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Publication numberUS2610368 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 16, 1952
Filing dateFeb 23, 1950
Priority dateFeb 23, 1950
Publication numberUS 2610368 A, US 2610368A, US-A-2610368, US2610368 A, US2610368A
InventorsTschaepe Kurt P
Original AssigneeTschaepe Kurt P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door locking astragal
US 2610368 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 16,1952 sc 2,610,368

DOOR LOCKING ASTRAGAL Filed Feb. 23, 1950 2 SHEETS -Sl-IEET 1 Kurt Tschaepe INVENTOR.

Au WWW??? 3% Sept. 16, 1952 K. P. TSCHAEPE 2,510,368


" y WW 19% Patented Sept. '16, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE v '7 V r e. 126103681 I I DOOR'LOCKING ASTRAGAL v Kurt 1 Tschaepe, New York, N, Y. 7 v v .,idiiplicationFehruary23,1950, sensin 145, 20 i i. 3 Claims.

The present invention relates'to new and use- -iul improvements in door locking devices and more particularly to an 'a-stragal for sealing and locking the edge of a swinging door.

An important object of the invention is to provide a vertical astragal which may be mounted' for horizontal sliding movement at either edge of a swinging door for entering a groove in an adjacent door' structure to lock the door and seal the edge thereof together with-means for automatically retractingthe astragal to release the door for free swinging movement by a predetermined opening force subjected to the door.

Another object of the invention is to provide means for locking the astragal against movement to secure the door in its locked position.

A still further object is to provide a door looking mechanism for double swinging doc-rs and including upper and lower sliding bolts for looking one of the doors and providing a horizontally slidable astragal carried by the other door-for sealing and locking the-meeting edges thereof and also providing means actuated by the astragal to lock the upper and lower bolts of the first named door. v I

A'still further object is to provide an apparatus of this character of simple and practical construction, which is eflicient'and reliable in operation, relatively inexpensive to manufacture-and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for which the same is intended.

Other objects and advantages reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being' had to the accompanyingdrawings forming part hereof, whereinlike numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

Figure l-is a vertical sectional view of the meeting edges of the double swinging-doors and showing the individual locking mechanisms'f0r each door; Y Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view showing the locking mechanisms at the upperedges of each door; Y

Figure 3 is a top plan view of the meeting edges of the doorsand with the cover plates at the top of the doors removed; Y Y

Figure 4 is a fragmentary view in elevation of the meeting edge'oi one door provided with a seat for the astragal releasing roller of the otherdoor; Y 'Q-Figure 5 isasimilar view of the second door showing-the stragalreleasins rollerg Figure 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional the opening l8.

*view taken on the line e s of Figure rand showing the .astragal in sealing position at the meeting edges of the doors when the doors'are unlocked; I

Figure 7 is a similar view showing the astragal in sealing position when the doors arelocked, and;

Figure 8 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken on the line 8-8 of Figure l and showing the key controlled lock for the astragal.

Referring now to the drawings in detail wherein for the purpose of illustration I have disclosed a preferred embodiment of the invention, the minerals 5 and 6 designate a pair of swinging doors or other double swinging closures, such as French doors, casement windows or the like, the door 5 being provided at its meeting edge with a horizontally slidable vertically extending astragal 1 for entering a vertical slot or groove 8 in the meeting edge of door 6. I Upper and lower slides 9 and Illare slidably mounted in'recesses H and I2 at the upper and lower edges of, door 5 and are connected to the adjacent ends of astragal l by apertured ears [3 carried by the slidesfor receiving pins l4 passing transversely through the astragal and into the opening of the ears. Each sliding block 9 and I0 is provided with arearwardlyextending rod l5 slidable in a guide 16 with a coil spring I! surroundingthe rod or pin l5- and bearing against the rear of the slide to move the slide and astragal outwardly at the edge of the -d 00r. e Y

Each slide'9 and I0 is also formed with a vertical opening 18 in which the upper end I 9 of a bell crank lever 20 is loosely positioned to provide limited playio-r the end IQ of the leverin Lever 20 is pivoted to door 5 by apin 2| and the opposite'end of lever 20 extends in a rearwardly inclined position as shown at 22 and is formedwith a longitudinal slo t 23. The upper bell crank lever 20 for the upper slide 9 is connected to the upper end of a rack bar 2-4 by means of a pin 25 carried by the rack bar and engaged in slot 23 of the bell crank lever and the lowerhell crank lever 26 for the lower slide I0 is connected to the lower end of the rack bar.2'l in a similar manner to rack bar 24.

Rack bar 24 extends downwardly at the free edge of door 5 and rack bar 21 extends upwardly at the free edge of door 5 and are formed with teeth 28 and 29 respectively engaging the di- "ametricall'yppposite' sides of a pinion gear '30 secured to the inner end of a rotary lock cylinder 3| which is rotatably mounted in a conventional type of lock barrel or casing 32 to which the cylinder 3| is locked by a key 33 in the usual manner.

The adjacent ends of rack bars 24 and 21 and pinion gear 30 are mounted in a housing 34 recessed in the central portion at the free edge of door 5, the rack bars being slidable in the housing.

