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Publication numberUS2605869 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1952
Filing dateApr 7, 1948
Priority dateApr 7, 1948
Publication numberUS 2605869 A, US 2605869A, US-A-2605869, US2605869 A, US2605869A
InventorsBackman John W
Original AssigneeSouthern California Glass Co I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door
US 2605869 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 5, 1952 J. w. BAcKMAN DOOR Filed April 7, 1948 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1 JNVENTOR. Jom/j W Ac/aMAN,

,H N W T T A Patented Aug. 5, 1952 DOOR John Wl. Backman, Los Angeles, Calif., assignor to Southern California Glass Co., Inc., a corporation of California Application April 7, 1948, Srerial No. 19,544

2 Clams. (Cl. 189-53) My invention relates to hinged doors for stores, ofiice building entrances and the like, and more particularly to doors made up of 'glass panels in extruded metallic frames.

It is a purpose of my invention to provide to strengthen and structurally simplify the frames for hinged doors with glass panels, so as to not only reduce the cost of manufacture thereof, but to minimize the mode of assembly of the parts of a door frame in relation to each other and to the'glass panel which it contains, and while 'effectively securing the panel therein, also allows ready removal thereof should it become broken to substitute a new panel.

It is also a purpose of my invention to provide a door frame including a sectional rail, which affords means for mounting on one of its Vertical edges hinges by which the door is hung in a doorway, and ,a second rail on its other Vertical edge which is detachable to allow rails of different forms to heV used depending uponl whether the door is hung to swing in one or two directions, and whether it is hung from one vertical edge, or hingedly mounted on the floor to swing in both directions for use in conjunction with a similarly mounted door to provide a two door Controlled entrance for stores and the like.

I will describe only two forms of doors, and various forms of jamb rails, each embodying my invention, and will then point out the novel features thereof in claims.

In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a view showing in elevation one form of door embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is an'enlarged fragmentary elevational view of the upper right hand corne1` of the door shown in Fig. l.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing another form of door embodying my invention.

Fig. `6 is an enlarged fragmentary elevational view of the door shown in Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 1-1 of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view showing my invention embodied in a pair of doors mounted to swing to open position in one and the same direction.

Having specific reference to Figs. l to 4`,;my invention in this embodiment comprises a door D composed of a glass panel P in an extruded metal frame of .rectangular form and designated generally at F.V The door D is of that type which is hung from one Vertical edge in a doorway W by hinges H and to swing to open position in one 'direction only.

The door frame F is composed of top and bottom or end Sections [5 and IB, and side or vertical sections ll' and' l'8, and all sections are of identical construction. I-Ience, a description of the structure of one section will sufilce for all. Each frame section as aforesaid is of extruded metal construction,`preferably aluminum, and so made as to form an elongated body IS of hollow rectangular form in cross-section. The inner end wall 20 of the section is relatively thick, and its outer side is formed with a- Vdove-tail groove 2| adjacent one side of the section, which is coextensive in length with the section. Adjacent the other'side of the section the wall 20 is formed with a' right-angled groove 22 in spaced parallelism to the groove 2| and likewise coextensive in length with' the wall 20. The other end wall 23 of each frame section is formed on its outer side with a dove-tail groove 24 which is made as wide as the section will permit, and coextensive in length with the section.

A pair of retaining strips S and SI, likewise o'f extruded metal, are carried by the wall 2D of each frame section, and the strips of all of the Sections coact to secure the panel P within the frame F. The strip S may comprise a fiat portion 25 of a width to span the entrance edge of the groove 2|, and this portion is formed on its outer face with a doVe-tail tongue 26 coextensive in length With the strip and insertable into the groove 2| at either end of the section. The strip S includes also a second portion 21 divergent in relation to the portion 25 and terminating at its free longitudinal edge in. an angular lip 28 coextensive in length therewith.

The strip SI is of similar construction to that of the strip S. VVIts portion 21a is divergent to the flat portion 25a, and the'lip 28a is parallel to the lip 28 of the strip S. The tongue 26a on the portion 25a,'a1though doVe-tailed and of the. same dimensions as the tongue 26, is readily insertable laterallyinto and removable from the groove 22 because it is of right-angle form and of a width to accommodate the tongue.

This construction allows the strip SI to be mounted on theframe section by moving it laterally against the, section whichis in contradistinction to the stripl S which requires it to be mounted endwise on the frame section because of the dove-tail form' of the groove 2|. With the two strips mounted on the frame section they coact to form a fan-tail channel 29, the lips 28 and 28a being spaced to accommodate therebetween one marginal edge of the panel P, and the panel edgesecured' inV positionby filling -thel channel With putty, cement or, anyother suitable material 30 (see Fig. 3).

