US 2607453 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 19, 1952 F. J. SMITH 2,607,453
' WINDOW FRAME Filed Aug. 10, 1948 s Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig. I.
Francis J. 5mm
IN V EN TOR.
Aug. 19, 1952 F. J. SMITH 2,607,453
WINDOW FRAME Filed Aug. 10, 1948 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fig.3.
Francis J. Smith INVENTOR.
Aug. 19, 1952 F. J. SMITH 2,607,453
WINDOW FRAME Filed Aug. 10, 1948 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Fig.6. Fig 7 II I02 8 IN VEN TOR.
Francis J. Smith Patented Aug. 19, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WINDOW FRAME Francis J. Smith, R-alston, Nebr. Application August 10, 1948, Serial No. 43,403
1 Claim. 1
This invention comprises novel and useful improvements in a window and more specifically pertains to improvements in the construction, mounting and effecting a weatherproof seal for storm windows and the like.
A primary object of this invention is to provide an improved constructionof storm window which may be applied to the window openings in various types of walls and partitions, and which shall have an efficient, simple and easily applied weather sealing means for its window panes.
An important feature of the invention resides in a storm window assembly which may be readily applied to Various types of walls such as glass brick, masonry or wood, and which when so applied will function in an improved manner to realize all of the heretofore known desirable features of storm windows.
A further important feature of the invention comprehends the provision of a storm window assembly as set forth in the foregoing feature wherein the important desideratum of ease of openin the storm window may be realized without impairing the efficiency of the sealing action embodied in the invention.
These, together with various ancillary objects and features of the invention which will later become apparent as the following description proceeds, are realized by this invention, preferred embodiments of which have been illustrated by way of example only in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary elevational View illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention incorporated in a building wall;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary horizontal transverse sectional detail view taken substantially upon the plane of section line 2--2 of Figure 1, and upon an enlarged scale relative thereto, and showing features of a frame and storm window assembly;
Figure 3 is a vertical transverse sectional detail view taken substantially upon the plane of section line 33 of Figure 1, upon an enlarged scale, and showin further structural features of the invention;
Figure 4 is a horizontal sectional detail view upon an enlarged scale taken substantially upon the plane of section line 44 of Figure 1 through the center mullion of the storm Window, and showing other features thereof;
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 3 but showing a modified fastening means for securing the seal on the storm window to the upper course of a glass brick construction of wall;
Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 5 but showing a further modified fastening means which maybe employed with masonry construction for mounting the storm window frame thereon;
Figure '7 is a view similar to Figure 6 and showing a still further form of fastening means which may be employed for masonry or other construction; and
Figure 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of an element forming a part of the storm window.
Referring now more specifically to the accompanying drawings, wherein like numerals designate similar parts throughout the various'views, reference is now made first to the embodiment of Figures l-4 which shows a suitable manner'of mounting a torm window construction in a wall meaning of any desired character or construction.
Chosen for the purposes of illustrating the principles of the invention is a wing type of window construction, although it Will be understood that the features of construction herein set forth are applicable to other types of windows. The numeral I0 designates the horizontal members of what may be termed the frame openings for the window, While the numeral l2 indicates the vertical components thereof. Within the frame members l0 and 12 which define the opening in the wall, with which the window is to be used, isseated and mounted the improved window construction forming the subject matter of this invention. This window construction includes master and secondary frames, which are mounted in the openings defined by the members in and 12. The master frame includes horizontal members M and vertical members I6, forming a rigid outer frame of any suitable material which is intended to be snugly received and sealed in any desired manner in the opening defined by the members H3 and i2. Of course, suitable window trim l8 and 20 of any suitable construction may be employed for covering up the master frame assembly.
On inward surfaces, the master frame members l4 and is are provided with longitudinally extending recesses or channels 22 and 24 respectively in which are seated the end portions of the horizontal and vertical components of the secondary frame assembly 26 and 28 respectively. As will be apparent from Figures 2 and 3, these components are provided with longitudinally extending channels 30 and 32, in which are seated tapering locking keys 32 which by means of fastening bolts .34 and nuts 36 are rigidly attached to the master frame members [4 and I6.
In the outer vertical urfaces of the secondary frame members 25 and 28, with respect to the interior of the house with which the window is to be employed, are provided longitudinally extending grooves 38 and 40 within which are seated sealing strips 42 which may be of rubber or of any other suitable material, while an upwardly extending integral extension of the secondary frame members 44, is similarly provided with sealing strips 46.
The secondary frame assembly, in the case of a wing type of window, is further provided with a vertical, mullion 48,'see Figure 4, which is likewise provided with similar sealing strips 42. The secondary frame members thus provide a pair of openings adapted to receive the hinged sashes of two windows set forth hereinafter. i
. These sashes, which are identical except-that they are mounted upon their outer edges and are capable of being locked to the center mullion upon their adjacent or inner edges, are secured by extension hinges 50 to the horizontal secondary frame members 26.
Further, the secondary frame members 26 are further'provided with manual window operators 52 of any suitable construction by means of which a person from the interior of the house may positively open or close the windows about their extension hinges 50. Since the construction of this actuator may be of various known types and in itself forms no part of this invention, it has not been deemed necessary to illustrate the same in the drawings.
