|Publication number||US2608690 A|
|Publication date||Sep 2, 1952|
|Filing date||Sep 27, 1949|
|Priority date||Sep 27, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2608690 A, US 2608690A, US-A-2608690, US2608690 A, US2608690A|
|Inventors||Philip C Kolb, Byrne Edward Austin|
|Original Assignee||Philip C Kolb, Byrne Edward Austin|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (20), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 2, 1952 P. c. KOLB ETAL OUTER GARMENT 2 SI-[EETS-SHEET 1 Filed Sept. 27, 1949 INVENTORS.
PHILIP 0. K OLE BY AND E. AUSTIN BYRNE ATTQQ/VEY Sept. 2, 1952 P. c. KOLB ETAL OUTER GARMENT 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 Filed Sept. 27, 1949 INVENTORS. PHILIP 0. KOLB M05. AUSTIN BYRNE ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 2, 1952 orrics OUTER GAaMiiN'r Philip C. Kolb, Rochester. and Edward Austin Byrne, New York, N. Y.
Application September 27, 1 949,Seriall \To.il7,-982
The present invention relates to-coats, outer coats, overcoats, jackets, mackinaws, and other outer garments. More particularly, it relates to garments for outer wear having an inner or an inter-lining for increased warmth. 3 i i The conventional coat having provision for an inner lining never fits the wearer properly. It has to be made big enough so that the inner lining can be buttoned in it. Hence it does not fit properly when the inner lining is. out of it. On the other hand, to avoid having it too loose fitting without the lining it is made really smaller than it should be for the "lining and it always looks and is bulky and cumbersome when the lining is in place.
- Moreover, a conventional type coat is a heavy garment when it has the inner. lining fastened in it. Furthermore, 'it is a somewhat irksome task to fasten an inner lining in the conventional type coat orto remove it therefrom.-
One object of the present invention is to provide an outer garment with an inner or interlining which will insulate the garment against cold or wind without adding appreciable weight to the garment. 1
Another object of the invention is'to provide an outer garment with an inner or inter-lining which will make the garment superior in warmth to conventional inner lined garments without adding weight or bulk. i
.A further object of the-inventionis to pro-- vide an outer garment having an inner or interlining which will fit well under all conditions of use.
A further object of the invention is. to provide an outer garment having an inner or inter-dining which is inorefiuid to the movements of the wearer, less prone to bind, and more comfortable to. wear.
Another object of the invention is to provide an outer garment having an inner or inter-liningin which the lining is made of a non-porous material so as to render the garment aprotection against the rain as Well as" against cold. V
Still anotherobject of the invention is to provide a wearer with one garment for all weather and all temperatures and which has an inner or inter lining that does not have to be fastened in orremoved with change in weather conditions'. l Anoth'er objectof the invention is to. provide aniouter garment with an inner or inter-lining in which the added warmth of the inner lining can .be. made effective or rendered ineffective substantial-1y instantaneously. v i
A'further object of the invention is to provide an outer garment having an inner or inter-lining which may always remain in the coat and which is readily inflatable to provide the extra wa'rmthdesired and which is readily deflatable when extra Warmth is no longer desired or needed.
Another object of the invention isito provide anouter garment which may have an inflatable innerlining fastened. in it permanently that, when inflated, gives increasedwarmth.
" A still further object of the invention is to provide an. outer garment having an inner or inter-lining which. can be marketed at a lower price than conventional lined outer garments.
Other objects oftheinvention will be apparent hereinafter from the specification and from the recital of the appended claims.
In the drawings:
' Fig.1 is a front elevation and Fig. 2 is a side elevation of an outer garment made according to one embodiment of this invention;
. Fig; 3 is a front elevational view of one type of inner or inter-lining that may be used in the outer garment;
. Fig. 4 is an elevational view showing in part the insideiof the garment with the inner or interlining fastened therein;
Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the. inter-lining taken on theline 5-5 of Fig. 3; and
6 is an elevational view of a modified form of inter-lining.
In a garment made according to the present invention aninflatableinter-lining is provided between the outer shell and theinner-lining of the garment. -When it is desired to add extra warmth to the garment the inter-lining is inflated with a gas, preferably a gas that is less thermally conductive than air, such as carbon 'dioxide although neon; argon and other similar gases may also be employed for the purpose.
Referring now to the drawings by numerals of reference liidenotes the outer shell or outside portion of. a garment made according to one embodiment of this invention; II is the interlining orjacket,and I2 is the inner lining. The
In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to i inclusive, the inter-lining is in the the chest and back' of the wearer. closing the collar of the garment, then. the wearer can completely insulate and protect his chest, stomach and back from the cold. Fig. 2 shows how the inter-lining H serves to draw the loosely form of a complete inner jacket, as clearly shown in Fig. 3, which is designed to cover the shoulders, back, chest and arms and to extend to the waist line of the wearer of the garment. The inter-lining may be attached at the shoulders, along the sides or in any other convenient manner, to the outer shell of the garment by stitches, snap-fasteners, zippers, buttons or other known means.
