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Publication numberUS2606609 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 12, 1952
Filing dateNov 18, 1949
Priority dateNov 18, 1949
Publication numberUS 2606609 A, US 2606609A, US-A-2606609, US2606609 A, US2606609A
InventorsHeyck Theodore R, Johnson Curtiss D
Original AssigneeHeyck Theodore R, Johnson Curtiss D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustably timed control mechanism
US 2606609 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1952 c. D. JOHNSON ETAL 2,606,609

ADJUSTABLY TIMED CONTROL MECHANISM Filed Nov. 18, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet '1 QZLA gi ENTORS BY M 1952 c. D. JOHNSON ET AL 2,606,609

ADJUSTABLY TIMED CONTROL MECHANISM Filed Nov. 18, 1949 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 9k Curtis: 0- Johnson g! Theodore H. Heyc/f 1 INVENTORS By 641; m cm la a gm C. D. JOHNSON ET AL ADJUSTABLY TIMED CONTROL MECHANISM Aug. 12, 1952 Filed Nov 18 1949 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 m 2m h dRm Wm 0 mm 3 U (M A r rah/v: rs

Patented Aug. 12, 1952 ADJUS'TABLY TIMED CONTROL MECHANISM Curtiss D. Johnson and Theodore R. Heyck, Houston, Tex.

Application November 18, 1949, Serial No. 128,222

3 Claims.

This invention relates to an. adjustably. timed control mechanism which controls the flow of fluid through a pilot'valve, and to an exterior source. where the fluid performs an operation as the actuation, say, of. a flow valve.

It. is an object of this invention to provide a control mechanism of. this class which may actuate a device exterior thereof during predetermined intervals during the day and which also may control the operation or non-operation of the exterior device according to these predetermined intervals during any desired days of the week or month.

It is a further object of this. invention to provide a control mechanism of this class which is designed to abruptly open and close the pilot valve through which. the fluid flows, thereby abruptlyactuating the exterior device which the fluid controls.

It. is a further object ofv this invention to provide' a control mechanism equipped with a looking device to insure that the exterior device may not be actuated by the fluid on certain days, regardless of whether or not the means controlling" the daily operating intervals may function.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide a control mechanism of this class which obtains the abrupt functioning of the pilot valve and of the exterior device actuated by the fluid through providing a snap action spring pivoted between a stationary bracket in the mechanism housing and a rotatable element of the valve control assembly.

It is yet a further object of this invention to provide a control mechanism of this class which has a pressurized housing to exclude therefrom the entry of noxious exterior gases which might enter the housing and adversely aifect the working parts therein.

It is also an object of this invention to provide apressurized housing of this class which is maintained at a predetermined pressure by the bleed ingback of the fluid through the pilot valve and into the housing interior upon the actuation of the-exterior device; a relief valve to the housing exterior being provided and set at a predetermined pressure and being operable when the bleeding back of the fluid into the housing increases the housing pressure above such predetermined setting.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide a pilot valve having a stem therein with two valve elements thereon, each adapted to seat on a flexible seat; one of such valve elements controlling the passageof fluid through the. valve 2 and the other of such valve elements controlling the bleeding of fluid into the mechanism housing.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a control mechanism of this class which has a flexible adjustable seal ring between the body and the cover of the housing.

It isyet another object of this invention to provide a control mechanism of this class which has means for regulating the starting and stopping of fluid flow through the pilot valve during a large number of preseleced daily time intervals.

It is still a further object of this invention to provide a control mechanism of this class which has means for discontinuing'the operation of the device on a preselected day or number of days.

It is also a further objectv of this invention to provide a control mechanism of this class in which a switch is opened and closed by the control so as to actuate a solenoid exterior to the mechanism, the solenoid, in turn, actuating a device, as a flow valve.

It. is yet a further object of this invention to provide a mechanism of this class which has a control equipped with means, as springs, to impart snap action to the operation of the control.

