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Publication numberUS2614266 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 21, 1952
Filing dateApr 19, 1948
Priority dateApr 19, 1948
Publication numberUS 2614266 A, US 2614266A, US-A-2614266, US2614266 A, US2614266A
InventorsSmith Orson P
Original AssigneeSmithway Machine Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stretcher
US 2614266 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0. P. SMITH Oct. 211, 1952 STRETCHER Filed April 19, 1948 INVEN TOR. ORSON P SMITH BY fifiw Patenteol Got. 21, 19 52 2,614,266 STRETCHER' Orson P. Smith, Seattle, Wasln, jas'signor, by

mesne assignments, to Smithway Machine 00., Inc., Seattle, Wash.-, a corporation-of Washington Application April-1'9, 1943 ,.Serial-Na 21346 5 Claims.

This invention relates to stretohers for the handling 'of sick, invalid or injured persons, and it has for its principal object to provide a stretcher that is especially designed for the picking up and carrying of persons who have been severely injured, for example, 'a'person whoha's been struck down by an automobile and who may have internal injuries or oneor many bone fractures, making the manner in which they are picked up or handled of extreme importance to their chance of recovery or of further injury.

Ittis also an object of this invention to provide a stretcher which'eliminate's the usual procedure of placing the stretcher adjacent the injured person, and then picking him up, usually byshoulders and feet, and placing him on the stretcher, and provides that the injured person, lying prone in the street or on the ground, may be picked up without having first to be lifted or in anyway moved from his position of proneness for placement on the stretcher.

.More specifically stated, it is an objectof this invention to provide a stretcher comprising a rigid, rectangular frame structure that, with stretcher bed removed therefrom, may be located about a person lying prone on the ground, and a plurality of fiat strips of material of such rigidity that they may be projected beneath the prone person, and opposite ends then secured to opposite side members of the frame, to serve together in the formation of a stretcher bed or bottom on which the injured person may then be lifted and carried.

It is also an object of my invention toprovidea stretcher of the above stated character that may be collapsed when not in use, for convenience in storage or for easier-carrying. Furthermore, to provide means on the opposite longitudinal members of the stretcher frame for the quick and secure attachment of the detachable cross members thereto.

Still further objects of the invention reside in the details of construction and combination oi. parts embodied in the stretcher, and in the use of the device, as will hereinafter be fullydescribed.

In accomplishing the above stated and other objects of the present invention, I have provided the 'improved details of construction, the preferred forms of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. '1 is a top, or plan view of a stretcher, embodying the novel features of the present invention therein.

Fig.2 is a cross-section taken on line '2--2 in Fig.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail "of a hingestruct'ure' whereby opposite longitudinal members of the frame are joined.

Fig. 4 is a perspective View of one of the'cr'os's strips used to form the stretcher bed, and show ing the provision of means for its attachment at opposite endsto the side members o'fthe stretcher frame.

Fig. 5 is a sectional detail showing the manner of mounting the strip. attaching buttonsfon'the,

frame structure. I 1

Referring more in detail to the drawings:

In its present preferred form of construction the stretcher embodiedby my invention com-g prises a frame structure comprised of "a'p'air of similar members, each having a central portion" l, 2 and inturned ends. Eachmember comprises a straight length of tubing or round rod, with opposite end portions thereof curved laterally to the same extent; these inturned end portions of the opposite side members being hingedly joined together as noted in Fig. 1, for a purposepresently explained.

In their normal functional fuse, the hingedly' joined frame portions l-- and 2 provide a rigid; substantially rectangularframe structure, which for its most common, orfor its most practical use, should be approximately sixty-four inches long and twenty-six inches wide. Made in such.- dimensions, the frame may be readily placed on a surface about-a prone body, with the body in most any position it is apt to assume.

Secured on the top sides of the longitudinal opposite side portions l and 2, at equally spaced intervals therealong, and at points directly 'ojp-" posite each other on the frame, are studs or buttons 3, and extending across the frame and detachably secured at their opposite ends to op-' positely located buttons, are strips 6 which "to-f: gether provide a-stretcher'bed or bottomon* which the injured person may be lifted and car ried.

Each cross strip 4' comprises a flat, flexible strip of Bakelite, or any equivalent material'that has some flexibility, yet enough stiffness that-it" can be pushed endwise beneath the'pronejperson and ground, or other surface on which thepe'rson to be picked up is lying. Preferably the strips are about five to six inches wide and aboutone sixteenth to one-eighth inch thick, and prefera tween strips and frame members.

