Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2602302 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 8, 1952
Filing dateJun 13, 1947
Priority dateJun 13, 1947
Publication numberUS 2602302 A, US 2602302A, US-A-2602302, US2602302 A, US2602302A
InventorsNoel J Poux
Original AssigneeNoel J Poux
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination ice and hot pack
US 2602302 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 8, 1952 N. J. POUX COMBINATION ICE AND HOT PACK Filed June 13, 1947 INVENTOR. Mel JIPoux. ERMA/Ex Patented July 8, 19 52 UNITED 7 STA @OMBINALTION ICE HOT PAUK Noel Roux, 'Meadville, Pa.

Application Julia-.13, 1M7, SerialNo. 754,429

4 Claims. (01. 62-1) 7 This invention relates to therapeutical devices,

y it is a more specific object 'of my invention to or to ice and hot packs or bags as they are more therefrom a hot water bottle or ice bag was filled with cracked ice or icecubes and applied to the part of the body to be treated. Such practice is not only inconvenient and laborious, but, in addition, there is always danger of leakage of the bottle or bag at the cap or plug. The use of such bottles or bags is especially inconvenient to hospitals and sanitariums, especially at the present time with a minimum amount of help available, as a considerable amount oftime isconsumed filling, emptying, and refilling the bottles or bags.

According to the present invention, there is provided a combination ice and hot water bag or pack containing a suitable liquid, such as water, which is permanently sealed .therein and ready for use thereby eliminating the above mentioned disadvantages. While several such devices having a suitable refrigerant or fluid permanently sealed therein have been heretofore suggested and used, they were not practical but were extremely unsatisfactory. Most of these bags or packs were made of a relatively heavy inflexible material, and could not be applied properly to the part of the body to be treated, particularly if they contained a refrigerant frozen therein. They were so constructed that they would not flex after the fluid refrigerant was frozen. While it has been suggested to provide such a bag with partitions to break up the ice, they were bulky and expensive to manufacture and further did not possessthe degree of flexibility that such a device should have.

It is the general object of the present invention to provide an improved. combination ice and hot pack which is relatively light in its construction, and so constructed and arranged that it is extremely flexible so as to conform to any irregular surface or part of the body to which it is applied.

It is another object of the invention .to provide such an article. which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and, at the same tim strong and rugged in its construction. I

It is a further object of this invention to pro* vide an improved articles which can be used either as a hot pack for heating the part of the body to be treated, or as an ice bag for withdrawing heat therefrom.

. of independent and sealed fluid-containing =comprovide such an article consisting of a plurality partments, with the compartments spaced from each other by'a relatively wide and flat, thin web of material whereby the article. is so flexible that it canbe foldedupon itself whether the compartments contain a hot fluid ora solidly frozen fluid. l f 1 Various other objects and advantages of this invention will be more apparent in the co'urseof the'following specificationyand will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims- In the accompanying drawings, there is shown for the purpose of illustration, several embodiments which my invention may assume in practice.

In these drawings: v Fig. .1 is a plan view of hot pack of'my invention;

Fig. 2 is a side view thereof; Fig. 3 is an-end view of my article, showing it folded transversely upon itself emphasizing its flexibility characteristics;

Fig. 4.i's a side view thereof, showing how it can conform to a circular shape; I

Fig. 5 is a side view of .my improved article,

showing it folded longitudinally upon itself;

Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on line 6-5 of Fig. 1; 1

Fig; 7 is a sectional view taken on line 'l--'l of Fig. 1;

Fig. 8 is a cross sectional view showing a modithe improved ice and fication of my invention; and

Fig. 9 is a cross sectional view showing another modification of the present invention.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the improved combination ice and hot pack of my invention consists of an elongated, rectangularshaped body member 2 having preferably a flat end portion 3 at each end thereof in each of which there is provided a pair of apertures or eyelets 4 for strapping the article to the body of the patient or for hanging up the device when not in use.

