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Publication numberUS2612109 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1952
Filing dateJun 20, 1950
Priority dateJun 20, 1950
Publication numberUS 2612109 A, US 2612109A, US-A-2612109, US2612109 A, US2612109A
InventorsWakefield Kenneth E
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electromagnetic pump
US 2612109 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 30, 1952 K. E. WAKEFiELD ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMP Filed June 20, 1950 a m MC k l a Inventow-r Kenn et-h E1. Wake? ield hay/ 040414.

H is Att ov ney.

Patented Sept. 30, 1952 ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMP Kenneth E. Wakefield, Schenectady, N. Y., assignor .to. General Electric Company, a corporationof New York Application June 20, 1950, Serial No. 169,169

a This invention relates to electromagnetic pumps for electrically conductive fluids, of the type in which magnetic flux is provided transversely through the fluid and electric current is also provided transversely through the fluid in a direction perpendicular to the magnetic flux, thereby producing a pressure gradient within the fluid.

Pumps of this type require large currents at low voltage. Therefore the pump is preferably operated from alternating current so that stepdown transformers may be used to provide the large currents from conventional electric power supplies. For good'efiiciency it is necessary that the current and th magnetic flux through the fluid be kept substantially in phase. Previous alternating current electromagnetic pumps have suffered from one or more of the-following disadvantages: poor efficiency, undue complexity, such as requiring separate power supplies to provide the magnetic flux and the current respectively, and large magnetizing current requirements.

An object of this invention is to provide an improved alternating current electromagnetic pump which is simple and compact, and has better efflciency and lower magnetizing current requirements than prior pumps. I

Other objects and advantages will appear as the description proceeds. For a better understanding of the invention, reference is made in the following description to the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a side elevation of an improved electromagnetic pump; Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same pump; Fig. 3 is a section along line 33 of Fig. 1; and Fig. 4 is a section along line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

Referring now to the drawing, a fluid conducting pipe I is provided to contain the electrically conductive fluid to be pumped. A 3-legged mag- 4 Claims. (Cl. 1031) netic core 2 serves as the core of a stepdown transformer which provides current through the fluid and also serves as the magnet core to provide magnetic flux through the fluid. Upon the center leg 2a of core 2 is a primary winding 3 having terminals 4, which connect to any suitable source of alternating electric power. One of the outer legs 21) of core 2 has a gap through which pipe I passes as shown, so that magnetic flux across the gap passes transversely through the fluid within pipe I. Preferably pipe I has a flattened portion la which flts snugly within the gap of leg 2b, so that the portion of the pipe within the gap is relatively wide and thin. This permits the gap to be small, with a resulting increase in magnetic flux density and electric current density, thereby providing increased pumping action.

Electrodes 5 and 6 are positioned upon opposite sides of the flattened portion of pipe I and adjacent to the core gap so that electric current between the two electrodes passes transversely through the fluid within pipe I perpendicular to the magnetic flux across the gap. This current is substantially. in phase with the magnetic flux, as hereinafter more fullyexplained, so that the current and flux act upon the fluid to produce. a pressure gradient lengthwise along pipe I. Pipe I may conveniently be of metal shaving anelectrical conductivity which is less than that of the fluid within the pipe, so that the larger partyof the current flows through the fluid rather than around the pipe walls.

. A secondarywinding I is connected between electrodes 5 and 6. Since it must carry large currents, winding! is a heavy conductor of relatively large crossv section and low electrical resistance. Winding 1 comprises in series at least one turn about .the core leg 21). and; at least one turn about the center-core leg 2a-; For example, in the embodiment, shown; portion la is connected to electrode 5-and partly circles leg 2b, portion 1b extends diagonally to the center leg 2a, portion ,lc-

makes one turn about thecenter leg, portion Id. extends diagonally back to-leg 2b, and portion 1e make one-and-one-half turns about leg 2b and is connected to electrode 5 as shown.

In the operation of this pump, primary winding 3 is energized with alternating current and provides magnetic flux through the center leg 2c and the left-hand leg 20 of core 2. Relatively little of this flux provided by the primary flows through the right-hand leg 2b, because the gap through which pipe I passes makes the magnetic reluctance of this leg much greater than that of the left-hand leg which has no gap. Since a closed, low-reluctance magnetic path is provided for the flux produced by primary 3, the magnetizing current drawn by this pump is relatively low. The magnetic flux in the center leg 2a of the core induces voltage in portion 10 of the secondary winding, which causes current to flow through the secondary and thus between electrodes 5 and 6 through the fluid within pipe I. Since portion 1c of the secondary comprises but a single turn, while primary 3 may comprise many turns, a step down transformer of large ratio is provided and very large currents may be obtained in the secondary winding.

Currents flowing in portions 1a and 1c of the secondary produce magnetic flux in the righthand leg 2b and thus transversely through the fluid within pipe I. The return path of this flux is through leg 2c. Since this flux is produced by current in the secondary winding and since the electrical resistance of the secondary winding, including the pipe section, is relatively low, the current and the magnetic flux through the fluid are always substantially in phase, thereby providing eflicient operation of the pump.

