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Publication numberUS2605318 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 29, 1952
Filing dateJan 4, 1951
Priority dateJan 4, 1951
Publication numberUS 2605318 A, US 2605318A, US-A-2605318, US2605318 A, US2605318A
InventorsDavid M Morgenstern
Original AssigneeDavid M Morgenstern
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric plug
US 2605318 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

u y 1952 D. M. MORGENSTERN 2,505,318

ELECTRIC PLUG Filed Jan. 4, 1951 a. INVENTOR. BYDA v10 M/VOAGE/YSTAWN LAM (Gig/AM Patented July 29, 1 952 ;,o-1v1TEo. fiiST-ATES egrelvr OFFICE.

, ELECTRIC PLUG David M.MorgenstermlEuclid,,Qhio

' Application January 4,1951, Serial'hlo. 204,441 I '1: This invention consists of improvements in electric plugs of the type adapted for insertion in the cigarette-lighter sockets that are common on the instrument panels of automotive vehicles. The plugs are used on the extension cords of trouble or portable spotlights, for example.

Objects of the invention are to provide a plug of this kind that consists of few parts, capable of being easily and quickly assembled, and in the assembling of which effective electrical connections are made without the need of solder; to provide a plug of the type aforesaid including, as its major parts, two casing sections that are secured together by integral fastening means, and which sections cooperate to hold other parts of the plug in place; and to provide a plug of this nature that is thoroughly reliable and serviceable, and wherein electrical contact of increased area between the plug body and, socket wall is effected. r

The foregoing and other objects are attained in the embodiments of the invention illustrated in angles to eachother; Fig. 3 is an elevational view of one of the casing sections, looking into the,

open side of the same, showing it wired and as ha ving'emplaced inits front end a button of insulating material, shown in central sectiomand supporting a contact member or plunger, this, and the following views, being on a scale con-' siderablyenlarged over actual size; Fig. 4' is a similar view of the other casing section; Fig. 5 is a front elevational view of the plug; Figs. 6 and 7 are sections on the line XX of Fig. 3, looking in thedirections' of the arrows 66 and 1-1, respectively; Fig. 8 is a section on the line 88 of Fig. 3; Fig. 9 is a perspective View of the blank from which the contact member or plunger appearing in the former views is formed, and Figs. 10 and 11 are, respectively, a front elevation and a fragmentary sectional side elevation of a modification of the invention.

I will first describe the invention as illustrated in Figs; 1 to 9; The casing of the plug, designated generally by the reference numeral l, is made up'of metallic sections 2 and 3,-desirably consisting of die castings. The two sections of thecasing are shown as. symmetrical and substantiallyidentical on their exteriors, and their mating. edges .meet in the planeof the longitudinalpaxisof the casing. At its forward .end,.

10 Claims. (01.1 734361') each section is'providedwith-'semi-annularinternal flanges 4 and 5- that set oif channels '6. Tothe rear of the flange 5, one edge of each section is providedwith an elongated shallow notch l, and when thesections are assembled in proper relation to eachother, these notches form a slot for the accommodation of a spring This spring is formed from wire of suitable gauge and has its rear end turned inwardly at substantially right angles to its body while its forward end is givena reverse bend and then turned abruptly downwardly to provide a shank 9, shown in dotted linesin Figs. 3 and '1'. This shank is received by abore in a post 0 that extends from the semi-cylindrical wall of the casing section 3. The post has a depression at its outer end within which the adjacentportion of the spring 8 is confined by an overlying abutment I2 on the casing section 2 whenfthe; casing sections are in assembled relation, as shown in Fig. 17. Thus, the spring 8 is held firmly in place with the greater part of its body portion projecting through the beforementioned slot in rearwardly divergent relation" to the adjacent side of the casing. j V

The casing sections 2 and 3 are formed on their interiors, rearwardly of the notches T, with clamping jaws l5 and [6, respectively. The faces of these jaws are provided with ribs I'l, those of one jaw alternating with the ribs of the other jaw. Near the inner front. corner of the jaw Hi,

the casing section. 3 is provided with spaced lugs i a'nd extended rearwardly between the lugs.

is the front end portion'of an,insulating conductor 2Q that, is led in through an opening in the rear end of. the plug, said opening being formed by registering notches 21. of the two casing sections. The end portion of the conductor is stripped of insulation and is, adapted to be compressed between the clamping jaws [Sand 15 when the casing sections are secured together. The conductor commonly; employed with this type of plug is made'up of wire strands enclosed in a. jacket of suitable insulating material, and the exposed ends of the strands are'fanned out between the clamping jaws. Inasmuch as the ribs on one jaw are staggered with respect to those on the other, the strands are kinked about the. ribs to insure proper mechanical as well as electrical connection between the conductor and the casing, of thejplug, and. with the conductor 20 wrappedabout one andengaged between both-ofthe lugs lfljin the manner shown in Fig; 3, any pull ontheconductor lllwegiterior of, the casing would not be imparted to the clamped terminal casing sections, when said sections are in assembled relation. The button is provided with an axial bore 2 8, reduced in diameter at its inner end to provide a shoulder 29, and diametrically opposed guideways 30 extend along the forward portion of the bore. 35 is a contact mem- 7 her or plunger that has a contact head 36 at its forward end, a connecting sleeve 31 at its rear end, and a neck 38 intermediate said head and sleeve that is guided within the reduced inner end of the bore 28. Surrounding said neck,