Within the body member 2, there is provided a series of spaced-apart compartments 5 with each containing a suitable liquid, preferably water. The compartments are only partially filled with the liquid so as to compensate for expansion thereof when the liquid is frozen therein an oval-shaped cross section. If the compartments are rectangular in shape, it is preferable that the corners be rounded, as at 5a, so as to eliminate any danger of the ice therein from penetrating the material from which the article is made, when the liquid therein is frozen solid.

The compartments 5 are separated from each other by relatively thin wide portions 6 which are substantially flat in a plane parallel to the plane of the body member so as to obtain a hinging effect at these points, so that the'body member can be readily flexed between each of the compartments whereby the device can be made to conform to any irregular surface to which it is applied, as clearly shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 5 of the drawings. Such a construction permits the device to be folded upon itself, as shown,

or curved to conform to an art of the human body to be treated, and this is one of the most important aspects of the invention. From this construction, it will be seen that the compartments 5 are permanently sealed and independent of each other.

The body member 2 is made from some suitable impervious material, such as relatively thin rubber sheeting, but is made preferably from some of the more recently developed plastic materials such as vinyl sheeting, polyvinyl, polyethylene, acetate, nylon, either film' or sheet stock.

The body member is made preferably from two pieces of material 1 and 8 with one disposed on the other, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7, with the compartments 5 formed by securing the two pieces together at spaced-apart intervals to form the flat portions 6. The article is made, preferably, by first securing together the two longitudinal edges and one end of the bag, leaving one end open so as to provide a bag or envelope-like container. If the material is such that it is capable of being sealed electronically,- then this methodof sealing the edges ispre'ferably used, but it will be understood that the edges may be secured together by heat sealing, molding, or cementing by some suitable adhesive. The bag is then partially filled through its open end with water or the liquid to be used, and this open end is then sealed so as to provide a pillow-like body member. The tw thicknesses of material are then secured or sealed together at spaced-apart intervals, as at 9, preferably electronically if the material is capable of such treatment, s0 as to provide the series of compartments 5, wherein there is permanently sealed a portion of the water or liquid separated by the relatively wide, flat, and thin portions 6. The eyelets 4 are then placed in each end portion 3.

In Fig. 8, there is shown a slight modification of the combination ice and hot pack of my invention. In this construction, one of the sheets of material H] from which the body member is formed is characterized in that it is relatively stiff, but at the same time flexible enough to hold its shape whereby a flat smooth surface is provided on one side of the article. The other piece of material I I may be of the same material from which my preferred embodiment is made so as modification, the body member is provided with three walls, two outer walls and one inner wall, made preferably from three pieces of material [5, l6, and I1 disposed on one another. The three pieces are secured together, as at l8, as before, so as to provide a series of pairs of permanently sealed and independent liquid-containing compartments [9 separated from each other by relatively wide, fiat, and thin portions 20. The compartments of each pair of -co m partments are separated from one another by the intermediate piece of material I6 which acts as an inner wall for each compartment.

In use, my improved article may be used either as a pad for applying heat or as an ice pack. If it is used as a heating pad, it is placed in boiling water, a steam unit, or other suitable heatto be extremely flexible like a piece of sheeting.

ing device, until the liquid in the various compartments has reached the desired temperature. If the device is to be used as an ice pack, it is placed in a deep freeze unit, the freezing compartment of a domestic refrigerator, or any other suitable refrigerating unit, until the liquid in the compartments of the bag is frozen. Even if the liquid is frozen solid, it hasbeen found that such freezing will not rupture or damage the bag and, due to its construction, it is ex tremely flexible due primarily to the wide fiat portions 6. It is, of course, preferable that the bag be kept in the refrigerating unit at all times so that the bag is ready instantly for use.

While my device is adapted especially for therapeutic uses, it will be understood that it may be employed for heating or cooling any article, foods, etc.

My device is shown as being rectangular in shape, but it will be understoodthat it may be made in various shapes to satisfy the intended use. For example, it may be shaped to fit various parts of the body to which it isto be applied.

As a result of my invention, it will be seen that there is provided a combination ice and hot pack in which the. liquid is permanently, sealed thereby eliminating the inconvenience attendant in filling and refilling. an ordinary hot water bottle or ice bag, the articlebeing filled by the manufacturer and permanently sealed ready for use. It will also be seen that myarticle is extremely flexible between the compartments whereby it can be easily folded upon itself so as to occupy a minimum amount of space in the refrigerating unit, and so that it willconform readily to the part of the body to be treated.

