|Publication number||US2602302 A|
|Publication date||Jul 8, 1952|
|Filing date||Jun 13, 1947|
|Priority date||Jun 13, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2602302 A, US 2602302A, US-A-2602302, US2602302 A, US2602302A|
|Inventors||Noel J Poux|
|Original Assignee||Noel J Poux|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (73), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 8, 1952 N. J. POUX COMBINATION ICE AND HOT PACK Filed June 13, 1947 INVENTOR. Mel JIPoux. ERMA/Ex Patented July 8, 19 52 UNITED 7 STA @OMBINALTION ICE HOT PAUK Noel Roux, 'Meadville, Pa.
Application Julia-.13, 1M7, SerialNo. 754,429
4 Claims. (01. 62-1) 7 This invention relates to therapeutical devices,
y it is a more specific object 'of my invention to or to ice and hot packs or bags as they are more therefrom a hot water bottle or ice bag was filled with cracked ice or icecubes and applied to the part of the body to be treated. Such practice is not only inconvenient and laborious, but, in addition, there is always danger of leakage of the bottle or bag at the cap or plug. The use of such bottles or bags is especially inconvenient to hospitals and sanitariums, especially at the present time with a minimum amount of help available, as a considerable amount oftime isconsumed filling, emptying, and refilling the bottles or bags.
According to the present invention, there is provided a combination ice and hot water bag or pack containing a suitable liquid, such as water, which is permanently sealed .therein and ready for use thereby eliminating the above mentioned disadvantages. While several such devices having a suitable refrigerant or fluid permanently sealed therein have been heretofore suggested and used, they were not practical but were extremely unsatisfactory. Most of these bags or packs were made of a relatively heavy inflexible material, and could not be applied properly to the part of the body to be treated, particularly if they contained a refrigerant frozen therein. They were so constructed that they would not flex after the fluid refrigerant was frozen. While it has been suggested to provide such a bag with partitions to break up the ice, they were bulky and expensive to manufacture and further did not possessthe degree of flexibility that such a device should have.
It is the general object of the present invention to provide an improved. combination ice and hot pack which is relatively light in its construction, and so constructed and arranged that it is extremely flexible so as to conform to any irregular surface or part of the body to which it is applied.
It is another object of the invention .to provide such an article. which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and, at the same tim strong and rugged in its construction. I
It is a further object of this invention to pro* vide an improved articles which can be used either as a hot pack for heating the part of the body to be treated, or as an ice bag for withdrawing heat therefrom.
. of independent and sealed fluid-containing =comprovide such an article consisting of a plurality partments, with the compartments spaced from each other by'a relatively wide and flat, thin web of material whereby the article. is so flexible that it canbe foldedupon itself whether the compartments contain a hot fluid ora solidly frozen fluid. l f 1 Various other objects and advantages of this invention will be more apparent in the co'urseof the'following specificationyand will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims- In the accompanying drawings, there is shown for the purpose of illustration, several embodiments which my invention may assume in practice.
In these drawings: v Fig. .1 is a plan view of hot pack of'my invention;
Fig. 2 is a side view thereof; Fig. 3 is an-end view of my article, showing it folded transversely upon itself emphasizing its flexibility characteristics;
Fig. 4.i's a side view thereof, showing how it can conform to a circular shape; I
Fig. 5 is a side view of .my improved article,
showing it folded longitudinally upon itself;
Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on line 6-5 of Fig. 1; 1
Fig; 7 is a sectional view taken on line 'l--'l of Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is a cross sectional view showing a modithe improved ice and fication of my invention; and
Fig. 9 is a cross sectional view showing another modification of the present invention.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the improved combination ice and hot pack of my invention consists of an elongated, rectangularshaped body member 2 having preferably a flat end portion 3 at each end thereof in each of which there is provided a pair of apertures or eyelets 4 for strapping the article to the body of the patient or for hanging up the device when not in use.
Within the body member 2, there is provided a series of spaced-apart compartments 5 with each containing a suitable liquid, preferably water. The compartments are only partially filled with the liquid so as to compensate for expansion thereof when the liquid is frozen therein an oval-shaped cross section. If the compartments are rectangular in shape, it is preferable that the corners be rounded, as at 5a, so as to eliminate any danger of the ice therein from penetrating the material from which the article is made, when the liquid therein is frozen solid.
