US 2614261 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 21, 1952 E. F. McTlGl-n;l 2,614,261
TUBULAR' CLOTH cAsmG Filed Sept. 30, 1950 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented ct. 21A, 12952 TUBULAR CLOTH CASING Edward F. McTighe, New York, N. Y. Application September 30, 1950, Serial No. 1872,811 2 claims. (C1. 2-255) *This invention relates to novel means for attaching stays or reenforcing strips to cloth; and more particularly to a covering for a'stay, attached to a garment so as to-hold the stay o-r strip flat against the cloth in correct position and prevent the stay cloth.
An important object is to provide a strong and durable covering that will enclose a stay snugly and smoothly and can easily be fastened in place on the cloth without materially increasing the thickness thereof or of the garment fashioned therefrom. As a result superior neatness Without loss or diminution of flexibility or reenforcing effect is attained.
The invention is clearly lowing specification and illustrated on the,r accompanying drawings. But this disclosure is explanatory only, and I may adopt variations in described in the folrdetails not shown herein, vwithout altering or4 yomitting any of the essential characteristics.
On the drawings Figure l is a plan view of a piece of cloth having stays afxed thereto in accordance with my invention;
Figure 2 is a front view of the covering and the stay therein;
Figure 3 is a rear view of said covering with the stay fitted therein;
Figure 4 is a cross section of said covering on line 4-4 of Figure 3; and
Figure 5 is a similar section of the covering with the stay omitted.
A piece of cloth is indicated at I with stays or reenforcing strips 2 therein for parts of a garment, in which such an effect is needed. The stays are usually strips of flexible metal or othe: material and they may be co-ated with enamel o. any other suitable substance.
The stays are slipped into iiattened tubular coverings or casings 3 each of which is preferably made from textile material and in one piece without a seam. A casing made of a strip folded along its length and with the opposite longitudinal edges stitched together would have at least one extra layer along the seam of the easing where the edges thereof overlap. Hence the casing 3 or the cloth I or both would tend to become thicker and the cloth combined with the stay would be somewhat less pliant; and it is of course desirable to avoid any thickening of the cloth where the stays are attached, as much as possible. The tubular casing 3 without a seam and having only a single layer of relatively little thickness around the stay 2 gives this result to a. marked degree.
from tearing or ripping the Stays with strips of material glued to them have been tried for reenforcing cloth, but this mode of connecting stays to cloth tends to make the stay less pliant and less resiliant. The tubular casing has integral flanges or elongated lateral extensions 4 along each side, and the stay 2 within the casing lies between the flanges.
The tubular casing 3 with the stay 2 in it is laid upon the cloth I and held by stitches 5 passl ing through the flanges 4 and the cloth -I along of the stay 2.
the opposite side edges of the stay 2 therein. The interior of the iiattened tubular casings has a little greater width than the stay, so that there are narrow spaces in the casing along the edges These long narrow spaces permit the stays to move laterally edgewisel to a small extent, but not enough for any of the ystay to rotate in its casing 3 and present itself edgewise to the'cloth I. The stays are prevented from sticking out of the casings 3 at Atheir endy by stitches 6 acrossthe ends thereof and through the cloth I -but not' too close to the ends of the stays 2. The inside spaces along the edges of each stay allow slight lateral movement of the stay, because if the stitches 5 were too close to the edges of the strips the latter are apt to tear or rip the cloth I or the tubular casing 3 at the ends; and this must of course be avoided. The stays are thus allowed a little free movement lengthwise and crosswise in the casings 3.
The -cloth casing 3 has a central part 1 which has the form of sleeve or tube that receives the strip 2. The flanges 4 along the sides of the sleeve 1 are in one relatively thin layer and the sleeve l has a fiat back layer and a flat front layer joined together at the edges and to the iianges 4 at each side. The back layer of the sleeve l is of the same weave or texture as the flanges 4, and so is the front or outer layer between the anges 4. Along each side of the sleeve 'I is a binder thread 8 at the junction of the front layer and the back layer with the flanges 4. cated at 9; its width is no more than the distance between the stitching anges 4 and the back layer is indicated at I0. The binder thread shown exaggerated in Figure 3, is invisible when the whole covering is finished, but gives the sleeve 'I well defined edges along the sides where the front layer 9 merges with the side flanges 4. The binder thread 8 is Worked in when the sleeve with the side anges is woven.
A tubular casing of this kind having a sleeve 1, flanges 2, and binder threads 8, with a stay therein, attached to the cloth I wherever a rein- The front layer of the sleeve I is indiforcing is required, by stitches going through both flanges 4 and the cloth but leaving a little free space in the sleeve at the ends and along the sides of each stay 2 gains all the objects of this invention. And while the casings 3 are described as consisting of textile bres worked in such a way as to produce the cloth, other material for the tubular casings 3 may also be employed, so long as the casings are one piece without seam. The cloth I is thus reenforced by the stays 2 as much as necessary, but it remains fiexible and the garment made from such cloth lasts longer and gives the maximum degree of comfort to the wearer.
The width of the long narrow spaces in the tubes 1 may be as small as .001 of an inch at each side of the stay; and the spaces between the ends of the stays and the stitches 6 need not be over sixteenth of an inch. The layers 9 and I are thus relieved of stresses to such an extent that the ends of the stays cannot tear the stitches or G or the casing adjacent these stitches.
The binder. threads 8 joining at the junction of the front layer 9 of thek sleeve l to the back layerV Il) and to the flanges or extensions 4 give a beaded effect to the sleeve along the front layer 9. or outer face. of the covering and increases the neat elfect of the finished casing and side flangesI 4. The binder threads are worked in when theVv casing. is woven and they are useful bothI to` keep the article straight while it is being formedin the loom; and in use such threads add some` stiilness to the ycasing so that the stays can be more easily inserted. The binderthreads tend to keep the casing straight and smooth when the stay is insertedv there is less risk of the end of the stay catching against the inside of the. sleeve and bending or producing a tear in the threads of the article.
The binder threads assure constant width of the sleeve,v 1- and flanges Il within the loom during 4 the weaving operation, and greatly strengthen the product when it leaves the loom in nished form and is ready for use.
Having described my invention, what I believe to be new is:
1. Cloth having a stay in the form of a long at strip secured thereto, said stay being enclosed in an elongated tubular casing having a. flattened longitudinally extending central sleeve with elongated lateral extensions of relatively little thickness united to the sleeve, one along each side of said sleeve, said casing being affixed to the cloth by stitches along said extensions adjacent said stay therein, said sleeve around the stay on both faces of the casing being of substantially the same thickness as the extensions, said casing having a binder thread at the junction of at least one extension with the sleeve, the stitches passing through the extensions into the cloth, said casing being also stitched to the cloth adjacent the ends of the stay and at points spaced from said end but near thereto, said sleeve being only slightly wider than said stay.
2. A ila-t tubular elongated casing of textile material having a central longitudinal sleeve and a flange at each side united to the sleeve for stitching the casing to cloth, the sleeve being adapted to envelop a stay to reinforce the cloth, the sleeve and flanges being of the same thickness, and a binder thread along a junction of at least one of said anges with the sleeve.
EDWARD F. MCTIGHE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES` PATENTS