Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2607064 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 19, 1952
Filing dateSep 17, 1948
Priority dateSep 17, 1948
Publication numberUS 2607064 A, US 2607064A, US-A-2607064, US2607064 A, US2607064A
InventorsEmmet J Sullivan, Austin B Snyder
Original AssigneeOwens Brush Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hair brushing and massaging implement
US 2607064 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

g- 19, 1952 E. SULLIVAN ETAL 5 1 HAIR BRUSHING AND MASSAGNG IMPLEMENT Filed Sept. 17, 1948 wnc/"kom- Erf. LIJYAN 13.3. JNYDER Patentec Aug. 1 9, 95

v mme -rsullivanand Austin .B. SnydeujTedo, r

Qhio, assignors, by mesne assigmne'ts, to

Dwens'Brush Company, Toledo, Ohio, a cor'p'oj y -Ap'flication September 17,1948,seriaNoiwgeye -;Our .inventief relates to implements adapted .and designed forrise 'n hair brushing,-shampooing, and massaging. Ainbject:oftheinvention nis `to provide an ::improved ccombination shamp'oo :brush: scalp :stimulator hair :brush and -eomb, designed. end adapted `for eflieient care a'nd :treatmentof the hairand sca'lp. The invention :providesan im lementot the character indicated :consisting of '-a, plasti fiexble, resilient material 'including aexile back or 'handlewith integral bristles 'or set'a'e (to which the shop .term tendrils is hereineppled) `di' the same material 'and molded integrally with 'the back.

We have 'discovered that-such an imp'lement consisting of polyethylene (polytheney'of 'sditable design as hereinaftersetforth is p'articlarly adapted- 'for the purposes "of our invntin, possessing valuable properties adaptingitto the specified'uses'; r w w A further obj'et of theinvntion=-is te -provide 'a ovel 'form and "designof fixiie; reilient -bristls or tendrils'which when molded ntegrafly with the -flexible baking; opefate- -ii h novel man'er and pbssessdesirable featuresdapting r them for use in hair brushng,shampooing, mas sagingg and-the liker r ;2 Among the-ohjects attained is the provi sion of .ai hairibrushin'g and -massag ing imjlement hair'- ing ctendrils which-provide improved enetrat ion throughthe hair t the' 'salp-'and which provide an: improved'massage actiomwhichare' free from dragging on the hair, which' 'a're freefrom any tendency'to .irritate :or scratch the se'alp; which are effective :in looseningsdandrufi, :which operate to give thehair'an amiual sheemwhich-keep the scalp in good condition, which :mase make therhairsoftr .and..fiuflier. The ivention providesan :article which is :easily cleaned. and kept clean and .provides ahah brushi'ngand massag ing implement which,'-'as compared with :conven tionai hair brushes ami massagin'g limplements, ha sfifimuhls tendencyto pun theshairvoutzor breakitom v i v A further object of ,the invention 'is to provide a 'prush which clears the' nail-"of snarls 'and tangles without pulling. ,The invention further provides an implement well-adapted for 'either dry or wet massaging, which S easy to usefor either ;dry opwet hair hrrshing -and ;Which is glitable and weH adaptd for shampooing; ,A further `.object is, to provide an ,implement 'coh'si'stirg 'of a material :having ohemical'- 'and bhys'ialj properties which ;contribute to :the iinitihd ifbl 'features of the invention. Whi fod that poyethy'lene when molded to the specified for hi;hasthese;desirable propnment 'adapted 'for hairzbrishin'g, ..shampoong,

massaging andth'e like.: e

Fig. 2 vis-'a 'sideelevationxif thesame with` some Fig 3 is a :fragmentet y part .seotional View showing :oneof the ibristles' `"tir-itendril's' integral "with the back of the'impl'ement. .e

'Fi'gt 4 is a top plan View o f an implement .particularly designedror useasa hair brush. i

