|Publication number||US2616269 A|
|Publication date||Nov 4, 1952|
|Filing date||Jan 23, 1948|
|Priority date||Jan 23, 1948|
|Publication number||US 2616269 A, US 2616269A, US-A-2616269, US2616269 A, US2616269A|
|Original Assignee||Reynolds William|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (29), Classifications (20)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W REYNOLDS THERMOCABINET Nov. 4, 1952 2 SHEETS--Sl-IEET 1 Filed Jan. 23. 1948 INVENTOR. ifi/,'ZZZL'amRqyJLoZds BY L. ATTORNEY w. REYNOLDS 2,616,269
THERMOCABINET 2 Simms-Smm 2 INVENToR. Millar/z Reynolds BY A ATTU EY Nov. 4, 1952 Filed Jan. 23, 1948 Patented Nov. 4, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE THERMOCABINET William Reynolds, Media, Pa.
Application January 23', 1948, Serial No. 3,865
My present invention relates to a cabinet wherein materials, such as foods, medicines and the like, may be stored under refrigeration and then heated just prior to consumption or use. More particularly, it concerns a portable chest especially designed for storing a plurality of bottles of nursing milk and Warming them individually at the infants feeding times, all with a minimum of handling and under sterile conditions.
An object of my invention is to provide a portable device that can be set up in the nursery or at any other convenient location, in which may be stored at least a 24-hour supply of bottled nursing milk under proper conditions of refrigeration, and wherein the individual bottles may be heated to the proper temperature for feeding, as required. A further object is to provide heating Vmeans within the refrigerated space, so as to minimize the necessity for handling the sterilized bottle, when preparing it for feeding. Another object is to produce and maintain sterile conditions throughout the entire time that the bottles are in the device, i. e., both during storage and heating. Additional objects and advantages will become apparent as the description of my invention proceeds.
A portable cabinet embodying my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a some diagrammatic view mostly in vertical section on the line A--A' of Fig. 2 and Eig. 2 is a similar view on the line B-B of Fig, 1. In both iigures several parts in front of the sectional lines are indicated and some conventional parts are shown schematically or not atI all. This is done for the purpose of greater clarity and does not detract from a full understanding of my invention.
Referring to these drawings, the reference numeral I0 indicates the exterior Wall of my cabinet. This is preferably formed of white enameled metal, but may be finished as desired. The cabinet somewhat resembles a conventional, portable radio, although slightly larger, and Weighs in the neighborhood of 50 pounds, so that it can easily be carried by the average individual. A handle I I is provided at the top for this purpose, and four pads I2 are provided at the bottom, so that the cabinet may be set down at any convenient location without marring the surface uppn which it rests.
The cabinet is divided into two compartments, one for storing and heating, indicated generally byV I3, and the other, indicated generally by I4, for housing a conventional type of mechanical refrigerating unit (not shown). The storage and heating compartment I3 is provided with thermal insulation I5 and a door I6 with a convenient handle Il, permitting ready access thereto.
2 Louvres E8 are provided in the front and back walls of the compartment I4, in order to permit circulation of air therein and balanced cooling of the mechanical refrigerating unit.
The compartment I3 is refrigerated by means of a cold wall I9 containing the usual evaporating tube 29 through which the refrigerant circulates. This cold Wall is conveniently shaped in the form of a shelf upon which solid foods, small cans, jars and the like may be stored at low temperatures. The compartment I3 is high enough, so that the ordinary nursing milk bottle with nipple attached and protective cap thereon, may be stored in upright position below the shelf formed by the cold wall I9. Thus ample space is provided for the storage of at least a 24hour supply of nursing milk, thereby eliminating the need for mixing up the infants formula more than once a day.
The motor, compressor and other parts of the mechanical refrigerating unit housed'in compartment I4 are not shown. 2l indicates the exhaust line for the refrigerant from the compressor to the evaporating tubes 29, and 22 the supply line leading back from the evaporating tubes to the compressor. 23 indicates a conventional heat exchanger for cooling the compressed refrigerant. The refrigerating system is provided, as is usual, with a thermostatic control (not shown) that will insure maintenance of a desired storage ternperature in the compartment I3. The refrigerating unit is driven by an electric motor that will operate upon the normal house current, thus permitting my device to be plugged in at any con- Venient electrical outlet in the home.
Within the refrigerated storage compartment I3 near the door I6, there is located a device 24 for heating individual bottles. A conventional nursing bottle 25 with nipple 2B and protective cap 2l is shown therein. This heating device comprises an insulated receptacle 28 at the bottom of which is located an electrical heating element 29 that also operates on the house current. The current supply to said heating element is controlled by a switch that is operated from outside the cabinet by means of the button 30. Adjacent to said button is an indicating light 3|.
