US 2607449 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 19, 19 2 s. L. DANIELS SHEET METAL SIDING 2 SHEETSSHEET 1 Filed Nov. 5. 1947 Si'eplzezz L.Daniels 3% WM ew Aug. 19, 1952 s. 1.. DANIELS SHEET METAL SIDING 2 SHEETSSHEET 2 Filed Nov. 5, 1947 [mph 15 M 1 Patented Aug. 19, 1952 a fUNlTED S'lA TE s PATENT OFFICE METAL SiDING v Stephen L. Daniels,- Canton,-Ohio, assignor, by a I 'mesne assignments, of one-half to H. Sheldon Blocker, Cleveland, Ohio Application November 5, 1947, Serial No. 784,185
' 1 Claim. (Cl. 18935) for the walls of buildings and more particularly to a sheet metal article having the appearance of lapped siding for covering the walls of old buildings, and the present application is an improvement upon my co-pending application, Serial No. 712,437, filed November 26, 1946, now abandoned. v
An object of the invention is to generally improve and simplify the construction of sheet metal siding such as disclosed in my c'o-pending application above referred to.
Another object is to provide an improved interlocking means at the upper and lower edges of each sheet arranged to cover all joints and nail heads and provide watertight joints.
Still another object is to provide a sheet metal siding of this character comprising a metal sheet formed to simulate one, two, three or more lapped siding boards.
A further object is to provide asheet metal siding of this character having an inturned chan-' nel at itslower edge and a downwardly angled, double folded flange near its upper edge. disposed at such an angle asto permit the same to interlock with the channel at the bottom of' the next higher sheet, each'sheet terminating at its upper edge in-aflat nailingflange.-- 1' A still further object is to provide an improved sheet metal'joint merriber tobe located at the vertical joints between adjacent sheet metal siding. members and having upwardly tapered, inwardly disposedribs therein ior supporting the sheet metal siding members adjacent to the vertica i nt- Another object is to provide an improved form of starting strip. I I
Still another object is. to provide an improved corner member having cut out portions at its upper end toreceive the angular flanges at the upper portions of the siding sheets.
The above objectstogether with others which will be apparent from: the drawings and following description, or whichmay be later referred to, may be attained by constructing andjinstalling the improved sheet metal siding in the manner hereinafter described indetail-and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
,Figure 1 is a perspective view of one'end portion of a sheet of metal siding embodying the invention showing the same formed to represent a single lap weather board;
Fig. 2 a similar view of a portion of a sheet of siding. formed with twoi'laps'; v I
Fig. 3 "a similar view showingthree laps;
Fig. 4 a perspective view of the inner side of one of the improved corner members;
Fig. 5 a perspective view of the outer side of one of the corner members showing portions of two adjacent siding sheets associated therewith;
Fig. 6 a horizontal sectional View through a corner of a building showing the corner member lapped over the vertical edges of two adjacent v sheet siding members;
Fig. 7 a perspective view of a portion of the improved starting strip;
Fig. 8 an elevation, with parts broken away, of a vertical joint showing the improved jointmember associated with abutting end portions of two siding sheets;
Fig. 9- a detached perspective view of the improved vertical joint member;
Fig. 10 a vertical sectional view through a vertical joint; and r Fig. 11 avertical sectional view of a portion of a wall of a building showing the manner of applying the improved sheet metal siding thereto. The improved siding is formed of sheets of aluminum or other suitable material, of any desired length and width, formed to re'present'o'ne or more lapped siding" boards and preferably painted in any desired color before being installed.
In Figure l is shown a portion ofa sheet of metal siding which may be of any desired length which will permit convenient handling and installing upon a building and of such width as to permit the simulation of a single weather board of any desired width, the metal sheet indicated generally at: l5 being of such width as to represent a single lapped weather board and comprising the'flat portion [6 having the rearwardly disposed channel 11 formed atits lower edge and the downwardly angled integral flange E8 of doublet-hickness formed by folding the metal back upon itself, and terminating in the upwardly disposed, flat nailing flange [9 having the'apertures or punch marks Mtherein to facilitate the driving of nails therethrough. v
In Fig. 2is. shown a portion of a sheet'indi'cated generally at IEja having two similar angular flat portions lfia. separated by the horizontal offset 21 formed therein to give the appearance of two lapped siding boards,.the channel" Ila at the lower edge of the sheet and the downturned angular flangev Iila near the upper edge thereof being the same as in the form of the invention shown in Fig. 1, the sheet terminating at its upper edge in the flat nailing strip having the apertures or punch marksyZOG to receivenails orthe like.
In Fig. 3 is shown another modification of the invention comprising the sheet indicated generally at |5b which is of such width as to permit the formation of three angular surfaces [61) separated by the offsets 2 lb extending longitudinally throughout the sheet and giving the appearance of three lapped siding boards.
The channel "b at the lower edge of the sheet and the angular flange [8b near the upper edge thereof may be the same as above described, the sheet terminating at its upper edge in the flat, nailing flange l9b having the punch marks or apertures b for receiving nails.
Each of the three forms of siding sheets shown installed upon the outer surfaces of a wall in disposed channel I1 of the lowermost sheet I 5 receiving the offset portion 30 and the forwardly disposed angular flange 3| of the starting strip and the lowermost sheet [5 is attached to the wall by nails 40 driven through the nailing flange 19 of the sheet and into the wall.
