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Publication numberUS2601741 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1952
Filing dateAug 13, 1946
Priority dateAug 13, 1946
Publication numberUS 2601741 A, US 2601741A, US-A-2601741, US2601741 A, US2601741A
InventorsCharles Kusold, David Cohn
Original AssigneeMargon Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Doll head with movable eyes
US 2601741 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 1 2 D. COHN ETAL DOLL HEAD WITH MOVABLE EYES Filed Aug. 15, 1946 u u a lb 6 m L m KI m W I :Nxu tux m 5M u E K N 5 =L n R A W H C Patented July 1, 1952 DOLL HEAD WITH MOVABLE EYES David Cohn, Brooklyn,

Ridgewood, N. Y., assig ration, Newark, Jersey and Charles Kusold, nors to Margon Corpo- N. J., a corporation of New Application August 13, 1946, Serial No. 690,100

24 Claims. .1

This invention relates to dolls, and more particularly to the heads of sleeping dolls, that is, heads arranged to receive movable eyes. i

The priinary object of the present invention is to generally improve'doll heads, and the mounting of movable eyes in such heads.

Another object is to provide a simplified eye mounting for a doll head made of thermoplastic material. A more particular object is to provide such a head with bearings molded integrally with the head and adapted to readily receive the shaft of an eye set after the head has been molded, said bearings having parts which may be bent to retain the eye set in position in the bearings, by applying heat anda squeezing pressure to said bearing parts. t l

To accomplish the foregoing general objects, and other more specific objects which will hereinafter appear, our invention resides in the doll head and movable eye elements and their relation one to the other, as are hereinafter more particularly described in the following specification. The specification is accompanied by a drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a vertical section taken at one eye of a doll head embodying features of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the doll head taken. behind the eyes;

Fig. 3 is a detail drawn to enlarge scale and explanatory of the invention;

Fig. 4-is a similar view showing how parts of the hearing are bent to retain the eye shaft in position; 7

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, but showing a modification utilizing bushings;

Fig. 6 is a horizontal section through one "part of a doll head, and is taken approximately in the plane of the line 6-6 ofFig. 5;

Fig. 7 is a vertical section behind the eye set of a doll head having a modified mounting;

Fig. 8 is a horizontal section taken approxi mately in the plane of theline 8-8 of Fig; 7;

Fig. 9 is a vertical section through one bearing; and

Fig. 10 is a vertical section taken approximately in the plane of the line Ill-40 of Fig. 7

Referring to the drawing, the invention in all forms comprises generically a head H molded of a thermoplastic material, and provided with an eye set generally designated E. The eye set includes a shaft which affords rotation or sleeping movement of the eyes,'and a weight W for gravitationallychanging the position of the eyes when the doll is turned from upright to recumbent position. The shaft of the eye set is received in bearings B having bearing slots which are initially open at one end to receive the eye shaft. The bearings include parts which are adapted to be closed by applying heat and a squeezing pressure (the closed parts being indicated in Figs. 4, 5 and 10), thereby retaining the eye shaft in position in the bearings.

Considering the first form of the invention in greater detail, and referring to Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, there are bearings l2 and I4 integrally molded with the head and projecting rearwardly from the front wall of the head near the sides of the head. Each bearing is initially formed with a bearing slot l6 (see Fig. 3), dimensioned to rotatably receive the cross-rod l8 of the eye set. The bearing further includes parts 20 which are adapted to be squeezed together in order to close the bearing and prevent escape of the crossrod. For this purpose a tool schematically indicated at 22 is employed, this tool being arranged to apply heat and a squeezing pressure to the parts 20, thus bending them toward one another around the outer side of the shaft l8, thereby holding the shaft l8 Within the bearing, without, however, looking it against rotation. This is best illustrated by the change from Fig. 3 to Fig. 4.

It will be understood that the bearings I2 and I4, or at least the bendable parts 20-40 thereof, are molded free of the side walls of the doll head, thus exposing the same for the desired closing operation. It will also be understood that the tool 22 may employ relatively movable jaws, instead of the simple tapered or V-shape illustrated in the drawing. The latter tool is simply moved from. right to left, as viewed in the drawing.

In Figs. 1 and 2, it will be understood that the eye set consists of eyes '24 and 26 carried on a cross-rod or shaft 28, the latter having ends or trunnions 36 which are received in the bearings l2 and I4. A weight wire 32 is Welded to the shaft '28 at 34. The lower end of the weight wire is bent to carry a weight 36, the latter in the present case being folded to U-shape and squeezed on the part 38 of the weight 'wire. The weight wire may be extended at its upper end to provide a motion limiting stop 40, said stop bearing against a stop surface 42 on the inside of the doll head, thereby arresting the closing or sleeping movement of the eyes when the doll is in lying position.