The horizontal sash members 54 and the vertical sash members 56 which may be formed of any desired material including metallic extrusions of aluminum or other metals if desired, or of wood if desired-,are provided with outer sealing surfaces 58 which are adapted to overlie the outer vertical surfaces of the secondary frame members 26 and 28, and to contact with the sealing strips 42 of the grooves 38 and 48, and with inner vertical surfaces 69 which are adapted to contact the sealing strips 46. Thus, when the window'frame members are in their closed positions, a double seal is established with the secondary frame members, to insure against the entrance of moisture, air or the like between thev window frame and the window sash. It will be here seen that the secondary frame and the sash frame provide a'plurality of insulating dead air spaces therein, this including the channel members 3D and 32 of the secondary frame, and the air space between the inner and outer walls of the sash frames s and 55, and the secondary frame members 26 and 28. At their adjacent vertical edges, the window sash may be further provided upon their adjacent front and rear walls with recessed or channels 62, in which are locked or secured the element 64, see Figure 8, which further serves to divide this space into a pair of dead air chambers. This further enhances the insulating effect of the seal.
The inner surface or edge of the secondary frame member is provided with a recessed shoulder 66 in which is removably seated a frame 68 of a wire screen T9 or the like. This frame 68 may likewise be formed of extruding metallic shapes of commercially available types, and is removably seated in the shoulder 56 being retained therein as by latches 12, see Figure 3. It will thus be seen'that the screens "Iii may be retained in the secondary frames when the window sash are opened by the actuators 52, to thereby effectively screen the opening while providing the maximum entry of air and heat. a
The sash frames 56 and 56 are further provided with pairs of shouldered recesses 14 and I6, which are provided with looking grooves 78 and which thus receive and seat transparent panes 89 of glass or the like. These panes are retained in the shouldered recesses as by wedging strips 82 which press against the glass panes at their upper ends and at their lower ends seat in the grooves I8. It will thus be seen that the glass panes may be readily removed from the inner sides of the sash frames. If desired, the space between the two glass panes may be evacuated in order to form a more efiicient insulating means, in accordance with known practice in forming storm windows.
As shown in Figure 1, suitable locking handles 84 may be carried by each of the vertical sash members 58, for locking the sash to the mullion 48 in their closed positions.
The foregoing construction of the screen and storm window assemblies may be mounted in various ways to different types of building constructions. As shown in Figure 5, the construction may be mounted and secured in an opening in a glass brick construction, one course of such brick being indicated at 95. For this purpose, the secondary frame member 25 above mentioned may be received in a channel formed by the complementary shouldered recesses 92 of a pair of master frame members 9d and 95 which are split longitudinally and detachably secured to each other as by bolts 98, these members having terminal flanges Hill which are adapted to frictionally engage, embrace and clamp'upon the course 58 of glass brick. By this construction, the secondary frame and the window sash attached thereto in the manner set forth with regard to the showing of Figures 1-4, may be easily, snugly and removably secured to a glass brick construction by the frictional clamping action of the complementary sections 94 and 96. It will be further noted that the space between the sections 9 -3 and 9G and the glass brick constitutes a further insulating air space.
As shown in Figure 6, the frame members I02 may be provided with a sill Or plate I04 to which the'secondary frame members 26 may be secured. This plate is provided with a shouldered recess I66 which is adapted to receive an outer edge of the secondary frame member 26, while a complementary shouldered recess I68 carried by a clamping member 4 It operates in conjunction therewith to define a channel seating and securing the secondary frame member 26; This clamp I Ii] is provided with a downwardly turned leg H2 which may be fastened to member Hi4 as by screws H4, and is provided with'a downwardl extending flange I56 which overlaps or overlies the outer edge of the member N32 to establish a weather tight seal therein. This construction will be found desirable in applying the improved window construction to various existing types of window openings in walls of different characteristics.
Figure 7 discloses a construction which in conjunction with Figure 6 is aptly adapted for use in mounting the improved window construction in openings in masonry walls. Here, the topmost course of brick or masonry H8 is preferably provided with a longitudinal extending medially disposed channel I20 recessed in the surface thereof, and a secondary frame'm'ember 26 is secured or embedded in a master frame member I22 which in turn is provided with a medially and longitudinally extending and-depending key bead I24 received in the. channel I28. By means of this construction, the secondary frame is rigidly secured to the master frame I22 in sealed engagement with the masonry course I I8.
In the modifications of Figures 5-7 there has been illustrated the horizontal secondary frame member 26, although it is to be understood that the same identical construction will apply to the various vertical frame members of the secondary frame assembly.
From the foregoing, the manner of constructing and realizing the principles of the invention will be readily understood and further explanation is believed to be unnecessary. However, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art after a consideration of the foregoing specification and accompanying drawings, it is not intended to limit the invention to the exact construction shown and. described, but all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the appended claim.
Having described the invention, What is claimed FRANCIS J. SMITH.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 710,859 Griesser Oct. 7, 1902 712,403 Oldenburg Oct. 28, 1902 1,180,726 Keil Apr. 25, 1916 1,713,555 Reuter May 21, 1929 1,897,643 Reese Feb. 14, 1933 1,940,055 Jorss Dec. 19, 1933 2,015,447 Esser Sept. 24, 1935 2,024,192 Verhagen Dec. 17, 1935 2,103,532 Hunter Dec. 28, 1937 2,122,151 Luethke June 28, 1938 2,124,775 Haugaard July 26, 1938 2,148,930 Douzille Feb. 28, 1939 2,383,691 Smith Aug. 28, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date Italy Oct. 15, 1934