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Publication numberUS2604092 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 22, 1952
Filing dateJul 28, 1949
Priority dateAug 3, 1948
Publication numberUS 2604092 A, US 2604092A, US-A-2604092, US2604092 A, US2604092A
InventorsEdward Brown Frederick, Martin Hyde Peter
Original AssigneeEdward Brown Frederick, Martin Hyde Peter
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective sheath for cows' teats
US 2604092 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jul 22, 1952 Filed July 28, 1949 F. E. BROWN EI'AL PROTECTIVE SHEATH FOR COWS TEATS I ntors: W

Vim 135 July 22, 1952 I F, BR WN r AL 2,604,092

PROTECTIVE SHEATH FOR COWS TEATS Filed July 28, 1949 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 V In en r5 wui D J DMG Atlorney Patented July 22, 1952 *U D; TSTATES PA NT? OFF-1 1 7 fi'Tj i momcnvs SHEATH FOR cows TEA'rs' Frederi ck Edwai-d Brown. and Peter Martin,

4 .Hyde, England Application July 28,1949, Serial No. 107,188 In Great Britain August 3, 1948 In spite of advances in veterinary science, large numbers of valuable cows are slaughtered every year as a result of disease of their milking organs. Many of the worst diseases arise from germs or poison, mainly fly-borne, passing up through the teats to the udder.

The applicants have discovered that the toll exacted by suchjdiseases can be very materially reduced by protecting the teats at appropriate times by means of sheathes which cover the milk outlets. I v h To be successful in use and to be acceptable to the farmer, such sheaths must not damage the teats which are delicate organs or cause th cow discomfort; must be capable of being easily placed in position and stripped off and yet remain securely in position in spite of the flabbiness of the teats and the conditions under which a cow lives; must be cheap to manufacture.

The general aim of th invention is to provide a sheath having such qualities.

The preferred form of protective sheath in accordance with the invention is made of a flexible elastic material such as rubber and has a bulbous body portion closed at one end and merg ing into a neck at the other. The inside of the neck is coated with a plurality of adhesive patches which extend over the greater part of the circumference of the neck and which are covered by strips which adhere lightly to'-'the passage and extend beyond the open end of the neck.

Such a sheath has the desir'able "qualities enumerated above as will be clear from the following description of ings in which: I

Figures 1 and 2 show the preferred form of sheath in position on'ateat at different stages in its being fitted in position thereon.

Figure'3 is an elevation, partly i" ing on a larger scale the upper end of the sheath shown in'Fi-gures 1 and "2 and illustrating the manner in which it is used. i

Figure l shows in elevation a manner of stiffening the neck of the sheath shown in Figures 1 and 2. V r

Figure 5 is a sectiontaken on th'ejline V' -V in Figure 4. r

Figure 6 is a section corresponding to Figure 5 of an alternative manner of stifiening the neck and I Figure 7 is a perspectiveviewofa sheath having a neck of polygonal section. r j f r The sheathshown in -Fig ures 1' 3; has a bulbous 1 portion A and a neck '35; .T h eseftwo portions. are joined by a connecting portion'C'whi'chta th accompanying draw-..

n section, show- Claims. (01.128-132) pers at about 45 .to the longitudinal axis of the sheath and provides a smooth transition from one to the other, which isdesirable in order that the sheath maybe easy to mount and may not damage the teat.

The shape and nature of a cows teats are such that there is a tendency forjthe open end of'the neck ofthe sheath to be opened and to rollover with the consequencethat the'sheathslides off. This tendency is counteracted'by the provision of an external bead D atthe 'open end of the neck.

Many experiments made by the applicants have led to the empirical establishment of the followving dimensions which lead to the production of a sheath which is easy to mount, which remains in position for a reasonable length of tim and doesnot lead to irritation or damage of the teat:

Length of neck, about A-% inch. Bead, not more than 1%; inch thick. Thickness of neck, not more than 0.02 inch.

is coated overthe greater partof its circum fer'ence. The patches are covered by Strips G which proceed from the open end of the neck down to the lower edgeof the adhesive patch and up again. They are long enough to project out of the neck as shown in Fig. 3. They are preferably lightly tacked to the neck E so as to retain the position shown on the left hand side of Fig. 3.

When the sheath is to be. used, its neck is expanded and is passed over the teat J into the position. shown in Figifil. When it is inposition, the strips G are pulled upwards and are thus stripped oil the adhesive patchesas indicated in Fig. 3. The sheath is thus caused to adhere to the teat as shown in Fig. Zand the presence of the adhesive does not, in any way, impede the placing in position of the sheath.

It is advantageous for the neck to have that amount of rigidity which will resist its being rolled down. It can, with this object in view, he provided with crimps K as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. Such crimps are easily provided in a sheath made by a dipping processpin the case of a moulded sheath, the crimps' are best replaced b light solid ribs K aSZShOWIl in Fig. 6,v

which the adhesive will adhere less well than it does to rubber so that when they are pulled away, they will be stripped from the adhesive. They should also be thin, smooth and flexible and preferably, substantially inelastic. Good results have been obtained with strips of a plastic of the polyvinyl chloride kind. Thin, strong woven strips having a glazed surface can also be used.