In the form of heating device illustrated, the electrical circuit can be closed only when sufficient water is present at the bottom of the receptacle 28 to cover the heating element 29. If the switch button 39 is then moved to the "on position, the heating element 29 heats up and brings the water to a boil. The hot water and steam thus developed serve to heat the bottle 25 and its contents. As the water boils off to below the level of the heating element 29, the electrical heating circuit is automatically broken and the heating element will cool down. The indicating light 3l is so arranged in the heating circuit thatv 3 it will light up at this point, when the switch button 30 is on, thus warning the person feeding the infant that it is time to remove the bottle for feeding. The desired temperature of the nursing milk can be assured by pouring sufficient water into the receptacle 28 at the time the bottle is placed therein.
Other electrical heating devices may be employed that are thermostatically controlled and combined with an indicating device to show when the proper feeding temperature of the nursing milk has been achieved. Some heat will always be dissipated into the remainder of the storage compartment i 3 and will require additional refrigeration in order to maintain the proper storage temperature therein. However, with a properly constructed heating device the amount of additional work to be performed by the refrigerating unit is remarkably small and representsno handicap. On the otherl hand, there is the great advantage that the bottle to be warmed can be stored in the heating device 2li under refrigeration, until feeding time, and can then be heated to the desired temperature without any handling whatsoever. More sterile conditions, as well as greater convenience, are thereby assured.
In order to produce and maintain sterile conditions within the storage compartment i3, I may provide a convenient source of ultraviolet light, such as the sterile lamp 32. This is preferably, though not necessarily, located above the heatingv device 2d, as shown. A guard 33 surrounds the sterile lamp 32 to avoid accidental breakage without substantially reducing its effectiveness. The operation of the lamp may be controlled by another conveniently located switch (not shown). It is desirable to have it in operation whenever nursing milk bottles are in the compartment I3, because absolutely sterile conditions rwithin the compartment are thereby assured. However, it is generally sufficient to connect the sterile lamp in such a manner that it will go on and off simultaneously with the electric motor of the refrigerating unit.
Although my cabinet isparticularly designed for the storage and heating of bottles of nursing milk, it will obviously be useful for many other purposes. As the infant becomes older and begins to take solid food, such food may conveniently be stored in the shelf provided by the cold wall I9. It may be kept in suitable containers and heated in the heating device 24. Additional storage space for such solid food may be provided by hooking below the cold wall a removable shelf 34. In this manner my thermocabinet will continue to be a great time saver and convenience throughout at least the rst year of the infants life.
The operation of my device should be apparent from the foregoing description of its structure. One or two days supply of the infants formula may be made up as usual, placed in sterile bottles, the sterilized nipples attached, and the usual sterilized caps applied to protect the latter. All of the bottles are then transferred to my thermocabinet which is most conveniently lo cated for feeding of the infant. One of the bottles is immediately placed within the heating device. A measured amount of water is placed in the receptable of the heating device along with the bottle.
When it is time to feed the infant, all that need be done is to turn on the switch controlling the heating device. As soon as the indicating light shows that the bottle contents have reached the desired temperature, the warm bottle is removed for use and another bottle, along with a measured amount of water, is put in its place. These operations are repeated, until the supply of the nursing milk in the thermocabinet has been exhausted. In this manner a great deal of the usual handling and contamination of the nursing milk bottles is eliminated. The great convenience and saving of time represented by the use of this thermocabinet is so apparent as to require no further discussion.
While I have illustrated and described in detail a speciiic embodiment of a device constructed in accordance with my invention, it is obvious that many changes in the details of construction and operation may be made without departing from the spirit of thev invention. It is tol be understood that my invention is not limited to the foregoing details, except asdened in the appended claims.
l. A portable cabinet cf the type described, comprising a refrigerating system, an insulated compartment connected for refrigeration thereby and adapted for the storage of a plurality of bottles of nursing milk, an open liquid-receiving well within said compartment in open communication therewith `for receiving individual bottles as required, without removing the received bottle from direct contact with the atmosphere in the refrigeration compartment, electrical elements including a switch connected for heating liquid in the container to thereby heat the contents of a bottle in the container to the feeding temperature, and an electrically operated source of4 ultra-violet ray light located within the refrigeration compartment and also connected to saidelectrical elements.