Fg. is t-side levation `(if-the same with some i ef sectiohal 'elevatn -f 'the impem ent howi Figs. `1 and `2. in r' igs. "1, 2, nd heve n 'strated o'r'eform 'of the invention which' i is'- particularly designed to serve as a combiiations'hampoo brush,;s`ca1p stimuiator, hair mesh; and'tomb. brush consists 'of 'a flexble resilient, -rubber-1ike maserial and -pre`ferab`1y consists of -poyethyl'ene plastic-moldedina singie piece. It comprises a ''ircilar 'body-10, jthe'uppr-'sur'fae 'of which is preferably conve -anti ffray e -forhed with 'a series of cnoentrief 'arrii il-ar' ;ribs oi' `bossfies i '1-1 At i the "center :of the bdy' lfl-i'fan upwardly' ektehded 'member *comprising a 'k'riob l 2 integraliy united to the .bodyv by a neck portion 13' and shoulder '4. 1'Theknobmay'serve as a handle and "also assist the :operator holding-the im= 'element while esegthehoqy ;ro being' grasped 'by the" hand, .with 'the ngers' hearing on o posite sides'of'the'fi'eckfl; j

The body" m isi prerefahl off 'approximate'ly unirormthikness throighouti exceptdire'ctly Ibe- I v ru f said .bdyhihg. ofiav, .threby. gv ngljfiiblty to said* body so 'thatitreadfl forifo'rh's n to the contour ofthescalp or surface whch isbing r te I g.

Thehrush fermd -with'a ruitiplicy of bristles in the form of slender, finger-lke members or tendrils !6 formed integral with the body !O and depending vertically from its under surface !1 (Fig. 3). These tendrils are made of a special conformation, each tendril comprising a plurality of graduated sections or lengths of different diameters, progressively smaller from the body downward. As shown in Fig. 3, the tendril comprises an upper substantially cylindrical section !8 and a lower section or tip !9 of smaller diameter. The upper section !8 is integrally united to the body !0 by a rounded or upward-ly flared shoulder portion 20. A tapered shoulder 2! is likewise provided at the junction of the sections !8 and !9. The lower section !9 is formed with a rounded tip end 22.

The tendrils !6 are preierably arranged in concentric circles and uniformly spaced in the circles, the spacing of the said rings preferably being substantially equal to the spacing of the tendrils in each ring. The tendrils may be 'of equal or substantially equal length so that the tip ends 22 are arranged in an upwardly convex surface, or imaginary surface, indicated by the broken line !Za (Fig 9) parallel with the under surface of the body !0.

Fig. 6 illustrates a somewhat modified form of tendril wherein the upper section 24 is slightly tapered or downwardly convergent. The lower section 25 is also shown as slightly tapered.

Fig. '7 illustrates a form of tendril which comprises three sections or lengths 25, 21, and 28 of difierent diameters stepped downward or progressively smaller from the body !O downward. The tendril preferably consists of at least three sections of stepped diameters as shown in Fig."1, and it will be understood that it may comprise a greater number, depending upon the flexibility and resiliency desired and suited to the particular use for which the implement is designed. The length of the individual sections 25, 21, and 28 of the tendrils, their diameters, the length of each tendril as a whole, and the relative lengths of the different sections of the tendrils are all factors which play a part determining the resiliency, fiexibility, stiifness, penetrating ability, and smoothness of action;

For brushing or shampooing of the hair and for effective massage and stimulation of the scalp, the brushing tendrils should be of sulcient stiffness to penetrate through the hair while the lower end portions or massage tips of the tendrils have sufiicient smoothness and exibility to practically eliminate scalp and skin irritation. The flexible tips 28 with their rounded ends 22 are particularly designed to minimize or eliminate scratching or injury to the scalp. The upper sections of the tendrils being of larger diameter, give suiiicent stiffness and resiliency to insure effective penetraticn of the hair,-and also to insure their return to normal vertical position following each stroke of the brush through the hair.

Fig. 8 illustrates a tendril similar to that shown in Fig. 3 but with .the tendril deflected or bent to one side by the resistance which it meets during the brushing or massaging stroke. The upper section !8 is deflected through a, comparatively slight angle, the bending taking place at the shoulder 20 while the body of the section !8 remains approximately or substantially straight. The lower section or tip !9 is flexed at the shoulder 2! through a comparatvely large angle. The heavy sloping shoulder 20 at the base of the section !8 and the corresponding sloping shoulder 2! at the junction of the sections !8 and !9, serve eifectively as wear resistance against the repeated flexing of the tendril and also contribute to tendril stiifness and springinese. The lower end section or tip is designed to provide the massaging fiexibility desired, while the other sections between the tip and the base serve to support the massaging tip and impart the desired stififness or springiness to the tendril as a whole. It will be seen that the type of tendril Construction above described permits varying degrees of hair brush stlffness or springiness without a corresponding and objectionable increase in the stifiness or harshness of the tip end, such as would normally occur in the use of a tendril or bristleof uniform diameter, or one of a graduating taper design.

