|Publication number||US2606293 A|
|Publication date||Aug 5, 1952|
|Filing date||Jan 2, 1948|
|Priority date||Jan 2, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2606293 A, US 2606293A, US-A-2606293, US2606293 A, US2606293A|
|Inventors||Knight Elwin L|
|Original Assignee||Knight Elwin L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (3), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 5, 1952 E. KNIGHT 2,606,293
ARCUATE ELONGATED SUPPORTING FRAME FOR HEADLAMPS Filed Jan. 2, 1948 INVENTOR. tf/wm L. Knish) H15 A GENT venience and comfort to the 'wearer and' which Patented Aug. 5, 1952 1 UNITED; STATES; PATENT; err-16E:
ARGUATE "EL'ONGATED SUPPORTING FRAME FOR HEADLAM'PS ElwinL; Knight, Portland, Oregi v Application-January 2, 1948;SrialNot20i 5' 7 Claims: (01. Mme-59) l l 2: This invention relates towimprovements in attractive color andiorm; Saidfrarneis' shaped framesfor; supporting 3116186171 10 lamp upon the head to: enable a workman: to direct -'the--lightrays therefro'mupon the -work-"to -the best: ad
the wearer in spacedrelation, as illustrated in ment overthe structure-disclosed and claimed in mycopending application Serial No: 7243909 filed" J anuaryi 28'; 1947; now abandoned.
Oneof the objects of-myinventionis to pro which may be worn upon ;the head wi-th4convide' -=efii'cient reflection forwardly of 1 the; light may be readily arranged and adjusted--thereon to project a brilliant light-beam forwardly and Fig..l2, iand isprovided alongits. upper perimeter vantage This invention-represents-animprove- 5 with a longitudinal slotted-opening 2 'to" an in- I teriorchannel 3 extending fromdtsrearmost end: 4 approximately two-thirds of its length "whereat atuthe forward'end of the frame it broadens-011th ascat-qfifland terminates at. its forward end-in aI id lamp-mounting of ,th '.it m es be vm bulbousportion constituting a reflector 6 whoseupper-interior surfacemay be p01ished-toiprorays-from the la'mp located therein as well as shielding the eyes of the wearer from direct: rays.-
in an. arching curve to surmount the head: of
downwardly directly uponthe :work' being ;per -15v 'Attheopposite or rearward'end: of vthe frame formedi- A furtherobjectof' the invention is the pm visi'on 'of a head-frame -for a WOIkillE- lamp ofsimple and i practicable construction wherein the frame afiordsi' a "serviceablesupport for an ex- 201 tension-light and-the cord supplying-the-current :therefon which are detachamy g mounted 1 therein in secure and safe conditiom whichmaybe readily .and speedily assembled in working slot 8 H along the rear and more -tubulai= portion- 01' the member a pair of: integral 1 fianges l I- extend laterally from :rtheopposite edges of opening 2 and are -eachprovided'wi-tn'a vertically directed The opposite edges of the slottedopening"2' frame -member are' spacedapartio'r =a sufii'cient distance to: permit the L entrance of i an" electricv 1 light' cord'jsuch "as: that indicated at 9, wi:thin
condition,- and which-may-be= as---:readily disthechannel- 3,' nd asan 'a'dvantageous -meansmounted xand disassemhledto 'pr0vide' for=-the=- use ofthe extension lamp-and 'cord'-'-forordinary; domesticuses.-
A still. further "object -of the invention is -to=' to retain the-word therein a plurality: of inte l gral lproj ectionsl0. are: formed: in :theemember alongthe oppositeside edgesof "-theopening which protrude-over the channelin evenlyspaceda provideua lamp-protective shield-- hingedly-con-= staggered relation, so that the cord 9 mustbe nected to the-reflector element:of myimproved threadedor weavedback andrforth between the head-frame. affording I:complete---protection-= fcr the lampandwhich may lee-quickly opened'fot the entrance and removal of': the I lamp;
projections-- to lie- .within} the channel and :Will i then bea reliably'-retainedtherein" until removed by ;reverselyz=weaving the :cord @past the =projeo oth objectsd adVantages-xresiding 1 t tio'ns;. in' a -manner---tha-t will be well understoodinvention will be fully apparent-in themou-rsea of the followingndescription andl byreference =-to the accompanying drawings in =which-z Figurel is aperspectiveview-of"an emhodi portion: Tli'e epposite 'endsd3 of-:-the- -band are A 'braclret l l; isz rigidly secured to the under-n side of the reflector 6 through 'which'ian:elasticband (2 extends and. is held thereby at-i ts middle=- ment of-myinvention; in which an'electric ex-- directed rearwardly andareeach'threaded first" tension-lamp is lmounted;
Fig. 2 is: a pictorial-view showing myimproved head-mount aswornrupon-the heads Fig. 3 is a partial view: of the same-in plan Figs-4 is a-view in end-elevation as seen -rrom t e w byul' ndi1y1; dj ble theifr'ontg connection==of the-band-ends to tlie fr'ame is Fig. "5 is aview in cross-section-taken-on line 3 provided: I
5-'-5-0f At the aforementioned broadened-section-5 of 'Figafi is a similarview-taken =0n -1lne- 6 5 of" theirame-clamp devices -!Giorseedring a lamp- F igliil l sor-tsooket lki to the =frame-=are aprovided which may Referring to said views-the reference numeral 5 indicates: a channeled head-frame member of" relatively light sheet metal, such as -"alumi-m'im,-
which mayizbe formed'or: pressed integrally; or integral flange 48' extending 'lateraily -from ea be formed integrally i with the iratne -materi-al and ad j-iistahly'tightened about the socket; or, as showne said aciamp-devioeamay :c'omprise an of'a suitable plasticmateriarmolded iniightand-=ieside ot-th'e irame formed withonewr-tw per forations H. A cap-plate [8 which may be formed of the same material as that of the frame comprises a medial semi-cylindrical barrel portion I! and a pair of flanges 20 extending from the sides thereof to cooperate with the flanges I 6 and are perforated correspondingly therewith. One or two screw-bolts 2| extend through said perforations on each side of the frame whereby a lamp-socket attached to the cord 9 may be readily and securely mounted in the frame. With the employment of a relatively wide cap-plate I8 lamps of greater or less candlepower varying in their lengths may be accommodated in the frame and secured with equal facility.
