Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2601545 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 24, 1952
Filing dateApr 23, 1948
Priority dateApr 23, 1948
Publication numberUS 2601545 A, US 2601545A, US-A-2601545, US2601545 A, US2601545A
InventorsAugust Miller Edwin
Original AssigneeAugust Miller Edwin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Push on-push off single button switch
US 2601545 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 24, 1952 E. A. MILLER PUSH ON PUSH OFF SINGLE BUTTON. swzwca Filed April 23, 1948 EDWIN AUGUST MILLER Wm? Patented June 24, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,601,545 PUsH Q's-Poss OFF SINGLE Barron SWITCH Edwin August Miller, Fair-field; Conn. Application April 23, 1948, Serial No. 22,903 1 Claim. (01. zon l-59) This invention relates to push on-push off single button switches, and more particularly to that type of switches the casing of which is installed within a bore in a panel such as an airplane instrument panel.

The objects of the invention are to provide a switch having a single push-button operating a double throw switch means for each push thereof; to provide a faster snap-action and wider contact pressure angle due to the movement of both ends of the tension blade in opposite directions out of its normal plane and thus producing a higher contact pressure than is found in any other type of switches; to provide a method of making contact that prevents breaking of made contacts under vibratory conditions; and to provide a switch with self-cleaning and wiping contacts.

Referring to the accompanying drawin the Figure 1 is an upright elevation of the improved switch; Figure 2 is a similar elevation but illustrating a portion of casing in cross section to expose interior parts in one position; Figure 3 3 illustrates said portion of casing in cross-section to expose said interior parts in another position; Figure 4 is a fixed support in perspective for holding an interior rocker part; Figure 5 is an edge View of a tension blade carrying contacts; Figure 6 is a front View of said tension blade; Figure 7 is a return-spring for push-but ton; Figure 8 illustrates bracketed push-button, rocker with connecting spring; and Figure '9 is a cross-section of an insulation member with stops and terminals.

With more particular reference to the accompanying drawing, the numeral I designates the entire device, as illustrated by the Figure 1. The casing 2 is substantially of cylindrical tubing form of preferred structure for installation within a bore provided therefor by a panel, such as an airplane instrument panel (not illustrated) but may be of any other desired form. The face 23 of the casing 2 has apg-reater exterior diameter than that of the portion insertable within a bore. The face 23 is provided with a central opening 4 within which to accommodate the push-button 5 keyed therein against rotation. An exterior portion of the cylindrical casing 2 is threaded, as at 6, to correspond to the tapped nut (not illustrated) which holds the device 1 Within the bore.

Within the cylindricalqtubular portion of the casing 2 there is inserted an insulation sleeve 2A having a washer 3 resting upon its upper edge 2C and, within the sleeve 2A a transverse extending supporting element comprising an upper 2 U-shaped portion 1 having a central bore 8 through both parallel walls 9, a floor opening IE and a pair of standards II, each having an inwardly projecting boss l2 adapted to be shaped V'Vitl'iili depressions I'ZA provided by the insulation plug 30.

A rocker element R, within the U-shaped upper portion i of said supporting element, is mounted therein between said parallel walls 9 by means of the pivot 14 for a limited movement therein and within the floor opening Ill. The upper edge of the rocker R is provided With a centrally notched seat portion l5, and upon both sides of said seat 1 5 the rocker R is provided with a downwardly extending oblique cam surface It and the stop shoulder 11. A central bore l8 through the rocker 1i, is provided to register with the bore 8 or the parallel Walls 9 of the U- shaped portion 1. 'Tn'e ower tapered end ill of the rocker R is provided wit'h a small opening [9A holding one end of the coil spring 20, the rocker R and the coil spring 20 together comprising the compression arrn structure of the switch device. The normal at-rest positions of the compression arm structure R and 20 relative to the tilted tension blade 2| are over-centered, as illustrated by the Figures 2 and 3.

The tension blade 2| is a metal plate having side arms 21A, the connection to portion 2IB and the bottom 21C enclosing the opening 2ID. Projecting from the bottom 2| C into the opening 21D is a short arm 2i E. Projecting from opposite side surfaces of thejbottom 2| C are contacts Cl and C2 on one side and contacts C3 and C4 on the opposite side, thesecontacts preferably being made of silver. The contact 0'4 is not illustrated, it being hidden behind the Contact C2 in the Figure 5".

