Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2606022 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1952
Filing dateMay 18, 1948
Priority dateMay 18, 1948
Publication numberUS 2606022 A, US 2606022A, US-A-2606022, US2606022 A, US2606022A
InventorsVeer John H Vander, Cyrus W Bassett
Original AssigneeNat Pneumatic Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door operation and control
US 2606022 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 5, 1952 J. H. VANDER VEER ETAL 2,606,022

DOOR OPERATION AND CQNTRQL Filed May 18, 1948 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN V EN T 0R. dam/Al- %./D :e Val-ed BYCk eu; (M 5 5557 @fi g- 5, 1952 J. H. VANDER VEER ETAL 2,606,022

DOOR OPERATION AND CONTROL Filed May 18. 1948 s Sheets-Sheet 2 73 J 5 F';:| 2/ as 64 3\ f 66 E latented Aug. 5, 1952 UNITED STATES John H. Vander Veer, Westfield, and Cyrus W.

Bassett, Port-au-Peck, N. J assignors, by mesne assignments, to National Pneumatic 00., Inc., Boston, Mass., a corporation of Delaware Application May 18, 1948, Serial No. 27,754 v 4 Claims. (Cl. 268-66) This invention relates to door operation and control, and particularly to a system providing a plurality of control methods applicable to'a door, to cause it to move from a closed to an open position, to remain in such open position for a selected definite interval or for a selected indefinite interval, and to cause it to return to the closed position after such interval.

One object of the invention is to provide a novel method of controlling the operation of a door, which novel method involves the utilization of three power applying agencies individually or conjointly, according to the choice of the operator or depending upon prevailing conditions, one power applying agency being a fluid motor (in the embodiment chosen for exemplification herein), a second power applying agency being a spring motor, and the third power applying agency being the operator himself.

Such operator may be a regularly assigned attendant of the door, on one occasion, and a mere transient user of the door on other'occasions. Thus, for example, when the invention is applied to the operation of a door controlling passage from one railway car to the succeeding car, in a train of cars, the controls may be manipulated by train passengers, successively, to facilitate their passage through the train, and

' alsoby a train porter, or other attendantwho may desire to have power applied to hold the door open (independently of continuous effort on his own part) for an interval of indefinite duration, 50 that a number of pieces of baggage can be carried through the door-way successively,

before application of door closing effort by the.

operating and control mechanism for such door,

functioning inaccordance with the present in+ vention; and

-F igs. 2 to 5, inclusive: are schematic illustra-i tlqns showingrhow the mechanismof Fig. lurespends differently todifferent situations, according to the particular power applying agency se lected; for usew v ;While the invention is illustrated and described in a vform of: embodiment particularly eflicacious for solution of' problems arising in connection with' the operation of .throughdoors of railway cars, commonly of the swing" type, it will be apparent that the invention may be applied with equal efficacy to the operation of sliding doors, and to doors in other situations; also that portions of the disclosed invention may be employed independently of other portions, and that re-arrangements and modifications of"- parts are possible, and are intended to be em-i braced herein, insofar as they are within the spirit of the invention as herein defined.

Referring first to Fig. 1, the door H is shown as carryin two short shafts, l2 and l3, in vertical alignment along the axis of swing of the door; the lower shaft |3 being adapted to pivot" ina stationary bearing plate M at the floor level, while the upper shaft |2 receives the turning effort applied thereto by the selected one of three power applying agencies, namely, the fluid motor I6, the spring motor H, or the hand of the person desiring passage through the door way The determination of which agency is to be effective on any given occasion depends, first',p upon the setting of a three-position control switch 2|, and secondly, upon the availability of energizing power for the two motors l6 and H. The manner in which these two factors determine the functioning of the system will become apparent as the description progresses.

The motors Hi and H are illustrated as adapted to receive compressed air or other operating fluid from a common feed line 26, the feeding and exhausting of such fluid being under the control of a pair of valves 5|, 52-; the

former being spring-biased to a fluid feeding position and shiftable to a fluid exhaustingposition upon energization of solenoid winding 28, and the valve 52 being spring-biased to a fluid exhausting position and shiftable to a fluid feed-- ing position upon energization of solenoid winding 3|l. Two conduits 3|, 32 lead to motor "I6, and a'single conduit 33 leads to motor H; the motor l6 having two mechanically connected pistons 36, 31 reciprocable in connected cylinders 38', 39, respectively, andithe motor l1 having a.