While. I have shown and described several embodiments which my .invention may assume in practice, it will be understood that these embodiments are merely for the purpose of illustration and description, and that other forms may be devised within the scope of my invention as defined in the appended claims.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A therapeutical device of the class described consisting of a body member formed of two elongated substantially rectangular superposed strips of a relatively thin and flexible plastic material, a quantity of liquid confined in the body member between said strips of material, said strips being welded together along their side and end edges and laterally'at spaced-apart intervals throughout the length thereof sov that the welds divide the body member intoa. plurality of independent compartments, each compartment being generally oval in cross section and containing a quantity of the fluid material sealed therein by the said side, end and intermediate welds independent of the other compartments, each of the welds between the compartments being in the same planar plane and being relatively wide and flat so that each compartment is adapted to hinge at said welds relative to the adjacent compartment whereby the device may be adapted to conform to any curved or irregular surface to which it is applied.

2. A therapeutical device, as defined in claim 1, wherein each of said strips has end portions exending outwardly beyond the end compartments with said end. portions being welded together in face-to-face relation and provided with means for securing the device in position when in use.

3. A therapeutical device, as defined in claim 1, wherein the superposed strips of flexible plastic material consist of a material selected from the group of materials consisting of vinyl, polyvinyl, polyethylene, acetate, and nylon.

4. A therapeutical device, as defined in claim 1, 20

wherein there is provided at least two rows of compartments extending longitudinally of the strips of material with the compartments being spaced apart from one another both laterally and longitudinally by welds the'rebetween.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

I UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 699,778 Upham May 13, 1902 747,634 Peterson Dec. 22, 1903 765,472 Gasawa-y July 19, 1904 2,011,832 Slater Aug. 20, 1935 2,294,633 Scherer Sept. 1, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS I Number Country Date 214,584 Switzerland Sept. 16, 1941