The inter-lining is made of two sheets of material denoted at M and I5 in Fig. 5. These are sealed together along their edges so that the inter-lining will be tight when inflated. They are preferably sealed together at other points, as denoted at [6 (Figs. 3 and 5) to control the thickness to which the inter-lining may be inflated and obtain substantially uniform increase in thickness over the whole area of the lining upon inflation.
already mentioned, with a gas which is less thermally conductive than air. Carbon dioxide is one gas. of this type; and it is relatively cheap. Neon and argon are other gases which would be suitable for the purpose. A self-closing valve 18 is provided for inflating or deflating the inter-lining. This may be located at any suitable point.
The insulating and inflating gas may be supplied, when desired, from a gas cartridge provided with an opening to fit the valve [8. Cartridges containing enough gas to inflate the inter-lining once can be made and sold very cheaply and might be vended by any clothing store.
In the drawings, the valve I8 is shown secured in the lower edge of the inter-lining. The portions 15, along which the outer and inner sheets 14 and I5 are sealed together, terminate, in the body of the inter-lining, short of this lower end, and in the arms 19 of the inter-lining terminate short of the shoulders. Thus ducts or channels are provided whereby the inflowing gas may flow to all parts of the inter-lining and uniformly inflate the inter-lining, thereby avoiding bulges or swells.
Preferably the inner lining I2 is not attached to the outer shell 10 except at the shoulders and along the facing or front seams at the opening of the garment. The lining I2 is attached to the facings in the usual manner beginning at the neck of the garment and running down the seam to a point six inches or so above the waist line of the garment. At this point a zipper 20, snapfastener, buttons or other suitable means are inserted for closing the seam. Tabs 22 are preferably provided at the bottoms of the inter-lining. These tabs are adapted to be pulled through the zipper Or other openings in the seams when the garment is buttoned. One tab has buttons 23 on it; and the other tab is provided with buttonholes 24 for these buttons. By buttoning the tabs together, the waist of the inter-lining can be drawn snugly around the wearer's waist. Thus, cold air entering at the bottom of the coat may be prevented from'blowing upwardly about By simply hung inner lining 12 in about the wearer when the tabs of the inter-lining are thus buttoned together.
In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive the inter-lining is made with sleeves 19 that fit into the sleeves 26 of the garment between the outer shell and inner lining thereof. If desired, however, the inter-lining might be made without sleeves as shown in Fig. 6. Here, the scams or inter-cellular portions [6 of the inter-lining are made somewhat wider than in the first-described embodiment of the invention and are provided with spaced vent holes 30. Any inflatable material to be successful for its purpose should be non-porous. The vent holes 3!! enable the body to breathe and prevent condensation on the inside of the inter-lining. Except for the provision of the vent-holes and the lack of arms, the inter-lining I I may be the same in structure as the inter-lining l I shown in Fig. 3, and parts corresponding to parts of the inter-lining of Fig. 3 are denoted by the same ref erence numeral primed. The inter-lining of Fig. 6 will keep the wearer's torso warm.
Obviously, vent holes may be provided, if desired, in the seams or intercellular portions in the embodiment of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive.
Since the material used in the inflatable interlining l I is non-porous, and since the inter-lining, when inflated, provides an insulating spaced filled with an inert gas, and since the gas itself is an insulator, it will be seen then that we have provided a construction that will insulate the wearer against cold and wind. This construction may be employed not only on heavy garments of outer wear but also on topcoats, raincoats and other sports and light-weight outer wear; and it will make such garments superior in warmth even to heavier garments, such as overcoats, and wool. glass-wool, kapoc. and other inner-lined garments. Moreover, when the deflated, thegarment again becomes a topcoat, raincoat, or other light-weight garment, both in weight and appearance, without removing the inter-inflatable lining, for this inter-lining can be made of extremely light-weight plastic. Furthermore, because the inter-lining is non-porous the garment is made rainproof if it was not so already.
Our construction provides the wearer with a garment that is suitable for all weather. It provides a light-weight and cool coat for warm wear and a light-weight and warm coat for colder conditions. When the inter-lining is insulated, the garment is lighter by pounds than the conventional overcoat or other comparable heavyweight outer garment, and it is also lighter by, pounds than the conventional outer garment may be of very thin plastic, a garment made according to the present invention can be made to fit the wearer better than conventional garments using wool, glass-wool, or other bulky types of inner linings. Moreover, the inflatable interlining in no way limits the choice of fabrics used for the outer shell of the garment. Because of the low cost of the inflatable material, a garment made according to the present invention can also be made and sold at a lower price than con-'- inter-lining is ventlonal heavy-weight or inner-lined garments for the same purpose.
While the invention has been described in connection with coats and other garments of outer wear for covering the upper part of the body it may be applied also to trousers, knickerbockers, coveralls, and other garments of outer wear for covering the lower portion of the body or both the lower and upper portions.