After each sheet [5 has been attached to the wallin this manner the channel I! at the lower edge of the .next upper siding' sheet is then hooked under the forwardly and downwardly disposed angular flange I8 of the next lower sheet and the upper sheet is attached to the the same manner, but for the purpose of illustration, only the single lapped sheet I5 is illustrated and described in the remaining figures in which the application of the metal sheet siding to a building is disclosed.
In Fig. 4 is shown an improved corner member for covering vertical joints between sheets on adjacent walls and interlocking therewith, this corner member being indicated generally at 22 and being formed of a sheet of aluminum or other suitable metal of right angle cross sectional shape, each side thereof comprising a similar, angular, fiat portion 23 having a rearwardly disposed channel 23a formed at its lower edge to receive the channel portions of the adjacent siding sheets 15, when the corner member is lapped over the adjacent ends thereof, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6.
The upper ends of the flat portions 23 are cut away as at 24 forming the angular extension 25 having nailing apertures 26 therein for nailing the corner piece to the corner portion of the wall, the cut away portions 24 receiving the adjacent end portions of the angularflanges l8 at the upper portions of the siding sheets [5 The starting strip, indicated generally at 27, comprises a narrow strip of aluminum or other suitable sheet metal of desired length, having the fiat nailing flange 28 provided with apertures or punch marks 29 through which nails may be driven to attach the same to the wall of a building, and has the outwardly offset lower portion 30 terminating in the outwardly disposed right angleflange 3| of a width to be received within the channel I! at the lower edge of the lowermost siding sheet.
The vertical joint member, indicated generally at 32 in Fig.9, is formed from a sheet of aluminum or the like of a height substantially the height of a siding sheet and is provided on its rear surface with the spaced pair of vertical, upwardly tapered ribs or corrugations 33 extending from a point near the bottom to a point near thetop thereof, the lower edge of the mem- -ber 32 terminating in the rearwardly disposed angular flange 34.
In'Fig. 11 is shown the manner in which the improved sheet metal siding is applied to the exterior wall of an old building, to cover the same. A portion of the foundation of the building is indicated at 35, a portion of the studding at 36, sheathing at 31 and wood ship lap siding at 38.
A starting strip 21 is nailed to the lower edge portion of the ship lap siding as by nails 33, the outwardly offset portion 30 of the starting strip being preferably located below the bottom edge of the ship lap siding as shown in said figure.
The sheet metal siding is applied from the bottom to the top of the wall, the rearwardly wall in the same manner by driving nails 40 through the nailing flange [9 of the sheet.
' Where the siding sheets are of insuflicient length to entirely span the wall from one corner toanother, it is necessary to butt the adjoining vertical edges of adjacent sheets together, as
, indicated at 4!, one of the joint members 32 being located between the abutting end portions of the sheets and thefwall as shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the ribs 33 contacting the wall and holding the members 32. at the proper angle to contact the rear surfaces of the abutting end portions of the sheets [5 and support them.
Both the member 32 and the abutting end portions of the two sheets I5 are attached to the wall as by nails 40a driven through the nailing flanges [9 of. the sheets and through the upper portion of the member 32, the rearwardly angled flange 34 at the lower end of the joint member 32 engaging under the forwardly angled flange 18 of the next lower sheet and being received in the channel portions I! of the joined sheets.
The corner member 22 is located over the abutting edges of the sheets'of adjacent walls covering the corner as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the channel 24 at the lower end of the corner member receiving the channels at the lower ends of the two siding sheets and the cut out portions 24 at the upper endof the corner member receiving the adjacent end portions of the flanges 18 at the upper portions of thetwo sheets.
The corner 'member maybe properly positioned over the ends of the two. sheets as shown in Figs. 5 and 6 and attached at the upper end to the corner portion of the wall joy driving nails through the upper angular extension 25 of the corner piece. Thus the Joint is completely covered at the cornersof the building.
Although the application of only a singlelapped sheet has been illustrated. and: described in detail, it will be obvious'that the double lapped and triple lapped sheets, as shown in' Figs. 2 and 3, may be applied in the same manner as above described, the joint membersand corner members for these doubleandtriple lapped sheets being shaped t cOrresp nd thereWith.
A sheet metal joint member for location behind the abutting ends of downwardly andout wardly angled sheet metal siding members, said joint member comprisinga" flat metal sheet adapted to be disposedat thesame'angle as the siding members and adapted 'to contact the rear surfaces of abutting end portions of such siding members, a 1 spaced pair T of upwardly tapered hollow ribs ormed on the'rear' side of said joint member and extending from a point near the lower end of said' joint member to a point near the upper end thereof and'adap'ted to be located on opposite sides of the joint between two siding mem'bers anda'gainstia' backing surface to which the :siding is secured, and. a
5 rearwardly disposed angular flange at the lower end of said joint member for retaining the lower end in position with respect to the siding.
STEPHEN L. DANIELS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES Number Name Date Thomas Aug. 9, 1938 Birch et a1 Sept. 19, 1939 Davis Nov. 14, 1939 Hoess 2. Feb. 25, 1941 Hull Oct. 7, 1941 Carr Sept. 23, 19,47