US 2612695 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
K- E. SCHNEIDER ET AL Oct. 7, 1952 LINE HOLDER 2 SHEETS SHEET 1 Filed Feb. 12, 1951 INVENTORS. KENNETH E..SCHNEIDER B ERALD w SCHNEIDER W THEIR ATTORNFY Oct. 7, 1952 K. E. SCHIQEIDER ETAL 2,612,695
' LI E HOLDER Filed Feb. 12, 1951 2 Sl-IEETS-SHEET 2 FIG. 5 Fla 8' -INVNTOR$ KENNETH E. SCHNEIDER GERALD W. SCHNEIDER THEIR ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 7, 1952 r ore-ice y 2,612,695 w I IJNE'HOLDER H J Kenneth E. Schneider and Gerald W. Schneider," f Y lBorger, Tex. r
' 1 Application Febii aiy 12,195i,seriaineerwm This invention relates to 'a' line "holder and more particularly to a holder for a cord or line such as is employed by masons and others en-. gaged in construction where the work must be arranged in a straight line.
In the construction" of buildings and the like it is the present practice of a mason to first con struct at opposite ends of a foundationor other wall a corner comprising several courses of bricl; or like building units, and then to stretch a cord between saidcor'nersto act as a guide with which the intervening bricks or building units are aligned as'they are laid. Such methods of construction require that the cornersbe care fully built so" thatth'eyfare plumb and level as well as in proper alignment as otherwise the completed wall will prove faulty.
The primary object of this invention is tosupport a line'orcord in proper position with relation to a wall to be constructed so that the bricks or building units may be laid in proper alignmentthroughout the entire length of the wall including the corners' thereof. I
" Another object is to support a line or cord at the proper level in surrounding relation to the structure being built.
A further o-bject'is to sov support the line or cord that it defines the perimeterof the, structure under construction.
Still'another object is to hold a line or cord in such a position along all Walls of the structure that it will define the inner faces of the walls.
The above and other objects may be attained by employing this invention which embodies among its featuresstandards positioned adjacent the corners of a building structure, means connected to the standards and engaging the sup-v portingsurface for holding said standards vertical, a carriage mounted on each standard for movement vertically thereon,means carried by each carriage for engaging its respective stand-f ard and holding the respective carriage in vertically adjusted position on its respective standard, fingers carried by the carriages and projecting toward the building structure, and hooks on the fingers for holding a line or cord in building structure perimeter definingpo'sition. v
Other features include brace members carried by the standards for engaging the building structure'adjacent the corners thereof and holding the standards vertical, and means carried by the brace members and engaging the standards for holding said brace members-invertically adjusted position on said standards. v
Still other features include abase-plate adapted 2 to be fixed to a supportin'g'surface beneatheach standard, a plate carried by each standard at the lower end thereof and resting on its respective base plate; and means carried by each'base plate and extending through the plate resting on the basepla'te for holding the standards in adjusted position ontheir respective base plates. Tn the drawings: f f Figure 1 is a fragmentary fside View of one corner of'a building structure showing one element of this improved line holder in proper position relative to the add acent corner,
Figure 2 is atop plan view'of Figure l,-
Figure? is an enlarged horizontal sectiona view'taken substantially on the. line 3 3 of Figure"1',
Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view taken substantially on the line 44 of Figure 3,
Figure 5 is a'perspective view of one of the brace and stake connecting elements,
Figure 6 is an enlarged horizontal sectional View taken substantially on the line 6-6 of Figurelgfi' v Figure 7 is a fragmentary front view of Figure 6, g H
Figured is a fragmentary side view of Figure 6.
Figure 9' isfanenlarged fragmentary sectional View taken substantially on the line 9-4! of Figjure 1, I I I I a I Figure 0 i a r d'plan view of a typical brace bar, y. 1
Figure 11 is a fragmentary plan view of a typical-brace bar showing it connected to a modified formof bracing stake, and
- Figure 12 is an enlarged horizontal view through astandard showing in plan a brace member thereon. Referring t-othe relatively heavy angle bar having perpendicularly extending legs-"l2 and I4 is provided a'tone end with anatta'ching plate HS which extends perpendicularly relative to the angle bar and is provided'with longitudinally spaced openings l8 of relatively large'dim ensions.