Other and further objects'of this invention will be apparent when the specification is considered in connection with the drawings, in which:

Figure 1. isv an elevation, part in section, showing: the. mechanism in combination with a source of compressed air and with the device which the mechanism operates;

Fig. 2 is an elevation of the mechanism. with the cover removed;

Fig. 311s aplan view of the mechanism taken along line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is an elevation of the mechanism with the day dial and week disc removed and shown in phantom;

Fig. 5 is a sectional elevation through the pilot valve of the mechanism showing the pilot valve in open position;

Fig. 6 is a sectional elevation through the pilot valve of the mechanism showing the pilot valve in closediposition;

Fig. 7 is a sectional elevation through. the spring by which the snap action operation of the pilot valve is obtained;

Fig. 8 is an elevation showing the operation of the week disc and locking means;

Fig. 9 is a perspective view showing the construction of the disc operated by the day dial to control the valve actuating means.

Fig. 10 is a diagrammaticview showing a modification in which an electric switch is operated by the control of the mechanism so as to actuate a solenoid to open and close a flow valve.

As shown in Fig. 1, the frame or housing 2 of the control mechanism I has connected thereto a strainer 3 which strains a fluid as compressed air or gas, which passes from a source 4 through the strainer and into the housing. A gauge 5 is provided, and connected to the strainer 3, to record the pressure of the fluid. The fluid, which is controlled by the mechanism I, passes out of the housing 2 through the line 6, which carries it to a point where it actuates a device or does work of some kind. In this particular case, it is shown entering the cylinder I to actuate the piston 8 against the spring pressure 9 so that the rod I of the piston may open and close the flow valve II. This flow valve I I, in turn, opens or closes the line I2 through which it may be desired to flow a fluid at intervals. Typical of this application would be the connection of the apparatus in Fig. 1 to flow oil from an oil well at desired intervals.

Within the housing 2 a dial I4 is rotatably mounted. This dial is driven by a time clock, or motor, not shown, or by any other device which is geared to rotate the dial I4 in correlation with the passage of time. This dial I4 has holes I5 therein circumferentially spaced around the rim I6 thereof; and, as shown in Fig. 2, these holes are spaced to divide the dial into fifteen-minute intervals, in which case the time clock or motor rotates the dial one complete revolution every twenty-four hours. As shown in Fig. 3, pins II are insertable in the holes I5 to extend toward the face of the housing 2; and other pins I8 are insertable so that the stem of the pin extends through the dial I4 toward the rear of the housing 2.

A disc is rotatably mounted within the housing in spaced relationship to the dial I4, as shown in Fig. 2. This disc 29 has a slot 2| therein, in which is positioned a cam 22; and it also has the slot 23 therein, in which is positioned the cam 24. Opposite the cam side of the disc, the slot .25 is provided, which has the side faces 21 and 28, to serve as will be hereinafter described. The cam 22 extends further toward the face of the housing 2 than does the cam 24. With the dial I4 rotating counterclockwise, as shown in Fig. l, the pin I! will contact the surface 3| of the cam 22, shown most clearly in Fig. 9, and cause the disc 20 to rotate in a clockwise direction. On the other hand, the cam 24 is positioned close to the face of the disc 20 and on the inner side of the dial M from the cam 22, and this pin I8 follows the pin II to contact the surface 32 of the cam 24 to rotate the disc counterclockwise.

A lever 35 is pivotally mounted within the housing in spaced relation to the disc 20 so that the slot surfaces 21 and 28 may contact the arm 36 of the lever. The axle 38 of the lever 35 therefore acts as a fulcrum to permit the arm 31 to move in contact with, and away from, the stem end 39 of the pilot valve 4|] which is mounted within the housing adjacent the lever 35.

The pilot valve 40 has a body 4| having threaded bores 42 and 43 in opposed ends thereof, and a threaded bore 44 centrally thereof and perpendicular to the axis of the bores 42 and 43. A central bore 45 extends through the body 4| coaxial with the bores 42 and 43. A plug 46 has a central bore 41 therethrough, and has two concentric counterbores 48 and 49 in the threaded end 5| thereof, which end threads into the 4 threaded bore 42. Radially extending bleed holes 53 place the bore 41 within communication with the periphery of the plug 46 just under the plug cap 54.

The plug 55 has a bore 56 therethrough, and a counterbore 58 in the threaded end 51 which is threaded into the bore 43. The cap 6| of the plug 55 has a threaded counterbore 62 into which is threaded the compressed air line 66.