and confined between the aforesaid shoulder '29 and the head of the plunger, is a spring 39 that tends to hold the contact member or plunger in projected position with the sleeve 31 engaged with the inner end of the button 25. It should be explained that the contact member or plunger, in the present embodiment, is fabricated of sheet metal from the blank shown in Fig. 9; and that the sleeve 31, in its original condition, is cylindrical and of a size to passthrough the reduced end of the bore 28. A second insulated conductor $5 is led in through the opening in the rear end of the casing, and its forward end is stripped of insulation and inserted into the sleeve 37 after which the sleeve is flattened,

as shown in Figs. 3, 6 and '7, so as to producea secure mechanical and effective electrical connection between the conductor and the contact member or plunger 35. With the sleeve 31 spread out in the manner described, it is considerably wider'than the diameter of the reduced end of the casing I,: the sections 2 and 3 are formed 7 with depressions of a shape to provide parallel wall portions 45 and 46, respectively, from the latter of which extend integral rivets 41 that have their ends projected through holes in the wall portions 45 and beyond which the rivets are headed, as best. illustrated in Fig. 8, thereby to securely and permanently fasten the casing sections together. I

v In Fig.9, wherethe blank from which the contact member or plunger .35 is formed, the blank is designated, generally, 35 and the parts from which the head, sleeve andneck are formed are designated, respectively, 36, 3! and 38?.

In the modification illustrated in Figs. 10 and 11, a contact member or plunger is employed having a cylindrical head 50, shown as rounded at its forward end, and an axial cylindrical neck 5| extending rearwardly therefrom. The portion of the bore 28- of the present button 25 of insulating material, is of a diameter to receive for free movement therein the head 50, and the rear end of the bore is reduced in diameter to near that of the shank 5| providing an annular shoulder 29 between which and the head 50 of the plunger is confined a helical spring 39 The rear end of the neck 5| has an axial recess into which isinserted the'stripped forward terminal portion of an "insulated conductor 40 said terminal portion of the conductor being secured within the recess by deforming or pinching the sides of the neck rearwardly of the button 25 as indicated at 52. 7 Thus, a stopis provided for limiting the forward movement of the contact plunger. The sections of the casing la, in Figs. 10 and 11, are designated 2 and 3 and the spring adjacent the side of the casing, 8

The manner of assembling the plug will be clear from the foregoing description, and in its use, the plug, grasped by the handle constituted of the rear end of the casing, is inserted into a cigarette-lighter socket in the customary manner so that the contact member or plunger 35 engages the axial contact at the inner end of the socket, while the spring 8, compressed against one side of the peripheral wall of the socket will urge the opposite side of the casing against the adjacent portion of said peripheral wall, thereby to ground the plug both through the metal casing land the spring 8, thus greatly increasing the area of such contact over that of plugs wherein' the casing is constructed of plastic having insulating properties, the sole grounding contact, in such instances, being through the spring.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. An electric plug comprising a casing made up of two metallic sections, a button of insulating material confined between the front ends of said sections, a contact member extending through the button and exposed beyond the front and rear endsthereof, two insulated conductors leading into the rear portion of the casing, one having electrical connection with the inner end of the contact member and the other having its terminal portion uninsulated and clamped between opposed parts of the casing sections, fastening means securing the casing sections together, and a spring attached to the casing at one side thereof for contact with a side wall of a socket.

2. An electric plug according to claim 1, wherein said fastening means comprises a rivet formed integral with one section, the other section having an aperture through which the rivet is extended and beyond which it is headed.

3. An electric plug comprising a casing made up of two metallic sections, the casinghaving an opening at its forward end that is divided between the two sections, a button of insulating material in said opening and having parts interengaged with parts is: the casing for holding the button in place, the button having an axial bore, a contact member disposed within said bore and exposed beyond the front and rear ends of the button, two insulated conductors leading into the rear portion of the casing, one having electrical connection with the inner end of the contact. member and the other having its terminal portion uninsulated and clamped between opposed parts of the casing sections, fastening means securing the casing sections together, and a spring attached to the casing at one side thereof for contact with a side wall of a socket.

4. An electric plug comprising a casing made up oftwo metallic sections, a button'of insulating material confined between the front ends of said sections, a contact member extending through the button and exposed beyond the front and rear ends thereof, two insulated conductors leading into the rear portion of the casing, the first conductor having electrical connection with the inner end of the contact member and the second conductor having its terminal portion uninsulated and clamped between opposed parts of the casing sections, spaced lugs on the interior of the casing between which a return bend of the second conductor is engaged to resist any pull exerted on the second conductor exterior of the casing, fastening means securing the casing'sections together, and a spring attached to the casing at one side thereof for contact with a side wall of a socket.

