US 261068 A
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(No Model.) A E.'M. E. E; THOREY.
No. 261,068. Patented July 11 1882 wmmssm: (/1 v INVENTOR: 0 ac I I ATTORNEYS.
n. PETERS Mum y. Wnhingwn. no.
UNITED STATES PATENT QEEIQE.
EMILE M. E. E. THOREY, OF UNION HILIL, NEW JERSEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 261,068, dated July 11, 1882.
Application filed February 28, 1882.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMILE M. E. E. THOREY, of Union Hill, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and Improved Cook, of which the followingis a full, clear, and exact description.
The object of my invention is to provide a new and improved cock, in which the plug fits very closely in the socket.
The invention consists in a cock provided with springs for holding the plug closely in the socket, for preventing gas or liquid from escaping between the sides of the plug and the socket,
The invention further consists in turning heads in the top of the plug and in the bottom of the socket, to which heads the tensionspring of the plug is attached, and upon one of which heads the pressure-spring rests.
The invention also consists in a disk contained in a cap on the top of the socket, which disk is provided with a handle and with studs passing into the upper end of the plug, whereby the plug will be turned when this disk is turned by means of its handle, all as will be fully described hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification,
.in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of my improved cock on the line a n, Fig. 2, showing it opened. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view of the same on the line x 00, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the under side of the screwcap of the cock. Fig. at is a sectional'plan view of the cap of the cock on the line y 3 Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the upper end of the plug.
The plug A,which is tapered and made hollow, and is provided with the usual opposite apertures, 13, fits into the tapering socket C'.
A head, D, provided with a downwardlyprojectin g stud or book, E, rests loosely to turn in a recess in the top of the plug A, the hook E projecting down through the top of the plug.
A spiral spring, F, is attached at its upper end to the hook or stud E, and the lower end of this spring is attached toan upwardly-projecting stud or hook, G, attached to the inner surface of ahead, H, fitting loosely to turn (No model.)
in a (recess in the bottom of the socket or casing A cap, I, is secured over the lower end of the socket O.
A screw-cap, J, is screwed on the upper end of the socket G, and through the top of this cap J a spindle, K, passes, provided at its upper end with a winged handle, L, or other suitable handle, and at its lower end, which is within the cap J, with a disk, M, provided with two or more downwardly-projecting studs, N, fitting in corresponding apertures, O, in the top of the plug A.
The disk M is provided in the middle of its lower surface with a recess, P, for receiving the upper end of a spiral spring, Q, the lower end of which rests on the head D in the top of the plug A.
A circular projection, R, on the top of the cap J, is provided in its edge with a quadrant recess, S, into which a stud, T, passes, projecting downward from the handle L, which stud T strikes against the ends of this recess S, and
thus limits the movements of the handle L and the plug A to a quarter-turn.
If desired, the top of the cap J may be provided with a quadrant-groove in place of the quadrant recess S, or with two projections sep arated the distance of a quarter-circle. The spindle K is provided at its lower end with a conical enlargement, K, which fits into-a conical recess in the lower surface of the cap J, and the spring Q presses the conical enlargement K into the conical recess in the cap J, and thus prevents an escape of gas or liquid through the space between the lower part of the spindle and the aperture in the cap. I
The operation is as follows By turning the handle L the spindle K and the disk M will be turned, and as the studs N pass into the apertures O in the top of the plug A the plug will be turned also. The springF will not be turned or twisted, as the head D, to which the springF is attached, can turn in the top of the plug A. The plug A is drawn downward into the socket (J by the spring F, and is pressed downward by the spring Q. The springs F and Q hold the heads D and H closely in the upper end of the plug and the lower end of the socket O, and prevent the escape of gas or liquid between the headsand the sides of the recesses into which they fit. If, by accident, any liquid or gas should escape at these heads, it is prevented from leaving the socket C by the caps I and J.
My improved cock can be used for gases or liquids. Its special advantage is that the plug fits so closely in its socket as to make an escape of gas or liquid almost impossible and without interfering with the easy working of the cock.
Having thus fully described myinvention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. In acoek, the coinbination,with the socket G and the plug A, of the spring F and the turning heads D and H, to which the ends of the spring are attached, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
2. In a cook, the combination, with thesocket O and the plug A, of the cap J and the disk M, provided with a handle, L, and studs N, passing into the top of the plug, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
3. In a cook, the combination, with the socket O and the plug A, of the cap J, the disk M, provided with a handle, L, and studs N, passing into the top of the plug, and of the spring Q, between the plug and the disk M, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
4. In a cock, the combination, with the socket O and plug A, of the disk M, provided with studs N, passing into the plug A, and of the springs F and Q, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
5. In a cock, the combination,with the socket G and plug A, of the disk M, provided with a handle, L, and studs N, passing into the plug, of the springs F and Q, and the heads D and. H, substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.
EMILE M. E. E. THOREY.
O. F. GUNZ, G. SEDGWIOK.