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Publication numberUS2604045 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 22, 1952
Filing dateMar 9, 1946
Priority dateMar 9, 1946
Publication numberUS 2604045 A, US 2604045A, US-A-2604045, US2604045 A, US2604045A
InventorsArnold Stanfield N
Original AssigneeFoster Wheeler Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Missile
US 2604045 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. N. ARNOLD July 22, 1952 MISSILE Filed March 9, 1946 lNvENfmg f Y E R A. M A D S. N. ARNOIaD July 22, 1952 MISSILE 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed March 9, 1946 DWZ O N TN R N o V2 w mM A w W m s n/w fuse 40 in the fuse box projects into the compartment 38, while the other end of the fuse extends through a passage in the base I4 and into the body of the bomb or another explosive compartment, not shown.

In operation, the bomb is armed through ejection of the arming pin 21 by the spring 36 which pin is released by withdrawing the arming wire 35 as the bomb leaves a bomb rack or, when the bombs are in a cluster, by declustering the bombs. Although the bomb is armed when the pin 21 is ejected, there is no danger of the bomb ring as the projecting ends of the guide pin 25 are in the safety guideways 42 wherein the firing pin 24' is prevented from contacting the primer cap 32 by engagement of the ends of the guide pin 25 with the step portion 23. Upon impact of the nose of the bomb upon a target with sufficient force to cause a rate of deceleration of the bomb at or above a predetermined minimum, the weight 24 moves in the tube I6 toward the nose of the bomb against the tension of the spring 34 thereby colmpressing the spring, the projecting ends of guide pin 25 engaging the inclined portion of the spring arms 26 forcing the spring arms to move toward the firing guideways 4| and away from the safety guideways 42 a suicient distance tc permit the projecting ends of the guide pins to pass out of the safety guideways. When the ends of the guide pins have passed out of the safety guideways 42 and beyond the inclined portion of the spring arms 26, the spring arms return to their normal position with the inclined portion of the arms extending across the safety guideways 42 to a point closely adjacent or engaging the inner wall of the tube I6. The stop 2|] arrests the forward movement of the weight 24 after it has passed from the safety guideways and beyond the inclined portion of the arms 26 and prevents the crushing of the spring 34 should the rate of deceleration of the bomb be too great. When the forward movement of the weight is arrested, the

tension of the spring 34 reverses the movement of the weight and causes it to be forcibly moved toward the base of the nose. In moving toward said base the projecting ends of the guide pin 25 engage the inclined portion of the arms 26 which causes the weight to be rotated in a clockwise direction (Fig. 2) sufficiently to permit the ends of the guide pin to enter the firing guideways 4| and move therein toward and forcibly strike the primer cap 32 and detonate said cap. Detonation of the primer 32 causes the fuse 3| to be ignited, the fuse thereafter burning toward an explosive or other charge with which it is in communication.

Should the rate of deceleration of the bomb upon impact on an object be insuicient to cause the weight 24 to move past the inclined portion of the arms 26 against the tension of the spring 34', the projecting ends of the guide pin 25 will remain in the safety guideways v42 and will be forced back against the steps 23 the bomb thereby being prevented from ring since the firing pin will not be permitted to impact on the primer cap 32. The strength of the spring 34, therefore, determines the force of the impact and rate of deceleration of the bomb required to cause the weight to move beyond the inclined portion of the arms 26 to re the bomb. The spring will be of such strength that a predetermined rate of deceleration willbe required to re the bomb.

The embodiment of the invention disclosed in Figs. 3 to 5 is somewhat'similar to the form of the invention shown in Figs. 1 and 2 but separate firing and safety guideways 4| and 42 are provided in the tube I6 instead of guideways pro-l vided by dividing slots 2| and 22 by the spring: arms 26. The slots 2| and 22 are divided into a ring guideway 4| and a safety guideway 42 by partitions 44. The safety guideways 42 extend through the wall of the tube I6 substantially diametrically opposite one another. As shown, the guideways 42 have one side 43 thereof which extends longitudinally of the tube from a point in spaced relationship with the cap 32 to a point closely adjacent the end of the stop 20. The side 43 has a curved portion 45 extending from a point intermediate the opposite ends of the guideways across the slot and to the end adjacent the stop 20. The ends 42 of the safety guideways 42 prevent the weight from detonating the primer since the ends 42' are spaced such a distance from the primer that engagement of the pin 25 thereon prevents the Weight from contacting the primer.' The partition 44 of the slots 2| and `22 projects to a point short of the curved portion 45 of the side 43 of guideways 42 and has an end 41 at said point. The firing guideways 4| extend longitudinally of the tube I6 and through the wall of the tube substantially diametrically opposite one another at points substantially from the safety guideways 42. Each of the guideways 4| have a side 46 thereof which extends from a point closely adjacent the end of the plug 20 to a point closely adjacent the cap 32.