single piston 40 reciprocable in a cylinder which also houses a coiled compressible spring 4|, on the side of the piston opposite to that" which receives fluid from conduit 33. Conduit 32 supplies' cylinder 39,"and the fluid thus entering cylinder 39 operates on one side of the larger piston 31, while the fluid entering by wayof conduit 3| between thetwo pistons 36' and 31' (the former'being smaller than piston 31) operates on the inner faces of both pistons, the J combination being such as to produce a pressure of the latter is not desired, we provide a novel method and means of control of the spring.

motor and of the. connections between the two motors, which control arrangement operates to hold the spring motor I! in an idling position, so to speak, throughout periods of utilization of the fluid motor l6 exclusively; the spring motor; however, being instantly shiftable to working, relationship to the door whenever desired; by the mere act of reversing the settingof there-- mote control switch 2|; and: being also" auto'-- matically shiftable to said working relationship whenever, for any reason, fluid pressure is absent from the feed line 26.

This novel control arrangement includes the use oi the pressure feeding conduit 33, above described, to. maintain sufiici ent pressure against the piston 40 of the. motor [.1 to hold its spring fully compressed. throughout all periods of excIusive, control. by the fluid mOtOr l fi also the 1156 of a slotted. link 46 as part of the mechanical transmission between the. said piston 40 and the door shaft; t2; the length. of the slot. inlink 4.6 being. sufllcient to permit. a full stroke: of. the

pistons 38- and 3.1, under fluid power,.wi-thout. ex ertingany reverse. pressure on the pistonJDw-hich therefor remains in an idle" position; it being noted, however, that this idling relationship will automatically beconverted to aworking relationship whenever fluidpressure isremoved from linen,

The. application of pressure fluid to motors l6 and I1 is under the directionofa pair of solenoid valves 5t, 52,, and a delayed-action.53;: the solenoidwindings-n, 30 f. valves i 52-, and-the windin: of relay 53-beingsu-pplied with: current from a source 56, under the joint control of door latch switch 51 and the 'three-position control switch It, previously referredto. The multiple: operatI.-- ing possibilities areasfollows: 1 1

. QperdtiQn-Aiwpening; andclosing of; thedoor. by pcwer applied: to motor (Control switch 2| in Automatic position, bridging: contacts: 62, 13 (figs-,2 and 3') j With control switch- 2+ inthe Automatic" posi-- tion bridging, contacts I3, 62 aci-rcuitis completed from source to theiwi-nd-in of pressure magnet valve 52' to' d rect: pressure) fluid through thevalves 527and 51- in successionand-into cylin-' den, througl-rconduit s21, and-alsothroughcomduit 31 to-the working; chamber-between. the two I pistons 36, 3;! and at the same time through conduit as to motor 151,. thus.- placingthe. system in: condition for successive automatic-opening. and

closings movements of the? door: I i the doors-being now intheolosed position, as; e differential of pressureon pistons 36: and 31' is such; as .i-,o-hold:v said pistons in: their Y extreme leftward ,positionsi (See: Fig; .Moreoven, piston MS. of: motor Iii,

ig'held at its extremerrightward-'position (Fig; 2:)i by-reasorrof;the;pressure-fluidaentering themotor bywayofconduit-fi. 1

Let it be'supposedithatwitlr the parts; in the positions j-ustrindicated'.. at person desiring; pas-' otconductors' 63" and 64,; and its own normally-- bridged contacts and 66. Energization of the relay Winding, though only momentary, is sumcient to snap the bridging member 61 of the relay into bridging relationship to contacts 68 and 69, which bridging relationship continues for three, four, five, or more seconds, according to the adjustment, (not shown) of the delayed-action dashpot or other mechanism governing the return of bridging member 61 to its normal (non-bridging position).

During the continuance of this bridging relationship of'pa-rt 6''! to contacts 58, 69 current flows irom" source 56: to the winding 28 of exhaust magnetvalve. the path of flow being by way of said parts. 87;.68', 89, and conductor H. The result: of this activation of valve 5| is to exhaust pressure fluid from cylinder 39, by way of conduit 32', whereupon pistons 36, 31 move from left to right (the pressure on the left side of piston 31 being now dominant) and causes the door H to swing, fromthe closed position to the open position;

When thepre-set timedela-y has run its course (three ormore seconds member 6] drops away from contacts, 69, thus} tie-energizing exhaust magnet valve 5". Pressure fluid instantly reenters: the line;- 32 and the cylinder 39, to the right of piston:- 3fl, moving the piston assembly 36, 31' to the left andthus returning the door H toits closed position.

