Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2603186 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 15, 1952
Filing dateJun 19, 1946
Priority dateJun 19, 1946
Publication numberUS 2603186 A, US 2603186A, US-A-2603186, US2603186 A, US2603186A
InventorsFischer Howard L
Original AssigneeBrown & Bigelow
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Writing instrument
US 2603186 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 15, 1952 H. FISCHER WRITING INSTRUMENT Filed June 19, 194e viv/1W!! mm .m

. BY mjozz.

Patented July 15, 15952 WRITING INSTRUMENT HowardL. Fischer, St. Paul, Minn., assigner to v Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul, Minn.

Application) une 19, 1946, Serial No. 677,641

My invention relates to a writing instrument wherein a ball point is used for writing.

The feature resides in providing an extremely simple writing instrument, .made vup primarily of a threaded hollow tube, in the forward end of which a ball bearing is` mounted, adapted to rotate freely to carry the ink from the reservoir to the surface to be written upon;

:2 Claims. (Cl. 1Z0-42.03)

The ink reservoir is a unit entirely contained or complete in itself, and constitutes aball bearing in the writing end, a hollow threaded tube forming the chamber for the writing ink, and an opening to the outer atmosphere,` ordinarily at the rear of the reservoir, together with a porous plug at the rear end, which acts as a buffer to the ink and yet permits air to pass freely into the ink chamber.

It is also a feature to provide a casing for this writing instrument which covers the ink reservoir unit. The forward end of the casing may be moved by being threaded onto the threads of the ink reservoir unit, and thus the -forwar'd end of the casing may be moved to cover the writing ball when the instrument is not in writing use, or the forward end maybe retracted to expose the writing ball for use.

A further feature resides in extending the ink reservoir unit entirely through the casing and mounting a pocket clip onl the rear endof the writing unit, and then by means of the threads on the writing unit, the casing may act as a sheath, so that when the writing unit is turnedr by engaging the rear end and pocket clip, the writing point may be retracted into the sheath casing to cover the same, when not in use.

Still a further feature of my invention resides in providing a writing instrument with a pair of separate ink units mounted in each end of the casing and having a portion of the casing threaded onto the respective units, so that either end of the writing instrument may be covered, that is the ball, when it is not in use, thus, in this form of the writing instrument, a different color of ink may be used in each reservoir unit, such as red and blue or any other combination of colors.

The objects and features of my writing instrument will be more fully and clearly defined hereinafter throughout the specification and claims.

In the drawings forming part of this specification:

Figure 1 is a side view of my writing instrument, with the writing ball exposed.

Figure 2 is a side view of the writing instrument, part of which is in section and showing the ink unitretracted in/thecasing, tol cause the casing to cover the writing ball.

Figure 3 illustratesV a longitudinal section through another form of my writing instrument where two ink reservoir units, each having a writing ball, are illustrated, one of thel writing balls on one of the units being exposed, while the other is covered by themoveable portion of the casing.

Figure4 is an enlarged section of the rear end of my writing instrument, 'as shown in Figure l.

Figure 5 is anvenl'arge'd Isectionof the forward end of an alternative 'form oi.Y my writing instrument. n

Figure 6 is a similar section to Figure 5, showing the forward end ofthe casing moved outwardly to cover'the writing' ball.'

My writing instrument A includes the outer casing I0, which'may be made of plastic or any suitable material, for the ink unit B, which provides a reservoir for the ink.

My writing instrument is designed to use a viscous paste-like ink','which flows by capillary attraction to the writing ball I I, which is mounted in the forward end of the ink unit B and adapted to rotate freely to carry the ink from the reservoir B onto the surface to be written upon.

Thus the writing instrument A constitutes two main parts, namely the casing I0 and the ink reservoir B.

The ink reservoir B consists of a hollow tube I2, which is threaded virtually throughout its length with heavy threads I3. The threads I3 act to retard the backward flow of the ink in the reservoir B when the instrument is lying in a horizontal position.

A pocket clip C may be attached to the rear end of the unit B by the plug I 4, which is threaded into the rear end of the tube I2. A small longitudinal air hole I5 extends through the plug I4 and is adapted to admit air to the ink reservoir B. This passageway I5 effects an equalization of air pressure in the ink reservoir B at all times.

I provide a porous felt plug I6 to be positioned in the rear end of the ink reservoir B, as illustrated in Figures 3 and 4. This plug IE may be of any suitable porous material and is adapted to admit air through the same. and act as a buffer to the viscous ink within the ink reservoir B.