The strip SI, ,onceV applied as described, mayextended 3 provided and secured in place and the channel 29 filled with putty with retaining strips S and SI, it will be clear that all four edges of the panel P are fiXedly secured to the frame sections to form a complete door. Inasmuch as the strips SI are detachable from the frame sections by first removing the screws 3| and then loosening the putty, the panel can be easily removed from the frame without disturbing the strips S, to permit substitution of another panel should it become cracked or broken.

To secure the Sections of the frame F in rectangular form prior to placing the panel P therein, conventional tie-bolts B are extendect longitudinally through the top and bottom sections 15 and IG, `with the ends of each bolt passing through plates 22 fitted in the opposite ends of the frame Sections. As shown in Fig. 4 each plate is formed on one face with a dove-tail tongue 33 and a right-angled tongue 34, these tongues corresponding to the tongues 26 and 26a of the retaining strips S and SI, and, hence, are extendable into the grooves 2| and 22. Thus the tongue 33 serves to hold the plate 32 on the frame section 11, but to secure the plate to the frame section andagainst possible twisting of vthe sections 15 and H relatively, the tie-bolt B is eX- tended throughthe plate and the nut 35 screwed home on the bolt. With such connections at all four corners of the frame, it is manifest that the frame Sections once assembled provide a non-twistable or otherwise distortable frame.

The groove 2d in the Vertical frame section I'I receives endwise a pair of ribs which coact to form a dove-tail tongue 36 on one face of a rail R for securing the vlatter to the edge of the frame section. It is upon this frame edge that the door D is hung by the hinges H, the latter being constructed to allow the door to swing only outwardly of the doorway. The hinges are secured directly to the frame section l'l by screws 37 threaded in the wall 23, and to permit this the rail R is made in Sections With one leaf of the hinges between the Sections and abutting the ends thereof so that the latter aid in supporting the leaves on the door frame. The other leaf 38 of each hinge is. screwed to the adjacent jamb 39 of the doorway, and thusthe door is hung in the doorway.

The groove 24 lin therframev section IB receives lengthwise a pair of ribs 49 which coact to form a dove-tail tongue on the inner side of a rail RI. Thisrail, as well as the rail R, mayI be termed a jamb rail in that it faoes the other jamb 4| of the doorway. The rail RI ymay' be made of any contour on its outer side depending upon the cross-sectional contour of the jamb 4|. As the jamb vis beveled transversely the side of the R1 is likewise beveled.

Referring now to Figs. 5, 6, and 7, I have here shown a door DI which is mounted on the floor 42 and the upper joint' 43 of a doorway WI to a store or the like, by conventional hinges I-Il to swing inwardly and outwardly through the doorway. While the construction of the door frame FI thereof is Substantially the same as the frame F, the frame Sections [5a and 11a at their meeting ends are constructed to accommodate certain conventional parts of the hinges HI by which the latter can be adjusted to fit the floor and jamb parts of the hinge to properly mount the door in the doorway.

Where the door DI is mounted in the manner described the railsV R2 carried by the Vertical and Ho of thetwo door frames are provided with rails R3 and R4, the confronting sides '15 and 46 ofwhich are beveled transversely, and one Vertical edge of the rail R4 is formed with an astragal 41 to span the joint between the rails when the doors are closed.

This as well as the other forms of rails, illustrates the versatility of my door frame construction in its adaptation to single or double doors, and irrespective of the manner in which they are hung.

Although I have herein shown and described only two forms of doors and various forms of jamb rails, each embodying my invention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifioations may be made therein without departing from the spirit of my invention and the Spirit and scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a door: a panel; and a frame having side and end Sections, eachV of which has in its inner edge a longitudinally extending dove-tail groove, and a right-angled groove paralleling the dovetail groove; a pair of :panel securing strips for each of said Sections, one having a dove-tail tongue engaging within said dove-tail groove and coextensive in length therewith, and the other having a dove-tail tongue removably fitted transversely in said right-angled groove and coextensive in length therewith; and means extending through the last mentioned strip and into the respective section for detachably securing said strip to said section and the tongue in Said groove. i 2. In a door: a panel; and a frame having side and end Sections, each of which has in its inner edge a longitudinally extending dove-tail groove, and a second groove paralleling the dove-tail groove; a pair of panel securing Strips for each of said Sections, one having a dove-tail tongue engaging within said dove-tail groove and coextensive in length therewith, and the other having a tongue removably fitted transversely in said second groove and coextensive in length therewith; and means extending through the last.

mentioned'strip and into the respective section for detachably securing said strip to said Section andv` the tongue in said groove.

