US 2615675 A
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Oct. 28', 1952 JVMELLERT 2,615,675
FLUID FUSE Filed NOV. 4, 1946 25 i INVENTOR:
|\ Allen J. Meller-T,
Patented Oct. 28, 1952 1 FLUID FUSE Allen J'. Mellert, Euclid, Ohio, assignor, by mesne assignments, to" The Carpenter Manufacturing Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application November 4, 1946, Serial This invention relates to fuses and especially to fuses for the passage of gfluids below a predetermined pressure therethrough.
In fluid or hydraulic fuses or valves, various types of means have been provided'to. seal the fluid conducting members from each other when pre-determined operating conditions arise. Some of such fuse or seal members are adaptedto function automatically, while others are physically controlled by external means. In the automatic acting fuses for fluids orliquids, it always has been diflicult to obtain a good shut-oif or seal action when the pressures being transmitted become excessive, or when other conditionsarise which should function the fuse.
The general object of the present invention is to avoid the foregoing and other difilculties of and objections to known types of fluid fusesfand tonnes. (01. 251-119) to provide an improvedfuse which is adapted to have rapid and effective automaticshut-ofl action when pre-determined load conditions a're reached. Another object of the invention is to mount a curved resilient diaphragm member in va fuse, so that such diaphragm member is free of lateral restraints in moving from one extremity of'its position to its other extremity, which actionis dependent upon the pressure differentials on opposite sides of the diaphragm.
Another object of the inventionis to provide a flexible sealing cupin association with a resilient metal diaphragm in a fluid fuse.
Another object of the invention is to provide an improved, inexpensive, easily manufactured, readily assembled fuse for gases or liquids.
Another object of the invention is to provide a fluid fuse which can repeatedly move from fluid transmitting to fluid shut-off position, and back to transmitting position automatically as pre-deitermined load conditions arise.
The foregoing, and other objects and advantages of the invention which will be made apparent as the specification proceeds, are achieved by use of the structure shown on the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is a longitudinal sectionthrough fuse embodying the principles of my invention;
Fig.2 is a section taken'on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary section of the diaphragm and associated means.
Now referring in detail to the structure shown on the drawings, an improved fuse) is provided which includes a tubular valve body section It which has "an" enlarged end portion l2 that is tapped at the end otits bore at I3. The valvebody section II is adapted' to engage-with a sec ond valve body section H which is threaded on its periphery at l5 and'is'a'dapted to engage with thesection H to form a' valvechamber. the valve body sections H and M are'provided with reduced diameter end portions that. are
tapped at [6 and I1, respectivelymrtre otherwise formed,'so as to engage with conduits I8 ancl'lil, respectively. The conduit [8 may be formedof any desired material and may be flexible orxrigid, as desired, andis adapted toconnect to a source of fluid under pressure, whereas the conduit-.119 is adapted 'to transmit such fluid to a desired point. An importantfeature of the fuse '.of the inventionis that it' is constructed and .arranged so as to revent transmittal of-fluid therethrough' should the pressure on samebe greater thanthat desired in'the conduit |-9,-or should the .pressure dilierential on opposite sides of the-diaphragm be greater than that desiredin the system being controlled. The tubular valve body section ,I I .isjprovided with 'a'shoulder 2| on its innersurfaceWhich-is axially aligned with theend of the valve body section I4 whichcarries a valve plate 22 on its end portions The'valve plate 22 is shown as being provided with a pluralityof circumferene tially spaced apertures 23 extending longitudina'lly therethrough, which apertures 23 are ,posir tioned in the valve plate remote from'the central area thereof, and a substantially cylindrical re.-
body section II. Then asa primary featureof the fuse ID. the recess 24 receives init a cupshaped rubber sealing cup or member .25 which protrudes fromthe surface of the valve plate :22. In order to secure the rubber. sealing cup :25 @in position, a headed stud 26 extends through the cup 25, through a centrally positioned holein the valve plate, and is peened over the adjacent surface of the plate 22, or is otherwise suitablyengaged with the valve plate. ,J
The actual shut-off member of the fuse. of the invention comprises a resilient spring metal diae phragm 21 which is mounted in the-fuse 10 be tween the shoulder 21 of the valvebody'secticn and the end of the valve body section 14.
This spring diaphragm 21 is adaptedto arch or bridge over the valve plate 22 and be positioned remotely from the'sealing cup 25 when the diaphragm is arched or bowedtowards the'conduit l8. Howeven-shouldt-he pressure in the conduit l8 become larger than that predetermined force at which point the fuse is designed to shut off fluid flow, then the diaphragm 21 will be automatically flattened out to lie flush against the valve plate 22, or as nearly so as the diaphragm may move. In such a position the diaphragm 21 is tightly pressedag-ainst the edges of the sealing cup 25 so as to prevent liquid or fluid flow between such sealing cup and the diaphragm. Ordinarily, fluid flows from the conduit l8 through a central aperture 28 in the diaphragm and then through the apertures 23 in the valve plate 22 to the conduit [9, but when the diaphragm 21 is flattened such flow is prevented; The edges of the rubber sealing cup 25 protrude beyond the plate 22 a sufficient distance that they will engage with the diaphragm 21 to form a seal therewith even though slight irregularities exist in the diaphragms surface.