Draughtmans tracing cloth is a suitable material of this kind. I a I It is of advantage to provide ventilationeholes as shown at L in Figs. 1, 2 and 7. Their main purpose is to allow for the escape of air during the fitting of the sheath and also during use when, for example, the air trapped in the-sheath may be subjected to pressure because the cow is lying on a teat or because a-teat of a lying cow is trodden. on. The ventilation holes must, be smallvpreferably'.n'ot'.greater than in; diameter. They are'bestprovidedimmediately below the neck.

Sheaths for generaruse are preferably 'made, by a dipping process, from surgicalrrubber'latex. Synthetic-latex can, however, also be used; indeed, same forms of synthetic rubber have certain advantages overnatural rubber Thus,j;if a Lteat beidamag'edlit is usual'to anoint it with healing e11. g'sii'c'h'oil icauses rubber to deteriorate and 'loseiits 'stretchybut has no such eifect on'syn- 'thetic .rubbersjer Ithebutyl kind which are oilresistant. The sheaths can, however, alsobe made 'bylinouldin'g.

AI'n'aximum thic'knes'soi head of 1 s intat the o'penlend of the neck has been indicated. The actual thickness which is adopted depends'upon the'diam'elter of the neck. The tightness 'of the bead depends upon both'these factors and,there fore, the smaller the diameterof the neck, the smaller will, in "general, ibe'the'thi'cknessof the bead. Withthe smallersizes of sheath, a bead thickness of about 0.03 to 0.04111. gives ver'ysatisfactory'r'e'sults.

.As the solvent. in some adhesives is liable 'to be absorbed by rubbera'nd lose its adhesive power, iitcan be advantageous to provide the'patches in the form 'o'fverythin stripsof oil resisting material lco'ated onfboth isi'des with the, adhesive. 'such a double lcove'red'strip' can be made to adhere strongly to rubberand "to remain adherent theert'o; The exposed layer 'of adhesive, i. e. on the side of the strip remote from the rubber, would then be covered iby'a'protec'tive strip as explained abovep The adhesive whi'chiis to be brought'intocontact with the teat is vthussandwiched between, two non-absorbent materials which will'enable the sheaths 1130136 kept in stock "for long periods without fear of deterioration of theadhesive. u U,

-The necks ofithe sheaths 'shown'in Figs. 1-'6 are cylindrical. 'ltlwill be appreciated that the era plication of the adhesive and 'the'cover strips may,

and generally wil1,ldis'tort the necks so that they 1 do not appear to "be cylindrical "until they are placed in position on the te'ats'. "Ihe term cylindrical is tofbe construed accordingly.

In a modified form Lof theinvention shown in -Fi'gf 7, the neck B is made lpo'ly'gonal in cross fsectio'n'for example, ihe'xago'n'alfor octagonal.

This can be particularl advantageous when the sheaths are 'jrh'ade by dipping as the arrises will forrn stiffening ribs -offthe kind referred to above. 7

eie'ims, V.

;A'eaeaveeeah gee e: aseea plurality of strips each lightly. stuck toand covering a different one of said patcheg and disposed axially of said neck and having a free end beyond that end of the associated patch which is remote from the open end of the sheath.

- 2. A protective sheath of flexible elastic material closed at one end and open at the other,

open end andof 'a length which is small in comparison with that of said body portion, an adhesive coated on the inside of said neck portion .saidpatches.

in the form of a plurality of spacedapart patches extending from said open end, and strips of substantially inexten'sible 'rn'a'teri'al covering said patches 'from' the .edge thereof nearest "to said open end to and beyond -the edge remote from said open end'th'e'iby to,"provide free ends which can be pulled from outsidethe sheath. to uncover "'3. A V protective sheath of flexible elastic mate- .rial closed at one ene and open .at the other,

comprising abodyfportioniextending from said closed end, a neck portion extending 'from'said open, end, .anadhesive coated on the inside of said .neckin the form-of a plurality of spaced apartpat'ches extending away from said open end and over-the greaterpart of the circum ierenceof said 'neek, and aplurality of strips of substantially inextensibl'e Imate'ri alcovering said patchesandIexteridingfrornsaid open end into said neck and backagain-beyond saidopen end, each .of said strips being lightly tacked to itself in the vicinity of said-open end.