Having described the principle of this invention and the best mode in which I have contemplated applying that principle, I wish it to be understood that the apparatus described is illustrative only, and that other means can be employed without departing from the true scope of the invention.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. An electromagnetic pump for electrically conductive fluids, comprising a fluid-conducting pipe, a three-legged magnetic core, a primary winding upon one leg of said core, another leg of said core having a gap through which said pipe passes whereby magnetic flux across said gap passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe, electrodes positioned upon opposite sides of said pipe adjacent to said gap so that electric current between said electrodes passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe perpendicular to the magnetic flux across said gap, and a sec ondary winding connected between said electrodes, said secondary winding comprising in series at least one turn about each of two legs of said core.

2. An electromagnetic pump for electrically conductive fluids, comprising a fluid-conducting pipe, a three-legged magnetic core, a primary winding upon one leg of said core, another leg of said core having a gap through which said pipe passes whereby magnetic flux across said gap passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe, electrodes positioned upon opposite sides of said pipe adjacent to said gap so that electric current between said electrodes passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe perpendicular to the magnetic flux across said gap, and a secondary winding connected between said electrodes,

said secondary winding comprising in series at least one turn about the leg of said core having said primary winding thereon and at least one turn about another leg of said core.

3. An electromagnetic pump for electrically conductive fluids, comprising a fluid-conducting pipe, a three-legged magnetic core, a primary winding upon one leg of said core, another leg of said core having a gap through which said pipe passes whereby magnetic flux across said gap passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe, electrodes positioned upon opposite sides of said pipe adjacent to said gap so that electric current between said electrodes passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe perpendicular to the magnetic flux across said gap, and a. secondary winding connected between said electrodes, said secondary winding comprising in series at least one turn about the leg of said core having said gap and at least one turn about the leg of said core having said primary winding thereon.

4. An electromagnetic pump for electrically conductive fluids, comprising a fluid-conducting pipe, a three-legged magnetic code, a primary winding upon the center leg of said core, one outer leg of said core having a gap through which said pipe passes whereby magnetic flux across said gap passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe, electrodes positioned upon opposite sides of said pipe adjacent to said gap so that electric current between said electrodes passes transversely through the fluid in said pipe perpendicular to the magnetic flux across said gap, and a secondary winding connected between said electrodes, said secondary winding comprising in series at least one turn about the outer leg of said core having said gap and at least one turn about the center leg of said core.

KENNETH E. WAKEFIELD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,386,369 Thompson Oct. 9, 1945 2,397,785 Friedlander Apr, 2, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2386369 *Jun 4, 1943Oct 9, 1945Gen Electric Co LtdElectromagnetic pump for electrically conducting liquids
US2397785 *May 27, 1943Apr 2, 1946Gen Electric Co LtdElectromagnetic pump
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2715190 *Nov 24, 1953Aug 9, 1955Allis Chalmers Mfg CoDual flow direct current linear electromagnetic pump
US2716943 *Jan 16, 1953Sep 6, 1955Vandenberg Leonard VLiquid metal high pressure pump
US2770196 *Oct 5, 1953Nov 13, 1956Atomic Energy Authority UkElectromagnetic interaction pump
US2787219 *Dec 7, 1954Apr 2, 1957Mine Safety Appliances CoAlternating current electromotive liquid metal pump
US2811923 *Jun 25, 1953Nov 5, 1957Barnes Arthur HDirect current electromagnetic pump
US2948118 *Feb 28, 1955Aug 9, 1960Honeywell Regulator CoElectromagnetic pump actuated device
US2978985 *Aug 1, 1955Apr 11, 1961Rca CorpElectromagnetic pumps
US2988997 *Mar 22, 1955Jun 20, 1961Babcock & Wilcox CoElectromagnetic pump
US3008418 *Sep 12, 1957Nov 14, 1961British Thomson Houston Co LtdDynamo-electric machines
US3348487 *Aug 12, 1964Oct 24, 1967Howard L VolgenauFluid pump and heater system
US3785744 *Mar 31, 1972Jan 15, 1974Alsacienne AtomConduction pump for corrosive liquid metals
US3787143 *Mar 16, 1972Jan 22, 1974Alsacienne AtomImmersion pump for pumping corrosive liquid metals
US5763951 *Jul 22, 1996Jun 9, 1998Northrop Grumman CorporationNon-mechanical magnetic pump for liquid cooling
US6440059Oct 14, 1999Aug 27, 2002Cimex Biotech LcMagnetohydrodynamic cardiac assist device
WO1998004109A1 *Jul 22, 1997Jan 29, 1998Northrop Grumman CorpNon-mechanical magnetic pump for liquid cooling
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/50, 310/11, 417/334
International ClassificationH02K44/00, H02K44/04
Cooperative ClassificationH02K44/04
European ClassificationH02K44/04