US 2607050 A
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Aug. 19, 1952 w. F. BINSCHOFF ERECTOR AND AMBULATOR DEVICE Filed NOV. 22, 1949 INVENTOR. WILL/D" Ffif/VJCHOFF Patented Aug. 19, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT" OFFlCE Willis F. Binschofi, New York, N. Y: Application November 22, 1940, Serial No. 128,894
1 This invention relates to an erector and ambulator device. i
It is an object of the present invention to provide a device adapted for the'removal of an inert invalid from the bed in order that the patient may be placed in'an erect or semi-erect position to alleviate thepossibility of bed pneumonia or circulatory complications-'due to inactivity, the patient being strappedtothe device so that the patient will be supported at several locations and will beheld erectas-the device is turned on end. so that the patients weight can be taken by the foot board which is hi'ngedupwardly and supported and wherein wheels may be applied to'the device to permit the transport of the patient outdoors for sunlight or other distant points from the bed.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a device for erecting and moving patients which will out down on the number of people needed in the hospital to erect and move patients and thereby provide a device for hospitals and convalescent homes for the handling of fractures and paraplegic cases. I
Other objects of the present invention are to provide a patient erector and ambulator which is of simple construction, inexpensive to manufacture, convenient to use,,has a minimum number of parts, easy to assemble upon the patient, rugged and safe and eiiicient in operation.
For other objects and for a better understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in connection' with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. l is a perspective view of a bed and of the device embodying the features of the present,
invention with the foot board extended and the head rest assembled upon the device, the device resting upon the bed in readiness to receive the patient.
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the device with the parts assembled thereon including the Wheels and the device supported at an angle.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing the tie rod element which is inserted in the board and connected to a fixture on the foot member in order that the foot member can be held angled with respect to the board.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary and sectional view of the device and looking upon the wheeled bracket.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the straps which are connected across the board to support the patient when the board is placed in the upright position and including a fragment of the board to show the manner in which the snap element is connected to the board.
1 Claim. (01. 5-s 1) 1 Fig. 6 is aperspective view of a foot rest. Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the head rest.
Fig. 8. is a rear perspective view of the devicefully assembled and illustrating the mannerinwhich the device is supported.
Fig. 9 is a sectional'view of afragmentary pertionof the handle fastener.
Referring now to the figures, l0 represents af bed having a mattress H on which thejpatient' i2 is reclining; With the patientto one side 'of the bed, the device, as indicated at [3, can be placed upon the bed so that the patient can be rolled onto the same.
patient upon the board l4. These holes also serve as convenient places to grip the board. This strap 18 hastongues l9 at the opposite ends of the same which are slid through the respec-V tive'snap element'sand are secured to buckles Zl I and the buckle pin '22;. These straps can be.
extended across the legs,"the abdomen and across the. shoulders} as indicate'dfby the vertically spacedgroups of these openings 15, Fig. 1.
The upper end of the board is' provided with openings, as indicated at 23, to adjustably and releasably retain head rest 24. Dowel pins 25 will extend into these holes 23.
A foot board 28 is hinged to the lower end of the board at El. A semi-fitted arch board 28 is permanently secured to the adjustable foot board 26. This semi-fitted arch board has formed depressions 29, Fig. 6. Once the patient has been placed on the board [4, the foot board 26 is elevated and retained in the elevated position by the insertion of a tie rod 3| in a plate 32 having opening 33 for receiving the rod end. The upper end of the rod has an enlargement 34 thereon and is bent, as indicated at 35, so that the enlargement may enter an opening 36 in the edge of the foot board 26. Fitted over the edge of the foot board 26 is a folded plate 31 of metal with a top opening 38 through which access for the enlargement 34 can be had with the opening 36. This plate is fastened to the foot board by screws 39. Ihe plate also has a drop slot M for receiving the rod 3 i. In order to keep the tie rod fixed Within the openings 36 and 38, a latch 42 is slid under the plate and over the enlargement 3 2 of the tie rod. With the foot board elevated and held in that position, there is provided a With .the patient on the board, various parts of the same can be assembled:
support for the feet of the patient. To keep the patients feet in alignment, the depressions 29 in the arch board 28 are provided.
When the foot board is lowered to the floor, and the head raised to vertical position, a wheel saddle 44 having wheel 45 can be attached by inserting bolt 46 in hole 48-49 and a wing nut 41 is attached in the manner as shown in Fig. 4. There is one of these wheel saddles placed at ,each side ofthe board. There is provided, at the respective sides of the board, holes 48 and 49 for these saddles.
After the straps are extended across the patient, the device can be lowered onto the floor and by gripping the head end of these-me :it can be elevated to an upright position, as illustrated in Fig. 2, so that the patient can have the feel of being on his feet and yet be thoroughly supported throughout hisheight. With the foot board on the floor, the .board is gently brought upwardly to .a vertical position, wheels are attached and handles fi-l screwed into threaded endof thetboard 11. ,A chainil is connected between. .a .cross .bari55 of the brace '52 and to the board :by means of .a snap hook in the manner shown in Fig. and as indicated at 56 in Fig. 8. Detachable. handles in the board i4 serve as rips/for themovement of the device over the floor.
.II'o remove the patient from the device it is simply wheeled into the location alongside of the .bed, wheels and handles are removed, and the board swung longitudinally of the bed so that the patient can be rolled from it.
'While various changes may be'made in the detail construction, it shall be understood that such changes .shal'l-be within the spirit and scope of 4 the present invention as defined by the appended claim.
Having thus set forth and disclosed the nature of my invention, what is claimed is:
An erecting and ambulating device for hospital and home use comprising a main board, a foot board hinged to the lower end of the main board and adjustable between a first position in alignment with the main board and a second position inwhich the foot board extends at an angle to the main board, removable brace means for securing the foot board in the second position, wheel saddles, connecting means detachably securing said saddles to the under side of the main board, said main board having openings for receiving said connecting means, and handle means for supporting and moving the device upon the wheel saddles, and said removable brace means comprising a tie .rod, said rod having an enlargement on one end, said foot board having an opening in its edge, a U-shaped plate extending over the edge of the foot board and over the opening and itself having an opening therein with a slot, said opening receiving the enlargement on the tie rod and said slot receiving the tie rod, a slide latch fitted under theU-shaped plate and extendable over the foot board opening to enclose the enlargement within the openings, said main board having a plate with a .hole therein, said tie rod having a bent end fitted into the hole in the plate in the main board in a releasable manner and angled from the'pla-te.
WILL-J8 F. BINSCHOFF.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file :of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 793,428 Edgley June 27, 1905 815,480 Silven Mar. 20, 1906 1,179,436 Kideney Apr. 18, 1916 1,652,936 Heinz Dec. 13, 1927 UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 6,468 Great Britain Apr. 30, 1915