Because of the smooth, rounded ends of the tendrils, the fiexibility concentrated in the massaging tips, and the reduction of the drag or pull on the hair owing to such Construction, the article is highly efficient when used as a scalp massage brush. The scalp is gently and properly stimulated without objectionable scalp or skin irritations, such as are usually noticeable after the use of ordinary stiff bristled brushes. In this connection, it should be observed that the polyethylene has a low co-eiiicient of friction which materially aids in the smooth and eficient operation. v In this respect' the material diifers greatly from softlrubber and is free from the pulling action on the hair which characterizes a rubber brush. When the implement is used for brushing long hair, the design of the tendrils with their flexible tips provides an untangling and smoothing action -on tl 1e air without the pulling action which takes place with an ordinary brush. i H

Figs. 4 and 5 illustrate an implement which is particularly designed for useas a hair brush.

It comprises a body 30 extended to form a handle 3l. Bristles or tendrils !6 are formed integrally with said body and may be of any of the conformations already described in connection with theimplement shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The body 30, as shown, is formed with a recess orconcavity 32. The tendrils !6 are arranged in straight rows with substantially uniform spacing throughout. This form ,of implement is designed primarily foruse. as 'a' hair brush or combinedbrush and ccmb. *It can also be' used 'eifectively as a -massaging implement, having desirable characteristics for this purpose. as above pointed out in connection with the circular form of implement.

Modifications other than those herein illustrated and describedmay be resorted to within the spirit and scope of our invention. i

We claim: i

1. A brushing and massaging implement com-'- prising a polyethylene' body and', integrally formed therewith, a plurality of polyethylene bristle members depending at closely spaced intervals, each of said bristle members having a slender fiexible terminal end portion of substantial length terminating with a rounded end for Contacting the scalp or thezlikeskin region of the user and an'integrally formed enlarged inner portion having. a substantially un'iform crosssection. r

2. A brushing and massaging 'implement comprisinga plurality of polyethylene bristlemembers andan integral polyethylene body mountng said bristle members on a face thereof and hacking the same against axial movement, each of said polyethylene bristle members having a relatively flexible slender substantially uniformly 5 u cross-sectional elongated terminal end portion terminating with a. rounded end for contacting the region massaged and a relatively inflexible enlarged substantially uniformly cross-sectioned inner portion integrally merged with the rela- 5 tively fiexible terminal end portion at a tapered shoulder at the root of the end portion.

3. A brush and massaging implement comprising a polyethyene body and a multiplicity of polyethylene bristle members integral with and depending from said body, each of said bristle members being united to said body by an upwardly flared tapered shoulder portion and comprising a plurality of coaxial cylindrcal lengths or sections of different and constant diameters successively smaller in a downward direction, the diameter of each successive section being not less than approximately one-half that of the preceding section, the length of each section being several times its diameter, the terminal end section of each being relatively fiexible and terminating with a rounded end.

EMMET J. SULLIVAN. AUSTIN B. SNYDER REFERENCES CITED A The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENT OTHER REFERENCES Modern Plastics, issue of February 1948, pages 73-75. i