The compartments 5 are separated from each other by relatively thin wide portions 6 which are substantially flat in a plane parallel to the plane of the body member so as to obtain a hinging effect at these points, so that the'body member can be readily flexed between each of the compartments whereby the device can be made to conform to any irregular surface to which it is applied, as clearly shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 5 of the drawings. Such a construction permits the device to be folded upon itself, as shown,
or curved to conform to an art of the human body to be treated, and this is one of the most important aspects of the invention. From this construction, it will be seen that the compartments 5 are permanently sealed and independent of each other.
The body member 2 is made from some suitable impervious material, such as relatively thin rubber sheeting, but is made preferably from some of the more recently developed plastic materials such as vinyl sheeting, polyvinyl, polyethylene, acetate, nylon, either film' or sheet stock.
The body member is made preferably from two pieces of material 1 and 8 with one disposed on the other, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7, with the compartments 5 formed by securing the two pieces together at spaced-apart intervals to form the flat portions 6. The article is made, preferably, by first securing together the two longitudinal edges and one end of the bag, leaving one end open so as to provide a bag or envelope-like container. If the material is such that it is capable of being sealed electronically,- then this methodof sealing the edges ispre'ferably used, but it will be understood that the edges may be secured together by heat sealing, molding, or cementing by some suitable adhesive. The bag is then partially filled through its open end with water or the liquid to be used, and this open end is then sealed so as to provide a pillow-like body member. The tw thicknesses of material are then secured or sealed together at spaced-apart intervals, as at 9, preferably electronically if the material is capable of such treatment, s0 as to provide the series of compartments 5, wherein there is permanently sealed a portion of the water or liquid separated by the relatively wide, flat, and thin portions 6. The eyelets 4 are then placed in each end portion 3.
In Fig. 8, there is shown a slight modification of the combination ice and hot pack of my invention. In this construction, one of the sheets of material H] from which the body member is formed is characterized in that it is relatively stiff, but at the same time flexible enough to hold its shape whereby a flat smooth surface is provided on one side of the article. The other piece of material I I may be of the same material from which my preferred embodiment is made so as modification, the body member is provided with three walls, two outer walls and one inner wall, made preferably from three pieces of material [5, l6, and I1 disposed on one another. The three pieces are secured together, as at l8, as before, so as to provide a series of pairs of permanently sealed and independent liquid-containing compartments [9 separated from each other by relatively wide, fiat, and thin portions 20. The compartments of each pair of -co m partments are separated from one another by the intermediate piece of material I6 which acts as an inner wall for each compartment.
In use, my improved article may be used either as a pad for applying heat or as an ice pack. If it is used as a heating pad, it is placed in boiling water, a steam unit, or other suitable heatto be extremely flexible like a piece of sheeting.
ing device, until the liquid in the various compartments has reached the desired temperature. If the device is to be used as an ice pack, it is placed in a deep freeze unit, the freezing compartment of a domestic refrigerator, or any other suitable refrigerating unit, until the liquid in the compartments of the bag is frozen. Even if the liquid is frozen solid, it hasbeen found that such freezing will not rupture or damage the bag and, due to its construction, it is ex tremely flexible due primarily to the wide fiat portions 6. It is, of course, preferable that the bag be kept in the refrigerating unit at all times so that the bag is ready instantly for use.
While my device is adapted especially for therapeutic uses, it will be understood that it may be employed for heating or cooling any article, foods, etc.
My device is shown as being rectangular in shape, but it will be understoodthat it may be made in various shapes to satisfy the intended use. For example, it may be shaped to fit various parts of the body to which it isto be applied.
As a result of my invention, it will be seen that there is provided a combination ice and hot pack in which the. liquid is permanently, sealed thereby eliminating the inconvenience attendant in filling and refilling. an ordinary hot water bottle or ice bag, the articlebeing filled by the manufacturer and permanently sealed ready for use. It will also be seen that myarticle is extremely flexible between the compartments whereby it can be easily folded upon itself so as to occupy a minimum amount of space in the refrigerating unit, and so that it willconform readily to the part of the body to be treated.