The plug 65 has the bore 66 therethrough and a threaded end 61 which is threaded into the threaded bore 44. A bore 69 in the body 4|, coaxial with the bore 66, places this bore in communication with the bore 45 through the body 4|. The plug 65 also has a threaded counterbore II in its cap I2, into which is connected the compressed fluid line 6.

A valve stem I5 is provided, which has the valve element I6 at an end thereof to seat in the flexible ring I8 forming a valve seat in the counterbore 58 of the plug 55. Approximately centrally of the valve stem I5 another valve element 11 i provided, which seats against the flexible seal I9, forming a valve seat in the counterbore 49 of the plug 46. The stem I5 also has the stop 8| thereon to seat in the counterbore 48 to limit the upward travel of the stem. Above this stop 8| the end 39 of the stem I5 extends through the bore 41 and above the cap 54.

As shown in Fig. 5, the arm 31 of the lever 35 is out of contact with the stem end 39 so that compressed air may unseat the valve element I6 and pass upwardly through the bore 45 and out through the bore 69 and the bore 66 and into the line 6. This lifting action of the compressed air or fluid also forces the valve element II upwardly into sealing contact with the seal ring l9 in the counterbore 49 of the plug 42 and closes off any passage of compressed fluid into the housing interior 82. The fluid thus passes into the pilot valve 40 through the line 60 and out therefrom through the line 6, and actuates a device exterior to the housing, as the flow valve I I, shown in Fig- 1.

It can thus be said that the portion of the bore 45 below the valve element I1, and the port including the bores 69 and 66, together correspond to the flow passage of a conventional valve.

When the arm 31 moves downwardly, as shown in Fig. 6, it presses against the end 39 of the stem I5 and forces the valve element I6 against the seal ring I8 to shut off the upward passage of the fluid as compressed air, from the line 60. This also moves the valve element II downward out of contact with the seal ring I9 so that fluid in the line 6 may pass back through the bores 66 and 69 into the bore 45 and upwardly around the valve element 1! into the bore 41 of the cap 46 and out through the bleed holes 53 into the valve interior 82.

The housing interior 82 is originally put under a predetermined pressure in excess of the pressure surrounding the housing 2 so as to avoid the entrance of any exterior gases into the housing. This feature has a special adaptability in territories wher sour gases, having a high sulphur content therein, exist around the top of an oil well. These gases have a very corrosive and deleterious effect upon any kind of working parts; and if they were permitted to permeate into or leak into the inside of the housing 2, the operation of the fine parts of the control mechanism I would be seriously hampered.

A relief valve 85 is provided within the housing 2, and this is set by conventional adjustment aeoacoo means tolift only when thelpredeterminedpressure within the pressurized housing 2 is exceeded. It can thus be seen that the return. of fluid, as air or gas, into the housing when the valve is closed; as shown in Fig. 6, will maintain the pressure within the housing 82 at its predetermined value, whereas the relief valve 85 will permit any of the excess which has thus bled back into the housing, to escape to the outer atmosphere.

To insure a quick opening and closing action of the pilot valve 40, the disc 29, which acts as an actuating or operating means for the lever 35', and also the lever 35 itself, which acts as-the valve actuating or operating means, are both provided with snap action devices. In effect, the disc 29 and the lever 35, including their snap action means, may both be regarded as constituting a subassembly- 9B, which is the control for the valve 40'.

To provide this snap action for the lever 35and disc 2! spring assemblies 9| are provided, each of which has a lower spring housing 92 pivot'ally mountedon a bracket 93' within the housing 2. A spring 94, as shown in Fig. '7, has its lower bearing in the lower spring housing I12, while the upper spring housing 95 serves as its upper bearing. This upper spring housing extends around the lower spring housing 92, and is provided with a pivot end 96 to pivotally bear within the arm 9'! of the lever 35 or within the disc 2!), as shown in Fig. 4.

The bracket 93* for the snapaction spring assembly ill for the disc 25, is mounted in a certain spaced relationship with regard to the disc center t4 and the dial center 95'. Thisarrangement insures that after the starting'pin I'I contacts the surfaceil of the starting carnv 22 andthe disc is rotated beyond a dead center position with respect to the spring-assembly 9I, the force of the spring 3 will suddenly snap the disc 20 around in a clockwise position so that the. surface 2i: thereof bears down abruptly against the arm 36 of the lever 35, with the result that the arm 3i is pivoted abruptly upwardly and out of contact with the valve stem end 38.