With the frame-member constructed and combined substantially in the manner described, with an electric-light bulb 22 operatively mounted in the terminal socket I therefor, and the socket clamped to the frame with the cord therefrom extending through the channel 3 and connected to a source of electric current, the device is ready for use and mounting upon the users head. This is accomplished by stretching the band-portions I 2 apart and placing over thehead sothat the band lightly and resiliently grip the sides of the head over the ears and across the temples while the lamp and reflector therefor extend frontally above the eyes which are protected from the direct rays from the lamp by the reflector 6. The frame-member carrying the current wires on its upper side does not come in contact with the head of the wearer at any point: the front and rear portions thereof are held away from the head by the elastic band and the channeled portions are arched above and away from the head so that no possibility of current leakage or short circuiting that may reach the body is to be feared, and especially so should the frame be composed of non-conducting material as is contemplated.
The ease and convenience with which the familiar and universally used electric-light cord assembly usually found in every household may be utilized and combined with my improved headfrarne to provide a head-light for facilitating and illuminating the many jobs and chores about a home, together with its simple and economical construction making it available at a relatively low cost are distinctive and essential qualities of the invention.
I have provided a light and serviceable guard for the lamp utilized in my improved head-light, which consists of a continuous wire cage hingedly mounted upon the reflector 6 and together with the reflector fully enclosing the lamp to safeguard it from injury, and providing ready access to the lamp for disassembling or for making replacements.
A substantially tubular hinge-member 23 is formed or secured at the outer extremity and upon the inner side of the reflector 6 and symmetrically with the longitudinal axis thereof. Said hinge-member may be formed by turning inwardly an integral tab 24 of the reflector material and securing the extremity thereof with a rivet 25. A spacing frame is provided consisting of a pair of semi-circular plates 26 and 21 connected together at their extremities 2B and arranged at approximately ninety degrees divergence. A plurality of apertures 29 are formed in said arcuate plates for the insertion of guardwires therethrough, as will be later explained. A convenient and preferred mode of forming said plates and that shown in the drawing is to diecut an annulus from a sheet metal plate together with the apertures 28 and then bend V annulus diametrically at their apices 28 to obtain an integral structure.
A length of wire 30 of relatively ductile 'material, such as aluminum, is formed with rectangular bends 3| at its middle portion and the two ends 32 of even lengths are threaded through the apertures 29 in the arcuate plates 28 21. Said ends are then each given a bend at l and threaded in opposite directions through thl: barrel portion 23 of the hinge-member and an! thence continued at 34 reversely in parallel with the portions 32 through the plates 26 and 21 to their extremities where hooks 35 are formed engageable at each side in notches 36 formed at tion 5 of the frame-member and secured therein by the clamp it so that the forward end of the light terminates approximately midway of the length of the reflector.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
1. A head-lamp support, comprising a curved frame adapted to arch over the head of the wearer and to'extend a spaced distance forwardly and rearwardly thereof, means to retain an electric extension-cord along said frame in detachable condition, clamping means upon the forward end of said; frame to secure a lamp thereto, and an elastic band secured to the opposite ends of said frame for gripping the sides only of the head of the wearer therebetween, thereby securely supporting the lamp without exerting clamping pressure on the forehead.
. 2. A head-lamp support, comprising a curved frame arranged to arch over the head of the wearer and to extend a. spaced distance forwardly and rearwardly thereof, said frame having a longitudinal channel formed along its upper portion to receive an electric extension-cord in detachable condition, clamping means upon the forward end of said frame to secure a lamp thereto, and an elastic band secured to the opposite ends of said frame to grip the sides only of the head of the wearer therebetween, thereby supporting the lamp without exerting clamping pressure on the forehead.