While. I have shown and described several embodiments which my .invention may assume in practice, it will be understood that these embodiments are merely for the purpose of illustration and description, and that other forms may be devised within the scope of my invention as defined in the appended claims.
What I claim as my invention is:
1. A therapeutical device of the class described consisting of a body member formed of two elongated substantially rectangular superposed strips of a relatively thin and flexible plastic material, a quantity of liquid confined in the body member between said strips of material, said strips being welded together along their side and end edges and laterally'at spaced-apart intervals throughout the length thereof sov that the welds divide the body member intoa. plurality of independent compartments, each compartment being generally oval in cross section and containing a quantity of the fluid material sealed therein by the said side, end and intermediate welds independent of the other compartments, each of the welds between the compartments being in the same planar plane and being relatively wide and flat so that each compartment is adapted to hinge at said welds relative to the adjacent compartment whereby the device may be adapted to conform to any curved or irregular surface to which it is applied.
2. A therapeutical device, as defined in claim 1, wherein each of said strips has end portions exending outwardly beyond the end compartments with said end. portions being welded together in face-to-face relation and provided with means for securing the device in position when in use.
3. A therapeutical device, as defined in claim 1, wherein the superposed strips of flexible plastic material consist of a material selected from the group of materials consisting of vinyl, polyvinyl, polyethylene, acetate, and nylon.
4. A therapeutical device, as defined in claim 1, 20
wherein there is provided at least two rows of compartments extending longitudinally of the strips of material with the compartments being spaced apart from one another both laterally and longitudinally by welds the'rebetween.
NOEL J. POUX.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
I UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 699,778 Upham May 13, 1902 747,634 Peterson Dec. 22, 1903 765,472 Gasawa-y July 19, 1904 2,011,832 Slater Aug. 20, 1935 2,294,633 Scherer Sept. 1, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS I Number Country Date 214,584 Switzerland Sept. 16, 1941
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US699778 *||Jan 17, 1902||May 13, 1902||Hubbard H Upham||Water-bag.|
|US747634 *||Jan 24, 1903||Dec 22, 1903||Harriette E Peterson||Water-bag.|
|US765472 *||Nov 20, 1903||Jul 19, 1904||Thomas Oliver Gasaway||Hygienic medicated belt.|
|US2011832 *||Jan 18, 1933||Aug 20, 1935||Slater Charles F||Cold pack|
|US2294633 *||Jul 16, 1940||Sep 1, 1942||Robert P Scherer||Capsule forming apparatus|
|CH214584A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2749180 *||Oct 31, 1952||Jun 5, 1956||Andrews Alvadore M||Sprinkling device|
|US2863179 *||Jun 23, 1955||Dec 9, 1958||Gen Motors Corp||Refrigerating apparatus|
|US2957317 *||Dec 20, 1956||Oct 25, 1960||Parker Refrigeration Dev Co||Refrigeration system for delivery trucks|
|US2959038 *||Mar 25, 1954||Nov 8, 1960||William F Baird||Cosmetic apparatus|
|US3064440 *||May 18, 1959||Nov 20, 1962||Nuclear Corp Of America||Thermoelectric system|
|US3262283 *||Dec 18, 1964||Jul 26, 1966||Yates Dowell A||Refrigerating jacket|
|US3704359 *||Oct 28, 1970||Nov 28, 1972||Nikolaus Laing||Storage panels, particularly for heated floors|
|US3747364 *||Jul 12, 1971||Jul 24, 1973||Laing Nikolaus||New freezing chamber with refrigeration storage|
|US3802220 *||Jun 20, 1973||Apr 9, 1974||Brazil E||Cooling cushion|