Another feature of the invention, and one which facilitates flexure of the spring diaphragm 21, is that the diaphragm is mounted at its edge on an O-ring 29 that is carried by the valveplate 22 at its periphery andretained in such position by being seated in a recess:30, formed at the peripheryof the valve plate. The recess 30 is of a size to permit limited rolling movement of the O-ring 29. This ring 29 is made from a member which is substantially circular in section, as shown in the drawing, and it may be made from rubber or any rubber-like material. Thus engagement of the valve bodysections II and M will 'serve to press the edges of the spring diaphragm 21 between the shoulder 21, formed on the valve section II, and the rubberring 29 that is carried by the valve plate which, in turn, is mounted'on the end of the valve body section l4. Thus, fluid leakage'around the edges of the diaphragm is prevented by such a rubber ring, which will effectively flow into'any crevices or leakage points that otherwise mightexist between the peripheries ofthe valve plate and the valve body section II.
From the foregoing, itwill be seen that the present invention broadly comprises mounting a valve plate, having at least one aperture therein, in a valve and having a continuous, open-centered sealing member associated with said valve plate out of alignment with the aperture in the plate and projecting from the surface of the plate. Then, by mounting a resilient spring diaphragm at its edges in close association with the valve plate, and forming an aperture in the diaphragm which is axially aligned with the sealing member carried by the valve plate, one can seal such transmittal orifice in the resilient diaphragm when the diaphragm is flattened out against the valve plate. Or, in other words, I need not be limited to a centrally positioned aperture and sealing cup in my novel fuse since, in some instances, it may be desirable to provide such sealing arrangement at an eccentric portion of the valve.
Likewise the fuse of the invention can be used with vacuums, as well as other pressure differentials, and be adapted to shut when the differential, on opposite sides of the snap acting metal diaphragm is more than a predetermined amount.
By calculating the area of a diaphragm and knowing the desired operating pressures of a system, one can select the proper gage diaphragm to be used so that it will snap automatically from its open to its closed position, as thepressure differential on the diaphragmchanges over the desired operating pressure for the diaphragm.
While it has been stated that the sealing cup is made from rubber, any synthetic rubber or rubber-like material may be used in forming this member, as desired.
In accordance with the Patent Statutes, one embodiment of the invention has been completely illustrated and described herein, but it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereto or thereby but that it is defined solely by the appended claims.
1. In a fluid fuse, a resilient curved diaphragm constructed to snap from an open to a closed position and in so doing to change its arc of curvature, said diaphragm having a continuous arc of curvature extending over the complete diameter thereof and having a substantially cen- I trally positioned aperture therein, a resilient O- ring supporting the edges of said diaphragm in a sealing position in the fuse, a member for engaging a center portion of said diaphragm to provide an open and a closed position for said diaphragm, said member engaging said diaphragm and surrounding the aperture therein to provide a closed diaphragm position, said 0- ring being made of a band of material of circular shape in cross section and being free in the fuse for limited rolling movement to facilitate movement of said diaphragm from open to closed position, and means for pressing said diaphragm against said O-ring to seal the edges of said diaphragm but leave same free for limited transverse movement as occurs when changing the arc of curvature "of the diaphragm.
2. In a fluid fuse, a resilient curved diaphragm having a substantially centrally positioned aperture therein and constructed to snap from an open to a closed position, and a resilient O-ring made from a member of circular shape in section, said O-ring supporting the edges of said diaphragm and being in sealing engagement with same but leaving it free for expanding movement, the member forming said O-ring being rollably p0- sitioned in the fuse, and a member for engaging a center portion of said diaphragm to provide an open and a closed position for said diaphragm, said member engaging said diaphragm and surrounding the aperture therein to provide a closed diaphragm position.
3. In a fluid fuse, a combination of a valve plate having at least one eccentrically positioned aperture therein, a continuous open-centered I rubber sealing member associated with said plate spaced from said aperture and projecting from the surface of said plate, a resilient curved snap acting spring metal diaphragm movably associated at its edges with said plate and adapted to lie substantially flush against or arched over said plate dependent, upon the pressure exerted thereon, said diaphragm having a hole therein adapted to be surrounded by said sealing memher when said diaphragm is pressed toward said plate and prevent fluid flow through the aperture in said diaphragm to the aperture in said plate, an O-ring associated with said plate, and means for pressing said diaphragm against said 0- ring to seal same thereto but permit movement of said diaphragm from one position to another, said O-ring being made from rubber.
4. In a fluid valve, a tubular valve section adapted to engage with a source of fluid under pressure, a second tubular valve section adapted to engage with means for transmitting the fluid under pressure, said valve sections being engaged with each other to define a, valve chamber, one of said sections having a shoulder formed in its bore, a valve plate having a plurality of circumferentially spaced apertures therein spaced radially from the center section thereof and having arecess in its center section, a rubber sealing cup, means securing said cup in the recess in said valve plate with its edges projecting beyond the surface of said valve plate, an annular rubber ring which is made of a member of circular cross-section and which is positioned on the shoulder formed on one of said valve sections, said ring being compressed between said valve sections, and a centrally apertured snap acting dished resilient disc positioned on said rubber ring and secured between it and the other 7,
of said valve sections whereby fluid will flow through the valve by flowing through the aper- The following references are of record in the flle of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 213,118 Locke Mar. 11, 1879 266,462 Gordon Oct. 24, 1882 1,038,527 Coleman Sept. 1'7, 1912 1,190,654 Kammerhofl July 11, 1916 1,897,155 Vaughn Feb. 14, 1933 2,006,319 Hueber June 25, 1935 2,117,389 Yoder May 17, 1938 2,236,253 Testori -1 Mar. 25, 1941 2,344,657 Thiel Mar. 21, 1944 2,376,402 Svirsky May 22, 1945 2,417,494 Hon Mar. 18, 1947 2,481,460 Williams Sept. 6, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 289,201 Italy of 1931