US 2607047 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 19, 1952 F. E. PosEY COMBINATION BED AND SHELTER 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 6, 1950 P E E ATTORNEYS.
Aug. 19, 1952 F, E. POSEY 2,607,047
7 COMBINATION BED AND SHELTER Filed Oct. 6, 1950 s Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEYS Aug. 19, 1952 2,607,047
F, E. PQSEY COMBINATION BED AND SHELTER Filed Oct. 6, 1950 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Aug. 19, 1952 sms? rgflN T arer- 2s A ENT; -F 1cc.
' r 7, 1 f." iooMBiNA'rIoN Ben ene-seizures 7 v FrankEi Eosey,Lancaster,.CalifL' V Application-October 6, 1950,}Sez'rial-ll'o.188,838
This invention relates to bed constructionwhich devise-designed that a protecting shelter is providedfor human occupancy.andsleepingpurposes during periods of emergency, such ;as air raids, earthquakes or thelike.
. :An important object .of the invention :is .to pro- .vide .a structure of this :character which Will be vexceptionally 'strong and durable as a protective .a-shieid into whichthe occupants ,of the bed may retreat, :with safetyagainst' results :incidentyto the bombing; or earthquake, the device providing refuge andzsleepingquarters.
' :still. another object of the invention is to ,provideza combined bed. and protective; shield which :maybe readily dismantled and stored when not .in use, abut .one :which may be readily assembled, :asrlesired. 1
. fWith .thetforegoing and other objects in view "which will .appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists of certain anovel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claims, it being understood that changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention as claimed.
Referring tothe drawings Figure l is a side elevational Lview of a combined :bed and shelter, constructed .intaccordan'ce with theiinventi'oma portion. of .thecside of thedevice having been broken .away to 1 illustrate a :portion of the interiorofthe device.
Fig. 2 is an-endelevationallview thereof, with a portion of the end broken away illustrating the interior of the structure.
'Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectionalview through the device at a point substantially centrally of the structure. 1
Fig. 4 is a fragmental detail view of the cable or flexible device used in closing the end doors.
Fig. 5 is a sectional View taken on line '55 of Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawings in detail, the reference character 5 indicates the corner posts of the bed, which are four in number, while the reference character 6 indicates central supporting posts, the posts being connected at points adjacent to the lower ends thereof, by means of the side bars 1 and end bars 8, while th upper ends of the posts are connected by the side bars 9 and end bars ID.
At each end of the frame of the device, and disposed at points intermediate the space between the corner posts 5, are door posts I! while at the sides of the frame, are door posts l2, the
:doorposts ll and i2 being disposed vertically so :thatithe doors,,to:bejhereinafter more fully described, may abut'thereagainst.
. A-central post liigforms apart of the frame,
and provides-,;a; support for theshelves or mattress supportingmembers,;to be hereinafter more rfullyidescribed. 7
Extending inwardlyrfrom :the corner posts and the door v:postsyll, are brackets M the brackets being spaced apart .vertically, providing supports for the horizontal panels :l;5 which provide iItrmight bezstatedthat: these Manama...
.are arranged atoppositesides of the door. posts l l and ll3,aand'are designed to provide four compartments to be occupied by fourzpeople.
The uppermost panel .or roof of the device comprises the panel member I! which stretches acrossthe'upperends of thepostsa5 and'6 ,-providing a support for the layer of. concrete 18 which :is reinforced tinthe' usual. manner, by means of .rodsindicated1at1t9. 1
. :The' ireferen'ce character 20 indicates a horizontal panel which provides a protecting surface ifor the layer :of :iconcrete :IJB, the :panel '20 and layer of-z concre'teha'ving openings through which the; bolts 21' extend,2the. bolts :hav'ing their heads recessed below the surface of ithexpanel 20, the
openings in the 'panel2ll through which thebolts extendgbeingclosed by the plugs :22. These. bolts 21 are:'connected-withthe=corner posts or central supportingpostsiassociated therewith, therebyv to hold the upper panels or roof section of the-de- :vice'lin position on the cornenand central supportingfposts:of-the frame.
