US 2617500 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. l1, 1952 H. w. cARDwr-:LL x-:TAL
PORTABLE DRILLING RIG 4 Sheets-Sheet .3
Filed July 1e, 194s www Nov. 1l, 1952 ,A W CARDWELL ETAL 2,617,500
PORTABLE DRILLING RIG Filed July 16, 1948 4 Sheets-Sheet l /Yarlmd lv'az'dwell and erwld'. z'owzz Nov. l1, 1952 H. w. cARDwLL ET Al.
PORTABLE DRILLING RIG Filed July 16, 1948 4 sheets-sheet 2 .NV- 1h11, 1,952 H. w. cARDwELI. ET AL 2,617,500
PORTABLE DRILLING RIG Filed July 1e, 1948 v 4 sheets-sneer 4 @m W/M Patented Nov. 11, 1952 PORTABLE DRILLING RIG Harland W. Cardwell and Gerald G. Brown,
Wichita, Kans., assignors to Cardwell Manufacturing Company, Inc., Wichita, Kans.
Application July 16, 1948, Serial No. 38,974
This invention relates to portable drilling rigs and particularly to such a rig having a telescoping and foldable mast carried by a trailer frame and wherein the mast may be moved from erected to lowered position on said trailer frame for transportation.
Portable drilling rigs of the above general description have been known heretofore but such rigs have been unsatisfactory in certain respects and for certain purposes. A rig of this type is often used for servicing, such as cleaning out wells that have been previously drilled and in productive operation for a period of time. Customarily such wells are provided with more or less permanent surface installations including large numbers of valves, T-connections and pipes above the surface of the ground at the mouth of the well. Such installations often extend to a height of four to six feet. A portable rig suitable for servicing such a well should be of such construction that it can be placed in position adjacent the surface installations with all parts thereof clear of said structures. Such a rig should be capable of being put into operation without the dismantling of such permanent structures.V
The rig of the present invention was designed with the above problems in mind and includes a trailer or semi-trailer frame having a mast pivoted thereto adjacent the rear end thereof which mast may be swung to an erected position without any portion of the base thereof swinging beyond the rearmost extremity of the trailer frame during erecting movements. The rig of the present invention is so designed that a rotary table and its supporting frame m-ay be supported thereby at a suiicient height to completely clear the usual surface installations at the well being serviced.
It is an object of this invention to provide a portable drilling rig of simple construction and yet efficient in operation.
It is another object of this invention to provide a portable drilling rig carried by a trailer frame in which the same frame is readily adapted to be supported directly by the ground during operation to thus relieve the wheels of the added weight and to provide a stable base.
Another object of this invention is to provide a portable drilling rig having a pivoted mast which may be'swung from horizontal to vertical position without any portion thereof sweeping beyond the boundaries of the trailer frame.
vIt is a still further object of this invention to provide a portable drilling rig in which hydraulic 2 cushioning means are provided to gently ease a pivoted mast to its final erected position and to assist in starting the mast from said erected position for lowering thereof.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a portable drilling rig that may be set up over an existing well having permanent surface installations wherein all parts of the drilling rig are supported clear of said installations.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear to those skilled in the art as the following description proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
Figure l is a side elevational View of an embodiment of the present invention in position over a well;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary side elevation of the rig of Figure l with the mast still in lowered position;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 but showing the mast in partially erected position;
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figures 2 and 3 but showing the mast in completely erected position;
Figure 5 is an end view, as seen from the left of Figure 3, of the rig with the mast partially erected;
Figure 6 is a plan view, ktaken substantially along the line 6-6 of Figure 1 showing the trailer frame in elevation and certain portions of the mast in section; and
Figure '7 is a sectional View taken substantially along the line 1-1 of Figure 1 and showing the racking platform and pipe rack in plan.
The drilling rig of the present invention comprises a main trailer frame l of suitable configuration supported by a plurality of wheels k2. Although the embodiment illustrated is shown as being supported by the wheels 2, it is to be understood that other means, such as endless tread carriages, may be provided instead of wheels, to support the frame l for road movement. At its forward end the frame I is provided with a suitable fifth wheel structure 3 for connection to a tractor 4 or other motive means. If desired, the forward end of the frame could be supported by additional wheels similar to those shown at '2 or additional endless tread carriages to make the frame a self-supporting full trailer rather than the semi-trailer shown. A mast comprising a lower section 5 and an upper section 6 is pivoted to the trailer frame at 1. The upper section 6 of the mast is of smaller sectional dimension than the lower section 5 and extends into said ylower section in telescoping relation thereto (Fig. 7) Y whereby it may be extended to the position shown in Figure 1 or lowered within the section 5 to reduce the length of the mast before lowering to the trailer. The dotted line showing of Figure 1 indicates the position occupied by the mast when telescopically collapsed and lowered for road travel. In its lowered position. the mast is supported at the forward end of the trailer by a suitable support 8 carried by the trailer frame I. If desired, the support -8 may be made adjustable in height whereby to accommodate trucks or tractors 4 of different overall height.