4. A protective sheath of flexible elastic material clos-ed at one .end and open'at the other, comprising a :body portionat said closed end, a neck ,portion at said open end of a length which is small'in comparison with that of said bodyportion, an external head at said openend, a connecting portion between said body portion and saidneckportion free from any local constriction, an ,adhesive zcoated on the inside of the sheath in the form of a plurality of patches extending-from-.said open end at least over the 5;, A;protective sheath of flexible elastic mate- Irial closed at one end and open 'at'the other and'oomprising a bulbous body portion extending fromsaid closed end, a-substantially cylindrical 'neck'portion extending from said'open'end and a connecting portion between said body and neckportions providing a smooth transition with no local thickening of the wall of the sheath, said'neckportion being provided with a plurality of external ribs iextendin g from said open end to said connection portion, an adhesive coated on the inside of said neck portion in'th-e form of a plurality of patches extendingover the greater pa t Of hecircumferenee of said neck portion,

a swered 6 Sfi i 2e l h stuck to answe i g e-eifierente eoi aiepatchsand 6 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

Number UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Miller et al. Nov. 18, 1902 Smith Nov. 19, 1912 Weitzner Apr. 30, 1929 Bowman Sept. 19, 1944 Welsh Nov. 2'7, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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US1044934 *Aug 30, 1912Nov 19, 1912Walter P SmithAnimal-breeder's bag.
US1711294 *Apr 16, 1928Apr 30, 1929Geza WeitznerObstetric device
US2358440 *Mar 21, 1941Sep 19, 1944Edwin T WymanProtective sheath for medical and surgical use
US2389831 *May 11, 1944Nov 27, 1945Welsh Samuel JProphylactic sheath or envelope
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2711737 *May 29, 1952Jun 28, 1955Serugo Rubber CoForming beads on non-tacky material and articles produced thereby
US3403682 *Dec 22, 1965Oct 1, 1968Timothy H. McdonellIncontinence devices
US3677225 *Oct 1, 1970Jul 18, 1972Julius CzirelyContraceptive device
US4022199 *Sep 24, 1975May 10, 1977Fetty Walter WMethod of preventing the spread and control of mastitis
US4064880 *Sep 7, 1976Dec 27, 1977Logan Dexter JSanitary tubular napkin for males
US4371987 *Mar 12, 1980Feb 8, 1983Surgikos, Inc.Latex glove
US4378018 *Jun 5, 1981Mar 29, 1983Hollister IncorporatedMale urinary drainage device
US4638790 *Mar 25, 1985Jan 27, 1987Mentor CorporationContraceptive hood
US4716180 *Nov 16, 1984Dec 29, 1987Killian Latex, Inc.Composition and method for the preservation of mastitis
US4731064 *Apr 23, 1987Mar 15, 1988Heyden Eugene LUrine drainage device with adhesive tabs
US4754750 *Mar 20, 1987Jul 5, 1988Coopervision, Inc.Areola/nipple surgical wound protector
US4865595 *Mar 10, 1988Sep 12, 1989Heyden Eugene LDrainage device for urine
US4870977 *Jul 14, 1987Oct 3, 1989Coopervision, Inc.Surgical protector for raised wounds
US4885049 *Oct 26, 1987Dec 5, 1989Coloplast A/SMethod of manufacture of an external catheter for male urinary incontinence
US4917113 *Jan 27, 1987Apr 17, 1990Carter-Wallace, Inc.Contraceptive hood
US5036863 *Aug 16, 1990Aug 6, 1991Family Health InternationalCondom articles, and apparatus and method for making and using the same
US5163448 *Apr 30, 1991Nov 17, 1992Family Health InternationalCondom comprising dispensing structure, and method of making and using the same
US5199444 *Jul 8, 1991Apr 6, 1993Family Health InternationalCondom having enhanced grippability structure and annular sealing element
US5351698 *Apr 1, 1992Oct 4, 1994Family Health InternationalBidirectionally donnable generally tubular sheath articles, and apparatus and method for making and using same
US5360590 *Jun 4, 1993Nov 1, 1994Family Health InternationalMethod of making a condom article
US5361779 *Nov 18, 1992Nov 8, 1994Family Health InternationalTubular sheathing article comprising knitted retention structure, and method of making the same
US5454379 *Sep 9, 1994Oct 3, 1995Shepherd; William G.Device for shielding the male organ
US5579784 *Mar 23, 1995Dec 3, 1996Harari; Max M. A.Male condom
US5713880 *Apr 2, 1996Feb 3, 1998Medpoint CorporationExternal male catheter
US5806524 *Oct 10, 1997Sep 15, 1998Hernandez; Arturo RafaelMale condom device with improved adhesivity and method for manufacturing
US5855206 *May 17, 1995Jan 5, 1999Ireland; JudLoose prophylactic sack device having improved closure
US6068618 *May 21, 1997May 30, 2000Medpoint CorporationExternal male catheter
US8343119 *Nov 23, 2009Jan 1, 2013Melanie Juel MayerStoma cap device for ostomy maintenance assistance
US8360012Apr 20, 2011Jan 29, 2013Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
US8794191Dec 18, 2012Aug 5, 2014Pawz Dog Boots LlcDisposable, protective canine sock/boot requiring no fasteners
US20100145292 *Nov 23, 2009Jun 10, 2010Melanie Juel MayerStoma Cap Device for Ostomy Maintenance Assistance
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WO1988006877A1 *Mar 18, 1988Sep 22, 1988Cooper Co IncAreola/nipple surgical wound protector
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/846, 604/346, 604/352, 128/890, 119/852, 128/844
International ClassificationA01J1/00, A01K13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA01K13/006, A01J1/00
European ClassificationA01K13/00H, A01J1/00