The operation of the form of the invention shown in Figs. 3 to 5 is substantially' the same as that shown in Figs. 1 and 2 with the yexception that upon impact of the bomb upon a target the weight 24 moves toward the stop 20 but when the guide pin 25 passes beyond the guideways 42 and the end 41 of the partition 44, the Weight 24, due to the torsional stress of the spring 34, turns in a counter-clockwise direction (Fig. 5). After the impact and turning of the weight, the tension of the compressed spring 34 vcauses the weight to move toward the primer 32, the pin 25 entering the firing guideways 4| and moving in said guideways toward said primer 32 until the firing pin 24 strikes and detonates the primer thereby causing the fuse 3| to become ignited.

While the ring mechanism of the present invention has been disclosed with the nose structure of the bomb of copending United States patent application Serial No. 648,588, filed February 19, 1946, itwill be understood that this firing mechanism may be used with other types of bombs.

Since changes maybe effected in the forms of the invention selected for disclosure without departing from the principles of the invention, it will be understood that the invention is not to be limited excepting by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a bomb adapted to be fired upon impact with an object, a nose having a forward portion for striking an object, a primer element in said nose adapted to be detonated, mounting means comprising a tubular member having diametrically opposed slots therein, a flexible arm for each of said slots, said arms separating the slots into separate guideways, the arms extending longitudinally of the slots to a point spaced a predetermined distance from the primer thence toward the wall of the tubular member and across one of the guideways, a weight for detonating the rprimer movably mounted in said mounting means, guiding means on said weight adapted to slidably engage the guideways, a compressible helical spring in said tubular member, said spring being secured at one end tol the mounting means and positioned to `impose a torsional stress on said spring, the guideways being so arranged that the weight upon movement is guided toward and away from the primer, the movement away compressing vthe spring, said one ofthe guideways Vof'each slotl being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short. thereof, the other of the guideways of each slot being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the arrangement. being such that when the bomb strikes an object with a force which results in a rate of deceleration of the missile greater than a predetermined rate of decelerationY the weight moves past said arms in a direction away from the primer, the torsional stress on the spring causing the guiding means to pass from one of the guideways of each slot to said other guideway of each slot wherein the weight is returned toward and impacts the primer by-force provided by the spring thereby `detonating the primer.

2. In an article of munition that is iired upon impact with an object, said article comprising mounting means having a longitudinally extending path therein, a primer element adapted to be detonated, the primer element being positioned in alignment with said path, a weight associated with the mounting means and having longitudinal movement in the path, the relative position of thev weight and primer element being such that impact of the article with an object moves the weight in a direction away from the primer, guiding means associated with the mounting means, said guiding means comprising diametrically opposed slots in the mounting means, a flexible arm for each of said slots, said arms separating the slots into separate guideways, the arms extending longitudinally ofthe slots to a point a predetermined distance in said direction away from the primer element thence toward a side wall of the slot and across one of the guideways, means movable in the-guideways and associated'with the weight and said one of the guideways to guide the movement of the weight, and resilient means cooperating with the weight and arranged so that said movement away from the primer element is against the resistance of the resilient means, the resistance of the resilient means being such as to normally prevent movement of the weight said predetermined distance, said one of the guideways being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short thereof and the other guideway being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the portion of the flexible arms extending toward the side wall of the slot causing said means movable in the guideways to be transferred from Said guideway to said other guidewas7 when the weight is moved past said predetermined distance away from the primer element so that the weight is guided in said other guideway and impelled toward the primer to detonate the same by force provided by the resilient means.