In the writing instrument A illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, the casing I0 may be made in one integral part, and may be threaded by the 3 lug I'I to the ink unit B. Threads may be formed in the inner surface of the casing I in place of the lug I1, however, in either case the effect desired is to thread the unit B to the casing I0. so that when the clip C and plug I4 are engaged, the ink unit B may be moved in the casing I0 to retract the ball I I into the same, or to project it out into writing position.

In securing the clip C to the end ofthe reservoir B, the clip is formed with an integral washer-like end I8, through which the plug Il extends, and by means of a gasket I9, the clip C is firmly anchored to the end of the unit B. 'Ihe gaskety I I9 acts as a washer or a spring means to supply sucient friction to hold the clip rigidly anchored to the end of the reservoir B and to permit the unit B to be turned back into the position illustrated in Figure 2 concealing the ball I I.

In another form of my casing I0', the forward end 20 thereof may be threaded to the thread I3 of the tube I2 of the ink reservoir unit B, as illustrated in Figures 5 and 6. 1n this form of the casing I0', the writing end 20 moves to cover the ball II, when the ball is not desired for writing.

My writing instrument may bemade in the form illustrated in Figure 3, such as A. In this form, the casing 2| is provided with each end 22 moveable like the end 20, as shown in Figures 5 and 6. This writing instrument A is provided with two separate ink reservoir units B, each of which are held against rotation in `the center portion of the casing 2|, while the ends 22 are free to rotate and thread themselves on the writing ends of the units B. The unit B, as illustrated in Figures 5 and 6, isalso held in the casing portion I0 under friction to permit rotation, while the ends 20 rotate on the unit B.

In using two ink reservoir units B, illustrated in Figure 3, different colored ink may be used in each unit and thus a double duty writing instrument A may be provided. The link units B used in my writing instrument are replaceable as a whole, including the ball I I. The unit B is hollow and carries a large quantity of ink, which is of a non-drying nature and will write a large number of words or iigures. Thus the ball II may wear the socket in which it is mounted, particularly if the ball is used to Write on certain surfaces which may pick up abrasives in the act of writing. I

have found it desirable to replace the entire unit i apparent. There are only a small niunber of parts and thus the instrument may be made economically and a new ink unit B may be readily inserted in the casing of the instrument to replace an old unit.

I claim:

1. An ink reservoir for writing instruments including a unit composed of a hollow internally and externally threaded tube, a porous plug in lthe rear of said tube through which air may pass,