Conversely, the stop pin I8 follows around to contact the stop cam surface 32 to rotate the disc 29 counterclockwise beyond a dead center position with respect to the spring assembly @I, whereupon the force of the spring 94 suddenly snaps the disc in a further counterclockwise direction so that the surface 28 abruptly contacts the lever arm 36 to pivot the arm 3'! abruptly downwardly to contact the valve stem end 39 to close off the flow passage through the valve.

Astop rod 98 is rigidly connected to the lever 35 and extends therebelow and normally rides out of contact with the stop cam 99. This stop cam 99 is pivoted at Iflil, andthe Week disc IIH adjacent thereto is pivoted at IE2 in spaced relationship with the pivot I lit and with the dial center 95. The weekdisc IIll has seven points IE3. thereon, and seven holes IM- therein, and these correspond to the days of the week. Pins I85 may be inserted in the holes [34, as desired, and these pins are so spaced that in rotation one after another they bear upon the arm I01 of the week stop cam 99 and hold it in the position shown in F1 2.

ilowever, whenever a pin W5 is omitted from the hole Iil i, the stop cam 99, which is weighted at the end I08 thereof, will pivot downwardly in a clockwise direction, as shown in Fig. 8, since there is no pin to hold up the arm IIl'i. When this occurs, the notch I In in the week stop cam 99 engages the stop rod 98, and thislocks the lever: 35 in the position. shown in Fig. 2.. In this. locked position the arm 361 of the lever; 35 does not respond to upward movement by the disc surface 28 ordownward movement by the disc surfacezZl regardless of whether the starting pins I! move over thesurface 3| of the starting cam 22 or whether the stop pins I 8 move over the surface 32 of the stop cam24. In this locked condition, as the arm 36 can not be moved, any force of the disc against it is counteracted bymotion of the springs. 94, either in contraction or expansion.

To insure that the week disc IIlI moves a space representativeof a day thereon, the day change pin; H2. is provided in the rim I6 of the. dial I4, and this pin contacts a tooth I03 on the disc IBI once every revolution of the dial I4 and moves it one-seventhof a revolution of the disc IOI. The spring I I4. is mounted within the housing at I I5, and bears against the disc IEII to prevent backlash.

As hereinabove stated, the time clock or motor which actuates the dial' I4 is not shown, but the location I I6 therefor is indicated in Fig. 3, which shows it in the rear part III of the housing 2 and between the plate M8 on which the dial I4, disc 23, lever 35, pilot valve 40, brackets 93, stop cam 99-, and week disc IIlI are mounted. The stem I20 of a time clock is shown in Figures 2 and 4 to indicate how the clock may be wound. Access to the mechanism, or to wind the stem I20, is obtained by turning the wing nuts IZI on screws, not shown, to remove the cover I22, which is normaly held thereon by the wing nuts against the O-ring seal I23.

A modified form of this invention, as shown in Fig. 10, considers substituting a contactor switch I25 for the pilot valve 46. In this case the insulated leads I26 and I2'I pass through the housing 2 toa solenoid I28'which controls a valve I29. The arm 37 of the lever 35 in this case controls the-opening and closing of the switch I25 as it is moved down against, or is drawn away from, the switch button I36. Such a modification has an application in instances where it may not be feasible to employ a fluid, as compressed air or gas.

A particularly novel feature of this invention resides in the great flexibility it affords as regards adjustability of the time factor. Pins I1 and Iiiv may be spaced. upon the dial I4 to set the device to operate a plurality of times and for varied time lengths during a revolution of the dial. The disc II, when employed withthe dial I4, permitsv any cycle set upon the dial I4 to be repeated either successively or intermittently each revolution of the dial I I. The additionof a pin or pins to the rim of the dial It enables the dial to actuate the disc IBI a varied number of times per revolution, and. the points on the disc I JI may be varied in number in construction to further increase the flexibility of time control.

