|Publication number||US2605950 A|
|Publication date||Aug 5, 1952|
|Filing date||Aug 12, 1949|
|Priority date||Aug 12, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2605950 A, US 2605950A, US-A-2605950, US2605950 A, US2605950A|
|Inventors||Colvin Edward H|
|Original Assignee||Colvin Edward H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (12), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
E. H, cdu/1N Aug.. 5, w52
LADDER JACK Filed Aug. 12, 1949 Patented Aug. 5, 1952 UNITED STATES Il=..rs1\uf OFFICE This invention relates to improvements in ladder supports, and more particularly to an improved jack for spacing the upper end of a ladder away from a wall or the like to facilitate working around projecting cornices, eaves and the like, the primary object of the invention being to provide a safe and dependable device of this kind which is more serviceable and easily usable, and which can be made in a rugged and efcient form at relatively low cost.
Other important objects and advantageous features of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings, wherein merely for present purposes of illustration, a speciiic embodiment of the invention is set forth in detail.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevation, showing the jack extended and showing a ladder supported thereby in diiierent angular positions relative to a wall;
Figure 2 is a bottom plan view;
Figure 3 is an enlarged, contracted longitudinal sectional view taken on the line 3--3 of Figure 2; Y
Figure 4 is an enlarged fraznentary longitudinal section taken on the line 4--12 of Figure 2.
Referring in detail to the drawings, wherein like numerals designate like parts throughout the several views, the illustrated device comprises a base composed of a transversely-elongated plate 5 to rest iush against a wall l6 relative to which a ladder I is to be supported, a right angular plate 8 secured along the lower edge of the plate 6 and spaced from its ends. Secured to the upper side of the plate 8 and to the side face of the plate 5 near the ends of the plate are two parallel squared bars 9, 9 having rack teeth I0 formed in their lower edges.
Slidably supported on the rack bars '9 are similar rectangular cross-section sleeves II, which, as shown in Figure 3, have a major portion of the length thereof slidably engaged with the bars, the top wall I2 being engaged with the tops of the bars and the lower walls I3 being engaged with the rack teeth I ii.
The forward end of the lower sleeve wall I3 has a declining portion It closed by an end wall I5 having an opening i5 passing the bar 9, the resultant acting as a housing for the pinion I'I meshed with the 'bar teeth Ii) and iixed on the axle I8 which extends between and through both sleeves Il and has an operating crank I9 on vone end. An opening 20 under the pinion in thewall portion I3 exposes the pinion. A set screw Il locks the pinion Il, as shown in Figurei.
A locking pin 2l on a chain 22 attached to one of the sleeves II is adapted to engage between any two adjacent rack teeth II), through aligned holes 23 formed in the side walls of the sleeve to lock the bars 9 in adjusted position. As shown in Figure 3, the pin also engages the declining lower wall portion I 14.
The rearward ends of the sleeves II have their upper walls I2 rearwardly inclined above the bars 9, as indicated at 24, with accompanying extensions of the side walls, the rearward ends of the sleeves being closed by walls 25 having openings 22 in the lower part thereof passing the rack bars 9.
A transverse brace 21 is fixed to extend between the rearward ends of the sleeves II and rigidly connects the sleeves together.
On the laterally-outward side of each sleeve near the rearward end thereof is a rectangular open stirrups 28 to conformably receive corresponding ones of the stiles 29 of the ladder 1. Riveted pins or bolts 3l, positioned over center on a level above the horizontal center plane of the rack bars 9, secure the stirrups swingably along the outer sides of the sleeves and with suffe cient snugness to make the stirrups work stify to avoid vagrant pivoting thereof. The pivoting of the stirrups 28 enables the device to support the Aladder I securely against the wall 6 in an angular position or in a parallel position, as shown in dotted lines in Figure 1.
1. In a ladder jack, a pair of laterally spaced rack bars, a wall engaging base extending between and xed to one of the ends of the, rack bars, a sleeve having a ladder stile engaging means mounted on each of said bars for sliding movement therealong, brace means extending between and xed'to the sleeves at one end of the sleeves, a shaft extending between and journaled in the sleeves at the other ends of the sleeves and having one end projecting beyond one of said sleeves, pinions on the shaft engaged with the rack bars, a crank on the projecting end of said shaft for operating the shaft, and a pin insertable through opposed openings formed in one of said sleeves and engageable between adjacent teeth of the rack bar in the Vlast named one of said sleeves for locking the sleeves in any select position of their sliding movement.
2. In a ladder jack, a pair koi laterally spaced rack bars, a wall engaging base extending between and fixed to one of the ends of the rack bars, a sleeve having a ladder stile engaging means mounted on each of said bars for sliding 3 movement therealong, brace means extending between and fixed to the sleeves at one end of the sleeves, a shaft extending between and journaled in the sleeves at the other ends of the sleeves and having one end projecting beyond one of said sleeves, pinions on the shaft engaged with the rack bars, a crank on the projecting end of said shaft for operating the shaft, and a pin insertable through opposed openings formed in one of said sleeves and-engageable between adjacent teeth of the rack bar'in" the last named one of` said sleeves for locking the sleeves in any select position of their sliding movement, said ladderV REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 10,720 Andrews Apr. 4, 1854 120,543 Smith Oct. 31, 1871 1,522,292 E'rissle Jan. 6, 1925 2,384,939 Lord". Sept.` 18, 1945
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US6419047 *||Jul 31, 2000||Jul 16, 2002||Harold Frederick Adshead||Portable ladder having resistance to slippage|
|US20090026013 *||Jun 7, 2005||Jan 29, 2009||Daniel Grenon||Adjustable and transportable scaffolding|
|US20140166397 *||Dec 9, 2013||Jun 19, 2014||Chad Reynolds||Ladder Stabilization Clamp|
|U.S. Classification||182/214, 74/422, 403/63|
|International Classification||E06C7/48, E06C7/00|