The tension blade 2| ishung over the U-shaped portion 1 thus positioned within the opening 2 ID with the top 213 resting within the notch E5 of the rocker R. The spring 29', carried by the rocker R and movable through the opening 2 ID, has its free end placed over the tapered short arm 2I E,-*'the coil spring 20 "maintaining the tensioh blade 21 y ildin'gly ce'hnected with the rocker R.

The usn=bu tton 5 has a longitudinally extending cavity 23 with a slightly flexible rubber filler 24 therein. A rod 125, with an up-per portion 26 embedded within the filler 24, has a free end extending downwardly into open space within the interior of the casing 2 above, but normally spaced from, the rocker R, as illustrated by the Figure 3. The button ,5 is provided with the coil with contacts C5,

said washer 3 and bearing against the bottom of the button 5.

The lower portion of the casing 2 is provided with an insulation plug 30 having the exteriorly projection barrier 3| extending therebelow. Embedded and being supported within the insulation plug 30 are metal posts providing above the plug 30 the pairs of slightly yieldable stops Sl, S2, S3 and S4, each being provided, if desired, C6, C1 and C8, respectively, for engagement of the contacts C5 and C6 by the said contacts Cl and C2, and the engagement of the contacts C1 and C8 by the contacts C3 and C4, respectively, carried by the tension blade 2 l. The lower ends of the embedded metal posts providing the terminals 32, 33, 34 and 35.

A pin 30A may be driven through the casing 2, the sleeve 2A and the insulation plug 30 to secure the insulation plug 30 within the casing 2, provided that such pin 30A is not driven through or close to the embedded posts or the standards ll.

The operation of the push-button 5 by pressing downwardly from the position illustrated by the Figure 3, carries the rod 25 in direct alignment with the pivot l4 and onto the right-hand cam-surface l6 of the top edge of the rocker R in the rockers tipped position as illustrated by the Figure 3. Upon engaging the cam-surface Hi the rod 25 is carried farther down the camsurface [6 until engaging the shoulder I1 and operating the rocker R to the position illustrated by the Figure 2. The compression arm structure It and is thus moved through the opening 2 ID from the over-centered position with respect to the tipped blade 2|, illustrated by the Figure 3 to the opposite over-centered position, illustrated by the Figure 2, having passed through a center whereby the spring portion of the compression structure was put under greater compression due to the shortening of the distance between the wire opening ISA in the lower end of the rocker R and the spring supporting base of the tension blade arm ZIE, and the upward bodily movement of the tension blade 2| as the seat I5 of the rocker It carries the upper extremity of the tension blade 2| into alignment with the pivot 14. It is the longitudinal movement of the tension blade 2| that provides the wiping, self-cleaning movement. Upon the compression arm structure passing through the opening MD, the tension blade 2|, by means of the release of the compression arm structure, is bodily moved and with a snap-action tips the contact carrying blade extremity thereby breaking away the contacts Cl and C3 from the stops SI and S3, respectively, and engaging contacts C2 and C4 with the stops S3 and S4.

Upon a second operation of the push-button 5, the reverse movement is accomplished whereby C2 and C4 are broken away from the stops S2 and S4 and the contacts Cl and C3 are reengaged with the stops SI and S3.

It is to be noted that in adapting the rod to follow down either of the cam-surfaces 16' and to operate the rocker R, the filler 24 dampens the vibration so that it minimizes the movement of the rod 25 off its normal alignment with the button '5 and the pivot 14.

The improved electric switch device disclosed above provides for the operation of the switch by means of a single push-button 5 of which one push causes the breaking 01f of contact engagement with one circuit and makes contact engagement with a different and separate circuit.

The next push of the same button breaks off contact engagement with said separate circuit and remakes contact engagement with said firstmentioned circuit. Thus a single button control of a switch device eliminates confusion to the operator; for two or more push-buttons necessary to the operation of the device can be confusing at times.

The method of construction herein disclosed is especially adapted to resist shock, vibration and acceleration effects, such as is present in airplanes, guided missiles, rockets and guns.

Contacts can be arranged in connection with the improved form of switch device for either single pole double throw or single pole double throw-double break for isolated circuits. The employment of slightly yieldable stops prevents contact bounce and consequent arcing of electric current.