A base'plat'e 20 of substantially the same contour as the attaching plate [6 is provided on its upper side with upwardly extending longitudinallyspaced studs 22 which project through the openings It in the attaching plate i6 and are equipped with nuts 24 and washers 26 for clamping the plates I6 and 20 against one another; The plate 20 is provided on. opposite sides of the studs 22 with longitudinally extending rows of longitudinally spaced'openings 28 for the-recepsectional drawings in detail a standard designated generally 10 and comprising a a 3 1 tion of spikes or nails by which the base plate may be attached to a wooden stake 30 which in most instances serves as the anchorage for the lower end of the standard I0. In some instances it may be necessary to employ an iron or steel stake in which event the base plate 20 will be welded thereto in substantially the position shown by stake 30 in Figures 1 and 4.
Stakes 32 and 34 which aresimilar in construction to the stake 30 are driven into the ground in spaced relation to the stake 30 and substantially as illustrated in Figure 2, and attached to the top of each stake 32 and 34 isa plate 36 carrying an upstanding ear 38. It will be understood of course that in place of each stake 32 and 34 and the plates 36 and ears 38 a stake 40 (Fig. 11) formed of angle iron may be substituted when the conditions of the ground are such as to render impractical the use of the wooden stakes. In such event a leg of the angle ironstake 40 will serve the same purpose as the ear 38 on the plate 36. I
In. order to hold each standard I plumb and trulyfvertical, a brace bar 42 is connected at one end to the leg I2 of its respective standard I0 and at its opposite end to the plate 36 carried by the stake 34 or a stake 40 in a similar location. Likewise a brace bar 44 is connected to the leg I4 of the standard I0 and the plate 36' of the stake 32 or av stake 40 similarly located. Each brace bar 42 and 44 comprises an elongated angle iron'4'6 which carries at one end a bifurcated jaw member 48in which an ear 38 or a leg of the stake 40 is received and held by a thumb screw 50. 1' The opposite end of each brace bar 46 is provided with a similar bifurcated jaw member 52 opposite legs of which are provided with openings 54 which align axially and receive an attaching bolt 56 bywhich a coupling member designated generally 58 is connected thereto.
Each coupling member 58 comprises a substantially U-shaped body 60 from the bight portion of which projects longitudinally an ear 62 having an opening 64 therein throughwhich extends an attaching bolt 56 in order to pivotally couplethereon an adjacent angle iron 46. One leg of each U-shaped body 60 is providedwith an, internally screw threaded opening 66 in. which theshank of a thumb screw 68 is threaded. In erecting the device the coupling members 58- are connected to the legs I2 and I4 of the standard I0 as illustrated in Fig, 9 in vertically spaced relation to the attaching plate I6 as illustrated in Fig. 1 with the brace bars 42' and 44 disposed substantially as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 to hold the standard I0 in vertical position.
A carriage designated generally is mounted to slide vertically on each standardIU between the attaching plate I6 and the couplings 58 and each such carriage comprises a substantially triangular frame which includes a pair of convergent side bars I2 and 14 which are joined at their divergent ends by a: base bar "I6 through which extends a thumb screw I8 in axial alignment with the convergent ends of the side bars '12 and I4. The shank of the thumb screw 78 is threadedlyengaged' with the base bar 16 so that it: may be made to impinge on the standard I0.- adjacent the junction of the legs I2 and I4 thereofv in order tohold the carriage 'I0 atthe desired height thereon-. Projecting outwardly from. the carriage 1. 0 atv the; junction of the side bars I2 and thereof along an axis which lies above and-ina verticaljplane with the axisof the thumb sem /v18 is an arm which carriesat its end remote from the carriage a vertical finger 82 hav ing a cord or line receiving groove 84 formed therein adjacent its end remotefrom the arm 80. Similar arms 86 and- 88 project from the bars 12 and 14 respectively in spaced parallel relation to the arm 80 and carry at their ends remote from the carriage I0 vertically extending fingers 90 and 92 which like the fingers 82 are provided adjacent their ends remote from their respective arms with cord or line receiving grooves 94 and 96 respectively. It is to be noted that the .arms 86 and 88 are of greater length than the arm. 80 so that when the device is in position adjacent the corner of a building a cord or line lying. in the grooves 84, 94 and 96 will be held in the exact position to which a wall is to be constructed. Carried by the base bar I6 adjacent opposite ends thereof and projecting outwardly therefrom in perpendicular relation therewith are spaced parallel anchoring pins 98 and I00 to which a line or cord may be anchored in any suitable manner. I
In order to furtherbrace the standard. I0 as the construction progresses a second carriage designated generally I02 comprising a triangular frame composed of a base bar I04 and convergent side bars I06 and1I'08'is mounted on the standard I0 for vertical movement thereon. Likethe base bar 'IB of the carriage l ll, the base bar I04is formed with an internally screw threaded opening in which is threadedly engaged a thumb screw IIO which aligns axially with the apex. of the triangular frame at the junction of the side bars I06 and I08. Projecting, outwardly from said apex in axial alignment with the thumb screw H0 is a threadedstud I I2 upon which is threaded a nut II4.. A second stud 6 threadedly engages. the nut H4 and carries atits end remote from said nut a pair of divergent arms I I8 and I20 carrying pads @122 and I 24 respec-.- tively which engage adjacent faces F and F of the corner of a wall W; The studs H2 and H6 are oppositely threaded and theYnut'I I4 is likewise oppositely threaded. so that by turning. the nut I I4, the studs maybe moved-toward. or away from one another.'