3. In a bomb adapted to be fired upon impact with an object, a nose having a forward portion for striking an object, a primer element in said nose adapted to be detonated, mounting means comprising a tubular member having diametrically opposed slots therein, a flexible arm for each of said slots, said arms separating the slotsV into separate guideways, the arms extending longitudinally of the slots to a point spaced a predetermined distance from the primer thence toward the wall of the tubular member and across one of the guideways, a weight for detonating the primer movably mounted in said mounting means, guiding means on said weight adapted to slidably engage the guideways, a compressible helical spring in said tubular member, the relative position of the spring and the weight in the tubular member being such that the weightY is moved against the compression of the spring by the force of impact, Ythe'guideways being so arranged that the weight upon movement is guided toward and away from the primer, the movement away compressing the spring, said one of the guideways of each slot being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short thereof, the other of the guideways of each slot being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the arrangement being such that when the bomb strikes an object with a force which results in a rate of deceleration of the missile greater than a predetermined rate of deceleration the weight moves past said armsl in a direction away from the primer, the portion of the flexible arms extendingl toward the wall of the tubular member causes the guiding means to pass from one of the guideways of each slot to said other guideway of each slot wherein the weight is returned toward and impacts the primer by force provided by the spring thereby detonating the primer.

e. In an article of munition that is fired upon impact with an object, said article comprising mounting means having a longitudinally extending path therein, a primer element adapted to be detonated, the primer element being Positioned in alignment with said path, a weight associated with the mounting means and having longitudinal and rotative movement in the path, the relative position of the weight and the primer element being such that impact of the article with an object moves the weight in a direction away from the primer, guiding means associated with the mounting means, said guiding means comprising a longitudinally extending slot in said mounting means, a iiexible arm in said slot, said arm separating the slot into separate guideways, the arm extending longitudinally of the slot to a point a predetermined distance in said direction away from the primer element thence toward a side wall of the slot and across one of the guideways, means movable in the guideways and associated with the weight and said one of the guideways to guide the movement of the weight, and resilient means cooperating with the weight and arranged so that said movement away from the primer element is against the resistance of the resilient means, the resistance of the resilient means being such as to normally prevent movement of the weight said predetermined distance, said one of the guideways being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short thereof and the other gujdeway being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the portion of the iiexible arms extending toward the side wall of the slot causing said means movable in the guideways to be transferred from said guideway to said other guideway when the weight is moved past said predetermined distance away from the primer element so that the weight is guided in said other guideway and impelled toward the primer to detonate the same by force provided by the resilient means.

5. In an article of' munition that is fired upon impact with an object, said article comprising mounting means having a longitudinally extending path therein, a primer element adapted to be detonated, the primer element being positioned in alignment with said path, a weight associated with the mounting means and having longitudinal and rotative movement in the path, the relative position of the weight and the primer element being such that impact of the article with an object moves the weight in a direction away from the primer, guiding means associated with the mounting means, said guiding means comprising a longitudinally extending slot in said mounting means, a exible arm in said slot, said arm separating the slot into separate guideways, the arm extending longitudinally of the slot to a point a predetermined distance in said direction away from the primer element thence toward a side wall of the slot and across one of the guideways, means movable in the guideways and associated with the weight and said one of the guideways to guide the movement of the weight, and a compressible helical spring in said path in the mounting, the spring being secured at one end to the mounting means and at the opposite end to the weight, the spring being arranged so that movement of the weight away from the primer element is against the resistance of the spring and so as to normally impose a torsional stress on said spring, the resistance of the spring being such as to normally prevent movement of the weight said predetermined distance, said one of the guideways being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short thereof and the other guideway being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the portion of the flexible arms extending toward the side wall of the slot and the torsional stress of the spring causing said means movable in the guideways to be transferred from said guideway to said other guideway when the weight is moved past said predetermined distance away from the primer element so that the weight is guided in said other guideway and impelled toward the primer to detonate the same by force provided by the resilient means.