I claim:

A switch mechanism having a casing; relatively spaced yielding stops provided by said casing; a fixed support within saidcasing; a rocker pivotally mounted for two extreme positions upon said fixed support, said rocker having on its upper portion relatively, spaced shoulders; a tension blade adapted to be flexed and having an opening therethrough within which said rocker is positioned, said blade being suspended from said upper portion of said rocker between said shoulders; contacts with which opposite lower surfaces of said blade are provided each for engagement with one or the other of said yielding stops; a coiled wire spring of which the lower end is hinged to the lower portion of said blade within said opening and the upper end of said spring is attached tothe lower end portion of said rocker; a single push button having a cavity therein and being slidably mounted within the upperpart of said casing, the manually pressable button having a spring-pressed return; a laterally yieldable filler body inserted within said cavity said filler body holding therein the upper end of a rigid rod, the free end of which being normally at rest in open space within said casing above said rocker but upon each pushed movement of said button the said free end of said rod is adapted to engage one of said shoulders to pivotally operate said rocker from one to the other of said extreme positions, the said rocker carrying overhead in one direction the upper portion of said blade while the springattached lower portion of said rocker is carried in the opposite direction against a further increased compression of said spring adapted to move the contact extremity of said blade from one to the other of said yielding stops; and a pressure-angle of high degree provided between the said spring and the said blade, said pressure being augmented by the release of the flexed condition of said blade as the said blade approaches its overcentering point.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 211,600 Snediker Jan. 21, 1879 1,502,785 Kerwin July 29, 1924 1,569,416 Bates Jan. 12, 1926 2,135,864 Weber Nov. 8 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US211600 *Oct 25, 1878Jan 21, 1879The National Sewing Machine CompanyImprovement in mechanical movements
US1502785 *Dec 2, 1921Jul 29, 1924Edmunds & Jones CorpPushbutton switch
US1569416 *Aug 5, 1922Jan 12, 1926Hoover CoSwitch
US2135864 *Sep 23, 1936Nov 8, 1938Emerson Electric Mfg CoCircuit breaker
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2891436 *Jan 5, 1954Jun 23, 1959Corthals Auguste RServo-controlled profiling apparatus for use with machine tools
US2902559 *Jun 6, 1957Sep 1, 1959Zenith Radio CorpSwitching apparatus
US2933578 *Jan 3, 1957Apr 19, 1960Hubbell Inc HarveySingle push button switch
US2988613 *Dec 3, 1959Jun 13, 1961Controls Co Of AmericaAlternate action switch
US2994861 *Jul 30, 1958Aug 1, 1961Sam H AllredWater ski signal rope
US3018348 *Jun 5, 1959Jan 23, 1962Inreco AbElectric switching device
US3165611 *Jul 18, 1961Jan 12, 1965Carling Electric IncSpring biased-spring actuated momentary switch
US3251972 *Dec 16, 1963May 17, 1966Telex CorpAlternate action switch having alternating latching means
US3321983 *Jan 4, 1965May 30, 1967Master Specialties CompanyTilting bar alternate action switch mechanism
US3331933 *Oct 22, 1965Jul 18, 1967Leviton Manufacturing CoPush-button type of electrical switch
US4370533 *Dec 5, 1980Jan 25, 1983Fujitsu LimitedKeyboard switch and process for production thereof
US4398075 *Jul 1, 1981Aug 9, 1983Elekto-Apparatebau Olten, A.G.Mechanical switch
US4754106 *Mar 23, 1987Jun 28, 1988Symbolic Displays, Inc.Double cammed push-button switch and methodology for operation of the same
DE962535C *Jun 9, 1955Apr 25, 1957Giersiepen Eltech IndSchaltmechanismus fuer einen Druckknopfschalter
DE1165125B *Jun 22, 1956Mar 12, 1964Svenska Relaefabriken AbElektrischer Tastschalter mit zwei stabilen Schaltstellungen
DE1216959B *Feb 2, 1962May 18, 1966Rau Swf AutozubehoerKipphebelschalter
U.S. Classification200/465
International ClassificationH01H13/50, H01H13/60
Cooperative ClassificationH01H13/60
European ClassificationH01H13/60