a writing ball mounted on the forward end of said tube adapted to carry a viscous ink contained in said tube to a surface on which said unit is adapted to write, a casing in which said unit is adapted to frictionally fit to hold the same against turning, and a forward end formed on said casing adapted to be threaded on said unit to permit it to be moved outwardly to cover said writng'ball when it is' not in usci 2. A writing instrument comprising an ink reservoir unit including a hollow tube, a thread formed through the wall of said tube throughout its length, a writing ball mounted in the forward end of said tube, a passageway to the atmosphere in the rear end of said tube, a casing in which said unit is adapted to be frictionally supported to hold the same against rotation, and a rotatable collar casing portion threaded on said tube and adapted to move longitudinally to cover, lor expose said writing ball on the end of said unit.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 161,228 Hauschld Mar. 23, 1875 188,721 Somers June 20, 1877 351,582 Davis Oct. 23, 1886 979,843 Grantham Dec.' 27, 1910 1,491,634 Ringquist v Apr. 22, 1924 2,151,682 Burkey Mar. 28, 1939 2,249,163 Nissen July 15, 1941 2,397,229 Biro Mar. 26, 1946 2,398,548 Moore Apr. 16, 1946 2,400,679 Biro May 2l, 1946 2,426,453 Huenergardt Aug. 26, 1947 2,441,280 Moore May l1, 1948 2,460,345 Gruber Feb. 1, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US161228 *Feb 24, 1875Mar 23, 1875 Improvement in fountain-pens
US188721 *Sep 5, 1876Mar 20, 1877 Improvement in pocket-pencils
US351582 *Oct 26, 1886 Fountain-pen
US979843 *Mar 17, 1910Dec 27, 1910Alexander Herbert GranthamWriting implement.
US1491634 *Jul 30, 1923Apr 22, 1924Verne Ringquist Clarence LaFountain pen
US2151682 *May 24, 1937Mar 28, 1939Burkey Carl EFountain striping device
US2249163 *Mar 9, 1940Jul 15, 1941Nissen Jr John PImplement for applying fluent materials
US2397229 *Jun 17, 1943Mar 26, 1946Eterpen Sa FinancieraWriting instrument
US2398548 *Jul 5, 1945Apr 16, 1946Premium Merchandising CorpFountain pen
US2400679 *May 17, 1944May 21, 1946Eterpen Sa FinancieraFountain pen
US2426453 *Dec 13, 1945Aug 26, 1947Milton ReynoldsFountain pen
US2441280 *Jul 5, 1945May 11, 1948Premium Merchandising CorpFountain pen
US2460345 *Dec 22, 1945Feb 1, 1949Brown & BigclowBall point pen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2730993 *Jan 6, 1951Jan 17, 1956Ritepoint Pen And Pencil CompaInk reservoir for ball point pen
US2914027 *Apr 16, 1956Nov 24, 1959Hartley CompanyUniversal ink cartridge
US2951465 *Apr 21, 1955Sep 6, 1960Kahn David IncRetractable writing instrument
US2971494 *Oct 3, 1955Feb 14, 1961Paper Mate Mfg CompnyTandem writing implement
US2972335 *May 29, 1956Feb 21, 1961Kaweco Badische FuellfederfabrReversible ink cartridge unit for ball point pens
US3025834 *Apr 8, 1959Mar 20, 1962American Stencil Mfg CoDouble-end ball-point pen
US3036699 *Jan 2, 1958May 29, 1962Nordette IncProtective carrying case
US3063420 *Apr 29, 1954Nov 13, 1962Parker Pen CoWriting instruments
US3174461 *May 2, 1963Mar 23, 1965Joseph B PompaMiniaturized extensible and retractable pen
US3288116 *Jul 14, 1964Nov 29, 1966Nathan PoritzMulti-color adapted ball point pen
US3311089 *Sep 14, 1964Mar 28, 1967Rudolf VogelWriting instrument
US3436160 *Aug 8, 1966Apr 1, 1969Lew Mfg CoRetractable writing instrument
US4529328 *Sep 6, 1983Jul 16, 1985The Parker Pen CompanyProjection-retraction mechanism for a writing instrument
US4780016 *Apr 6, 1987Oct 25, 1988Kim Jae HCaptive pen cap
US6964534Jun 26, 2003Nov 15, 2005Binney & Smith Inc.Retractable writing instrument
US7329062Aug 15, 2005Feb 12, 2008Crayola LlcRetractable writing instrument
US7488130Feb 1, 2007Feb 10, 2009Sanford, L.P.Seal assembly for retractable instrument
US7775734Feb 9, 2009Aug 17, 2010Sanford L.P.Seal assembly for retractable instrument
US7850382Jan 18, 2007Dec 14, 2010Sanford, L.P.Valve made from two materials and writing utensil with retractable tip incorporating same
US8221012Nov 7, 2008Jul 17, 2012Sanford, L.P.Retractable instruments comprising a one-piece valve door actuating assembly
US8226312Mar 28, 2008Jul 24, 2012Sanford, L.P.Valve door having a force directing component and retractable instruments comprising same
US8246265Dec 14, 2010Aug 21, 2012Sanford, L.P.Valve made from two materials and writing utensil with retractable tip incorporating same
US8393814Jan 30, 2009Mar 12, 2013Sanford, L.P.Retractable instrument having a two stage protraction/retraction sequence
US8568047Sep 6, 2012Oct 29, 2013Sanford, L.P.Retractable instrument having a two stage protraction/retraction sequence
US20040265035 *Jun 26, 2003Dec 30, 2004Binney & Smith Inc.Retractable writing instrument
US20050271451 *Aug 15, 2005Dec 8, 2005Binney & Smith Inc.Retractable writing instrument
US20070274765 *May 21, 2007Nov 29, 2007Crayola LlcRetractable writing instrument
DE1141209B *Aug 4, 1956Dec 13, 1962Georg Linz Fabrik Moderner SchKugelschreibermine
EP0231521A1 *Dec 29, 1986Aug 12, 1987KOTOBUKI & CO., LTD.Writing tool
WO1996007550A1 *Sep 2, 1995Mar 14, 1996Imco J. Michaelis Gmbh & Co.Core-type writing implement with a completely retractable point
U.S. Classification401/116, 401/108, 401/34
International ClassificationB43K24/00, B43K24/06
Cooperative ClassificationB43K24/06
European ClassificationB43K24/06