A racking platform 9 is pivoted as at I0 to the upper end portion of the lower mast section 5 whereby it may be swung to the extended position shown in Figure 1 when the mast is erected and may be supported in that position as by such mean as tubular brace II extending from the outer edge thereof to the lower mast section. If desired, other well-known means could be provided for supporting the platform 9 in extended position.
Telescopic hydraulic jacks I2 are pivotedat I3 to the frame I and at I4 to the'lower mast section intermediate the ends thereof. [The telescopic jacks I2 comprise hollow tubular sections'telescopically related and fit within each other in a fiuidtight manner whereby the admission of fluid under pressure to the interior of the jacks will cause extension of the sections to effect lifting of the mast from its lowered position.
The hydraulic jack contemplated is of known construction andr need not be described in greater detail. When the mast is in lowered position on the-frame' I, the jacks I2 will be collapsed to their fullest extent and will occupy the position indicated in Figure 2. Two such jacks are provided, one on each side of the frame I and extending to laterally opposite sides of the mast frame. Fluid under pressure is supplied to the jacks by means of any suitable high pressure oil pump or the like (not shown). Y
The' mast sections are preferably constructed of tubular alloy metal which may be welded into the form of structure illustrated.
The two'forward legs of the mast are pivoted to the trailer frame I at 1 and the lower extremities of the two rearmost legs of the section 5 are p-rovided with bearing plates I5 extending general-ly horizontally when the mas-t is erected and laterally inwardly toward each other (see Fig.- 5H) Preferably gussets I and diagonal braces 'II and 12 are welded intov the structure to properlyreinforce the plate I5. Extending. downwardly vfrom each of the bearing plates I is a projection I5 which forms a support vto be engaged bythe upper endportions of vertical compression members Il of the frame I'. The compression members I' arerigidly carried by the trailer frame I asa part thereof and constitute the rearmost portions of the said frame.. As shown, and as contemplated, theY ur'iperrnostv surfaces I 8 of the compression members I-'I vare slightly higher than the horizontal axis 'Iabout which the mast section 5 is pivoted andthe lengths of the legs of the mastsection 5 are so related. that when .the projections I5 are resting upon the surfaces I8 of the compression members Il, the' mast will be tilted rearwardly so that'y its upperV end is Aover awpoint' rearwardly of th'e'trailer frame I. By the contruction described, it will be evident `that swingingmovementsof the-mast about the axis l w-illr cause the members S16 to swing on an arc entirely within the boundaries of! the 'frame I,Y thus eliminating thedanger of the member i5Y engaging and in- 4 juring any portion of the permanent installations at the surface of the well being serviced.
Each of the vertically extending compression members Il is further provided with a hydraulic jack or bumper I9 (Fig. 5) near the upper end thereof. Each of the jacks I9 includes an upwardly extending plunger 2) carrying a roller 2| at its upper end. The plungers 20 and rollers 2| are in position directly below a portion of the bearing plates I5 previously described.
As is apparent' from Figures 1 to 5, erecting movements of the mast about the axis 1 will result in the mast being swung upwardly until its longitudinal center line is vertical and through said vertical position to the rearwardly tilted position of Figures 1 and 4.- The hydraulic jacks I2 will effect controlled movement of the mast to a position where its center of gravity is directly over the axis l. Continued movement beyond that position will be outsidethe control of the jacks I2 since gravity alone would cause the mast to swing suddenly Afrom' that position tothe position of Figure l and considerable damage could result. To control movements of ther-mastbeyond the position where its center of gravity is over'the axis l, the packs IS are so conditioned that the plungers 20 are extended upwardly toposition the rollers ZI at a sufficient height to engage the b earing pla-tes I5 on the base of the mast at about the time the center of gravity of the mast reaches a position over the axis l. The rollers 2I-wi1l be urged to their uppermost position by the'action of a uid under pressure in the jacks i9. As the bearing plates I5 approach the rollers 2 I, asgabove described, means operated by swinging of the jacks I2 (not shown) act to open outlets from the cylinders of thejacks 5 to permit the-ud therein to escape at a controlled low ra-te to Vthereby effect gentle lowering'of the frontlegs of the mast to the positions of Figures land 2 where the projections I6 Vrest firmly upon the surfaces I8 of the compression members I'I. After a job has been completed and preparations made for lowering the mast,` uid ywillbe pumped into-the jacks YIS) to thereby raise the outer or rearmo'st legs at the base of the mast section 5 sufficiently to throw the weight of the mast to the jacksl I2 which will effect controlled lowering movement of the mast structure. Y Y Y As pointedyout previously, the outermost legs ofv the mast section 5 res-t upon compression members Il;- likewise the pivotsl are carried by vertical compression members 22,` also rigidly carried bythe trailer frame I; Each of the-compression membersfI-'I `and 222 extends downwardly toward the ground to aposition not farifrom the surface thereof and ascrew jack, ort-helilre, 23 is carried by a bracket 24A near the lowermost end of each of the compression members I'I' and 22. As the trailer fra-me is moved into position adjacent the well to be serviced, bearing elements 25, which may be planks; timbers;-y orthelike, are placed on the ground`v below" the jacks 23 and the s'aid jacks are lowered to support the weight of the trailer frame and allof the structures carried thereby. Thus', the Vweight of the lmast and any load carried Vtherebyaretransmitted directly to the ground through', the compression 'menil'nersV Il and 22. Additional jacks ZSarid 27j are positioned at spaced pointsV longitudinally. of the trailerv frame to furtherassist in supporting the weight'thereof toproyvide'a stableY base for operation of therig. Y V
Guy wires or cablesg. 29 and13il'jextendfrom spaced points along ,the roast to-'relati'vely xed positions onV the ground or trailer frame andmay be augmented by laterally extending guys from the mast to the ground, all for the purpose of steadying and rigidifying the mast structureV when in operation.