Operation B.-Causing the door to be held in the open position. (Control switch 2| in Re main @pen position, bridging? contacts 62, 1,3,. 14' (Flare),

When a train porter, or other person desires to. have the; door open, and: remain open for a period: of unmeasured. duration. the switch. 2|.

can-v be. thrown toxthe Remain- Open position,v

thus establishing; a circuit fromv source' 56 to the exhaust, valve magnet winding 28,, by way; of bridged contacts:'l3,. 14 of said switch 21.. As this: circuitmaintains the valve ii in a; positionxwhich continuously ventsrcylind'er 397130 the: atmosphere, by" way of, conduit.- 32 it. willube apparent that:

onset-the door" haszbeenf opened; (as, previously described): it; will remain. open because oi the absence of: any closing pressure. fluid in cylinder- 39'; the; piston: ottmoiibr l'l' beingconcurrently" held' in: its: inner position by the continuing pressure of the pressure 'flui'd acting against. said piston. 1

operaziovrdr-closingatne doorby power stored. in. the: spring motor if; (Control switch 2| in manual? opening" position, separating contacts .2 and from Hi. 'See Ftg. 5.

Placing control switch; It inxi'ts third position.

breaks the normally closed circuit. from source 55 w the winding: ac or pressure? magnet valve As? a: result of" this 'worliing stroke of piston 4'0 the door is moved back to the closed-position, automatically and without any'fluiif pressure assistance following any {opening I thereof menu--- ally; so long as switch 2 I remains this positionr.

The spring 4| will also functionas auto any absence: of: effective electric current, for i'n' either ofgthesezsituatious'tlrerewill be no metric-- tion on the free expansion of spring 4 I, following each compression thereof.

What we claim is:

1. Mechanism for operating a door comprising a cylinder and piston, said piston having less effective area on one face than on the other, a linkage connecting the piston to the door to cause motion of the piston to be transmitted to the door, to move the door in one direction or the other, according to the direction of motion of the piston, a source of fluid pressure, a pair of fluid conduits leading from said source to said cylinder, one conduit terminating in said cylinder on one side of said piston, and the other conduit terminating in said cylinder on the other side of said piston, a valve in one of said conduits, namely, the conduit leading to that end of the cylinder toward which faces that'side of the piston having the greater eifective area, said valve having fluid admitting and fluid-exhausting positions, means for shifting said valve to said fluid-exhausting position to cause the piston to move in the door-opening direction, and settable control means for (a) causing said valve to remain indefinitely in said fluid-exhausting position, following operation of said shifting means, or (b) to shift back to said fluid-admitting position after lapse of a predetermined time interval, measured in seconds, and thereby cause the door either (a) to remain in the open position indefinitely, or (b) to return to closed position at the end of the said time interval, accord ing to the setting selected for said settable control means.

2. Mechanism for operating a door comprising a cylinder and piston, said piston having less effective area on one face than on the other, a linkage connecting the piston to the door to cause motion of the piston to be transmitted to the door, to move the door in one direction or the other, according to the direction of motion of the piston, a source of fluid pressure, a pair of fluid conduits leading from said source to said cylinder, one conduit terminating in said cylinder on one side of said piston, and the other conduit terminating in said cylinder on the other side of said piston, a valve in one of said conduits, namely, the conduit leading to that end of the cylinder toward which faces that side of the piston having the greater effective area, said valve having fluidadmitting and fluid-exhausting positions, means for shifting said valve to said fluid-exhausting position, and settable control means for (a) causing said valve to remain indefinitely in said fluidexhausting position, following operation of said shifting means, or (b) to shift back to said fluid admitting position after lapse of a predetermined time interval, measured in seconds, and thereby cause the door either (a) to remain in the open position indefinitely, or (b) to return to closed position at the end of the said time interval, according to the setting selected for saidsettable control means; said valve shifting means including a source of electric energy, a solenoid whose plunger operates said valve, and a pair of parallel circuits from said source to said solenoid and said settable control means including a switch movable to close one or the other, alternatively, of said parallel circuits.

3. Mechanism as defined in claim 2, wherein one of said parallel circuits includes time-delay means operating to re-open the circuit within a measured interval following closure thereof.

4. Mechanism for operating a door comprising a cylinder and piston, said piston having less effective area on one face than on the other, a linkage connectingthe piston to the door to cause motion of the piston to be transmitted to the door, to move the door in one direction or the other, according to the direction of motion of the piston, a source of fluid pressure, a pair of fluid conduits leading from said source to said cylinder, one conduit terminating in said cylinder on one side of said piston, and the other conduit terminating in said cylinder on the other side of said piston, a valve in one of said conduits, namely, the conduit leading to that end of the cylinder toward which faces that side of the piston having the greater effective area, said valve having fluid-admitting and fluid-exhausting positions, electro-magnetic means for shifting said valve to said fluid-exhausting position, settable control means for (a) causing continuous energization of said electro-magnetic means, and thereby causing said valve to remain indefinitely in said fluid-exhausting position, following operation of said shifting means, or (b) causing only brief energization of said electro-magnetic means, according to the setting selected for said electro-magnetic means, and means for returning said valve to the fluid-admitting position following such brief energization of said electro-magnetic means.