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US699778 *Jan 17, 1902May 13, 1902Hubbard H UphamWater-bag.
US747634 *Jan 24, 1903Dec 22, 1903Harriette E PetersonWater-bag.
US765472 *Nov 20, 1903Jul 19, 1904Thomas Oliver GasawayHygienic medicated belt.
US2011832 *Jan 18, 1933Aug 20, 1935Slater Charles FCold pack
US2294633 *Jul 16, 1940Sep 1, 1942Robert P SchererCapsule forming apparatus
CH214584A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2749180 *Oct 31, 1952Jun 5, 1956Andrews Alvadore MSprinkling device
US2863179 *Jun 23, 1955Dec 9, 1958Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2957317 *Dec 20, 1956Oct 25, 1960Parker Refrigeration Dev CoRefrigeration system for delivery trucks
US2959038 *Mar 25, 1954Nov 8, 1960William F BairdCosmetic apparatus
US3064440 *May 18, 1959Nov 20, 1962Nuclear Corp Of AmericaThermoelectric system
US3262283 *Dec 18, 1964Jul 26, 1966Yates Dowell ARefrigerating jacket
US3704359 *Oct 28, 1970Nov 28, 1972Nikolaus LaingStorage panels, particularly for heated floors
US3747364 *Jul 12, 1971Jul 24, 1973Laing NikolausNew freezing chamber with refrigeration storage
US3802220 *Jun 20, 1973Apr 9, 1974Brazil ECooling cushion
US4133055 *Aug 3, 1977Jan 9, 1979Energy Systems CorporationProtective helmet with thermal liner
US4404820 *Jan 29, 1982Sep 20, 1983Romaine John WCold compress
US4413481 *Jul 19, 1982Nov 8, 1983Thomas William SPortable beverage cooler
US4575097 *Jun 1, 1984Mar 11, 1986Fastencold, Inc.Therapeutic device and method for forming and using same
US4753241 *Mar 10, 1986Jun 28, 1988Fastencold, Inc.Method of forming and using a therapeutic device
US4923077 *Feb 14, 1989May 8, 1990Pymah CorporationModular heat sink package
US4931333 *Sep 9, 1988Jun 5, 1990Henry D LindleyThermal packaging assembly
US4951940 *Mar 2, 1989Aug 28, 1990Medical Equipment & Devices, Inc.Water weight
US4958635 *Mar 21, 1989Sep 25, 1990Bio-Support Industries Ltd.Therapeutic temperature pack
US5022236 *Feb 20, 1990Jun 11, 1991Cryo-Cell International, Inc.Storage apparatus, particularly with automatic insertion and retrieval
US5050870 *Aug 31, 1990Sep 24, 1991Pollock Todd EWater filled excercise weight
US5113877 *Mar 6, 1991May 19, 1992Aircast IncorporatedAnkle sprain management system
US5313809 *Jul 2, 1993May 24, 1994Isaacson Gary SInsulating wrap
US5697962 *Sep 29, 1995Dec 16, 1997Dura-Kold CorporationTherapeutic wrap
US5733321 *Apr 17, 1996Mar 31, 1998Dura-Kold CorporationConvertible therapeutic wrap
US5741220 *Apr 17, 1996Apr 21, 1998Dura-Kold CorporationJoint brace assembly and method
US5800483 *Jul 22, 1996Sep 1, 1998Microtek Medical, Inc.System and method for sterile surgical-thermal drape with active air circulation
US5843145 *Jan 23, 1996Dec 1, 1998Dura-Kold CorporationReusable hot/cold temperature pack
US5860945 *Dec 31, 1996Jan 19, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal knee wrap
US5904710 *Aug 21, 1997May 18, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal body wrap
US5925072 *Dec 31, 1996Jul 20, 1999The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal back wrap
US6019782 *Dec 3, 1997Feb 1, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal body pad
US6020040 *Dec 31, 1996Feb 1, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells
US6048326 *Dec 3, 1997Apr 11, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal knee wrap
US6074413 *May 20, 1998Jun 13, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable elastic thermal back wrap
US6074415 *Sep 22, 1998Jun 13, 2000Der Ovanesian; MaryHot or cold applicator with inner element
US6083256 *Jul 17, 1998Jul 4, 2000Der Ovanesian; MaryNNT or cold pad with inner element
US6102937 *Dec 31, 1996Aug 15, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal neck wrap
US6123717 *May 20, 1998Sep 26, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal neck wrap
US6146732 *Dec 3, 1997Nov 14, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyThermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells
US6336935Sep 15, 1999Jan 8, 2002The Procter & Gamble CompanyDisposable thermal body wrap
US6904956 *Oct 18, 2002Jun 14, 2005Thomas P. NoelMethod and thermally active convection apparatus and method for abstracting heat with circulation intermediate three dimensional-parity heat transfer elements in bi-phase heat exchanging composition
US6925834Sep 13, 2003Aug 9, 2005Mark D. FuchsPortable cooler including ice sheet having refrigerant cubes