5. An electric plug comprising a casing made up of two metallic sections, a button of insulating material confined between the front ends of said sections, a contact member extending through the button and exposed beyond the front and rear ends thereof, each casing section incorporating a clamping jaw in opposed relation to the clamping jaw of the other section, two insulated conductors leading into the rear portion of the casing, one having electrical connection with the inner end of the contact member and the other having its terminal portion uninsulated and clamped between the aforesaid jaws, fastening means securing the casing sections together, and a spring attached to the casingat one side thereof for contact with a side wall of a socket.

6. An electric plug according to claim 5, wherein the clamping faces of said jaw are provided with ribs, the ribs of one jaw being substantially parallel to and alternating with the ribs of the other jaw.

7. An electric plug comprising a casing made up of two metallic sections, a button of insulating material confined between the front ends of said sections, a contact member extending through the button and exposed beyond the front and rear ends thereof, a clamping jaw incorporated in each of the casing sections adjacent one side thereof, each jawhaving a clamping face in opposed relation to the clamping face of the other jaw when the casing sections are in assembled relation, spaced lugs on the interior of one of the casing sections forwardly and inwardly of the clamping jaw of said section, two insulated conductors leading into the rear portion of the easing, the first conductor having electrical connection with the inner end of the contact member and the second conductor having a return bend adjacent its forward end that is engaged between said lugs, the terminal portion of the second conductor being uninsulated and clamped between said jaws, fastening means securing the casing sections together, and a spring attached to the casing at one side thereof for contact with the side wall of a socket.

8. An electric plug comprising a casing made up of two metallic sections, a button of insulating material confined between the front ends of said sections, a contact member extending through the button and exposed beyond the front and rears ends thereof, two insulated conductors leading into the rear portion of the casing, one having electrical connection with the inner end of the contact member and the other having its terminal portion uninsulated and clamped between opposed parts of the casing sections, the

casing having an elongated slot at one side thereof defined by opposed edge portions of the two casing sections, a part on the interior of one of the casing sections adjacent the slot having a bore at substantially right angles to the plane of the slot, a wire spring having a laterally extending shank confined within said bore and shaped to extend outwardly through the slot and rearwardly along the side of the casing in divergent relation thereto and having its rear end turned inwardly for engagement through the adjacent end of the slot, the aforesaid part of the casing section being provided with positioning means between which the portion of the spring adjacent said shank is confined against lateral movement, the other casing section having an abutment overlying the last mentioned portion of the spring for confining said portion against dislodgment from between said positioning means, and fastening means securing the easing sections together.

9. An electric plug comprising a casing including a body of insulating material at its forward end, said body having an axial bore reduced in diameter adjacent its rear end to provide a shoulder, and having, also, diametrically opposed longitudinal guideways opening into the front portion of the bore, acontact plunger fabricated of sheet metal and having a relatively wide flat head at its forward end and a sleeve formation at its inner end and a flat neck intermediate the head and sleeve consisting of a singlethickness 0f the sheet metal, through said bore and arranged with thelateral edges of the head disposed within the aforesaid guideways, a spring surrounding the neck and confined between the aforesaid shoulder and. the head of the plunger and tending to urge the plunger forwardly, two conductors leading into the rear portion of the casing, one having its forward end inserted into the aforesaid sleeve, the sleeve being flattened to secure the conductor to the plunger, the flattened sleeve serving as a stop to limit the forward movement of the plunger, and means through which the other conductor is grounded.

10. An electric plug according to claim 9, wherein the lateral side portions of the head of the plunger are turned over upon themselves.

DAVID M. MORGENSTERN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,803,709 Johnson May 5, 1931 2,470,280 Ackerman May 17, 1949 the plunger extending

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1803709 *May 28, 1929May 5, 1931John W Brown Mfg CompanyBulb mounting for headlamps
US2470280 *Aug 1, 1945May 17, 1949Ernest A AckermanSocket for miniature bulbs and the like and mounting therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3149898 *Feb 13, 1958Sep 22, 1964Heyman Mfg CoPolarized electric plugs
US5964623 *Jan 29, 1998Oct 12, 1999Andrew CorporationEasily gripped cigarette lighter adapter with balanced, solderless ground contacts
US6296526 *Mar 7, 2000Oct 2, 2001Rally Mfg., Inc.Cigarette lighter adapter with gripping structure
US6394851Jun 28, 2001May 28, 2002Andrew CorporationCigarette lighter adapter with one-piece solderless ground contact
USD665749 *Aug 21, 2012Valor Communication, Inc.Charger
EP0002211A1 *Nov 17, 1978Jun 13, 1979CONTRAVES GmbHElectrical coupling piece
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/668
International ClassificationH01R24/58
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/08, H01R24/58, H01R2103/00
European ClassificationH01R24/58