Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2612594 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 30, 1952
Filing dateJan 26, 1952
Priority dateJan 26, 1952
Publication numberUS 2612594 A, US 2612594A, US-A-2612594, US2612594 A, US2612594A
InventorsLorin J Badskey, Billy E Langohr, Jr Joseph B Manago, Jr Milton V Schubert
Original AssigneeLml Engineering & Mfg Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat lamp safety fixture for brooders
US 2612594 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

P 1952 M. v. SCHUBERT, JR., ET AL 2,612,594

HEAT LAMP SAFETY FIXTURE FOR BROODERS Filed Jan. 26, 1952 2 SHEETS-$HEET l INVENTORS, MLTON V 5CHUBEPT Jag JOSEPH 5. MM/Aqo JR, BILLY E. LANqoHR, Lon/N J. BADSKEX p 1952 M. v. SCHUBERT, JR., ET AL 2,612,594

HEAT LAMP SAFETY FIXTURE FOR BROODERS Filed Jan. 26, 1952 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2 INVENTORS, MLTON SCHUBERT J12, E. 3. 6 JOSEPH b MA/vAqo JP,

BILLY E. LANqol-m,

LOP/N J. DADsKEx W Q, mm

HFToRNEY Patented Sept. '30, 1952 gee-AT LAMP hf Indiana t'lllllicationfjanuary 26, 195Z,1SerialiNo. 268,452.

14 Claims; (CI.;.219-45) This invention 'relatesito a flxture for holding infra-red lampsf'or use particularly in chicken or SAFETY :FIXTUREFQB- BBOODERS Milton V. LSchubertQJL; Billy E. Langohr, and

Joseph B'. Manage, Jr., Columbia City, and Lorin J. Badske'y,' North Manchester, '-Ind., as- :signors to LML Engineering & .Manufacturing :Corporation',.'0olumbia City, 1nd, a-zcorpoitation The inventive concept includes in such *a'fixture*means'foreuttingoff the'flow of current to all of thelamps carried bythe fixture in the event 'thatthe larnp fixture drops under any cause. I

The infraredlamps have to be xp p ticularly over their outer surfaces, so that the rays may travel'therefrom' to the litter to radiate the heat in the pattern desired.

The fixture herein shown is quite similar to that shown in'the co-pending application serial No. 244,234, which issued on July 15, 1952 .as

:Patentj'No. 2,603,738 wherein-three of the co-.in-

.ventors ,named in this V application are the in- Mentors named in the co -pending application.

fll'heinventiye concept further embodies a very simple :structure wherein thefixture is required to" be:,.tilted.onto its side when .it falls'to :break thescircuit throughthe lamps,i-so that the lamps in-anyevent do not come downonto the litter :with their greatest area in contact therewith. "*These and other objects-and advantages of the invention will become apparent to those versed in the art in the :following description OFOIIGT particular form, ;-in which, referring to the accompanying drawings, I

- Eigs' 1. j is .a .view .in, side elevation and partial section. of a structure .embdoying the invention; E'ig .52 isia wiringdiagram; Figi'3 is a bottom plan-wiew'yand i Fig. 4 is a View in bottom plan of the cover with the lamp mounting base removed.

Azcover l0, generallygofidisk and planar .shape with a .Tdownturned. roundedzflang'e l l is' pro'vi'ded, and to the underside of this cover in there is secured a lamp mounting base l2. This lamp mounting base 12 is of sheet metal, and in convex shape as viewed from the underside.

In the present showing, four infrared lamps l3 are carried by the base l2 through sockets I4.

By reason of these sockets l4 being mounted on the convexbase [2, the axes of the lamps [3 are directed outwardly-one from the lather, substantially coinciding with the radii of cnrv af ture of the baseplate t2,

spacedapartaround the base [2. V

The base I2 -'s b" ought-into contact Wit; the underside of theflco ver' lfl *bymeam qf an outer flange l5. The'fia-ngefl 5'issecured to {the cov l0 byany suitable manner, herein-she by means ofthehook bolts 1 5' I g p M a suspending chain 11 eng ge'd-therewith there being-three'of these hooks,"and"three br riches l8, l9, and 2l,-'exten'dlng firom1the =chai I to engage with thesehook bolts [-6.

On the topside of thecover l0; -*where1 mmediate access thereto "may be-"had ithere js mounted a' thermostat element 22"which; through expansion and contraction in response to temfperature changes, operates' a switch j-Etzf, is

switch '23, n 'the *form herein-shown, operates to cutin and cutout two of thelanips ttgwhile the other two lamps remain: in the, ,circuit' nor- ,nn ly he l ut u of "th 'heat rom'ft es lamps being regulated in thatmanner.