US7293427Aug 17, 2004Nov 13, 2007Cushnie Pamela FBeverage cooling apparatus and method
US7343843Jan 26, 2005Mar 18, 2008Blast Gard InternationalExplosive effect mitigated containers and enclosing devices
US7520223Apr 29, 2004Apr 21, 2009Blastgard Technologies, Inc.Explosive effect mitigated containers
US7730739Apr 20, 2005Jun 8, 2010Fuchs Mark DPortable cooler with built-in refrigerant cubes
US7875066 *Dec 11, 2006Jan 25, 2011Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Thermal grill for heating articles
US7924142Jun 30, 2008Apr 12, 2011Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Patterned self-warming wipe substrates
US8316752 *Jul 31, 2003Nov 27, 2012Blastgard Technologies, Inc.Acoustic shock wave attenuating assembly
US8319004Aug 17, 2006Nov 27, 2012Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Training article for delivering unique sensations
US9622907Oct 26, 2012Apr 18, 2017Medivance IncorporatedCooling medical pad
US9687386Sep 12, 2011Jun 27, 2017Medivance IncorporatedCooling medical pad
US20050056048 *Sep 13, 2003Mar 17, 2005Fuchs Mark D.Portable cooler including ice sheet having refrigerant cubes
US20050183446 *Apr 20, 2005Aug 25, 2005Fuchs Mark D.Portable cooler with built-in refrigerant cubes
US20050188825 *Apr 29, 2004Sep 1, 2005Blast Gard InternationalExplosive effect mitigated containers
US20050242093 *Jan 26, 2005Nov 3, 2005Blast Gard InternationalExplosive effect mitigated containers and enclosing devices
US20060088927 *Feb 10, 2005Apr 27, 2006Kansoul Hassan AMethod and apparatus for insulating body organs during transplantation
US20060287696 *Jun 21, 2005Dec 21, 2006Wright David WHeat and light therapy treatment device and method
US20070006723 *Jul 31, 2003Jan 11, 2007Waddell John L JrAcoustic shock wave attenuating assembly
US20070130840 *Oct 11, 2004Jun 14, 2007Guy JouhannetThermal cushion and device comprising such a cushion
US20080039913 *Aug 9, 2006Feb 14, 2008Hagay MizrahiAromatherapy blanket pack
US20080045913 *Aug 17, 2006Feb 21, 2008Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.Training article for delivering unique sensations
US20080140165 *Dec 11, 2006Jun 12, 2008Cohen Jason CThermal grill for heating articles
US20100064720 *Nov 18, 2009Mar 18, 2010Fuchs Mark DSingle Component Flat Panel Cooling Apparatus
US20100089381 *Oct 22, 2007Apr 15, 2010Tempra Technology, Inc.Portable flameless heat pack
USD685916Nov 26, 2012Jul 9, 2013Medivance IncorporatedMedical cooling pad
DE2416881A1 *Apr 6, 1974Mar 18, 1976Mills IndustriesPlastic tube for treating haemorrhoids - free from risk of producing acids or salts while in use
DE2627022A1 *Jun 16, 1976Dec 29, 1977Peter Volker Dipl In GrosskopfPlate type refrigerant storage element - has transparent plastics elements for visual control for freezing of solution
DE3032694A1 *Aug 29, 1980Apr 29, 1982Thermoval FussbodenheizungPlattenfoermiges heiz- und/oder kuehlelement
DE3444066A1 *Dec 3, 1984Jun 5, 1986Kneipp Werke Kneipp Mittel ZenPackung fuer die heilbehandlung durch energiezufuhr oder -entzug
DE8812784U1 *Oct 12, 1988Feb 9, 1989Jeske, Hans-PeterTitle not available
EP1411313A1 *Oct 14, 2003Apr 21, 2004P. Noel ThomasCooling method and apparatus with heat transfer elements comprising phase change material
EP1985951A1 *Apr 27, 2007Oct 29, 2008PFC Products LLCBeverage cooling apparatus and method
EP2272473A2Sep 7, 2007Jan 12, 2011Wyeth LLCThermal covering
WO1986000219A1 *Jun 18, 1984Jan 16, 1986Paul BlanieImprovements to thermal complexes
WO1986003400A1 *Dec 3, 1985Jun 19, 1986Kneipp-Werke Kneipp-Mittel-Zentrale Leusser & OberPack for curative treatment by application or removal of energy
WO1991002203A1 *Jul 24, 1990Feb 21, 1991Cryo-Cell International, Inc.Storage apparatus, particularly with automatic insertion and retrieval
WO1996030281A1 *Mar 29, 1996Oct 3, 1996Plastifox Kylmaematot OyCooling element
WO1998029066A1 *Dec 17, 1997Jul 9, 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanyA thermal pack having a plurality of individual heat cells
WO2000008397A1 *Aug 9, 1999Feb 17, 2000Flexi-Ice AbThermal element, thermal cover, method and device for manufacturing a thermal element
U.S. Classification62/530, D24/206, 607/112
International ClassificationA61F7/02, F25D3/08
Cooperative ClassificationF25D3/08, F28D2020/0008, F25D2303/0822, A61F2007/0001, A61F2007/0268, F25D2303/08221, A61F7/02
European ClassificationF25D3/08, A61F7/02