2. A portable cabinet of the type described, comprising a refrigerating system, an insulated compartment connected for refrigeration thereby and adapted for the storage of a plurality of bottles of nursing milk, an open liquid-receiving well within said compartment in open communication therewith for receiving individual bottles as required, without removing same from direct Contact with the atmosphere in the refrigerator` compartment, electrical elements including a switch connected for heating liquid in the container to thereby heat the contents of a bottle in the container to the feeding temperature, said electrical elements including heating electrodes between which heating current will not flow unless liquid is present in the well, and said elements being connected to cause a measured amount of liquid to boil away for automatically cutting off the supply of heating current when the contents of the bottle placed in the well are' suiciently heated.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,806,004 v Tavender May 19, 1931 1,979,222 Goodwin oet. 3o, 1924 2,223,234 Stemme NOV. 26, 1940 2,257,801 Hull Oct. 7, 1941 2,317,775 King Apr. 27, 1943 2,375,714 wud May s, 1945 2,433,750 Fisher Dec. 30, 1947 2,555,229 Fisher May 29, 195i
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1806004 *||Jul 25, 1928||May 19, 1931||Tavender Walter K||Electric heater|
|US1979222 *||Sep 13, 1933||Oct 30, 1934||Allie J Goodwin||Cabinet|
|US2223234 *||May 27, 1939||Nov 26, 1940||Stemme Charles A||Temperature controlled container|
|US2257801 *||Nov 29, 1938||Oct 7, 1941||Gen Motors Corp||Refrigerating apparatus|
|US2317775 *||Aug 23, 1941||Apr 27, 1943||Gen Electric||Refrigeration apparatus|
|US2375714 *||Sep 3, 1942||May 8, 1945||Gen Electric||Butter conditioner|
|US2433750 *||Feb 23, 1946||Dec 30, 1947||Fisher Roy R||Electrical heating device|
|US2555229 *||Apr 29, 1949||May 29, 1951||Electric Steam Radiator Corp||Electric bottle warmer|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2823902 *||Nov 4, 1952||Feb 18, 1958||Reynolds William||Portable thermocabinet|
|US3255812 *||Jun 28, 1963||Jun 14, 1966||Bayane Irving||Hot and cold food server|
|US3353476 *||Jan 11, 1966||Nov 21, 1967||Goodman||Gastronomic machine|
|US3683638 *||Oct 5, 1970||Aug 15, 1972||Devon George S||Storage and drying cabinet|
|US4005745 *||Sep 30, 1974||Feb 1, 1977||Anchor Hocking Corporation||Apparatus for storing, refrigerating and heating food items|
|US4103736 *||Aug 2, 1976||Aug 1, 1978||Anchor Hocking Corporation||Apparatus for heating a food item while retaining its moisture and nutritional components|
|US4278870 *||Jul 6, 1979||Jul 14, 1981||Carleton John S||Dental mirror warmer|
|US4346756 *||Aug 20, 1980||Aug 31, 1982||Uop Inc.||Apparatus for selectively heating an individual food item in a refrigerated environment|
|US4513810 *||Mar 18, 1982||Apr 30, 1985||The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration||Low gravity exothermic heating/cooling apparatus|
|US4630671 *||Feb 12, 1985||Dec 23, 1986||Victor Sherman||Lunch box|
|US4884626 *||Aug 25, 1987||Dec 5, 1989||Filipowski Merle M||Combination refrigerator oven|
|US5403997 *||Dec 4, 1992||Apr 4, 1995||Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.||Rethermalization system and cart|
|US6073547 *||Sep 13, 1999||Jun 13, 2000||Standex International Corporation||Food temperature maintenance apparatus|
|US6497276 *||Mar 31, 2001||Dec 24, 2002||Ron D. Clark||Combined refrigerator-oven apparatus|
|US7117937||Mar 12, 2002||Oct 10, 2006||Clark Ron D||Combined refrigerator-oven apparatus|
|US7334414||Feb 24, 2006||Feb 26, 2008||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|US20040108106 *||Mar 19, 2003||Jun 10, 2004||Clark Ron D.||Combined refrigerator-oven and adpter kit for conversion thereto|
|US20040226309 *||Feb 17, 2004||Nov 18, 2004||Broussard Kenneth W.||Temperature controlled, pallet-sized shipping container|
|US20060130492 *||Dec 22, 2005||Jun 22, 2006||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|US20060188418 *||Feb 22, 2006||Aug 24, 2006||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|US20060218937 *||Feb 24, 2006||Oct 5, 2006||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|USD334513||Aug 4, 1992||Apr 6, 1993||Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.||Cover|
|USD335796||Jan 29, 1990||May 25, 1993||Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.||Food serving tray|
|USD335797||Jul 8, 1992||May 25, 1993||Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.||Tray|
|USD336592||Aug 15, 1989||Jun 22, 1993||Aladdin Synergetics, Inc.||Tray top for a food service tray|
|WO2002079702A1 *||Mar 12, 2002||Oct 10, 2002||Clark Ron D||Combined refrigerator-oven and adapter kit for conversion thereto|
|WO2006068389A1 *||Dec 19, 2005||Jun 29, 2006||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|WO2006090996A1 *||Feb 21, 2006||Aug 31, 2006||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|WO2006104312A1 *||Feb 23, 2006||Oct 5, 2006||Daewoo Electronics Corporation||Multi-functional child care storage|
|U.S. Classification||165/301, 62/264, 165/80.5, 165/68, 165/72, 165/61, 62/371, 312/351, 165/918, 62/322, 219/218|
|International Classification||F25D23/12, F25D11/02, F25D31/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F25D31/005, F25D11/02, F25D23/12, Y10S165/918|
|European Classification||F25D11/02, F25D23/12|