracks for supporting the frame infextendedmnd'retracted positions: a supporting elementysecured :to none sideof the 4`frame and engaging Athesec'ond-rramerl Atrack when .ithe i frame @in Y retracted gpnsition, andmeans positionedat the'side or" 'the fseat, including a slotted portion ,lxedon the'seat, inthe path of movement of said'supporting elementfor receiving 'said elementxwhen .theframe is in fully extended position. :and .therebyv7 :assisting Vin'v .supvperting the frame.
llflri combinationwithaplurality of ywalls including an aisle. wall and a y'side :Wallzdeiiningfa railway car room having -a portion normally .usa'clecas a: sitting and standing space and rhaving a portion forming arecess'.opening'intosaid space 'at .one end thereof; aseat mounted-in said` space opposite therecess, and,v a doorwaylocated linithe aisle wall 4between the, recesszan'd 'scat,:axfull= length 4bed 'frame jslidably 4mounted-for horizontal movement vendwise between a retracted position insaid recess-and an extended. position in which the frame .isfin said space-'and a portion'of the frame overliessaid seat, a supporting tra'ck secured to said side` .wall and extending substantially the iulllengthof the .rangenof movement of the frame, .a supportingftra'ck inthe recess secured yto the iaisie .wall-and extending substantially theV full length of theframe, lmeanssecured to the opposite sides ofv the frame fand engaging said tracks for supporting the'frame in extended and retracted positions, a supporting element sev cured to one side o'f-the frameandengaging 'the second-named track .when the iframe. is in vretracted position, meansiixedE in theseat end o the sitting and-standing space including. a slotted portion fixed relatively .to theseat iii/'the path of movement of said supporting-element for receiving said element-When Vthe frameis infully extended vposition and 'therebyassisting in .supporting the frame,- meanssecured :to itheside wall "for locking the frame 2in. retractediand extended positions respectivelyfa locking member on the frame releasably engagingsaid locking means. and means on-the `frame @at the opposite :side thereof for-releasingsaid lock-ing member.
l2. In combination with faplura'lity of including: an aisle `wall 'and a-side wall defining a railway car roomhaving ali-portion norinsiy usable as la'sitting and standingfspaceatone-end lthereof, a seat mounted .in-saidvspace opposite the recess, and ay doorway located inthe aisle Wall between the recessandfseat, va full-length bed frame slidably mounted for horizontal movement endwise between a retracted position in said recess and an extended position in which the 'frame is in said space, a supporting track-secured to said side wall and extending :substantially the full length of the range of movement of .the frame, a supporting track in the frecesssecured to the aisle Wallfand extending substantially the full length of the Trame, meansfsecure'd to `the opposite sides of "the "frame'and .engaging said tracks for supporting the frame in extended and retracted positions, an'element secured on one end of the frame for engaging -la portion of said seat to assist in supportingsaid en'd of the frame in extended position, meansrsecured-'to the side wall for locking the 'frame in `retractedxand ex tended positions respectively, .a'locking member on'the frame releasably engaging said locking means, and-means on the frame at the opposite side thereof for releasing said locking member.
yJAMES K. TULLY. :BASIL IE. JONES. (References on following page) 13 14 REFERENCES CITED Number Name Date The followin references are of record in the 1316516 Lanning M June 4 1929 me of this pantgent: 2,178,923 Stewart Nov. 7, 1939 2,334,711 TIOendle Sept. 11, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS Number Name Date 175,123 Lovett Mar. 21, 1876 Number Country Date 772,006 Tegen oct. 11, 1904 892 Sweden Aug- 10, 1887 915,651 Appel Mar` 16y 1909 62,543 Switzerland Sept- 4, 1912 1,340,609 Henry May 1 8, 1920 10