The trailer frame l is preferably provided with a cross brace 34 (see Fig. 5) and brackets or plates 35 attached thereto and to the compression members I1. The brackets or plates 35 are provided with suitable openings to which are attached supporting bea-ms 36 for a table 3l. The outer end of the table 3l is supported by a suitable framework 36 having a platform 33 thereon. The table 3l is adapted to receive a rotary table 40 of known construction with its center directly below the uppermost end of the tilted mast. The dimensions and proportions of the rig are such that the table 3l is supported a substantial distance above the surface of the ground, a distance suilicient to accommodate ail of the permanent surface installations usually encountered at wells being serviced.
The portable rig of this invention may be provided with suitable engines il and 42 mounted directly on the trailer frame and extending longitudinally thereof to enable the device to be constructed with minimum width. The engines are provided with drive means 43 and 44 therefrom to the draw works and rotary table. The draw Works may include a drilling druin 45 and a sand line drum 49. The drums referred to, along with a cathead shaft and any other usual draw works elements, are each individually mounted directly on the trailer frame so that the trailer frame serves also as a draw works frame without the necessity of providing a separate frame for the latter purpose mounted directly on the trailer frame and located closely adjacent the mast to enable an operator to be relatively close to the rotary table and well center. The operator or driller normally takes a position relatively close to the said ydrums in convenient position to operate the controls therefor. Cables from the drums extend upwardly, as indicated in the drawings, over suitable sheaves 41 at the top of the mast and thence to the block 48 or other L equipment. It will be noted that the block 48 extends downwardly from the top of the mast in line with the center line of the well and rotary table 40.
The racking platform 9 is of more or less conventional construction and includes walkways 50, 5I and 52 and railings 53. The side frame elements 54 of the platform are provided with a plurality of adjustable ngers 55, adjustable as to relative spacing to accommodate therebetween the upper end portions of pipe drawn from the well. As each section of pipe is removed from the well an operator on the platform 52 causes vthe pipe to be swung sideways toward the fingers 55 and then lowered to rest upon the table 39. The upper ends of the said pipe sections are then placed in the spaces between fingers 55 to rack the pipe sections that have been removed.
Control means 56, comprising clutch controls and brake levers, are grouped adjacent the walkway 3| and relatively close to the drums 45 and 46 Where they are readily accessible to an operator of the rig. The rig may also include suitable transmission means 51 for transmitting power to the rotary table 40 and may include catheads 58. As clearly evident from Fig. 6 of the drawings the controls 56, and consequently the drillers position, are located forwardly of the cathead 58. During most operations involving the cathead drum a catline will extend therefrom toward the platform 31 and clearly such line Will extend away from the drillers position without passing his position or extending close to his person. Such an arrangement is clearly advantageous since it eliminates some of the danger of accidents that often result when the catline extends past the driller or operator in close proximity to his person. The table 3l, the frame 38, and the platform 39 are not permanently connected to the portable rig described but it is intended that they be transported by some other means, such as a separate truck.
As shown in the drawings, a suitable cover is provided over the draw works and is provided with a pair of openings 6l and 52 through which the cab-les from the drilling drum and sand line drum extend.
Although a single specific embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it is to be understood that the invention is to include all modifi-cations falling fairly within the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In a portable drilling rig, a trailer frame, a mast pivoted to said frame on a horizontal axis adjacent the rear end thereof, said mast having a base portion at its lower extremity, the rear extremities of said base portion resting upon the rear edge of said frame when said mast is in erected position, the distance from said axis to the rear extremities of said base portion being substantially equal to the horizontal distance from said axis to the said rear edge of said frame whereby no portion of the base of said mast projects rearwardly beyond said trailer frame during swinging movements of said mast about said axis, said mast extending upwardly and rearwardly, when in said erected position, to position the upper end thereof rearwardly of the rear extremity of said trailer frame.
2. In a portable drilling rig, an elongated trailer frame including vertically extending compression members at the rear extremity thereof, a mast pivoted to said frame on a horizontal axis forwardly of said compression members, said mast having a base portion, the rear extremities of said base portion resting on the tops of said compression members when said mast is in erected position, and extensible lLvdrauli-c jacks carried by said compression members, said jacks being extensible to position the upper portions thereof above the said tops of said compression members to engage a portion of said base while above said compression members and to lower said base gently to said members, and rollers on the upper portions of said jacks to engage bearing plates on said mast base portion.
HARLAND W. CARDWELL. GERALD G. BROWN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Woolslayer et al. Jan. 24, 1950