Within thespace fZfi between the base "I "d the cover H] "thereiis mounted a "mercury switch 25, removably carried therein by means or the lower and upper spring clips zfiqand"l'ljrespec tively. These clips; 26 and 2] :a're' carried 'bya bracket 28 inturn'mountedjon the undersidefof the cover Hl, substantially 'centrally locatedfin respect "to the 'cov'er myrne mercuryffswitch 2511s of that'fi type "'whichwhe'n in its yerticajl position,"as indicated in Figs. flfandj his normally inrclose'd circuit condition. Whenthe switchfzfi is tilted 'to one side, :that circuit is interrupted by the'iflow :0ffIIIGIfCl1IfYIfWithlDLthE switch. L' S i n ce this particular .type of switch isoominerciallt obtainable, the details thereofarenot herein .il-

lustrated or described. ,As.indieated. in .Eig.},2, this switch 25 .placed tin the ,circuitso that when it is open all'of the lamps 13 will be deenergized, .regardlessof the condition ofgthe switch-.23 evenithoughit be closed. A rod 3!] is mounted 1011312115 base 11:2 zitoli exten'd ccentrally therefrom :and verticallydownwardly .asiindicated in ,zFig. l1. This rod Bfluhigs ii ggg sufiicient to cause the cover [0 to rock over on its side or rather onto the flange II, should the chain I? break or accidentally become disconnected from its hanger (not shown) to allow the entire fixture to drop. Otherwise the fixture could drop so that it would be supported in that manner by the floor lamps [3 to have the cover ll) substantially horizontally disposed,

TENT

whichin tur e 3 in which case all the lamps 13 would be in con tact with the litter.

However, by reason of the presence of the rod 30, the cover I0 has to rock to one side of the horizontal, and regardless of which direction it may fall the switch 25 will open and thus cut off the current to all of the lamps I3 so that even though the outermost rims of the lamps [3, not over two of them in any event, come into contact with the litter the lamps will cool ofi before the litter has been brought up to the temperature of ignition. While the dimeter of the rod 36 may be quite small, its length should be preferably at least equal to the length of the diameter of the cover 10. The overall length in any event, would have to be limited by the initial, minimum spacing desired between the lamps I3 and the litter, this spacing generally being on the order of from two feet to two and one half feet, and after a certain initial number of days-oi brooding, then the cover l0 and the lamps 13 may be gradually spaced an increasing distance from the litter.

Therefore it is to be seen that we have provided an extremely novel, and yet most emcient device, for the purpose intended, and while we have herein shown and described the invention in the one particular form, it is obvious that structural changes may be employed without departing from the spirit of the invention, and we therefore do not desire to be limited to that precise form beyond the limitations which may be imposed by the following claims.

We claim:

1. A brooder heater device for suspension bove the floor, comprising a heater unit; a member .for carrying the unit; an electric circuit including said unit; a rod carried by said member to' extend downwardly therefrom; and a switch in said circuit carried by said member, said switch being characterized by being in closed circuit condition when said device is in its suspended position and automatically going to an open circuit condition in a tilted position of the device as may be induced by said rod contacting the floor upon release of the device from its suspended position.

2. A brooder heater device for suspension above the floor, comprising a heater unit; a member for carrying the unit; an electric circuit including said unit; a rod carriedby said member to extend downwardly therefrom; and a switch in said circuit carried by said member, said switch being characterized by being in closed circuit condition when said device is in its suspended position and automatically going to an open circuit condition in a tilted position of the device as may be induced by said rod contacting the floor upon release of the device from its suspended position; said member including a base; said heating unit comprising a plurality of heat lamps mounted in circumferentially spaced relation around said base and directed downwardly; said rod being secured centrally of said lamps to said base; and the diameter 6 ofsaid cover exceeding the diameter of a circle including the outermost portions of said lamps,

4 the length of said rod being at least equal to the diameter of said cover.

3. A brooder heater device for suspension above the floor, comprising a heater unit; a member for carrying the unit; an electric circuit including said unit; a rod carried by said members to extend downwardly therefrom; and a switch in said circuit carried by said member, said switch being characterized by being in closed circuit condition when said device is in its suspended position and automatically going to an open circuit condition in a'tilted position of the device as may be induced by said rod contacting the floor upon release of the device from its suspended position; said switch consisting of a mercury tube switch mounted on said member to have its axis vertically disposed in said cover suspended position, whereby said switch is operable to its open circuit condition in all directions of tilting of the cover.