Upper and lower vertically sliding bolts 35 and 36 are p'osi'tioned adjacent the free edge, of -door 6 with the upperend of upper bolt 35' positioned for entering a bolt socket 31 in the header 38 oi the door frame and the lower end of lower bolt 36 being positioned for entering a boltssocket; 3-9 -thepinionflil inthat position.

in the door sill 40. p H p The lower end of upper bolt 35 anii the-upper end of lower bolt 36 are slidahly mounted inaa housing 4| recessed in the free edge of door 6 and tioning as latches to hold the doors closed and the astragal sealing the meeting edges of the doors.

The doors are locked by turning pinion 44 in a direction to slide bolts 35 and 3-6 in their sockets 31 and 39, whereupon springs I! move slides 9 and lo outwardly of door 5 and rollers 46 and 41 carried by the slides move the bolts 50 inwardly of door 6 to enter notches 54 and lock bolts 35 gand i'sfia e 1 "Pinionisfl is also turned"to"ac'tuate upper and lower rack bars 24 and 21 in a direction to hold slides 9 and I0 outwardly and key 33 then looks The outward movement of slides .9 and ID also mov'es astragal 1 fully into slot 8 to further lock 1; theidoors to each-other.

the adjacent ends ofrthe bolts are formed-with rack bars 42 and 43 respectively positioned at diametrically; opposite sides ofifa pinion-=1 41! 30111 mued inwtnenousinssel J Thepiiliomfl isrfjormed .awith'raroentralhexagnnal opening to redeiye-ra suitable tool for turning the pinion, or-byimtfans 5.015 which-a1 handle I DIE-(1901 :knob may 'ibe ssecured ,toztheipinion'ioriturning the same.

Upper and lower slides 9 and I0 of door 513:18 fmoyided. withrrollfi s Y46 and s4 1; each journal'led :oxrrziapin: 418 .carrieol byithe slide 1:130 rotatably sup,- iportptheirol'lers inza' horizontalposition-rand-with one edge of the roller projecting outwardlyybeyondtlreslide; "Eachz-iioller-iszengage'cl ina seat 49 at the-outer edgegof =ahorizontallysliding bolt-15 [I -at the upper tend rlower-edges of dioor fi andeach formed with -am/ertical :slot flit-slidinggon a pin 52. carriedat rthegtadjacent-edge of the -door: The: innerend 53 of; the:-bolt Edisengagedin a notch'z54 in the adjacent ;bo1t ;35= or.-=36: when ;the latter is; moved yerticall-y; intoit door docking position thus vloclmthe vertical; bolt from retracting movement. ,Thet-outeredgerof bolt. '50c-iscur-vedjat eachside of seat-:46, as'55 lto-lg-uide thenzellerAfi position-inthe seat. I 7 r In'thepperation of-the device rwithdoors-i and :Edn their unlockedpo-sition; as shown in Figure-1, upper. and slower vertical-1y. sliding bolts: --35 and ;36-: have 2 been" retracted by turning pinion 44: (in a; proper direction .so. that door: 531s free to swing open. The retracting movement-10f bolts-35 and -136slidesupper and lower horizontalbolts 5flzoutward1yg-oi notches 54 toQ-ah position with their 'outer edges a substantially; flush; with the: outer edge of door 6.

Rollers ilisand-41-remainlseated intheir. seats i 49 in bolt sjfl-and seats 49 are of properdepth I .to hold astragal ,1 sufliciently entered,inlslot 8 to seal ,the ,meeting edges pf ,the doors, shown -in Figure .6; The rollersandnastragalebeing: both carriedn-by the upper; and lowenslides 9. and l-6 {arelheldlengag-ed in seats andrslot Ber by springer! urging the-slidesoutwardly. v

Eithei fof v the doors-,5 ore BHmay, beuopenedsby pulfing ;tl1ereon,from' the inside-orQpushing-Zthere- ;on from the. outside rinsthe. usual manner; causinggro'uers' Miland 47 ;to ,rii'ie outmo'f their seats 49 7 and which moyeslslidesffl and J mmwardiycr floor-L5 sufficiently to; retract a'stragal' .11 from slot 8. to. clear ,door 6.. Ends .I B-oLbll crankleyer'slfl and 21L are .sufficientlyi freefinqtheirl slots. 18 in slides." 9 a and 11 3 to Q permit retracting movement (of; the; astragal without. obstruction by, Lrack's '21! land .2] witlilgear 3.0 -so.- that rollers 46, and Here nee tol move in Land out 1 of Itheiil. seats ABQWhh mes a ess eei s asinse ni rmse sw n h te nnu l; actuating' meansg said- -manualg aetuat "Astragal'! is formed with a sloping shoulder 56 .atzzitsr central rear edge engaged by a sloping shoulder 57 on rack baif 24 to brace the center of --theastragal when the :doers-areirr a docked position, ,thecshoulders being clear 20f; each other when. :theraok bani-4J moved into an unlocked position to providesfreedem of movementfor the m a-lcwhennpen sr h o 'IFheas-lides sand all) and bolts-50 at-the ton-and bottomzof the doors; are: enclosed by cover; plates =58-and591for-eaeh door. I p I r In .v-iewaof; the foregoing description taken ;in .-conjnnction with; the j aecon' rdrawmgss-it is believed that a clearrunderstanding :0f the device will bet-quite [apparent to those skilledzin-this art. v A more detailed descriptionzais accordingly deemed unnecessary.