JOHN W. BACKIVIAIT.V

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

` UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 862,956l Wolle Aug. 13, 1997 1,074,631 Lambert Oct. 7, 1913 1,147,008 Edwards July 20, 1915 1,171,443 Larson et al Feb. 15, 1916 1,358,988 Rndsberger Nov. 16, 1920 1,618 ,814 i Connell et al. Feb. 22, 1927 11791440 New Mar. 24., 1931 1,959,597 Plym May 22, 1934 2,119,685 :Peremi et al. June '7, 1938 2303,149 Verhagen Nov. 24, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US862956 *Jan 23, 1907Aug 13, 1907Joseph I SmithMetal structure.
US1074631 *Oct 27, 1911Oct 7, 1913Hale & Kilburn CoMetallic window and door.
US1147008 *Jan 7, 1910Jul 20, 1915Oliver M EdwardsWindow-sash.
US1171443 *Feb 23, 1912Feb 15, 1916Dahlstrom Metallic Door CompanyMetallic door and the like.
US1358988 *Oct 31, 1917Nov 16, 1920Albert RindsbergerFastening means
US1618814 *Feb 25, 1922Feb 22, 1927Connell Andrew JMetal door
US1797440 *Oct 10, 1927Mar 24, 1931Variety Fire Door CompanyMetal-frame door
US1959597 *Jul 10, 1931May 22, 1934Kawneer CoDoor construction
US2119685 *Jun 3, 1936Jun 7, 1938Peremi EdmundGlazing strip
US2303149 *Jan 20, 1940Nov 24, 1942Adlake CoRubber glazing strip for multiple glass sash
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2682325 *Dec 31, 1952Jun 29, 1954Mitchell J CAssembly means for metal doors
US2706543 *Jul 25, 1950Apr 19, 1955H A Kammerer IncConstruction for doors and like closures
US2772554 *Jul 22, 1952Dec 4, 1956Schacht Associates IncLocking means for a door construction
US2776736 *Nov 25, 1953Jan 8, 1957Aaron Samuel RStorm door
US2818145 *Oct 21, 1954Dec 31, 1957Clifford I BragmanConstruction and installation of doors
US2882711 *Feb 1, 1954Apr 21, 1959American Art Metals CompanyDoor and lock assembly
US2889899 *Jun 30, 1953Jun 9, 1959Burch CompanyMetal door construction
US2904854 *Aug 23, 1956Sep 22, 1959Adamson Robert MWindow construction
US3121261 *Feb 25, 1960Feb 18, 1964Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoGlass door construction
US3177533 *May 21, 1962Apr 13, 1965Davis Lawrence EDoor construction
US3274735 *Dec 10, 1964Sep 27, 1966L A Darling CompanyJamb and door hinge support
US3284976 *Feb 27, 1964Nov 15, 1966Kadish FrankDoor construction
US3287856 *Oct 16, 1964Nov 29, 1966Passovoy Alexander EDoor frame assembly
US3299596 *Dec 17, 1964Jan 24, 1967Anaconda Aluminum CoDoor
US3458955 *May 1, 1967Aug 5, 1969Ppg Industries IncDoor construction
US3468516 *Nov 13, 1967Sep 23, 1969Sandvik Steel IncBalustrade and the like
US3477751 *Sep 5, 1967Nov 11, 1969Bos Andre GPanel clamping device
US3641728 *Oct 22, 1969Feb 15, 1972AlusuisseSecuring device
US4344256 *Dec 17, 1980Aug 17, 1982Copco Door CompanyDoor with variable hinge locations
US4897975 *Oct 23, 1987Feb 6, 1990Odl, IncorporatedIntegral door light with glazing stop
US4920718 *May 1, 1989May 1, 1990Odl, IncorporatedIntegral door light and related door construction
US7430836 *Apr 19, 2005Oct 7, 2008Capstone Engineering Co. Ltd.Door with glass
EP0133507A2 *Jul 23, 1984Feb 27, 1985N.V. Hörmann-BelgieBox-shaped, double-walled construction part for making a door leaf, especially for a folding or rolling door, comprising a plurality of successive interconnectable constuction parts
EP2725179A1 *May 15, 2008Apr 30, 2014Ingersoll Rand Security TechnologiesBlast door
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/770, 16/248, 52/775, 49/399
International ClassificationE06B3/32, E06B3/72, E06B3/70, E06B3/88, E06B3/36
Cooperative ClassificationE06B3/726, E06B3/365, E06B3/88
European ClassificationE06B3/88, E06B3/72D2, E06B3/36D2