In use the standard I0 is coupledtothebase plate 28 as illustrated in Fig. 4 so as tostand in a vertical position. The base plate 20. obviously may be attached to a stak e 30 as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 4 or may rest on any suitable surface. The brace bars 42 and '44 are' then connected to opposite legs of the. standard II]. by the coupling 58-.and eitherclamped to stakes as shown in Figs. I and 2v or otherwiseanchored in substantially similar positions to asupporting surface to stabili'ze the standard: I0 and hold it vertical adjacent the corner. of a building structure substantially as shown. With the carriage I0 mountedon the. standard asshown and a standard. so, mounted. adjacent each corner of the building a line or cord C (Figs-1 and 2) is anchored atone. end. to an. anchoring: pin 98- ona carriage and iscarried. inthe groove 94 of the finger 98- thereof to lie alonga line defining the side of the wall of the building. Continuing on, the line or GOId-"C 8I10EI'S bh-G groove 96 in the finger 92 of the nextadjacent carriage I0 from whence iten-tersthe groove84 in the finger 82 thereof and passing around the portion of the finger 82 adjacent the carriage it enters the groove 94 of the finger to continue along a line defining an adjacentwall of the building. By thus continuing the line-orv cord and threadingv it around the fingers as abovedescribed it can; be
brought completely around the perimeter of the building back to the carriage 10 from whence it started where it enters the groove in the finger 92 and is anchored to the anchoring pin I00. By thus having the line or cord C define the perimeter of the building it is evident that bricks or like building units may be laid in successive courses without requiring the building corners to provide line or cord holders. Obviously as the courses are laid one upon another the carriages 70 will be elevated on their respective standards In until the structure has been completed. In some instances it may be found desirable to use two carriages 10 upon a single standard 10 in which event the carriage above the coupling members 58 will be inverted so that by raising the lowermost carriage 10 to the highest point permissible and lowering the uppermost inverted carriage 10 to the lowest position permissible, the ends of the fingers 82, 90 and 92 of opposite carriages will contact one another so that the line or cord C may be easily transferred from the fingers on one carriage to those on the adjacent carriage. By thus employing two carriages ill on each standard In the building construction may progress with the least possible interruption.
By employing the line holders as suggested in the broken lines in Fig. 2, it is evident that the line or cord held thereby may define the inner perimeter of the building structure.
While in the foregoing there has been shown and described the preferred form of this invention, it is to be understood that minor changes in the details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without 6 departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.
In a line or cord holder a standard adapted to be supported in a vertical position adjacent a corner of a building, a carriage mounted on said standard to move vertically, means carried by the carriage and engaging the standard for holding said carriage at a selected height on said standard, a pair of arms projecting outwardly from the carriage toward the building, line holding fingers on the arms for holding a cord or line in a position to define one side of the wall of the building, a third arm carried by the carriage between the first mentioned arms, said third arm being of less length than the pair of arms, and a finger carried by said third arm adjacent the end thereof remote from the carriage for holding the cord or line passing between the first mentioned fingers out of the way of the corner of the building.
KENNETH E. SCHNEDDER. GERALD W. SCHNEIDER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,336,004 Victoria Apr. 6, 1920 1,644,456 Winter Oct. 4, 1927' 1,872,860 Winter Apr. 23, 1932 1,897,682 Souders Feb. 14, 1933