JOHN H. VANDER VEER. CYRUS \V. BASSETT.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 977,270 Bussey Nov. 29, 1910 990,877 Hulme May 2, 1911 1,037,267 Knight Sept. 3, 1912 1,072,749 McElroy Sept. 9, 1913 1,277,000 Turner Aug. 27, 1918 1,326,228 Turner Dec. 30, 1919 1,431,986 Simmon Oct. 17, 1922 1,529,434 Hynes Mar. 10, 1925 1,564,885 Oakley Dec. 8, 1925 1,925,976 Bracken Sept. 5, 1933 1,935,968 Winkelmann Nov. 21, 1933 2,365,742 Brooks Dec. 26, 1944

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US977270 *May 24, 1910Nov 29, 1910Joseph Warren BusseyGate for cars.
US990877 *Oct 6, 1910May 2, 1911John W HulmeAutomatic safety-lock for doors.
US1037267 *Jul 18, 1911Sep 3, 1912Frank KnightDoor opening and closing mechanism.
US1072749 *Nov 8, 1910Sep 9, 1913Cons Car Heating CoPressure-motor.
US1277000 *May 14, 1917Aug 27, 1918Westinghouse Air Brake CoMotor for door and step controllers.
US1326228 *Aug 4, 1916Dec 30, 1919The WestA corpo
US1431986 *Jul 19, 1920Oct 17, 1922Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoSystem of control
US1529434 *Jul 30, 1923Mar 10, 1925Cons Car Heating CoElectric door control
US1564885 *Sep 14, 1920Dec 8, 1925Consolidated CarHeatingr comsany
US1925976 *Mar 15, 1932Sep 5, 1933Alfred G KahnElevating and lowering mechanism
US1935968 *Sep 28, 1931Nov 21, 1933Paul W WinkelmannWindow operating device
US2365742 *Oct 15, 1941Dec 26, 1944Trico Products CorpWindow operator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2710186 *Nov 19, 1951Jun 7, 1955Nat Pneumatic Co IncDoor operation and control
US2800323 *Oct 2, 1951Jul 23, 1957Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoDoor-operating system
US2810571 *Dec 10, 1952Oct 22, 1957Ferguson Harold WDoor actuator
US2852236 *Dec 28, 1956Sep 16, 1958Challenge Mfg CoLaundry drier door
US2911210 *Nov 25, 1955Nov 3, 1959Stanley WorksHydraulic door operators
US2913876 *Mar 8, 1954Nov 24, 1959Smiths Jacking Systems LtdHydraulic jack systems
US3823510 *Jul 24, 1972Jul 16, 1974Sigma Tau Ind FarmaceutiAutomatically positionable gate assembly
US4346533 *Sep 29, 1980Aug 31, 1982Gebr. Bode & Co. GmbhDrive for a vehicle door
US4378656 *Sep 29, 1980Apr 5, 1983Firma Gebr. Bode & Co. GmbhAnti-clamping device for a vehicle door
US5282336 *Oct 19, 1992Feb 1, 1994Walt TuckerVehicle actuated fence gate
US7364489Nov 3, 2003Apr 29, 2008Hasbro, Inc.Electromechanical toy
US7431629Apr 26, 2006Oct 7, 2008Hasbro, Inc.Electromechanical toy
US7507139May 4, 2004Mar 24, 2009Hasbro, Inc.Electromechanical toy
US7695341 *Nov 27, 2002Apr 13, 2010Hasbro, Inc.Electromechanical toy
DE1119148B *Feb 12, 1958Dec 7, 1961Elisabeth Zoeller Geb KehlAntriebsvorrichtung fuer Fluegel von Tueren od. dgl. mit einem druckmittelbetaetigten Kolben-Zylinder-Antrieb
EP0422710A1 *Sep 27, 1990Apr 17, 1991FAAC S.p.A.Bar gate device with symmetrical actuator
Classifications
U.S. Classification91/417.00R, 91/448, 92/61, 49/139, 49/32, 49/334, 49/137, 60/911, 91/527, 49/30, 91/459
International ClassificationE05F15/04
Cooperative ClassificationE05F15/04, Y10S60/911
European ClassificationE05F15/04