4. A brooder heater device normally suspendable in spaced relation abovethe floor comprising a heater unit; a member carrying the unit; an electric circuit including said unit; a

/ tilting element carried bysaid member to -project from its underside to cause the member when free to tilt to one side when said element rests on the floor; and a switch said circuit and carried by said member, said switch being characterized bybeing norm-ally in closed circuit condition when said member is suspended and going to open condition upon the tiltingoi' said member.

MILTON v. sornmnn'r, JR. BILLY E. LANGOHR JOSEPH B. MANAGO, JR. LORIN J; BADSKEY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of recordin the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 485,041 Johnson Oct. 25, 1892 1,445,706 Papini Feb. 20, 1923 1,445,707 Papini Feb. 20, 1923 1,462,380 Richardson July 17, 1923 1,484,156 Phelan Feb. 19, 1924 1,541,660 Randolph June 9, 1925 1,560,572 I-Iatton Nov. 10, 1925 1,611,772 ODell Dec. 21, 1926 1,676,408 OShea July 10, 1928 2,081,395 Du Bois May 25, 1937 2,109,181 Muldowney Feb. 22, 1938 2,221,045 Edington Nov. 12, 1940 2,464,309 Harshman Mar. 15, 1949 2,467,479 Huck Apr. 19, 1949 2,478,001 Miskella Aug. 2, 1949 2,485,429 Burchard Oct. 18, 1949 2,512,061 Huck June 20, 1950 2,603,738 Schubert et al July 15, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 7 Number Country Date Great Britain Mar. 13,1930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US485041 *Feb 25, 1892Oct 25, 1892 johnson
US1445706 *Oct 15, 1919Feb 20, 1923Electrical Dev And Machine ComElectric heater
US1445707 *May 6, 1920Feb 20, 1923Ectrical Dev And Machine CompaCircuit controller for electric heaters
US1462380 *Apr 2, 1920Jul 17, 1923 Electric heater
US1484156 *Feb 20, 1922Feb 19, 1924Phelan Louis A MElectrical apparatus
US1541660 *Nov 30, 1923Jun 9, 1925Edison Electric Appliance CoElectric heater
US1560572 *Sep 11, 1923Nov 10, 1925Lebanon Machine Co IncTraffic signal
US1611772 *Oct 29, 1924Dec 21, 1926O'dell William HCircuit breaker
US1676408 *Nov 21, 1923Jul 10, 1928Cooper Hewitt Electric CoMercury switch
US2081395 *May 14, 1936May 25, 1937Trumbull Electric Mfg CoElectric chicken brooder
US2109181 *Nov 9, 1936Feb 22, 1938John MuldowneyAutomatic cut-off for electric irons
US2221045 *Apr 1, 1937Nov 12, 1940Edington Robert MBrooder
US2464309 *Jun 23, 1945Mar 15, 1949Virgil R HarshmanFishing float
US2467479 *Dec 13, 1944Apr 19, 1949Knapp Monarch CoSafety guard for heaters
US2478001 *Nov 30, 1945Aug 2, 1949Miskella William JInfrared oven
US2485429 *Jan 11, 1946Oct 18, 1949Briggs Mfg CoElectric lamp
US2512061 *Mar 13, 1947Jun 20, 1950Knapp Monarch CoElectric radiating heater
US2603738 *Aug 29, 1951Jul 15, 1952L M L Engineering & Mfg CorpBrooder heat lamp fixture
GB326326A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2745940 *May 25, 1953May 15, 1956Stroh William RTemperature control for brooder
US2787697 *Jun 15, 1951Apr 2, 1957Muehlfeld Clarence GChick brooder
US2904412 *Dec 28, 1953Sep 15, 1959Phillips Petroleum CoCrystal separation and purification
US3072774 *Jan 18, 1960Jan 8, 1963Denver Publishing CompanyMat processing equipment
US4440147 *Jul 6, 1982Apr 3, 1984Toshiba Netsukigu Kabushiki KaishaRoom-heating stove with a retractable fire-prevention spacer
US4491721 *Jun 7, 1982Jan 1, 1985Davis Ralph AElectric bed heating device
Classifications
U.S. Classification392/411, 362/147, 219/537, 219/552, 119/309, 362/404, 219/513, 219/507
International ClassificationF21V23/00, F24D13/02
Cooperative ClassificationF24D13/02, F21V23/00, Y02B30/26
European ClassificationF21V23/00, F24D13/02