While the invention has been described in connectlon with particular embodiments thereof, it
is capable of further modification, and this application is intended to cover any adaptations, uses, or modifications of the invention following, in general, the principles of the invention and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art to which the invention pertains and as may be applied to the essential features herelnbefore set forth and as fall within the scope of the invention or the limits of the appended claims.
\ Having thus described our invention, what we claim is:
1. A coat comprising an outer shell. an inner lining which is fastened to the outer shell only at the shoulders and along the front seams at the opening of the garment, an interlining between the outer shell and the inner lining, said interlining being in the form of an inflatable jacket which has tabs at its bottom passing through openings in the inner lining, and means for fastening said tabs together to cause the inner lining and the lower part of the jacket to fit snugly about the body of the wearer while allowing theouter shell to hang freely from the shoulders of the wearer.
'a valve through which an inflating, insulating gas may be admitted to or released from the jacket, a pair of tabs at its bottom passing through openings in the inner lining, and means for fastening the tabs together to draw the inner lining and jacket tight about the wearers body while allowing the outer shell to hang freely from the wearers shoulders.
PHILIP C. KOLB.
E. AUSTIN BYRNE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 874,026 Necker Dec. 17, 1907 1,154,842 Butusov Sept. 28, 1915 1,623,993 Anderson Apr. 12, 1927 1,640,270 Furman l Aug. 23, 1927 1,754,342 Tubiolo Apr. 15, 1930 1,843,527
TubiOlo Feb. 2, 1932
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US874026 *||Aug 27, 1907||Dec 17, 1907||Adolf Necker||Life-preserver.|
|US1154842 *||Feb 6, 1915||Sep 28, 1915||Julius M Lopez||Garment.|
|US1623993 *||Sep 27, 1922||Apr 12, 1927||Airubber Corp||Heat-retaining garment|
|US1640270 *||Mar 6, 1926||Aug 23, 1927||Furman William Russell||Aviator's suit|
|US1754342 *||Aug 17, 1928||Apr 15, 1930||Anthony Tubiolo||Swimming jacket|
|US1843527 *||Jan 17, 1930||Feb 2, 1932||Tubiolo Anthony||Swimming jacket|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2722020 *||Jan 25, 1954||Nov 1, 1955||Walter T Anderson||Sportsman's jacket and raincoat|
|US2781820 *||Aug 5, 1953||Feb 19, 1957||Celanese Corp||Process for the production of insulating laminates and product|
|US3382504 *||Aug 12, 1965||May 14, 1968||Tamayo Barbosa Jose Luis||Inflatable fancy garments|
|US4137586 *||Jul 11, 1977||Feb 6, 1979||Stearns Manufacturing Company||Survival suit|
|US4181993 *||Oct 11, 1977||Jan 8, 1980||Mcdaniel Ralph H||Flotation garment|
|US4242769 *||Dec 14, 1978||Jan 6, 1981||Ilc Dover, A Division Of Ilc Industries, Inc.||Anti-exposure inflatable structure|
|US4547906 *||Jun 27, 1983||Oct 22, 1985||Kanebo, Ltd.||Heat retaining article|
|US7107629 *||Aug 8, 2003||Sep 19, 2006||Coolsystems, Inc.||Apparel including a heat exchanger|
|US7731244||Sep 12, 2007||Jun 8, 2010||Coolsystems, Inc.||Make-brake connector assembly with opposing latches|
|US7837638||Nov 23, 2010||Coolsystems, Inc.||Flexible joint wrap|
|US7896910||May 17, 2004||Mar 1, 2011||Coolsystems, Inc.||Modular apparatus for therapy of an animate body|
|US8597217||Dec 30, 2010||Dec 3, 2013||Coolsystems, Inc.||Reinforced therapeutic wrap and method|
|US8715330||Oct 22, 2010||May 6, 2014||Coolsystems, Inc.||Temperature and flow control methods in a thermal therapy device|
|US20040078864 *||Aug 8, 2003||Apr 29, 2004||Miros Robert H. J.||Apparel including a heat exchanger|
|US20050256556 *||May 17, 2004||Nov 17, 2005||Coolsystems, Inc.||Modular apparatus for therapy of an animate body|
|US20090066079 *||Sep 12, 2007||Mar 12, 2009||Coolsystems, Inc.||Make-brake connector assembly with opposing latches|
|US20100083417 *||Apr 8, 2010||Argon Technologies, Inc.||Thin insulative material with layered gas-filled cellular structure|
|US20120037269 *||Sep 6, 2011||Feb 16, 2012||Argon Technologies, Inc.||Systems and methods for inflating an article of outdoor gear or apparel using a dry gas|
|WO2005099496A2 *||Apr 14, 2005||Oct 27, 2005||David Lloyd||Articles of clothing|
|WO2005099496A3 *||Apr 14, 2005||Jan 12, 2006||David Lloyd||Articles of clothing|
|U.S. Classification||2/97, 2/DIG.300|
|Cooperative Classification||A41D2400/14, Y10S2/03, A41D27/02|