|US4133055 *||Aug 3, 1977||Jan 9, 1979||Energy Systems Corporation||Protective helmet with thermal liner|
|US4404820 *||Jan 29, 1982||Sep 20, 1983||Romaine John W||Cold compress|
|US4413481 *||Jul 19, 1982||Nov 8, 1983||Thomas William S||Portable beverage cooler|
|US4575097 *||Jun 1, 1984||Mar 11, 1986||Fastencold, Inc.||Therapeutic device and method for forming and using same|
|US4753241 *||Mar 10, 1986||Jun 28, 1988||Fastencold, Inc.||Method of forming and using a therapeutic device|
|US4923077 *||Feb 14, 1989||May 8, 1990||Pymah Corporation||Modular heat sink package|
|US4931333 *||Sep 9, 1988||Jun 5, 1990||Henry D Lindley||Thermal packaging assembly|
|US4951940 *||Mar 2, 1989||Aug 28, 1990||Medical Equipment & Devices, Inc.||Water weight|
|US4958635 *||Mar 21, 1989||Sep 25, 1990||Bio-Support Industries Ltd.||Therapeutic temperature pack|
|US5022236 *||Feb 20, 1990||Jun 11, 1991||Cryo-Cell International, Inc.||Storage apparatus, particularly with automatic insertion and retrieval|
|US5050870 *||Aug 31, 1990||Sep 24, 1991||Pollock Todd E||Water filled excercise weight|
|US5113877 *||Mar 6, 1991||May 19, 1992||Aircast Incorporated||Ankle sprain management system|
|US5313809 *||Jul 2, 1993||May 24, 1994||Isaacson Gary S||Insulating wrap|
|US5697962 *||Sep 29, 1995||Dec 16, 1997||Dura-Kold Corporation||Therapeutic wrap|
|US5733321 *||Apr 17, 1996||Mar 31, 1998||Dura-Kold Corporation||Convertible therapeutic wrap|
|US5741220 *||Apr 17, 1996||Apr 21, 1998||Dura-Kold Corporation||Joint brace assembly and method|
|US5800483 *||Jul 22, 1996||Sep 1, 1998||Microtek Medical, Inc.||System and method for sterile surgical-thermal drape with active air circulation|
|US5843145 *||Jan 23, 1996||Dec 1, 1998||Dura-Kold Corporation||Reusable hot/cold temperature pack|
|US5860945 *||Dec 31, 1996||Jan 19, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable elastic thermal knee wrap|
|US5904710 *||Aug 21, 1997||May 18, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable elastic thermal body wrap|
|US5925072 *||Dec 31, 1996||Jul 20, 1999||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable elastic thermal back wrap|
|US6019782 *||Dec 3, 1997||Feb 1, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable thermal body pad|
|US6020040 *||Dec 31, 1996||Feb 1, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Thermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells|
|US6048326 *||Dec 3, 1997||Apr 11, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable elastic thermal knee wrap|
|US6074413 *||May 20, 1998||Jun 13, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable elastic thermal back wrap|
|US6074415 *||Sep 22, 1998||Jun 13, 2000||Der Ovanesian; Mary||Hot or cold applicator with inner element|
|US6083256 *||Jul 17, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||Der Ovanesian; Mary||NNT or cold pad with inner element|
|US6102937 *||Dec 31, 1996||Aug 15, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable thermal neck wrap|
|US6123717 *||May 20, 1998||Sep 26, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable thermal neck wrap|
|US6146732 *||Dec 3, 1997||Nov 14, 2000||The Procter & Gamble Company||Thermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells|
|US6336935||Sep 15, 1999||Jan 8, 2002||The Procter & Gamble Company||Disposable thermal body wrap|
|US6904956 *||Oct 18, 2002||Jun 14, 2005||Thomas P. Noel||Method and thermally active convection apparatus and method for abstracting heat with circulation intermediate three dimensional-parity heat transfer elements in bi-phase heat exchanging composition|
|US6925834||Sep 13, 2003||Aug 9, 2005||Mark D. Fuchs||Portable cooler including ice sheet having refrigerant cubes|
|US7293427||Aug 17, 2004||Nov 13, 2007||Cushnie Pamela F||Beverage cooling apparatus and method|