This invention is especially adapted to control a flow valve such as the type of valve used to.

control the intermittentflow through fluid lines under pressure. It is thus especially adapted to control the valve which permits oil wells to flow at certain intervals. In the flow valves used for this purpose, it is necessary to quickly close, and to quickly open, such a valve, as otherwise the formation substances carried along with the oil will abrade or wear away the operating parts of a slow opening or slow closing valve. Additionally, such substances are likely to cause clogging in such slow functioning valves.

It is also pointed out that the specific pilot valve construction herein disclosed is not a limitation of this invention, but other structures are considered, as that shown in Fig. 10, or any other structure which may actuate any medium through which it is designed to control the operation of an exterior device. The invention also goes beyond the flow valve diagrammatically disclosed and considers the operation of any exterior structure which is operable to start and stop a cycle of flow or motion.

In addition to controlling the flow of fluid, as oil, from a well, this invention may be employed after the fashion of a conventional intermitter, to control the admission of a fluid, as gas under pressure, into a well to cause the well fluid to flow.

It is additionally pointed out that this invention is not limited to apparatus within a housing, or to apparatus for turning on a flow valve.

'The structure may be employed for other functions as well, and installed in locations other than at oil wells. For instance, either the pilot valve or the electromagnetic means may be employed to actuate an electric motor or to ring an audible signal, as a bell, or to operate a visual signal, or for any number of diverse purposes.

Broadly, this invention considers an adjustably timed control mechanism, operable to actuate a device exterior thereof, the operation of the control permitting adjustability of operation over a single cycle, and also adjustability of operation over a longer cycle which is a multiple of the single cycle in point of time.

What is claimed is:

1. An adjustably timed control mechanism comprising, a housing under a predetermined pressure having pressure relief means in the wall thereof and a valve therein for controlling a flow passage therethrough, a fluid responsive device actuated by the pressure of fluid flowing through said flow passage, communication means in said valve between said flow passage and said housing, a control in said housing, a revolved dial in said housing having means at circumferentially spaced distances apart to actuate said control to open said valve to permit fluid to flow through said passage to said device and then to close said valve after said valve remains open while the dial rotates the circumferential distance between said means in said dial, the closing of said flow passage by said valve employing said communicating means to permit fluid from said device to bleed through said valve into said housing to lift said relief means when the housing pressure exceeds said predetermined pressure.

2. For employment in a housing having an enclosed flow passage therethrough and a valve therein to control said flow passage, the combination of, a control mounted adjacent said valve and adapted upon actuation to open and close said valve, a revolved dial mounted therein to be rotated into contact with said control to actuate said control to open said valve and then close said valve after a predetermined time interval, a disc rotatably mounted in said housing adjacent said dial and having angularly spaced apart teeth therein, a contactor on said dial to contact one of said teeth each revolution of said dial to rotate said disc in a direction opposite to the direction of dial rotation, and for the angular distance between teeth, a locking means mounted in said housing between said control and said disc, means insertable in said disc at spaced angular distances to render said locking means ineifective, said locking means being operable, to lock said control in valve closing position upon said disc being rotated to bring said locking means out of contact with said insertable means and into a space area from which an insertable means has been omitted.

3. For employment in a housing having an enclosed flow passage therethrough and a valve therein to control said passage, the combination of, a cam disc pivotally mounted in said housing and having a radial slot therein, a lever pivotally mounted in said housing and having a first arm to extend within said slot and the other arm positionable to close said valve, resilient means pivoted at one end in said lever and at the other end in said housing, a revolved dial mounted in said housing and having successive means insertable therein in circumferentially spaced apart relation, a first and a second cam surface on said cam so disposed that a leading insertable means on said dial will contact said first cam surface to rotate said cam disc so that the surface on one side of said slot will contact said first arm to pivot said lever in valve opening direction, and so that upon continued rotation of said dial a following insertable means will contact said second surface to rotate said disc cam in the opposite direction and to bring the opposite surface of said slot against said first arm to pivot said lever to bring said second arm into valve closing contact, said resilient means being so mounted as to operate as a toggle to accelerate the pivoting of said lever to valve open or valve closed positions.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2991912 *Mar 5, 1958Jul 11, 1961Thomas JosephSpray apparatus
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U.S. Classification137/382, 137/552, 137/552.7, 137/624.16
International ClassificationF16K31/44, F16K31/48
Cooperative ClassificationF16K31/48
European ClassificationF16K31/48