6. In firing mechanism for a missile having a primer element adapted to be detonated by force of an impact, mounting means comprising a tubular member having diametrically opposed slots therein, the primer element being positioned in the tubular member, a weight mounted in the tubular member for axial and rotative movement therein, the relative position of the weight and primer element being such that impact of the article with an object moves the weight in a direction away from the primer, a flexible arm in each of said slots, the arms separating said slots into separate guideways, each of the arms separating the slot in which it is positioned into separate guideways, the arms extending longitudinally of the slots to a point a predetermined distance in a direction away from the primer element thence toward a side wall of said slot and across one of the guideways, said arms extending in opposite directions toward opposite sides of the slots means movable in the guideways and associated with the weight and said one of the guideways to guide the movement of the weight, and resilient means cooperating with the weight and arranged so that said movement away from the primer element is against the resistance of the resilient means, the resistance of the resilient means being such as to normally prevent movement of the weight said predetermined distance, said one of the guideways being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short thereof and the other guideway being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the portion of the flexible arms extending toward the side wall of the slot causing said means movable in the guideways to be transferred from said guideway to said other guideway when the weight is moved past said predetermined distance away from the primer element so that the weight is guided in said other guideway and impelled toward the primer to detonate the same by force provided by the resilient means.

'7. In a bomb adapted to be red upon impact with an object, a nose having a forward position for striking an object, a primer element in said nose adapted to be detonated, mounting means comprising a tubular member having diametrically opposed slots therein, a iiexible arm in each of said slots, the arms separating said slots into separate guideways, each of the arms separating the slot in which it is positioned into separate guideways, the arms extending longitudinally of the slots to a point a ypredetermined distance in a direction away from the primer element thence toward a side wall of said slot and across one of the guideways, said arms extending in opposite directions toward opposite sidesv of the slots, a weight for detonating the primer movably mounted in said mounting means, guiding means on said Weight adapted to slidably engage the guideways, a compressible helical spring in said tubular member, said spring being secured at one end to the mounting means and positioned to impose a torsional stress on said spring, the guideways being so arranged that the weight upon movement is guided toward and away from the primer, the movement away compressing the spring, said one of the guideways of each slot being arranged to limit the movement of the weight toward the primer to a point short thereof, the other of the guideways of each slot being arranged to permit the weight to strike the primer, the arrangement being such that when the bomb strikes an object with a force which results in a rate of deceleration of the missile greater than a predetermined rate of deceleration the weight moves past said arms in a direction away from the primer, the torsional stress on the spring causing the guiding means to pass from one of the guideways of each slot to said other guideway of each slot wherein the weight is returned toward and impacts the primer by force provided by the spring thereby detonating the primer.

STANFIELD N. ARNOLD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,309,768 Newell July 15, 1919 1,313,930 Taylor Aug. 26, 1919 1,316,131 Baldwin Sept. 16, 1919 2,069,259 Mathsen Feb. 2, 1937 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 13,283 Great Britain of 1906 190,412 Germany Sept. 28, 1907 312,796 Italy Nov. 25, 1933

Patent Citations
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US1309768 *Mar 3, 1917Jul 15, 1919 Edward w
US1313930 *Sep 11, 1918Aug 26, 1919 Atytoselective fuse
US1316131 *Nov 23, 1916Sep 16, 1919 Double safety percussion-fuse
US2069259 *Aug 7, 1936Feb 2, 1937Mathsen Marvin LDelayed arming device for fuses
DE190412C * Title not available
GB190613283A * Title not available
IT312796B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5529264 *Feb 18, 1994Jun 25, 1996Lockheed Missiles & Space Company, Inc.Launch vehicle system
US5743492 *Aug 4, 1995Apr 28, 1998Lockheed Martin CorporationPayload housing and assembly joint for a launch vehicle
US5816539 *Aug 4, 1995Oct 6, 1998Lockheed Martin CorporationOrbital assist module and interstage
US5850989 *Aug 4, 1995Dec 22, 1998Lockheed Martin CorporationMethod and system for rapidly assembling a launch vehicle
US5924648 *Oct 3, 1997Jul 20, 1999Lockheed Martin CorporationSystem for upending/reclining launch vehicles
Classifications
U.S. Classification102/272, 102/258
International ClassificationF42C9/00, F42C9/10, F42B12/02, F42B12/20
Cooperative ClassificationF42C9/10, F42B12/204
European ClassificationF42C9/10, F42B12/20B4