. It is to bet-understood, however, that-even "though: there,-. isaherein shown-wand described a preferred-embodiment ot-the invention thegsame .is.- susceptible: to certain changes ifully comprehended by the spir itlof-cthe invention asv herein describedand -the-scopeof: the-lappended-gclaims.

Having described the. invention, what is, described-asnewis; v p I V x V H 1 In apair of-isxvingingrdoorsgone ofsaidsdoors having a. vertical;- lslotwat its;-free-. edge andzthe other: of saidudoors having-a horizontally. movable vertical astragal at its free edgerior enteringathe slot, theimprovementcomprisingQ the assembly of a rollerfconnected-to the astragal forbodily move- .Inenttherewith, awertically sliding bolt, -f0r,110ck:- the first named door, .inanually operated mcans. carried-bysthe iirstnamed, door for lecking and unlocking said. ,vertioally sliding b0lt,; aboriizo ntally sliding, bolt -ca rried: by the firstsnamed door for locking engagement withthe .verticallz, sliding bolt, said; Y horizontal, bolt having, an arcuate seat for receiving the rollerand lockably actuated-by aproiecting movenient of the-rollen manual actuating n cans;- carried by;-;thez-second door ior projecting and retractingine s r-lan "as-traw i ndr i sk n -i e s as means including'a loose connecting me'ansgbcr Ween-t eet uei n smee ssn l o e i ide m ed inde end n i e s i aa ii iece ing movement of; the-ro ller relative to th elae at;

. ms; d-

: s; emanates swive lrs ai nm closure structure provided wit vertical; slot and-a horizon-tal slot anastraga ;carr v i si sad9 time, 33 4 3 5 ithe mse3 =as ase im swin ingfi sure ioibroict said vertical slot, said'swinging c1osure--having;;-a recess a.slide disposed in saidarecess and having a roller at outer end mealnssconnetingirsaid assesses. sidQslid 5 and astragal as a unit, and a sliding bolt carried by the relatively stationary structure and having a seat, said sliding bolt being opposed to said slide so that said roller is movable into and out of said seat when said swinging closure is actuated whereby the roller in said seat constitutes a latch.

3. The combination of claim 2 and a spring reacting on said slide opposing the movement of said slide inwardly of said recess.


. 6 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Cork -1- Dec. 27, 1910 Johnson Jan. 2, 1912 Barrett r Apr. 8, 1913 Willich Jan. 12, 1915 Drummond Sept. 1, 1931 Sweeley et al. Nov. 17, 1931

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US979654 *Sep 6, 1910Dec 27, 1910Earl C KimballCar-door.
US1013553 *Jan 13, 1911Jan 2, 1912Benjamin W JohnsonLatches for double doors.
US1058529 *Dec 24, 1910Apr 8, 1913Harry T HickeyCar-door.
US1124372 *Sep 3, 1912Jan 12, 1915Mcfarland Hyde CoLocking mechanism for doors.
US1821744 *May 9, 1930Sep 1, 1931Drummond Edwin DVentilated door
US1832592 *Jul 18, 1930Nov 17, 1931Edward A SweeleyRefrigerator car door
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3660940 *Mar 4, 1970May 9, 1972Tavano John BPanic door
US3940886 *Jul 5, 1974Mar 2, 1976American Device Manufacturing CompanyPanic exit door locking structure
US4204369 *Aug 31, 1978May 27, 1980Kawneer Company, Inc.Entrance door system with automatic astragal and panic device
US4621845 *Sep 20, 1983Nov 11, 1986Joseph VanagoIntegral peripheral locking device for closures
US7735882 *Oct 11, 2006Jun 15, 2010Endura Products, Inc.Flush-mounting multipoint locking system
US8157298Feb 23, 2009Apr 17, 2012Endura Products, Inc.Multi-point entryway locking system and astragal
US8157299Sep 30, 2010Apr 17, 2012Endura Products, Inc.Multi-point locking system and astragal
US20110283621 *Aug 2, 2011Nov 24, 2011Glover J RaymondGliding door, with vertical movement for providing sealing/ unsealing when closed/opened
US20120104917 *Jun 29, 2011May 3, 2012Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.Server rack
DE1266171B *Apr 30, 1963Apr 11, 1968Roger LucasVerriegelungseinrichtung fuer eine Tuer, wobei eine auf ihrer Gesamthoehe etwa horizontal verschiebbare Gleitschiene am Tuerstock angeordnet ist
WO1998036146A1 *Feb 2, 1998Aug 20, 1998Friedner AryehSecurity door
WO2007009993A2 *Jul 18, 2006Jan 25, 2007New Art System S R LSafety frame for doors and windows
U.S. Classification49/319, 292/1, 70/1
International ClassificationE05C7/00, E05C19/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05C7/00, E05C19/001
European ClassificationE05C19/00B