|US7343843||Jan 26, 2005||Mar 18, 2008||Blast Gard International||Explosive effect mitigated containers and enclosing devices|
|US7520223||Apr 29, 2004||Apr 21, 2009||Blastgard Technologies, Inc.||Explosive effect mitigated containers|
|US7730739||Apr 20, 2005||Jun 8, 2010||Fuchs Mark D||Portable cooler with built-in refrigerant cubes|
|US7875066 *||Dec 11, 2006||Jan 25, 2011||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Thermal grill for heating articles|
|US7924142||Jun 30, 2008||Apr 12, 2011||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Patterned self-warming wipe substrates|
|US8316752 *||Jul 31, 2003||Nov 27, 2012||Blastgard Technologies, Inc.||Acoustic shock wave attenuating assembly|
|US8319004||Aug 17, 2006||Nov 27, 2012||Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.||Training article for delivering unique sensations|
|US20050056048 *||Sep 13, 2003||Mar 17, 2005||Fuchs Mark D.||Portable cooler including ice sheet having refrigerant cubes|
|US20050183446 *||Apr 20, 2005||Aug 25, 2005||Fuchs Mark D.||Portable cooler with built-in refrigerant cubes|
|US20050188825 *||Apr 29, 2004||Sep 1, 2005||Blast Gard International||Explosive effect mitigated containers|
|US20050242093 *||Jan 26, 2005||Nov 3, 2005||Blast Gard International||Explosive effect mitigated containers and enclosing devices|
|US20060088927 *||Feb 10, 2005||Apr 27, 2006||Kansoul Hassan A||Method and apparatus for insulating body organs during transplantation|
|US20060287696 *||Jun 21, 2005||Dec 21, 2006||Wright David W||Heat and light therapy treatment device and method|
|US20070006723 *||Jul 31, 2003||Jan 11, 2007||Waddell John L Jr||Acoustic shock wave attenuating assembly|
|US20100089381 *||Oct 22, 2007||Apr 15, 2010||Tempra Technology, Inc.||Portable flameless heat pack|
|USD685916||Nov 26, 2012||Jul 9, 2013||Medivance Incorporated||Medical cooling pad|
|DE2416881A1 *||Apr 6, 1974||Mar 18, 1976||Mills Industries||Plastic tube for treating haemorrhoids - free from risk of producing acids or salts while in use|
|DE2627022A1 *||Jun 16, 1976||Dec 29, 1977||Peter Volker Dipl In Grosskopf||Plate type refrigerant storage element - has transparent plastics elements for visual control for freezing of solution|
|DE3032694A1 *||Aug 29, 1980||Apr 29, 1982||Thermoval Fussbodenheizung||Plattenfoermiges heiz- und/oder kuehlelement|
|DE3444066A1 *||Dec 3, 1984||Jun 5, 1986||Kneipp Werke Kneipp Mittel Zen||Packung fuer die heilbehandlung durch energiezufuhr oder -entzug|
|DE8812784U1 *||Oct 12, 1988||Feb 9, 1989||Jeske, Hans-Peter||Title not available|
|EP1411313A1 *||Oct 14, 2003||Apr 21, 2004||P. Noel Thomas||Cooling method and apparatus with heat transfer elements comprising phase change material|
|EP1985951A1 *||Apr 27, 2007||Oct 29, 2008||PFC Products LLC||Beverage cooling apparatus and method|
|EP2272473A2||Sep 7, 2007||Jan 12, 2011||Wyeth LLC||Thermal covering|
|WO1986000219A1 *||Jun 18, 1984||Jan 16, 1986||Paul Blanie||Improvements to thermal complexes|
|WO1986003400A1 *||Dec 3, 1985||Jun 19, 1986||Kneipp Werke Kneipp Mittel||Pack for curative treatment by application or removal of energy|
|WO1991002203A1 *||Jul 24, 1990||Feb 21, 1991||Cryo Cell Int||Storage apparatus, particularly with automatic insertion and retrieval|
|WO1996030281A1 *||Mar 29, 1996||Oct 3, 1996||Plastifox Kylmaematot Oy||Cooling element|
|WO1998029066A1 *||Dec 17, 1997||Jul 9, 1998||Procter & Gamble||A thermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells|
|WO2000008397A1 *||Aug 9, 1999||Feb 17, 2000||Leif Berglund||Thermal element, thermal cover, method and device for manufacturing a thermal element|
|U.S. Classification||62/530, D24/206, 607/112|
|International Classification||A61F7/02, F25D3/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F25D3/08, F28D2020/0008, F25D2303/0822, A61F2007/0001, A61F2007/0268, F25D2303/08221, A61F7/02|
|European Classification||F25D3/08, A61F7/02|