My tapered along opposite end portions asshown. Near their ends, the strips are'formed'withfopen-flf ings, as at 5, to receive the studs or buttons '16" therethrough to effect a holding'connect'ion beconnection between the ends of th strips and buttons will be retained. It is preferred that sponding the buttons or studs 3 be mounted as shown in I detail in Fig. 5. Each stud is shown as being fixed in a collar or sleeve I that is applied about the frame member I or 2. The collars, after being properly spaced, may then be spot welded to the frame members in any suitable manner.

The hinged connections of the inturned end portions of the opposite side members I and 2 of the frame are preferably as shown in Fig. 3, wherein inturned endportions of the opposite sidebars are designated at Ia and 2a, respectively. The hinge whereby the parts are joined comprises, at one side, a fiat, vertically disposed hinge wing I I with a stem or stud I2 fixed rigidly thereto. This stem is fitted and secured within the tubular end portion of part 2a. Likewise, at the other side of the hinge, is a hinge wing I3 that is vertically channeled and contains thewing I I therein. .The wing I3 also has a stem I4 fixed thereto that is projected into and secured in the inturned-end portions of part Id. A pivot pin I5 hingedly secured to the lower end of wing I I in theslotted portion of wing I3 in a manner permitting the joined parts to swing from their full line positions of Fig. 3 to and beyond the dotted line-position in which they are shown. When in the full line position,-the hinge wings II' and ll'abut flatly together and lock the connected parts I and 2 against any farther upward swing relative to the pivot point. However, the opposite side parts of the frame may be swung downwardly until the longitudinal side bars I and 2 come together, this being the collapsed condition of the stretcher frame for convenient storage or easier carrying while not in use.

I It will be understood that when the cross strips 4 are in place, as in Fig. 1, and the weight of a person is applied thereto and the stretcher is being carried by grasping its side members, there is no tendency for the connected parts to hinge upwardly. This is due to the fact that the pull of the straps is on the buttons and the tendency is then torotate the side members as indicated by the arrows adjacent thereto in Fig. 2. 7

Use of the device is as follows: To pick up a prone person, the frame is opened to its rectangular form and placed about the prone body as it lies on the ground or in the street. Then the strips 4 are individually projected endwise beneath the person, without the necessity of lifting or moving his body. The ends of the cross strips are then applied to the studs or buttons 3 on the side members I and 2. The stretcher is then lifted by means of the side members by persons at the side or at the ends of the stretcher frame.

The particular advantage of this form of structure is that it eliminates the dangerous procedure of manually lifting the injured person from the round and placing him on the stretcher. Handling of the person from ground to hospital may be accomplished without requiring that he be touched.

Such 'stretchers are practical for use by ambula'nce attendants on battle fields, as well as by city ambulance organizations. They may be made of light strong metal and when collapsed may be easily and readily handled by one person.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new therein and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A stretcher comprising a frame including a pair of similar members each having a central portion and inturned ends, hinges joining correinturned ends and having means limiting the upward swinging movement of the members about the longitudinal axis of the frame to a first position wherein said central portions are at the greatest distance apart and corresponding upper surfaces of central portions thereof define a plane, a set of headed studs secured to each central portion at the said corresponding surfaces, said studs having reduced diameter shanks below their heads, and a plurality of flat, flexible cross strips positioned transversely of said members and having keyhole-shaped openings in the end portions thereof engaged on said studs, said strips having such stiffness as to be readily pushed endwise between a prone person and a supporting surface, said strips being non-removably held on said frame when the members are in said first position for supporting a person, said members being swingable from said first position to a second position wherein said strips are independently removable from said studs. 7

2. A stretcher comprising a frame including a pair of similar members each having a central portion and inturned ends, hinges joining corresponding inturned ends and having means limiting the upward swinging movement of the members about the longitudinal axis of the frame to a first position wherein said central portions are at the greatest distance apart and corresponding upper surfaces of central portions thereof define a plane, a set of headed studs secured to each central portion at the said corresponding surfaces, said studs having reduced diameter shanks below their heads, and a plurality of flat, flexible cross strips positioned transversely of said members and having keyholeshaped openings in the end portions thereof engaged on said studs, said strips having such stiffness as to be readily pushed endwise between a prone person and a supporting surface, the smaller diameter portions of said keyhole-shaped openings being outwardly of the larger diameter portions with the distance between centers of the smaller diameter portions of the openings being substantially equal to the distance between centers of the studs when the members are in the said first position, at which position the smallerdiameter portions of the openings receive the reduced diameter shanks and exclude the heads of the studs, said strips being held on said frame when the members are in said first position for supporting a person by engagement of saidheads with the edges of said openings, said members being adapted to swing from said first position to a second position wherein said strips are independently removable from said studs.