Although the eye set is shown supported in a pair of widely spaced bearings receiving the ends of the eye shaft, it will be understood that a substantially similar construction may be employed, but with the bearings located inside the eyes 24 and 26, instead of outside the eyes. In such case, the bearings project rearwardly from the front wall of the head at each side of the weight wire 32, and are provided with open ended slots receiving the eye shaft much as has already been described.

A slightly modified form of the invention is illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6 of the drawing. In this case, the eye shaft 59 further includes tubular metal bushings or sleeves 52, in which the shaft is rotatable. The open ended slots in the integrally molded thermoplastic bearings 54 are made large enough in diameter to receive the bushings 52. To mount the eyes in the head the bushings 52 are slid over the ends of the shaft, and the complete eye set is then slid into the bearings 54. A preferably heated pressure tool such as that schematically indicated at Figs. 3 and 4 is then applied to the sides of the slot, that is, to the projecting parts 56 of the bearings 54, thus bending or squeezing same toward one another, as is clearly shown in Fig. 5. This retains the bushing in position. The present modification has the obvious advantage of guarding against any possibility of binding the eyeshaft by the application of excessive pressure when closing the open slot of the bearing.

Here again it will be understood that center bearings may be used, instead of the side bearings illustrated. In such case, the eye shaft will include bushings disposed on each side of the weight arm between the Weight arm and the eyes.

Still another form of the invention is illustrated in Figs. '7, 8, 9 and 10 of the drawing. Referring first to Fig. 9, the integrally molded bearing 85] is provided with an open bearing slot 62. This slot is enlarged to provide what may be termed a seat 64 for a metal plate which closes the bearing. The parts 66 may be squeezed together under heat and pressure to retain the plate in position, and through it to retainthe shaft in position. The location of the plate on the broad seat 64 affords rotation of the shaft, much as with the bushing in Figs. 5 and 6. Thus in Fig. 10 the eye shaft 68 is held in place by deformation of the parts 56 of the bearing 60, the holding action of the part 66 taking place through the medium of the plate 10.

As so far described, the bearings might be located at the sides of the head receiving the ends of the eye shaft, as shown in Figs. 1 through 6 of the drawing, there being two separate plates 10, one in each of the bearings. A similar arrangement may be used with bearings located near the center of the head.

In the particular form of the invention illustrated in the drawing, the bearings are located at the center of the head at each side of the weight arm 12, and the two plates are connected by a bridge of metal 714, so that only a single metal piece need be handled. The connecting metal M is arched rearwardly, as is best shown in Fig. 8, in order to provide adequate clearance for the swinging movement of the weight arm I2. In fact, the connecting metal 14 may, if desired,'be so dimensioned as to provide a motion limiting stop to limit closing movement of the eyes when the weight arm 12 engages the bottom edge of the arch It. This may be in lieu of or in addition to a stop action which may be provided by extending the weight arm upwardly, as-indicated at 16, the part 16 being so bent as to bear against the 4 front wall of the head when the eyes are in closed position.

The material used for the doll head may be any suitable thermoplastic material, which is rigid at room temperature, for example, cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate butyrate, acrylic resins such as methyl methacrylate, and styrene resins such as polystyrene. 1

It is believed that the construction and method of assembly of our improved doll head, as well as the advantages thereof, will be apparent from the foregoing detailed description. The eye set may be of simplest type; it comprising merely a pair of eyes, a cross-rod, and a weight arm. The bearings for this simplified eye set are molded integrally with the head as a part of the main molding operation. The provision of these bearings adds only negligibly to the cost of the head. The eye set is readily slipped into the open bearing slots and is retained in position by closing parts of the bearing, preferably under heat and pressure. The eye set may be mounted in the front half of the head before adding'the rear half, or if preferred, the eye set may be inserted in an already closed head, through the neck opening. Similarly, the tool for bending the parts of the bearing, and thus locking the eye set in the head, may be operated through the neck opening if the head is closed before adding the eyes.

The bearings may be provided either outside the eyes or between the eyes. The eye shaft may be retained by the plastic material directly, or indirectly through the intermediate use of bushings, or backing plates.

It will be apparent that while we have shown and described our invention in several preferred forms, changes may be made in the structures disclosed without departing from the spirit of the invention as sought to be defined in the following claims.

We claim: a

l. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having bearing slots of substantial total depth open at one end to receive the eye shaft, the parts of said bearings at the open end of said slots being adapted to be turned toward one another by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to said parts of the bearings, in order to help retain the eye shaft in position.

2. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having bearing slots of sub stantial total depth open at the rear to receive the eye shaft, the parts of said bearings at the rear end of said slots being adapted to be turned toward one another by applying ,heat and a squeezing pressure to the rear ends of the bearing, in order to help retain the eye shaft in position.

3. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the insideof said head having one or more eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having slots open at one end and dimensioned to receive metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, said slots being adapted to be closed by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to parts of the bearing, thereby retaining the eye shaft bushings and with them the eye shaft in position.

4. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having one or more eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having slots open at the rear and dimensioned to receive metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, said slots being adapted to be closed by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to the rear ends of the bearing, thereby retaining the eye shaft bushings and with them the eye shaft in position.

5. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot open at one end and adapted to receive the eye shaft, said bearing having a wider seat at the open end of the bearing slot extending all the way to the end of the bearing slot and adapted to receive a plate for closing the bearing slot, the wider seat being adapted to be closed toward the plate by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to the sides of the seat, and thereby retaining the plate and with it the eye shaft in position.

6. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot open at the rear and adapted to receive the eye shaft, said bearing having a wider seat in back of the bearing slot extending all the way to the end of the bearing slot and adapted to receive a back plate for closing the bearing slot, the wider seat being adapted to be closed toward the plate by applying heat and a, squeezing pressure to the rear ends of the bearing, and thereby retaining the back plate and with it the eye shaft in position.

'7. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having a plurality of eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having hearing slots open at the rear to receive the eye shaft of an eye set having a weight arm, said bearings having wider seats in back of the bearing slots extending all the way to the end of the bearing.

slots and adapted to receive a back plate for closing the bearing slots, said back plate being bent rearwardly to accommodate swinging movement of the weight arm of the eye set, the wider seats being adapted to be closed toward the plate by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to the rear ends of the bearings, and thereby retaining the back plate and with it the eye shaft in position.

8. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having eye openings, an eye set having an eye shaft disposed in said head at said openings, the inside of said head having eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having bearing slots receiving the eye shaft, the sides of said bearing slots being bent towardone another at one side of the shaft in order to help retain theshaft in position.

9. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having eye openings, an eye set having an eye shaftdisposed in said head at said openings, the inside of said head having eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having bearing slots receiving the eye shaft, the rear ends of said bearings being bent toward one another in order to help retain the eye shaft in position.

10. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having eye openings, an eye set including an eye shaft at said openings, and metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, the inside of said head having one or more eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having slots dimensioned to receive the metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, the sides of said slots being bent toward one another at one side of the bushings in order to retain the eye shaft bushings and with them the eye shaft in position.

11. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having eye openings, an eye set including an eye shaft at said openings, and metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, the inside of said head having one or more eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having slots dimensioned to receive the metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, the ends of said bearings being bent toward one another to retain the eye shaft bushings and with them the eye shaft in position.

12. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and. having eye openings, an eye set at said openings, said eye set including an eye shaft and a weight arm secured thereto, and a plate, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot receiving the eye shaft and a wider seat at the open end of the bearing slot receiving the plate for closing the bearing slot, the sides of said seat bein bent toward one another around the outside of the plate in order to retain the plate and with it the eye shaft in position. i

13. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having eye openings, an eye set at said openings, the said eye set including an eye shaft and a weight arm secured thereto, and a plate, the inside of said head having eye shaft bearings formed integrally,

material rigidat room temperature and having eye openings, an eye set at said openings, the said eye set including an eye shaft and a weight arm secured thereto, and a back plate, the inside of said head having a plurality of eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having bearing slots receiving the eye shaft and wider seats in back of the bearing slots receiving the back plate for closing the bearing slots, said back plate bein bent rearwardly to accommodate swinging movement of the weight arm, the ends of said bearin being bent toward one another around the outside of the back plate in order to retain the back plate and with it the eye shaft in position.

15. In the manufacture of a molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having an eye set with an eye shaft, the method of mounting the eye set in the head, which includes molding the doll head with one or more slotted eye shaft bearings projecting rearwardly from the front of the head and of the same material, applying the eye shaft to the slots of said bearings, and then applying heat and squeezing pressure to parts of the bearings at the open end of the slot in order to bend the same toward one another to thereby help retain the eye shaft in position.

16. In the manufacture of a molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having an eye set with an eye shaft, the method of mountin the eye set in the head, which includes molding the doll head with one or more slotted eye shaft bearings projecting rearwardly from the front of the head and of the same material, applying the eye shaft to the slots of said bearings, and then applying heat and a squeezing pressure to the rear ends of the bearings at the open end of the slot in order to bend the same toward one another to thereby help retain the eye shaft in position.

17. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having eye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head and of the same material, said bearings having slots open at one end and dimensioned to receive an eye shaft and an additional metal part acting as a bearing for engaging yet affording rotation of said eye shaft, said slots being adapted to be closed toward the metal part by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to parts of the bearing and thereby retaining the aforesaid metal hearing part and with it the eye shaft in position.

18. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature and having eye openings, an eyeset having an eye shaft at said openings, and metal bearing parts for bearing against said eye shaft while affording rotation of said eye shaft, the inside of said head havingeye shaft bearings formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearings having slots dimensioned to receive the eye shaft and the aforesaid metal bearing parts, the sides of said slots being directed toward another outside the metal bearing parts in order to retain said metal bearing parts and with them the eye shaft in position.

19. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a, bearing slot of substantial total depth open at one end to receive the eye shaft, the parts of said bearing 8 at the open end of said slot bein projections which are of small section compared to the main adjacent parts of the bearing which define the closed end of the slot, whereby the projections may be deformed toward one another in order to help retain the eye shaft in position by'applying heat and a squeezing pressure to said projections, without deforming the main adjacent parts of the bearing.

20. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eyeshaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot of substantial total depth open at the rear end to receive the eye shaft, the parts of said bearing at the rear end of said slots being projections which are wedge shaped and of small section compared to the main adjacent parts of the bearing which define the forward end of the slot, whereby the ends'of the projections may be deformed toward one another in order to help retain the eye shaft in position by applyin heat and a squeezing pressure to said projections, without deforming the main adjacent parts of the bearing.

21. .A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot of substantial total depth open at one end and dimensioned to receive metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, the parts of said bearing at the open end of said slot being projections which are of small section compared to the main adjacent parts of the bearing which define the closed end of the slot, whereby the projections may be deformed toward one another to retain the eye shaft bushings and with them the eye shaft in position by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to said projections, without deforming the main adjacent parts of the bearing.

22. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot of substantial total depth open at the rear end and dimensioned to receive metal bushings surrounding the eye shaft, the parts of said bearing at the rear end of said slot being projections which are wedge shaped and of small section compared to the main adjacent parts of the bearing which define the forward end of the slot, whereby the ends of the projections may be deformed toward one another to retain the eye shaft bushings and with them the eye shaft in position by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to said projections, without deforming the main adjacent parts of the bearing.

23. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot of substantial total depth open at one end, said bearing having a wider seat at the open end of the bearing slot adapted to receive a plate for closing the bearing slot, the parts of said bearing at the open end of said'slot being projections which are of small section compared to the main adjacent parts of the bearing which define the closed end of the slot, whereby the projections may be deformed toward one another in order to retain the plate and with it the eye shaft in position by applying heat and a squeezing pressure to said projections, without deforming the main adjacent parts of the bearing.

24. A molded doll head made of thermoplastic material rigid at room temperature, the inside of said head having an eye shaft bearing formed integrally with the head and of the same material and projecting rearwardly from the front of the head, said bearing having a bearing slot of substantial total depth open at the rear end, and having a wider seat at the rear end adapted to receive a plate for closing the bearing slot, the parts of said bearing at the rear end of said slot being projections which are wedge shaped and of small section compared to the main adjacent parts of the hearing which define the forward end of the slot, whereby the ends of the REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS;

Number Name Date 1,309,190 Denes July 8, 1919 1,611,980 Yagoda Dec. 28, 1926 1,999,725 Grubman Apr. 30, 1935 2,335,296 Miller Nov. 30, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 543,756 Great Britain Mar. 11, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1309190 *Sep 11, 1918Jul 8, 1919 Alexatoeb
US1611980 *Apr 24, 1925Dec 28, 1926Louis YagodaDoll-eye mounting
US1999725 *Nov 4, 1932Apr 30, 1935Margon CorpFlexible doll head with eye set, and eye set support means therefor
US2335296 *Oct 17, 1941Nov 30, 1943Samuel C MillerAdjustable insulating elevation post
GB543756A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3399488 *Apr 20, 1964Sep 3, 1968Dollac CompanyPlural eye unit holding means for doll heads
US6403003Aug 10, 1999Jun 11, 2002Jetta Company LimitedInjection molded doll head
EP1679104A1 *Aug 9, 2000Jul 12, 2006Jetta Company LimitedMethod of and mould for injection moulding a soft hollow toy part
WO2001010525A1 *Aug 9, 2000Feb 15, 2001Ferenc FeketeInjection molded doll head
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/348, 264/318
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/40
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40
European ClassificationA63H3/40