US 2614533 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Filed 001.. 23. 1950 Oct. 21, 1952 s, ELSlNGER 2,614,533
I CHOKE COLLAR 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
INVENTOR lm -Elsznyev BY 9M ATroRNEYs L. S. ELSINGER Oct. 21, 1952 CHOKE COLLAR 2' Sl-IEETSSI-1EET 2 Filed Oct. 25, 1950 I lNVENTDR' L. 51215 zinger ATIORNEY5 Patented Oct. 21, 1952 GliOKECOLLAR 1 tion of'Delaware" Q Application hotelier 3 claims, (01. 1199406) t I ,1 I This invention, relates I collar for dogs, and has as its primary object the provisionof an improved collar of this type which will exert the requisite pressure on the dogs throat without any possibilityof-breaking the skin-ori-njuring'thedog- A further object of the invention is th'eepro vision of a device-oi;this-1character' which will exert uniform pressure on th underside of the dogfsf throat where such pressure is needed through a leather or. similarly'functional band rather than theiiconventional': relatively fine chain.
Still another object o provision "of a device" f 'this invention] the this character wherein 'pr'essure'isexerte'd oh'the underside of'the' dogs throat, where it is most effective, regardless of the angular inclination of the leash to which the collar is attached, that is to say, uniform pressure will be exerted in the desired location regardless of whether the pull is effected rear wardly of the dog, from eithe;- side, or over the dogs head.
Another object of the invention is the provision of such a device which will be sturdy and dur able in construction, reliable and efficient in operation and relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture and assemble.
As referred to herein, the term choke collar means particularly a training collar but which may be also usually worn by a dog, as a permanent dress collar,
Other objects will in part be obvious and in part be pointed out as the description of the invention proceeds and shown in the accompanying drawings wherein there is disclosed a preferred embodiment of this inventive concept.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of one form of complete collar embodying the features of the instant invention.
Figure 2 is a planview of one portion of the device shown in Figure 1.
I hoiiisfSQEl'shigenfAtlanta,Ga; assigiior to The Sho'vvf'Qjff Corporation, Dover, Del.,.a corpora- 3, 1950, Serial No. 191,709
0' t e-12 reat se "Figure 7 is a plan v'i'ew of a portion of th'e'de vic'eshown in'Fi'gu're r I Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional'vi'ew taken on the line 8- -8 of Figure 7 Refrring 'now to the drawingsindetail, there is) generally indicated; at [3 I a half j'collar gc oin prisedFoftw-o segments, preferably',' oi leather 3 stra H a ew; the segment I l ,being'pr-ovided with the convenuemiapert res' [3' adapted toibe engaged! by "theftonguef l4. 'of'a conventional buckle, "I 5 carried byI-theend of the. 'Str'apportion |2.',.'conventiona1' illgs, and, l'l' are also-se cured to theporti 'Zffor retaining the extend;- ing end of strap member. Thejopposite ends 'ofp-ortionsiland l2 are provided. with reverted o'r'lo'oped portions l8 and' 13, respectively, each of which surrounds the flattened portion of a pair of D-shaped rings Zlland 2|, and 22 and 23, respectively, the rings 2| and 23 being of larger diameter than their associated rings and 22, re-
spectively. A pair of collar tightening chains generally indicated at 25 and 26 are each connected at one end to rings 20 and 22, respectively, with chain 25 extending through ring 23 and chain 26 extendin through ring 21. The opposite ends of chains 25 and 26 are connected to a ring 21. 7
Ring 2! is carried by a short looped strap 28 2.9. A loop 33 is formed by strap ZB'and a ring 31 is extended through loop 30. A leash is adapted to be secured to ring 3|.
Referring now to Figures 6, '7, and 8 there is disclosed a modified form of choke collar'embodying a single length of strap 3-2 having Figure 3 is a sectional view taken substan tially along the line 3-3 of Figure 1 as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows, and
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary detailed view partially in section, showing the arrange ment of a portion of the chain comprising a feature of the invention. I Figure 5 is a fragmentary detailed view showing a modified form of connectin ring arrangement.
Figure 6 is a side elevational view of another modification of this invention.
which the ends 35 and 36 of the strap respectively are adapted to engage. A pair of rings31 and 38 are secured in the looped end portion of one end of strap 32, and a second pair of rings 39 and 40 are secured in the other looped end 35 of strap A chain 4| is secured at one end'to ring 31 and is passed loosely through ring 43. A second chain 42 is secured at one end to ring 39 and is passed through ring 3 8. Thetwo crossed chains 4| and 42 are secured to a ring 43 which is carried by a looped strap or connecting member 44 which has the overlapping ends thereof secured togethe by a rivet 45. A ring 46 is also carried by a strap 44 and provide a means for connecting a leash or the like to the chains 4| and 42. Anintermediate D-shaped ring 41 is secured to, the outer "side of strap 32 between the buckles 33 and 34-be- A Ar ENT OFFICE") fi Referring now to Figure 5 there is disclosed another modification of this invention embodying a reverted flexible strap 49 having loops 5|] and 5|. The loop 50 is disposed inwardly from one end of strap 49 and has loosely disposed therethrough a D-shaped ring 52. Loop 5| is disposed at one end of strap 49 and has a D-shaped ring 53 loosely disposed therethrough. The construction shown in Figure 5 is adapted to be used with a pair of crossed chains after the manner disclosed in Figures 1 and 6.
The ring I6 is an alternative point of attachment of the leash.
As many embodiments ma be made of this inventive concept and as many modifications may be made in the embodiment herein shown and described, it is to be understood that all the matter herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative, and not in a limiting sense.
1. In a choke collar a separable two piece strap, means for connecting adjacent ends of the strap, a pair of rings on each of the opposed ends of the strap, a chain connected to one ring on one opposed end and passed through one ring on the other opposed end, a second chain connected to the other ring onsaid other opposed end and" passed through the other. ring on said one opposed end, and means connecting the unconnected ends of said chains together.
2. A choke collar comprising a flexible strap, a pair of rings at one end of said strap, a second pair of rings at the other end of said strap, a pair of chains secured at one end thereof to one member of each pair of rings, said chains being disposed in'crossed relation and loosely extending through the opposite members of said rings, a ring secured to the opposite ends of said chains, a strap secured to said latter ring, and a second ring secured to said latter named strap, pull on said second ring efiecting a contraction of the loop formed by said first named strap and said chains.
v3. A choke collar comprising a flexible strap, an outer pair of rings secured one to each end of said strap, an inner pair of rings secured to said strap inwardly of said outer rings, a pair of crossed chains secured at one end thereof to said inner chains and slidably extended through said outer rings, a connecting ring secured to the opposite ends of said chains, a looped strap secured to said connecting ring, and a leash ring secured to said latter named strap.
LOUIS S. ELSINGER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 770,070 Johnson V Sept. 13, 190
FOREIGN PATENTS Number Name Date 154,367 Great Britain Dec. 2, 1920 202,436 Great Britain Aug. 23, 1923