2Disp0sed-against the panels i 1, are panels 23 constructed of rubber, the rubber panels 23 being designed to absorb shock and vibrations incident to exploding bombs or earthquakes.
Extending longitudinally of the frame of the device and disposed in spaced relation with re- The end and bottom bars of the frame, are
constructed to provide ducts 30' which are in communication with the conventional air conditioning hook-up of a house or building not shown, the air supply being controlled by the sliding closure 3|.
The ends of the various compartments are closed by means of the hinged closures 32, the closures having openings covered with the wire mesh material 33. Solid doors or closures 32 are so constructed that they will swing over the wire mesh material 33 closing the openings over which the wire mesh material is positioned.
The hinges 34 on which the closures 32 are mounted, are secured to the vertical end corner posts ofthe frame and swing inwardly to contact the door posts H, at the ends of the frame.
The hinged closures 32 at the foot end of the compartments, are provided with ropes or flexible cables 35 that are of lengths to extend to the post I l at the head end of the compartments, the ropes or flexible cables being supplied with rings 36 at their free ends which rings hook over the pins 31 so that the occupants of the compartments may by pulling the ropes or flexible cables 35, cause the hinged closures 32 at the foot end of the structure, to close. When the rings 36 are hooked over the pins 31, the hinged closures will be firmly secured in their closed positions.
The hinged closures 32 at the head end of the structure may of course be closed by the hand of the person occupying the compartment.
At the sides of the frame are hinged closures 38 which are substantially large as compared with the end closures, and these closures 38 aiford access to the compartments, through the sides of the frame structure of the device. Securing members 39 are provided on the closures 38, whereby the closures 38 may be securely held in their closed positions. The closures 3B are provided with openings covered with wire mesh material 39' over which the solid closures 40' are moved closing the openings of the closures 38.
The reference character 40 indicates the foot board of the bed, while the reference character 4| indicates the head board, the panel 20 which is disposed between the head and foot boards of the bed, constituting a support for a mattress not shown, when it is desired to use the device as a bed.
From the foregoing it will be seen that due to the construction shown and described, I have provided a bed which embodies a plurality of protected compartments.
The sides of the compartments are closed by the wall panels 42 which may be constructed of any suitable material such as heavy plywood, or metal if so desired to lend added protecting qualities.
While I'have shown and described my invention as of the larger size for use by. four persons, it is 5 of course within the scope of the invention to carry out the principles of my invention in any desired size or design to meet the requirements of use.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:
1. In a shelter bed, a bed frame including corner posts and intermediate posts, brackets mounted on the posts, vertically spaced horizontal panel members secured to the brackets dividing the bed frame into a plurality of compartments, said panel members comprising mattress supports, hinged closures closing the ends of the compartments, vertical wall panels closing the sides of the frame, an upper panel comprising a horizontal panel section, a layer of concrete material covering said upper panel member, means for securing the upper panel member to the upper ends of the posts forming the frame, rubber panel sections secured to the under surfaces of the horizontal panel section of the upper panel, and superimposed spaced horizontal strips secured to the vertical panels providing compartments at the sides of the frame in which oxygen tanks and nozzles for administering oxygen to occupants of the compartments, are stored.
2. In a shelter bed, a bed frame including vertical corner and intermediate posts, a head board and foot board forming a part of the frame, horizontal bars connecting said vertical posts, horizontal spaced panels disposed between the vertical posts providing mattress supports, said horizontal panels dividing said frame into individual compartments, hinged closures closing the ends of the compartments, side panels secured to the sides of the frame, said side panels terminating short of the foot board, hinged closures closing the spaces between the ends of the side panels and foot board, means for operating said closures from the interior of the compartments, and a reinforced protecting cover closing the top of the frame.
FRANK E. POSEY.
' REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 296,162 Gue Apr. 1, 1884 735,851 Abell Aug. 11, 1903 985,219 Snyder Feb. 28, 1911 2,348,416 Posey May 9, 1944 v FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 601,743 France Dec. 10, 1925