Plastics. issue of September 1944, page 43.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US785824 *Aug 1, 1904Mar 28, 1905Albert W NichollsSpary bath-brush and connection.
US804680 *Jun 6, 1905Nov 14, 1905Rowland M SmithScalp-massage brush.
US1758011 *Jan 16, 1929May 13, 1930Spalding & Bros AgGolf-ball washer
US1951776 *Nov 21, 1931Mar 20, 1934Donald C SheltonScalp treating apparatus
US2065584 *Jul 10, 1936Dec 29, 1936Hempel AnnaRubber brush
US2355744 *May 7, 1942Aug 15, 1944Henry W MckissonBrush manufacture
US2379330 *May 1, 1944Jun 26, 1945Wilensky Harry LMassaging and shampooing scalp brush
US2480023 *May 28, 1948Aug 23, 1949Knickerbocker Rubber CompanyMassage brush
US2480097 *Jun 10, 1948Aug 23, 1949Knickerbocker Rubber CompanyMassage brush and handle
US2482928 *Mar 26, 1948Sep 27, 1949Neff AugustaNeedle hairbrush
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2651810 *Jul 10, 1952Sep 15, 1953Owens Brush CompanyApparatus and method for molding brushes
US2722031 *Jun 21, 1952Nov 1, 1955Bressler Louis RBrush having relatively movable bristle carrying sections
US2741786 *Sep 15, 1953Apr 17, 1956Stanley Home Products IncShampoo device
US2752623 *Oct 8, 1953Jul 3, 1956Tupper Earl SCombined massaging and brushing implement
US2795807 *Nov 29, 1952Jun 18, 1957Leger SalvyBrushes
US2845648 *Mar 18, 1954Aug 5, 1958Osborn Mfg CorpBrush and brush material
US2889567 *Nov 22, 1955Jun 9, 1959Nathan L SolomonOne-piece moulded plastic brush
US2917057 *Dec 10, 1956Dec 15, 1959Sarl G O LTooth-brush
US3010500 *Mar 17, 1958Nov 28, 1961Hyland IndFood holder and carving aid
US3043295 *Nov 6, 1959Jul 10, 1962Ward Abraham WTooth cleaning and gum massaging instrumentality
US4343265 *Oct 20, 1980Aug 10, 1982Elmer BelschnerBrush for grooming animals
US4504998 *Sep 24, 1982Mar 19, 1985Price Vera HHuman hair-grooming device
US5029361 *Oct 21, 1988Jul 9, 1991Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Floor nozzle for vacuum cleaner
US5778476 *Jun 20, 1996Jul 14, 1998John O. Butler Company, Inc.Interdental brushes having roughened, tapered and rounded bristle ends and method of making the same
US6077383 *Jul 23, 1997Jun 20, 2000Commissariat A L'energieDevice for separating wafers and process for using said device
US6457476 *Jan 23, 2001Oct 1, 2002The Procter & Gamble CompanyApplicator for applying liquid products to hair
US6732398 *Dec 20, 2001May 11, 2004Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.Stepped diameter bristles for a toothbrush
US8627537Oct 12, 2010Jan 14, 2014Michel Mercier Ltd.Hairbrush, methods of use, and methods of manufacturing the same
US8677541 *Sep 25, 2012Mar 25, 2014Braun GmbhOral care products and methods of using and marking the same
US9226570Feb 20, 2008Jan 5, 2016Shaun PulfreyHair care device
US9295315 *Jul 25, 2008Mar 29, 2016Braun GmbhHair care appliance which can be employed in a flexible manner
US9364068 *Sep 4, 2014Jun 14, 2016Kao CorporationHair root applicator
US20050060828 *Sep 19, 2003Mar 24, 2005Kazutoshi KaizukaHairbrush
US20050241661 *Apr 28, 2004Nov 3, 2005Wahl Clipper Corp.Hair comb
US20060179594 *Feb 17, 2005Aug 17, 2006Ken YeungSilicone pastry brush
US20090083925 *Jun 3, 2008Apr 2, 2009CinqpatsDevice and packaging for precision brushing and combing and method and tool for obtaining same
US20100101594 *Feb 20, 2008Apr 29, 2010Shaun PulfreyHair care device
US20110088714 *Jul 25, 2008Apr 21, 2011Michael Kloeppel-RiechHair care appliance which can be employed in a flexible manner
US20150052698 *Aug 26, 2013Feb 26, 2015Cynthia FakierBrush cleaning apparatus
US20150101630 *Sep 4, 2014Apr 16, 2015Kao CorporationHair root applicator
USD668055Jun 14, 2011Oct 2, 2012Telebrands Corp.Hair detangler
CN101677664BFeb 20, 2008Oct 10, 2012肖恩普尔弗雷Hair care device
DE974457C *Oct 10, 1952Jan 12, 1961L Salvy & Fils EtsHaarbuerste
EP0191123A1 *Feb 13, 1985Aug 20, 1986Vera H. PriceA human hair-grooming device
WO2008117009A1Feb 20, 2008Oct 2, 2008Shaun PulfreyHair care device
U.S. Classification15/187, 15/207.2, 15/160, 601/137, 132/901
International ClassificationA61H7/00, A46D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61H7/003, A46D1/00, Y10S132/901
European ClassificationA46D1/00, A61H7/00D2