3. A stretcher comprising a frame including a pai of similar members each having a central portion and inturned ends, hinges joining corresponding inturnedends and having means limiting the upward swinging movement of the members about the longitudinal axis of the frame to a first position wherein said central portions are at the greatest distance apart and corresponding upper surfaces of central portions thereof define a plane, a set of headed studs secured to each member at the said corresponding surfaces, said studs having reduced diameter shanks below their heads, and a plurality of fiat, flexible cross strips positioned transversely of said members and having keyhole-shaped openings in the end portions thereof engaged on said studs, said strips having such stiffness as to be readily pushed endwise between a prone person and a supporting surface, the smaller diameter portions of said keyholeshaped openings being outwardly of the larger diameter portions with the distance between centers of the smaller diameter portions of the openings being substantially equal to the distance between centers of the studs when the members are in the said first position, at which position the smaller diameter portions of the openings receive the reduced diameter shanks and exclude the heads of the studs, said strips being held on said frame when the members are in said first position for supporting a person by engagement of said heads with the edges of said openings, said members being adapted to swing from said first position to a second position wherein said strips are independently removable from said studs, said hinges having extensions projecting downwardly therefrom for engagement with a supporting surface whereby when said frame is disposed on a supporting surface with the extensions supported thereby, said central portions move to said second position.

4. A stretcher comprising a frame including a pair of similar members each having a central portion and inturned ends, a set of anchoring means secured to each central portion at spaced intervals therealong, hinges joining corresponding inturned ends and having means limiting the upward swinging movement of the members about the longitudinal axis of the frame to a first position wherein said anchoring means on the central portions are at the greatest distance apart, and a plurality of fiat, flexible cross strips positioned transversely of said. members and having formations in the end portions thereof to releasably engage said anchoring means, said strips having such stiffness as to be readily pushed endwise between a prone person and a supporting surface, each formation including a portion non-releasably engaging one of the anchoring means on said frame when the members are in said first position for supporting a person, said members being swingable from said first position to a second position wherein said anchoring means are at a lesser distance apart than in said first position, each formation including another portion permitting independent removal of the corresponding end portion from its anchoring means.

5. A stretcher as recited in claim 4 wherein said hinges have extensions projecting downwardly therefrom for engagement with a supporting surface whereby when said frame is disposed on a supporting surface with the extensions supported thereby said central portions move to said second position.

ORSON P. SMITH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 528,475 Goulding Oct. 30, 1894 935,056 Rheubottom Sept. 28, 1909 1,277,084 Keith Aug. 2'7, 1918 1,300,621 Key Apr-.15, 1919 1,857,008 Adcock May 3, 1932 2,187,198 Fields Jan. 16, 1940 2,335,140 Bell Nov. 23, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 11,705 Great Britain May 18, 1847

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US528475 *Jun 1, 1894Oct 30, 1894 Invalid lifting apparatus
US935056 *Apr 5, 1909Sep 28, 1909Frank C RheubottomStretcher.
US1277084 *May 5, 1917Aug 27, 1918Fred A KeithStretcher.
US1300621 *Jun 12, 1918Apr 15, 1919I W PattersonCollapsible cot.
US1857008 *Mar 2, 1931May 3, 1932Adcock Marvin EMetallic stretcher
US2187198 *Jun 15, 1938Jan 16, 1940James J FieldsLifting and transporting apparatus
US2335140 *Mar 7, 1942Nov 23, 1943Bell Harold WFolding stretcher
GB184711705A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2759239 *Jun 21, 1955Aug 21, 1956Snyder William NPortable carrying handles
US3597773 *Aug 6, 1969Aug 10, 1971Firestone Alva RayEmergency stretcher
US3740778 *Mar 14, 1972Jun 26, 1973L HartnettCarrying device for medical and veterinary use
US3945063 *Dec 9, 1974Mar 23, 1976Takashi MatsuuraBed and stretcher for an invalid
US4216556 *Oct 10, 1978Aug 12, 1980Haeussinger John DExtrication splint for accident victims
US4621382 *Sep 12, 1984Nov 11, 1986Burriss Richard RRescue support member
US5577281 *Dec 10, 1993Nov 26, 1996E.I.F.Stretcher
USRE28620 *Aug 20, 1974Nov 25, 1975 Carrying device for medical and veterinary use
DE3217466A1 *May 8, 1982Nov 10, 1983Brinkmann BrigitteRescue and wrapping cloth with accessories
WO1989007430A1 *Feb 16, 1989Aug 24, 1989Lateral Design Pty LtdCarrying device and method of assembly thereof
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/627, 5/116, 5/191, 5/625, 5/236.1
International ClassificationA61G1/003
Cooperative ClassificationA61G1/003
European ClassificationA61G1/003