3. A head-lamp support, comprising a curved frame arranged to arch over the head of the wearer and to extend a spaced distance forwardly and rearwardly thereof, said frame having a longitudinal channel formed along its upper portion to receive an electric extension-cord in detachable condition, the margins of said channel having a plurality of projections extending over said channel in staggered relation, clamping 'means upon the for-ward end of said frame to secure a lamp thereto, laterally directed flanges extending from the rear end of said frame, and an elastic band secured to the forward end of said frame and to said flanges to grip the head of the wearer therebetween, thereby supporting the lamp without exerting clamping pressure on the forehead.
4. A head-lamp support, comprising a curved frame arranged to arch over the head of the same at a plurality of points, thereby supporting the head-lamp in balanced relationship to the head without the exertion of clamping pressure reflector and to said flanges arranged to grip the head of the wearer therebetween, threby supporting the lamp without exerting clamping pressure on the forehead, clamping devices to secure ithe lamp attached to said cord to said frame, and
lamp-guard hingedly mounted on said reflector at one end and detachably connected to the frame at its opposite end. 5. A support for a head-lamp comprising a substantially arcuate elongated member adapted 'to extend longitudinally over the head of the wearer and to carry thereon a lamp and means for lighting the same, the elongated member terminating forwardly of the forehead and out of contact therewith, and head engaging means comprising elastic band means interconnecting the forward and rearward terminal portions of the elongated member and adapted to engage the opposite sides only of the head of the wearer, thereby supporting the head-lamp in a balanced position without the exertion of clamping pressure on either the forehead or the back of the head.
6. A support for a head-lamp comprising an elongated member adapted to extend longitudinally over the head of the wearer and to carry thereon a lamp and means for lighting the same, the elongated member extending forwardly of the forehead and out of contact therewith, and head engaging means comprising an elastic band means attached to the forward terminal portion of the elongated member and to the rearward terminal portion of the elongated member, the rearward terminal portion of the elongated member receiving said elastic band and supporting the on either the front or back portions thereof.
7. In combination with a head-lamp comprising a lamp, means for lighting the lamp, and a reflector; a support comprising an arcuate member adapted to extend longitudinally over the head of the wearer, and to terminate forwardly of the forehead of the wearer and out of contact therewith, the reflector being positioned at the forward terminal portion of the arcuate support in rigid relationship therewith to form a substantially integral extension of said terminal;
means on the arcuate support for mounting thereon the lamp and the lamp lighting means, and elastic band means interconnecting the refiector and the rearward terminal portion of the arcuate support and adapted to engage each side of the head of the wearer and to clasp the same, thereby supporting the head-lamp without the exertion of clamping pressure on the forehead.
ELWIN L. KNIGHT.
REFERENCES CITED lhe following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 902,216 Drager Oct. 27, 1908 933,499 Taylor Sept. 7, 1909 1,092,708 Gray Apr. 7, 1914 1,262,065 Lee Apr. 9, 1918 1,334,710 Miners Mar. 23, 1920 1,620,306 Wakefield et a1. Mar. 8, 1927 1,930,620 Loveen Oct. 17, 1933 2,217,359 Cooke Oct. 8, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 369,448 Great Britain Mar. 24, 1932
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US902216 *||Jan 2, 1908||Oct 27, 1908||Johann Heinrich Draeger||Electric lamp for helmets and similar head-coverings.|
|US933499 *||Oct 30, 1908||Sep 7, 1909||Daniel Everett Taylor||Head-gear for supporting lights.|
|US1092708 *||May 24, 1913||Apr 7, 1914||John Gray Jr||Lamp-guard.|
|US1262065 *||Jul 6, 1917||Apr 9, 1918||Guy L Lee||Electric head-lamp.|
|US1334710 *||Sep 3, 1919||Mar 23, 1920||Miners George Lewis||Combined reflector and guard for electric lamps|
|US1620306 *||Dec 6, 1923||Mar 8, 1927||F W Wakefield Brass Company||Lighting fixture|
|US1930620 *||Feb 13, 1933||Oct 17, 1933||Loveen Harry E||Mechanic's electric headlight|
|US2217359 *||Aug 1, 1939||Oct 8, 1940||Benjamin Cooke||Head clamp and light reflector|
|GB369448A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2739311 *||Jul 5, 1952||Mar 27, 1956||Bullard Co||Safety cap|
|US7798666||Feb 13, 2003||Sep 21, 2010||Leica Instruments Pte. Ltd.||Support for appliances to be worn on the head|
|DE1054721B *||Nov 24, 1952||Apr 9, 1959||Turnwald Gmbh||Schutzhelm od. dgl.|
|International Classification||F21V21/084, A42B1/24, A42B1/00, F21V21/08|